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" Treatise on the Practice of the Court of Chancery” Democratic Conventions in 1868, '72, '76, '80, and '84, (2 vols., 1843; 2d ed., 3 vols., 1874–76); “Reports and chairman of the National Democratic Executive of Cases decided in the Supreme Court of the State Committee in the canvass of 1880 and 1884. of New York” (67 vols., 1848–76; Digest in 3 vols., Bartlett, Sidney, lawyer, born in Plymouth, Mass., 1880); “ A Summary of the Law of Parties to Actions Feb. 13, 1799; died in Boston, Mass., March 7. 1889. at Law" (1864; 2d ed., 1884); and “ Digest of New He was graduated at Harvard College in 1818, studied York Reports” (2 vols., 1887). He also brought out an- law, and made a specialty of corporation law. With the notated editions of " Collyer on Partnership" (1838), exception of a single term in the Legislature in 1851 and * Chitty on Bills" (1839), and Cowen's * Civil Juris- his service in the convention chosen to revise the diction of Justices of the Peace" (1844).

State Constitution in 1858, he confined himself excluBarlow, Samuel Latham Mitchell, lawyer, born in Gran- sively to the practice of his profession. He was for ville, Mass., June 5, 1826 ; died in Glen Cove, Long many years general or advisory counsel for large corIsland, N. Y., July 10, 1889. He received a public- porations, including the Union Pacific, Chicago, Burschool education in New York city, served an appren- lington and Quincy, and other railroad companies, and ticeship as a law clerk and student, was admitted to within two months of his death he made his last apthe bar in 1849, began practicing by himself, and from pearance in court in an argument for one of these. the beginning of his legal career till its close endeav Bass, Lyman Kidder, lawyer, born in Alden, N. Y., ored to settle all cases in his charge privately out of Nov. 13, 1836; died in New York city, May 11, 1889. court. He became a favorite with the leading busi- He was graduated at Union College in 1856, and was ness men of the city at that time, and so carne to have admitted to the bar in Buffalo in 1858. From 1865 cases involving large interests. 'In 1852 he made a till 1872 he was district attorney, and then was elected trip to Europe on behalf of an Illinois railroad, and Representative in Congress as a Republican. In 1874 received $50,000 for his services. A similar trip for he was re-elected. During this period he was menthe Ohio and Mississippi Railroad yielded bim a like ber of the committees on railroads and canals, claims, sum. At the close of the Franco-German War he re- expenditure in the War Department, and of the joint ceived $25,000 for a balf-hour's work on a case involv- select committee to inquire into the affairs of the Dising an American contract to supply the French Gov- trict of Columbia. In 1872 he formed a partnership crnment with firearms to the value of $1,600,000, in with Wilson S. Bissell, to which Grover Cleveland which he was successful. Before he was thirty years was admitted in 1874, and in 1876 he retired from the old he was appointed umpire by the four great trunk firm on account of failing health and removed to Colrailroads, then engaged in a ruinous war of rates, and arado Springs, where he became general counsel of his skill' as a mediator was shown in his success in the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Company. He bringing about a reconciliation between Commodore made frequent journeys to Mexico for the Mexican NaVanderbilt and William H. Aspinwall after they had tional Railroad Company and other corporations, and long been waging a bitter war upon each other through conducted negotiations between American capitalists their Nicaragua and Panama schemes. Each gave and the Mexican Government. him $5,000 for accomplishing a settlement of their Beale, Joseph, physician, born in Philadelphia, P., differences. His most noted case was that of the Dec. 30, 1814: died there, Sept. 23, 1889. He was English stockholders of the Erie Railway against graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylthe Fisk-Gould management in 1871–72. After the vania in 1836, engaged in private practice one year, death of Fisk, in January, 1872, the railroad quarters entered the United States navy as assistant surgeon in the Grand Opera House were carried by storm in 1838, was appointed surgeon-general of the navy in under direction of Mr. Barlow and held against Jay December, 1873, and was retired in 1876 with the Gould as well as the processes of the court. A suit rank of commodore. During his career in the navy ugainst Jay Gould for the recovery of $10,000,000 was he was on sea duty seventeen years and one month, compromised by his paying the McHenry stockhold- on shore or other duty sixteen years and seven months, ers $9,000,000. For his successful conduct of this case and was unemployed four years and eight months Mr. Barlow was elected a director in the new manage Beard, Henry, artist, born in Ohio, in 1841; died ment, appointed counsel of the new board at a salary in New York city, Nov. 19, 1889. He was a son of of $25,000 a year, and is reputed to have received James Henry Beard and nephew of William Henry $250,000 for his fee. For his earlier management of Beard, artists. He entered the national army in the claims under the Mexican treaty he is said to have early part of the civil war, and became a captain in received more than $200,000. In 1852 he formed a the Thirtieth Missouri Volunteers. After the war he partnership with George R. J. Bowdoin and Jeremiah applied himself to painting, making a specialty of aniLaroque, under the firm name of Bowdoin, Laroque, mal life, and on removing to New York city about 1877 & Barlow. Mr. Laroque died in 1868, and Mr. Bow- engaged chiefly in illustrating books and periodicals doin in 1870. In 1870 Joseph Laroque entered the Beecher, William Henry, clergyman, born in East firm, in 1873 ex-Judge Shipman, in 1881 ex-Judge Hampton, Long Island, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1802; died Choate, and subsequently, Solomon Hanford; and at in Chicago, Ill., June 28, 1886. He was the eldest the time of Mr. Barlow's death it was styled Shipman, brother of Henry Ward Beccher, was reared in LitchBarlow, Laroque & Choate. Mr. Barlow acquired a field, Conn., studied theology with his father, was or large fortune, was a stock holder in the "Sun" and dained in 1830, and filled his first pastorate in New“World” newspapers, and a Democrat in politics, port, R. I. Early in his ministerial career his attenbut never held a political office. He possessed a rare tion was directed to the cause of home mission work collection of paintings, statuary, and

bric-à-brac and in the West, and in 1889 he removed to the Western one of the most valuable private libraries in the Reserve in Ohio, under the auspices of the American country, which was sold by auction in February, 1890, Home Mission Society. He established and built tha and brought $82,000. His widow, a daughter of Pe- First Congregational Church in Toledo, spent several ter Townsend, died Oct. 21, 1889.

years in freeing from debt churches that had been Barnum, William H., statesman, born in Boston Cor- organized by settlers from New England, co-operated ners, Columbia County, N, Y, Sept. 17,

1818; died actively with the abolition leaders, and remained in in Lime Rock, Conn., April 30, 1889. He received a that field till 1857, when a desire to give his children public school education, was apprenticed to the iron- better educational advantages induced him to accept founder's trade, and subsequently engaged in the a pastorate in Massachusetts. He filled various ar manufacture of pig iron, car-wheels, and other articles pointments in that State till 1870, and then settled in iron, in which he became wealthy. He was a mem permanently in Chicago. Several years ago he was ber of the Connecticut Legislature in 1851-52; Dem- compelled by deafness to retire from pastoral work ocratic Representative in Congress from the Fourth Biddle, William MoFame, railroad official, born in Connecticut District in 1867–76; United States Sena- Philadelphia, Pa., July 27, 1808; died in Carlisle, Pa, tor, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Senator May 13, 1889. He was graduated at Prineeton in Orris 8. Ferry, in 1876–79; delegate to the National 1827, soon afterward was appointed to an office in the

Cumberland Valley Railroad Company, and remained field after he was shot on July 2, 1881, and was unrewith that corporation till his death. He became seo mitting in his professional attentions till the Presiretary of the company in 1839, and treasurer also in dent's

death, when with his associates he was called 1840. In 1858 he was elected' major-general of the upon for a bill for his services, under an act of ConFifteenth Division of Pennsylvania' militia. At the gress making provision for the payment of the medioutbreak of the civil war be was appointed adjutant- cal staff and for the extra labor of the White House general of the State, and in that office organized the employés necessitated by the assassination, he prePennsylvania Reserves and other early regiments. In sented one that Comptroller Lawrence felt obliged to 1862 lie resigned this office, and with this exception reduce in order to apportion the $67,000 appropriated his railroad service was continuous as well as the for the medical staff among them. Dr. Bliss claimed longest of any in the United States.

that his private practice had been ruined and his Bishop, Washington Irving, mind-reader, born in New health seriously impaired by his close application to York city, in 1847; died there, May 13, 1889. He went the President, and declined to accept the award made to work in a drug store when a boy, and while there him. At the time of his death a special bill was became interested in spiritualism and developed what pending in Congress to compensate him for his servwas considered a remarkable gift of legerdemain. ices in the Garfield case. When about twenty years old he gave his first public Bliss, Isaao G., missionary, born in Springfield, exhibition in New York city, in which he claimed to Mass., July 5, 1822; died in Assouan, Egypt, in Febexpose the trickery of spiritual mediums, the Fox sis- ruary, 1889. He was graduated at Amherst College ters, and the Davenport brothers. Soon afterward he and Andover Theological Seminary, and was sent to went to Europe, and gave entertainments in the large eastern Turkey as a missionary by the American cities. He claimed to be able to tell a number or word Board in 1845. After successful missionary labors in thought of by another, to discover an unnamed article Turkey and Egypt, he was appointed agent of the wherever hid, to lead a person to and touch any arti- American Bible Society in Constantinople in 1869. cle that person thought of and kept his mind on, to About a month previous to his death Dr. Bliss went write down the number of a bank-note in a person's to Egypt for rest. It was chiefly owing to his exerpocket when the person kept his mind on the num- tions that the American Bible 'House in Constantiber, and to perform a variety of other similar feats, noplo was built. always blindfolded and holding one hand of the per Bliss, Philemon, lawyer, born in Canton, Conn., July son whose thoughts he professed to read or follow. 28, 1814; died in St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 25, 1889. tle Marvelous stories were told of his powers as a mind was educated at Hamilton College, studied law and reader, and he was believed and denounced in about was admitted to the bar, removed to Ohio, became equal proportions. He traveled through Mexico, Cuba, conspicuous in the antislavery movement, and was and a part of South America, and in late years per- elected president-judge of the Fourteenth Circuit formed many feats besides his regular evening enter Court. He was elected to Congress as a Republican in tainments, such as driving a team of horses through 1854–56, and served on the Committee on Manufactthe streets in open daylight in search of hidden oh- ures. Ile was appointed by President Lincoln the jects, though completely blindfolded. His bank-note- first Chief Justice of Dakota, in 1861. He subsenumber test was his inost popular, and apparently quently removed to Columbus, Mo., and became a mysterious performance. At the time of his death he judge of the Supreme Court of that State, and dean of had just completed writing on a piece of paper the the State University. name of a member of the Lamb's Club selected from Blunt, Asa P., army officer, born in Danville, Vt., the minute-book by two other members, the name in 1828 ; died in Manchester, N. H., Oct. 4, 1889. He and book being known only to them. He fainted in entered the national service as adjutant of the Third a first attempt, and his success in the second was Vermont Intantry June 20, 1861; became lieutenantfollowed by a fatal cataleptic fit.

colonel of the Sixth Vermont Infantry Oct. 15, followBlinn, Christian, clergyman, born in Zweibrücken, ing, and colonel of the Twelfth Infantry of that State Germany, in 1829; died in Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 21, Oct. 4, 1862. He resigned his volunteer commission 1839. He learned the carpenter's trade in his native to accept the appointment of captain and quartercity, came to the United States in 1848, followed his master in the regular army Feb. 29, 1864, and was trade in New York city while studying for the Moth- promoted major and brevet colonel, March 28, 1867, odist Episcopal ministry, and was appointed pastor for services in the battles of Lee's Mills and Savage of the Second Street M. E. Church in 1856. He was Station, Va., and during the war. In the volunteer highly successful and popular, and untiring in his service he was brevetted major, lieutenant-colonel, ininistry, and on becoming superannuated he engaged colonel, and brigadier-general June 9, 1865, for faithin the building business, acquiring a large fortune. ful and meritorious services, After the war he was IIe built the German Methodist Church at Fifty-first on duty in connection with the national cemeteries, Street and Second Avenue, established Brenhem Col- and at Fort Leavenworth, and at the time of his death lege in Texas and endowed it with $10,000, and gave he was department quartermaster in Boston. $10,000 to Berea College, in Ohio.

Booth, Mary Louise, editor, born in Yaphank, Long Bliss, Doctor Willard, physician, born in Auburn, Island, N. Y., April 19, 1831; died in New York city, N. Y., Aug. 10, 1825 ; died in Washington, D. C. March 5, 1889. She was a daughter of William ChatFeb. 21, 1889. He was named Doctor Willard after field Booth, who established the first public school in the eminent physician, removed to the Western Re- Brooklyn, N. Y. She learned French, German, and serve in Ohio, was graduated at Cleveland Medical Latin, and began translating from those languages at College in 1846, practiced one year in Iona, Mich., and an early age. She was a teacher in her father's school then settled in Grand Rapids, where he gained con- when fourteon years old, and soon afterward gave up siderable reputation as a surgeon. At the outbreak of teaching to study history, languages, and the natuthe civil war, he was appointed surgeon of the Third ral sciences, and" for literary work. Among her carMichigan Voluntecrs. In the autumn of 1861 he be- liest translations were Mery's" André Chenier," came a division surgeon, and from the organization Cousin's - Life and Times of Mme. de Chevreuse," of the Army of the Potomac till after the Battle of Mannier's “ Russian Tales," and Edmond About's Seven Pines he was attached to the staff of Gen. “Gerinaine" and "King of the Mountains." She Philip. Kearny. He was then ordered on hospital wrote tales and sketches for newspapers and magaduty in Washington, where he superintended the zines, and in 1856 published " The Marble-Workers' construction of the Armory Square Hospital and be- Manual," and " The Clock and Watch-Makers' Mancame its surgoon-in-chiet. After the war he was con- ual," both translated from the French. While transnected with the Board of Health of Washington, and lating and writing for the magazinos, she also prebecame widely known as the champion of a South pared a "History of the City of New York” (1859), American cancer cure. Dr. Bliss was one of the phy- This work has been revised and enlarged several sicians and surgeons called to attend President Gar- times, the last edition appearing in 1880. The open

ing of the civil war, her familiarity with general his Bridgman, Laura Dewey, blind and deaf mute, born tory and her skill 'in translation led her to under- in Hanover, N. H., Dec. 21, 1829; died in South Bose take a special task in aid of the national cause. This ton, Mass., May 24, 1889. She was in possession of involved the collection, translation, and publication all her faculties till two years of age, and was then of important works by French authors who had es- suddenly prostrated by a fever, which deprived her poused the Union cause, and who sought to create in of the serises of sight and hearing, and greatly weakEurope a sentiment in favor of the Federal Govern- ened those of taste and smell. For five months she ment. The first of these works, Count Gasparin's lay in a darkened room, and two years had passed "Uprising of a Great People," was brought out two before her general health was fully restored. She inonths after the attack on Fort Suinter, and received then began showing a quick mind, an interest in with a commendation far in excess of her anticipa- things about her, and a desire to learn. Her necestions. This was followed by a translation of Gaspa- sities forced her to make a motion language of her rin's " America before Europe" (1861); Augustine own, and she soon became able to communicate her Cochin's " Results of Emancipation" and " Results desires and distinguish each member of the family. of Slavery” (1862); Edward Laboulaye's " Paris in Sho also learned to do a little sewing and knitting. America (1865); two volumes of Henri Martin's About this time Dr. Samuel G. Howe, Director of the “ History of France,” treating of " The Age of Louis Perkins Institution for the Blind, in South Boston, XIV" (1864);

and two others of the same work en- heard of her, and visiting her parents expressed a titled "The Decline of the French Monarchy" desire to undertake her education on plans of his (1866). She also corresponded with friends of the own. On receiving their consent he took her to the United States Government in England and France institution Oct. 12, 1837, and began a course of trainand published their letters in the Now York dailying, the form and results of which have proved of newspapers and in pamphlet form through the Union phenomenal interest to educators and 'scientists League Club. During this period she translated the throughout the world. The process of teaching was Countess Gasparin's "Vesper," “ Camille," and necessarily so slow that, in spite of her remarkable “Human Sorrows," and Count Gasparin's "Happi- quickness of apprehension and eagerness to learn, ness." From 1867 till her death she edited " Har- she had attained only about the same command of per's Bazar.” She published a translation of Ilenri language as that possessed by ordinary children at Martin's abridged "History of France,” in six vol- three years of age, when she had been under instrueumes (1880).

tion twenty-six months and was ten years old. Her Bowditch, Jonathan Ingersoll, scientist, born in Salem, sense of touch became more acute, and a marked imMass., in 1806; died in Jamaica Plain, Mass., Feb. 19, provement was noted in the senses of smell and taste. 1889.' He was a son of Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch, the She was trom the beginning of her training a most mathemetician. He was educated for a mercantile willing pupil and patient imitator, sceniing to realize career, and spent many years as supercargo of ves the purpose of the simple exercises prepared for her. sels engaged in the Indian trade. Atter retiring from Dr. Howe watched her constantly, studying new dethe sea he became president of an insurance com- vices to enable her to comprehend the emotions, pany and manager of several large estates. He in- desires, and fresh impressions that followed the daily herited a taste for scientific investigation, which he enlargement of her intellectual powers. When she had followed to the close of his life, editing several edi- acquired a sufficient coinmand of the finger and tions of his father's "American Navigator,” and be- raised-letter languages to enable her to converse coming a fellow and treasurer of the American Acad- with those about her, she was allowed a larger cirele emy of Art and Science. He assisted his brothers in of associates and acquaintances; and the develop, maintaining the valuable library of their father after ment of her character and enlightenment of her mind his death as a library of public reference, till it be- were greatly aided thereby. Through the solitary came a part of the Boston Public Library, and after sense of touch, her spiritual nature, moral sense, and 1887 gave $500 annually to enlarge the collection. intellect were harmoniously developed. The babe

Bowen, Levi Fowler, lawyer, born in Homer, N. Y., whom a fever seemed to have isolated from her kind in 1808; died in Lockport, N. Y., Dec. 27, 1889. He and doomed to life-long darkness and ignorance beremoved to Lockport to practice law in 1832, was came, through the skillful efforts of Dr. Howe and elected judge of the Court of Common Pleas under the teachers whom he specially selected for ber, a the old "State Constitution, became a member of the useful and loving woman, pure and deeply religious Assembly in 1845, was appointed a Supreme Court in life and thought. Besides learning to read and judge to fill a vacancy in 1852, and was afterward write, she became a good seamstress, was skilled in elected for a full term. In 1857 he served on the fancy needle-work, operated a sewing-machine, and bench of the Court of Appeals, in 1861 was appointed did various kinds of housework. Her range of readprovost-marshal of the Twenty-eighth New York Dis- ing was quite extended, and enabled her to conrere trict, and in 1873 was a second time elected judge ofthe without cmbarrassment with eminent people from county court. Judge Bowen was a member of the all parts of the world who visited her. Many scienState Constitutional Convention in 1867–78, and Pres- tific and other works have been published on her dent of the National Exchange Bank of Lockport. remarkable casc since Charles Dickens called atten

Breed, William Pratt, clergyman, born in Green- tion to her in bis "American Notes," and the King bush, N. Y., Aug. 13, 1816 ; died in Philadelphia, of Prussia sent Dr. Howe a special gold medal for Pa., Feb. 14, 1889. He was graduated at the Univer- his marvelous achievement in educating her. She sity or the City of New York in 1843, and at the spent the greater part oť her time in the Perkins Princeton Theological Seminary in 1847, was installed Institution for the Blind, and remained in good pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church at Steuben- health till 1876, when the death of Dr. Hove ville, Ohio, preached there till 1856, and then went to greatly depressed her, but she continued remarkably the West Spruce Street Presbyterian Church at Phila- cheerful to the close of her life. delphia, with which he continued till his death. He Brigham, Mary Ann, educator, born in Westborough, was twice elected Moderator of the Synod of Philadel- Mass., Dec. 6, 1829, dicd near New Haven, Conn. phia, and in 1883 was Moderator of the Synod of Penn- June 29, 1889. She was educated at Mt. Holyoke sylvania. It was he who brought about the erection Female Seminary, was a teacher in that institution in of a monument to John Witherspoon in Fairmount 1857-58, taught nearly two years in a private school at Park, Philadelphia, and in its aid he delivered “A Newton, Mass., was principal of Ingham University Historical Discourse on Presbyterians and the Revo- at Leroy, N. Y., nearly three years, and in 1863 be lution” in seventy pulpits, and presented the cause came an assistant in Prof. Charles E. West's Brookalso in ten synods and presbyteries. Beyond special lyn Heights Seminary, where she taught consecutracts and newspaper and review articles his writings tively till June 6, 1889, when she resigned to acerc are comprised in sixteen volumes, half of which are the presidency of Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary, specially adapted to the young.

which she had been elected in March. She had been

active in procuring a college charter for the Mt. Hol- road, afterward engaged in railroad building in Tenyoke Seminary and establishing a collegiate course nessee, then superintended the eastern and western exthere. She declined several tempting offers of pro- tension of the Texas Pacific Railroad, and for a time motion, including that of the presidency of Wellesley was receiver of the entire Texas Pacific system. He College. She was on her way to make farewell calis was president of the State Constitutional Convention on her Brooklyn friends when she was killed in a in 1870, and was elected Governor in 1870 and 1875. railroad accident.

After retiring from the executive chair he was apBrinley, Francis, lawyer, born in Boston, Mass., pointed general counsel for the Texas Pacific Railroad Nov. 10, 1800, died in Newport, R. I., June 15, 1889. and subsequently became its vice-president, a second He was graduated at Harvard College in 1818, was time its receiver, and its president and general manadmitted to the bar in 1821, was a member of the ager, holding the last office till the spring of 1883, Legislature in 1832, 1850, and 1854, and of the State when he resigned to accept the presidency of the Senate in 1833, 1853, and 1863 ; served in the Consti- Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company. tutional Convention in 1853, was a member of the Brown, Oscar Frank, missionary, born in Perry townCommon Council of Boston three years and its presi- ship, N. Y., Sept. 2, 1837; died in Aunity ville, Long dent two years, and was commander of the Ancient Island, N. Y., Sept. 22, 1889. He removed to New and Honorable Artillery Company for three terms. York city early in life, and for several years carried After removing to Newport he was elected a member on a banking and commission business. While so of the Rhode Island Legislature in 1869, Vice-Pres- engaged he became interested in religious work and ident of the Rhode Island Historical Society in 1881, began a mission in a tenement house in Eleventh Aveand also President of the Newport Historical Soci- nue, in which he gathered in two years, by personal ety and of the Redwood Library. He was an accom effort, a congregation of 700 persons. From this tenplished writer, a forcible debater, and an impressive ement-house mission grew the Church of the Republic speaker.

deemer in West Fifty-second Street and a SundayBrooklesby, John, educator, born in West Bromwich, school of nearly 600 pupils. His efforts as a missionEngland, Oct. 8, 1811; died in Hartford, Conn., Juné ary were so successful that he determined to apply 21, 1889. He was brought to the United States when himself wholly to religious work in the tenements nine, years old, was graduated at Yale College in and to enter the ministry. He accordingly took a 1835, became tutor in mathematics there in 1838, and course in theology,

and in 1883 was ordained a minisin 1842 was appointed Professor of Mathematics and ter of the Reformed Episcopal Church. A few years Natural Philosophy in Trinity College, Hartford. He afterward exposure and devotion to his work underheld the latter office till 1873, and was then chosen mined his health and forced him into a retirement. Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, con Bullock, William Fontaine, lawyer, born in Fayette tinuing in that chair till 1882. He contributed numer County, Ky., Jan. 16, 1807; died near Shelbyville, ous technical articles to scientific publications, particu- Ky, Aug. 9, 1889. He was graduated at Transylvania larly to the " Journal" of the American Association University in 1824, studied law, was admitted to the for the Advancement of Science, and pnblished" Ele- bar in 1828, and began practice in Louisville. He monts of Mineralogy" (New York, 1848); “ Views of was a member of the Legislature in 1838, 1840, 1841, the Microscopic World" (1850); Elements of As- and 1843, was judge of the Fifth Judicial District of tronomy" (1355); and “ Elements of Physical Geog- Kentucky from June 27, 1846, till Jan. 1, 1858, and raphy" (1868).

was a professor in the Law School of the University of Brown, George Loring, painter, horn in Boston, Mass., Louisville from 1849 till 1870. Judge Bullock drew in 1814; died in Malden, Mass., June 25, 1889. 'He be- up the bill for the establishment of the Kentucky Ingan his art carcer at an early age as an engraver on stitution for the Education of the Blind (founded Feb. wood in his native city, and for many years was 5, 1842), and was its president from its organization employed engraving illustrations for juvenile publica- till 1864 and again from 1884 till his death; drew up tions. The charm of his work attracted the atten- the bill for the establishment of the American Printtion of a wealthy patron of art, who encouraged him ing House for the Blind (opened Jan. 20, 1858, and to study painting and enabled him to take a course made a national institution March 3, 1879), was its of instrnction abroad. On his return he opened a first president and a trustee till his death, and also studio in Boston, but soon afterward went to Europe prepared the bill for a department for colored children again, studied in the Louvre, passed several years in in the Institution for the Blind in 1884. Florence, and returned home in 1860. He painted Burnes, James Nelson, lawyer, born in Indiana, Aug. more than fifty landscapes while living in Italy, 22, 1832 ; died in Washington, D.C., Jan, 24, 1889. His “ Crown of New England" was bought by the He was removed to Platte County, Mo., when a child, Prince of Wales during his visit to the United States, was graduated at the Harvard Law School in 1853, and and “The Bay of New York” was bought by sereral practiced his profession actively for twenty years. In New York merchants and presented to the prince 1856 he entered official life as circuit attorney, was a before his departure. " A Moonlight Scene" received Buchanan and Breckenridge presidential elector the a prize on its exhibition by the Art Union of Rome, same year, served as judge of the Court of Common and is now in its possession. His other noted works Pleas from 1868 till 1872, and was elected to Congress comprise " The Doge's Palace and Grand Canal," from the Fourth Missouri District as a Democrat in * Palermo," " Atranti," " Bay of Naples," "Fount- 1883, 1885, and 1887. During his service in Congress ain of Trevi," Venice," "Sunset, Genoa," and he was a member of the committees on Education, ** Niagara by Moonlight."

Appropriations, and Revision of the Laws, of the seBrown, John Calvin, lawyer, born in Giles County, lect committee on existing labor troubles, and of the Tenn., Jan. 6, 1827"; died in Red Boiling Springs, Commission on Ordnance and Gunnery. Tenn., Aug. 17, 1889. He was graduated at Jackson Cabell, James Laurence, physician, born in Nelson College in 1846, admitted to the bar, and began prac- County, Va., Aug. 26, 1813; died in Overton, Va., ticing in partnership with his brother, Neil S. Brown. Aug. 13, 1889. He was graduated at the University In 1860 he was a Bell and Everett presidential elector, of Virginia in 1833, studied medicine in Paris, and and in the following February was a Union candidate was elected Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the for the convention called to determine what course University of Virginia. In 1846 he was elected chairTennessee should pursue in the impending struggle. man of the faculty. During the civil war he was In this convention he made a vigorous plea for ad- surgeon in charge of the military hospitals of the hesion to the Union. When the secession of Tennes- Confederacy; in 1878 he was chairman of the National see was claimed, he joined the Contederate army as a Sanitary Conference held at Washington to consider captain, fought through the war, attained the rank of the yellow-fever epidemic that raged in Southern major-general, and was three times wounded. After cities; and in 1879 was appointed a member of the the war be became a railroad surveyor, was promoted National Board of Health constituted by Congress that till he reached the presidency of the Nashville Rail- year, was elected president by his associates, and re

tained the office till his death. Besides numerous re- returned to Harrisburg for rest, resumed his former ports, he published" The Testimony of Modern Sci- place on the “Republican," and in a short time ence to the Unity of Mankind" (New York, 1858). bought the paper. He changed its name to the

Caldwell, Samuel Lunt, clergyman, born in Newbury “ Intelligencer and advocated high tariff and the port, Mass., Nov. 13, 1820; died in Providence, R.I., presidential candidacy of John C. Calhoun. The Sept. 26, 1889. He was graduated at Waterville Col- Legislature elected him State printer, and, holding lege (now called Colby University) in 1839, and at the office for five years, he used its returns to beNewton Theological Seminary in 1845. In 1846 he come a contractor for the construction of several was ordained pastor of a Baptist church in Bangor, sections of the Pennsylvania Canal. While engaged Me., where he remained twelve years, and, after hold on this work he became adjutant-general of the ing the pastorate of the First Baptist Church in Provi- State. In 1832 he began building a canal between dence, R. I., from 1858 till 1872, became Professor of the Mississippi river and Lake Pontchartrain, Dear Church History in Newton Theological Seminary. New Orleans, and the same year was sent for by In the autumn of 1873 he was elected President of President Jackson for a consultation on national poliVassar College. In 1885 he resigned that office and tics. Through his efforts Pennsylvania and other removed to Providence.

States urged the President to accept a second term. Calvert, George Henry, author, born in Baltimore, Calhoun was set aside for Martin Van Buren as canMd., Jan. 2, 1803; died in Newport, R. I., May 24, didate for Vice-President and James Buchanan was 1889. He was a lineal descendant of George Calvert, elected United States Senator. Mr. Cameron's politthe first Lord Baltimore, and on his mother's side of ical power being thus established, he sold out his the painter Rubens. He was graduated at Harvard Lake Pontchartrain contract, concentrated his finanCollege in 1823 and afterward studied at Göttingen. cial interests within his native State, founded a bank On his return to Baltimore he became editor of the in Middletown, and aided in organizing the Harris“ American," and while holding this office several burg and Portsmouth Railroad. In 1845 he was years published “Illustrations of Phrenology,” the elected United States Senator to succeed Mr. Buchanfirst American treatise on the subject (1832), several an, whom President Polk had called to his Cabinet as poems, sketches of travel, and translations from Secretary of State, and in his first term he acted with Goethe and Schiller. In 1843 he established himself the Democrats on 'important party questions, such as permanently in Newport, and in 1853 became the first the Missouri Compromise bilf. He also voted in favor Mayor of the city. As he had inherited a consider- of the notice to England to terminate the joint occuable fortune from his parents, he spent the remainder pancy of Oregon, opposed the settlement of the Oregon of his life in travel, literary work for its own pleasure, controversy by ceding to England the region between and old-fashioned generous hospitality. He was a pi- latitude 54° 40' and 49° north, and advocated the war oneer in calling attention to and discussing the school with Mexico. On the expiration of this term he beof hydropathy, interested himself in all phases of cur came active in the People's party, and in 1856 was rerent thought, and was a frequent contributor to the turned to the Senate as a Republican, though the new periodicals. His published works include “ A Vol- party was defeated in his State. In 1860 bis Dame ume from the Life of Henry Barclay” (1833); “Don was presented at the National Republican Convention Carlos,” a metrical version from the German (1836); for the presidential nomination. In the canvass he “ Count Julian,” a tragedy (1840) ; ." Cabrio” (1840); gave hearty support to Mr. Lincoln, who after the in“The Battle of Lake Erie," oration (1853); "Joan auguration appointed him Secretary of War. He held of Arc" (1860); Arnold and André," historical this office till Jan. 11, 1862, when he was appointed drama (1864) ; " Goethe, his Life and Works" (1872); United States Minister to Russia, where he rendered and "Wadsworth, a Biographical Study" (1878). the national cause important service. In November

Cameron, Simon, statesman, born in Maytown (now following the House of Representatives censured one Donegal), Lancaster County, Pa., March 8, 1799 ; of his official acts, for which the President and Cabdied there, June 26, 1889. He was an orphan when inet assumed equal responsibility, whereupon here nine years old, and was adopted by Dr. Grahl, of signed and returned home. In 1863 be aided in

Sunbury, Pa., who checking a scheme for the impeachment of President proposed to educate Lincoln for inefficiency. In 1866 and 1872 he was rehim for a physician elected United States Senator, and in the latter year and to leave him succeeded Charles Sumner as chairman of the Comhis own practice; mittee on Foreign Relations. In 1877 he resigned his but when seventeen seat and was succeeded by his son, James Donald years old young Cam- Cameron. He was a stanch advocate of the nomina

ran away and tion of Gen. Grant for a third term in 1880. In 1887 apprenticed himself he made the last of his favorite summer trips to Euto Andrew Kenne- rope and the West Indies, and on March 8, 1889, be dy, then publishing celebrated his ninetieth birthday heartily with his the Northumberland old friends and neighbors. “ Gazette.” In the Campbell, John Archibald, lawyer, born in Washingfollowing year he ton, Wilkes County, Ga., June 24, 1811; died in Balwent to Harrisburg timore, Md., March 12, 1889. He was graduated at and found employ- the University of Georgin in 1826, was a student at the ment in the office of United States Military Academy a short time, removed the " Republican," to Florida and studied law, and was admitted to the and while working bar by a special act of the Legislature in 1829 on aethere became account of being a minor. He began practicing in Montquainted with Sam- gomery, Ala., and subsequently removing to Mobile uel D. Ingham, See- had charge of the settlement of a large number of land

retary of State of titles that were complicated by the obscurity of the Pennsylvania, afterward Secretary of the United

States early Spanish grants. In 1836 he was elected a meaTreasury. Mr. Ingham, who owned the Doylestown ber of the State Legislature, and in 1853 was appoint" Democrat," induced the young printer to become ed an associate justice of the United States Supreme his editor, and, after re-establishing the paper, Mr. Court to fill a vacancy. He held this office till the Cameron removed to Washington to gratify an anıbi- spring of 1861, when he resigned, returned South, and tion to study practical politics. He secured work as a was appointed Assistant Secretary of War in the Concompositor on the “ Congressional Record,” and ap- federate Government. In February, 1865, he was one plied all his leisure to making the acquaintance of of the Southern commissioners in the Hampton Roads. public men and corresponding for the Doylestown After the war he was arrested and confined in Fort · Democrat.” Breaking down with hard work, he Pulaski, and, on being released on parole, settled in

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