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geants, 40 detective sergeants, 163 roundsmen, 1889. 1888.

2.922 patrolmen, and 78 doormen ; total, 3,420. Deaths under one year


10,411 The number of arrests made during 1889 was Deaths under five years

17,888 82,378, against 85,049 for 1888. Total deaths



Electrical Control.—This body consists of Total reported births

87,527 Total reported marriages


14,638 three commissioners---Theodore Moss, Jacob Hess, Total reported still-births.

8,849 3.289 Daniel L. Gibbens—and the Mayor. Their report Death-rate per 1,000 living.

25. 19 26•24 for 1889 contains the following information:

The subways are comparatively free from moistThe estimated population of New York city ure and gases. The question of ventilation is was as follows: July 1, 1889, 1,575,073 ; July 1, receiving attention. In all of this year's con1890, 1,622,237; for the week ending Dec. 28, struction a six-inch pipe for the purpose of ven1889, 1,594,649.' These estimates are determined tilation has been put into each manhole, forming from the proportional increase between the State a continuous and open channel for the forcing in census of 1875 and the national census of 1880. of fresh air and the forcing out of gases and vaFrom July 1, 1889, to Jan. 1, 1890, the weekly pors. The construction of subways up to Jan. 1, increase of the population was estimated at 898. 1890, is as follows:

There are four coroners in New York, elected by the people, and each is allowed to appoint a deputy, who is always a physician. During the Telephone and telegraph year Michael J. B. Messemer, Ferdinand Levy, Electric light Daniel Hanly, and Louis W. Schultze were coroners, and for their services each received $5,000.

Total ....

1,007 To them 4,306 cases were sent for investigation. Of these 3,341 were of deaths due to natural This construction will accommodate approxicauses and 965 were matters for investigation. mately 45,000 miles of telephone and telegraph There were 51 homicides and murders. The ac- wires, and 2,000 miles of electric-light wires. cidents numbered 732. There were 182 suicides. There are 12,308 miles of electrical conductors During the latter part of the year the city was now in the subways, and, in addition, 2,000 miles visited by an epidemic of influenza, and during of telegraph wire are being operated in cables on its prevalence the death-rate was very greatly the elevated railroads. increased by its seizure of persons in failing Meteorological.- According to the weather health or those of advanced years. Indeed, at tables for the year 1889, prepared by Daniel Drapo time, even when the cholera was prevalent, per (salary, $2,500), Director of the New York had the mortality been so high. (See INFLUENZA, Meteorological Observatory, Central Park, it apEPIDEMICS OF.)

pears that, though the year was an unusual one for Fire Department. This is under the control rainfall and temperature, the climate was equaof three commissioners-Henry D. Purroy, presi- ble. The average temperature was 52-65° Fahr. dent, S. Howland Robbins, and Anthony Eickhoff The warmest day was June 9, when the ther(salary, $5,000). The headquarters of the depart-mometer indicated 91° at 4 P. M. The coldest ment is at 157 East Sixty-seventh Street, and the day was Feb. 24, when the thermometer indicated chief is Hugh Bonner (salary, $5,000). The re- 3o at 6 A. M. There was no zero weather, and port for 1889 shows that the number of officers only on two days (June 9 and May 10) in the year and men attached to the department is 1,027, and was 90° touched. The total waterfall for the year the apparatus of the force consists of 89 engines, was 57-16 inches. Rain fell on 123 days of the 2 fireboats, and 37 hook-and-ladder trucks, the 365, and snow fell on 13 days. The aggregate whole being handled by 56 engine companies and snowfall was 21 inches. 20 hook-and-ladder companies, with the aid of Education. The board having control of this 363 horses. There were 3,016 alarms and 2,861 subject consist of 21 commissioners, who are apfires during the year, of which but 21 spread out- pointed by the Mayor, and who serve without side of the building in which the fire originated. salary. Its president'is J. Edward Simmons. The estimated loss on structures was $1,152,694 The city superintendent of schools is John Jasoutside of $20,578,395 covered by insurance;

on per (salary, $7,500). Under his jurisdiction there contents, $2,929,062; insurance, $14,123,113. The were, during the year, 225. schools or departaverage loss to each fire was $1,451.03, or $254.26 ments, in which 148,881 pupils were taught. The less than in 1888. The Bureau of Inspection of average cost for each pupil in the primary schools Buildings reports 2,628 applications for new for the year 1889 was $15.71, and of those in the buildings, with an estimated cost of $69,296,372. grammar schools, $30.11. In addition to the This, however, includes 590 stands for the cen- public schools, a nautical school and 48 so-called tennial parade, costing $63,471.

corporate schools, consisting of industrial schools, Police.-This department is under the super- reformatories, orphan asylums, etc., are cared for vision of four commissioners, who are appointed by the Board of Education. for a term of six years each by the Mayor. They During the year bonds were issued for the receive an annual salary of $5,000.' They are erection of new school-houses amounting to $1,Charles F. MacLean, president'; John McClave, 217,532.55. The Board of Estimate and ApporJohn R. Voorhis, and James J. Martin. The city tionment has appropriated for the employment is divided into 35 precincts and one sub-precinct, of additional teachers and for the rent of new each of which is under the command of a cap-school-houses during the coming year the sum of tain. The superintendent of police is William $188,000. Murray (salary, $6,000), and under him is a force Immigration.-Nine commissioners, six of of 4 inspectors, 18 surgeons, 36 captains, 158 ser- whom are appointed by the Governor, and the

other three are the Mayor of the city, the Presi

dent of the Irish Emigrant Society, and the Ger

man Society ea officio, have control of the immigrants arriving at this port. During 1889 315,228 passengers were landed at Castle Garden, against 383,595 for 1888, a decrease of 68,367. Of the passengers for the past year 298,085 were immigrants, while the others were natives or citizens of the United States. The number of immigrants who arrived during 1888 was 370,822. The nationalities of the immigrants are as follow: Ireland, 40,790; England, 29,051; Wales, 616; Scotland, 6,719; Germany, 69,809; France, 4,432; Russia, 27,327; #. 2,875; Switzerland, 6,752; Sweden, 24,842; Norway, 2,167; Holland, 5.283; Italy, 27,216; Spain, 88; Portugal, 18; Denmark, 6,967; Hungary, 8,889; Austria, 13,656; Bohemia, 4,897; Australia, 15; Turkey, 260; Greece, 103; all others, 899. Fittie.oh. election of 1889 was held on Nov. 5. The following local officers were elected: Frank T. Fitzgerald, Register; John H. V. Arnold, President of the Board of Aldermen; Henry Bischoff, Jr., Judge of the Court of Common Pleas; James Fitzgerald, Judge of the Court of General Sessions; Charles J. Nehrbas and Robert A. Van Wyck, Justices of the City Court. Amos J. Cummings was elected to Congress to fill the seat made vacant by the death of Samuel S. Cox. A new Board of Aldermen was chosen, of whom 19 are Tammany, 2 county Democrats, and 4 Republicans. Frederick Smyth was elected to the office of recorder. Subsequently a special election was held, on Nov.30, to choose a member of Congress for the Sixth District, to fill the place made vacant by the resignation of Frank |. Fitzgerald (elected to the office of register). Charles H. Turner was elected by a vote of 6,811 out of a total of 8,433 votes. The local elections confirmed the power of Tammany Hall in New York city, and that organization has been still further strengthened in its control by the appointment to office, by the Mayor, of members of that organization to various boards upon which custom had dictated the selection of representatives from all public factions. The Washington Centennial. —The one hundredth anniversary of George Washington's first inauguration was celebrated with unusual ceremonies on April 29, 30, and May 1, in New York city. This event, witnessed by more than a million visitors, was the last of the series of American centennial celebrations that began in 1875 with that of the Battle of Lexington. The initiative for this celebration was taken by the New York Historical Society, at a meeting held on March 4, 1884, when it was resolved to celebrate “the Centennial Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington,” and a committee was appointed to report a plan “for the commemoration of the most important event in the history of the city, the State, and the nation.” In March, 1886, the Chamber of Commerce adopted similar resolutions, and designated a committee to report as to what steps should be taken. They recommended that April 30, 1889, be made a national holiday; that Congress be asked to appropriate money for the celebration; and that the co-operation of the Governor of New York, the Mayor, aldermen, and citizens of that city, and the Governors of all the States be invited.

Subsequently a committee of twenty-five was appointed, with James M. Brown as chairman. he citizens then took the matter in hand and issued a call that resulted in a meeting on Nov. 10, 1887, under the presidency of Mayor Abram S. Hewitt, when, with representatives from the Historical Society, a general committee of two hundred members was formed, of which Hamilton Fish became president, and Clarence W. Bowen permanent secretary. An executive committee was then chosen, of which Elbridge T. Gerry was made chairman and Mr. Bowen secretary. Under their supervision the celebration was organized, of which the work was divided among the following sub-committees: No. 1, Plan and Scope, Hugh J. Grant, chairman: No. 2, States, William G. Hamilton, chairman; No. 3, General Government, John A. King, chairman; No. 4, Army (military and industrial parade), S. Van Rensselaer Cruger, chairman; No. 5, Navy, Asa Bird Gardiner, chairman; No. 6, Entertainment, Stuyvesant Fish, chairman; No. 7, Finance, Brayton Ives, chairman; No. 8, Railroads and Transportation, Orlando B. Potter, chairman: No. 9, Art and Exhibition, Henry G. Marquand, chairman; and No. 10, Literary ...}. T. Gerry, chairman. Invitations were sent to the President and the Vice-President of the United States, the members of the Cabinet, and the Governors of the States, and also to distinguished citizens in all sections of the Union. The State approriated $225,000 for the celebration, of §. 150,000 was for the transportation and provisioning of the National Guard, $20,000 for the Grand Army of the Republic, and $55,000 for the use of the committee. The principal thoroughfares of the city were brilliantly decorated with the national colors, and three triumphal arches were erected on Fifth Avenue, under which the processions passed. One of these, designed by Stanford White, is to be permanently reproduced in stone, at an expense of over $100,000, and is to stand at the head of Washington Square, facing Fifth Avenue. The homes of citizens rivaled each other in the beauty of their decorations, and even in the poorer and remote districts flags were displayed and windows draped in red, white, and blue. President Harrison and his party left Washington at ten minutes after midnight Monday, and reached Elizabeth, N.J., at 7.25 the same morning. The First Day.—The celebration began with a review by the President in Elizabeth of about 4,000 men, including militia, members of the Grand Army of the Republic, and various civil organizations. Then entering a carriage he was driven over the same route followed by Washington a hundred years ago to Elizabethport. In his progress to the water side he had to pass under a living arch whose outlines were the forms of forty-nine young girls in white, who held banners, representing the States and Territories of the Union, and as he passed they flung down upon him showers of roses, thus reproducing a feature of Washington's reception when on his way to be inaugurated. At §o: the President, Vice-President, and Members of the Cabinet were taken on board of the United States steamer “Despatch,” and the ladies, the Governors, and committee-men embarked on the steamboats “Sirius,” “Erastus Wiman,” and “Monmouth.” Amid the booming of guns, the screeching of steam whistles, the waving of flags, and the cheering of the people, both on the boats and on shore, the party set out for New York city. , Meanwhile in the upper bay the finest naval display ever seen in its waters was being formed. From Bedlow's Island to Robbin's Reef were ranged in parallel rows the participating vessels. Anchored in line nearest the city were the representatives of the new navy and, the old historic men-of-war beginning with the flag-shi

“Chicago,” and followed by the “Kearsarge,” “Yantic,” “Essex,” “Brooklyn,” “Atlanta,” “Jamestown,” “Juniata,” “Yorktown,” and “Boston"; then came the revenue division and harbor tugs, ending with the yachts, including those from the New York, Atlantic, Corinthian, Seawanhaka, American, and Larchmont clubs headed by the steam wacht “Electra.” Back of these and in front of them was the merchant marine arranged in double columns. The Government vessels were trimmed with a rainbow decoration of flags reaching over the mast tops from bow to stern, and the other vessels were resplendent with colors and flags. The entire fleet, divided into ten squadrons, was commanded by Admiral David Porter of the United States . About noon the clouds threatening rain cleared, and the sun came out, shining in full glory on the scene. Soon the blue flag of the President was seen on the “Despatch,” emerging from the Kills, and swiftly the boat made its way between the two lines up the boy in front of the city to the pier at the foot of Wall Street on East river. As the boat passed the naval vessels, the yards were manned and the salute of twenty-one guns, in honor of the President, fired while the colors were dipped. The banks of smoke soon obscured the view, and when they had Wii's away the “Despatch '' was anchored off Wall Street. Here the President was met by a barge manned by twelve retired sea-captains, all members of the New York Marine Society, and commanded by Capt. Ambrose Snow, and rowed ashore, where he was received by Hamilton Fish, attended by Gov. David B. Hill and Mayor Hugh J. Grant. A procession, commanded by Col. Floyd Clarkson, including several companies of regulars, veteran military organizations, and members of the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, escorted the President to the Equitable Building, 120 Broadway, where a reception was held in the rooms of the Lawyers' Club, and upward of 2,000 persons—citizens of distinction who were specially invited— were presented to him, including visiting governors of thirty States and Territories, who were introduced to him in the order in which the States or Territories that they represented were admitted into the Union. After an elaborate luncheon, presided over by Hamilton Fish, the procession reformed and escorted the President up Broadway to the City Hall. In front of this building were ranged double rows of girls, two from each of the female grammar schools, and thirteen young ladies, representing the original States, from the New York Normal College. As the President alighted from the carriage and advanced up the steps between the girls, flowers were strewed in his pathway, and on reaching the inside of the building he was received with an address of welcome from a member of the senior

class of the Normal College. Passing into the Governor's room, and supported by the Governor and the Mayor, the President received the peole of the city, of whom more than 5,000 passed fore him. At 5 o'clock the doors were closed and Mr. Harrison was driven to the residence of the Vice-President, whose guest he was, and on that evening he was entertained at a dinner #. in his honor by Stuyvesant Fish. The estivities of the day closed with a grand ball at the Metropolitan Opera House, where the President arrived after ten o'clock, and the ceremonies then began with a quadrille of honor, in which it was intended that only those should join who were descended from participants in the similar dance led by George Washington the week after his inauguration. Under the broad bands of red, white, and blue cloth that fell in luxurious curves from the center of the ceiling to the uppermost gallery of this most beautiful building were gathered more than 10,000 people. Representatives of families whose names are identified with the history of the country, men of reputation in every art, science, and trade, and woman of surpassing beauty made this audience the most o one ever seen in the great metropolis of the new world. The Second Day.—This day, the actual anniversary of the inauguration, opened with artillery salutes at sunrise. The exercises pertaining to the celebration began with a special religious service in St. Paul's Chapel, where the President and Vice-President were received by the two wardens, Stephen P., Nash and Allan Campbell, and escorted to the pew which Washington occupied during his residence in New York city. A form of prayer and thanksgiving was prepared for this service. Only those specially invited were able to gain access to the chapel, and they were received by an aisle committee whose members were descendants of families of historic rominence. Ex-Presidents Hayes and Cleveand, members of the Cabinet, Senators, the chief officers of the New York State and municipal governments, governors of States, Gen. Sherman, and citizens of distinction were present. As President Harrison entered the chapel the congregation rose to their feet, and, in respect, after the exercises, they remained seated until he had left the building. Rev. Morgan Dix, the rector of the o began the services by reading several selections from the Holy Scriptures, and the lessons were read by Bisho i. of Long Island and Bishop Quintard of Tennessee. Then followed the address, by Bishop Potter of New York, and the closing prayers were read by Rev. James Mulchahey, the rector of the chapel. Meanwhile, similar services of an appropriate character were held in other churches by their respective clergy. The purely literary exercises followed at the United States Sub-Treasury, on the corner of Wall and Nassau Streets; a platform had been erected over the very spot where Washington took the oath of office a century ago. The same chair in which he sat was there, and the same Bible on which he was sworn was likewise there on a table once owned by Chancellor Livingston, and now the property of his descendants. A vast multitude of people were gathered to witness the ceremonies, and on the platform was the venerable Ex-Vice-President Hannibal Hamlin and Chief-Justice Fuller, besides the visitors of distinction who had followed the President in carriages from St. Paul's Chapel. The assembly was called to order by Hamilton Fish, who presented the chairman of the occasion, Elbridge T. Gerry. A prayer was then offered b ño. Richard S. Storrs, after which Clarence W. Bowen read a poem entitled “The Vow of Washington,” written by John G. Whittier for the occasion, and then followed an oration by Chauncey M. Depew. When this was delivered

r. Gerry introduced the President, who replied very briefly, saying: “We have come into the serious, but always inspiring, presence of Washington. He was the incarnation of duty, and he teaches us to-day this great lesson—that those who would associate their names with events that shall outlive a century can only do so by consecration to duty.” . Then the Roman Catholic Archbishop, Michael A. Corrigan, in the pur

le robes of his high office, pronounced the bene#. The President was driven to the stand on Fifth Avenue, opposite Madison Square, from where he reviewed the passing troops, who formed the greatest military procession ever witnessed in New York city. In numbers it exceeded the army first called out by President Lincoln to suppress the Rebellion. The line of march was up Broadway to Waverly Place, thence up Fifth Avenue to Fourteenth Street, where a detour was made to Broadway, around Union Square, and back through Fifteenth Street into Fifth Avenue, following that thoroughfare to Fifty-seventh Street, where the procession disbanded. The chief marshal was the commanding general of the United States army, John M. Schofield, who rode at the head of the parade, followed by a brilliant staff including twenty-three aids, chosen from as many different States, each of which had sent its representative to take part in the celebration. The procession was divided into three divisions. At the head of the first was the entire battalion of cadets from the United States Military Academy at West Point. The magnificent appearance of these four hundred men as they swept up the avenues gained for them the continuous applause of the people. The naval brigade of 1,200 men, including marines, naval apprentices, and boys from the training ships, followed, and then came the regulars in their blue uniform, nearly 1,200, with representative detachments of artillery, cavalry, and infantry. The second division was composed of the States' militia arranged in the order in which the States had ratified the Constitution. At the head of the representatives from each State rode its governor and his staff. Delaware came first with 450 men, led by Gov. Biggs, followed by Gov. Beaver, who having lost a leg in the civil war was strapped to his saddle, with the Pennsylvania contingent of 7,200 men. New Jersey, represented by 4,000 men, led by Gov. Green, was next. Georgia sent only 50 men, but these were commanded by Gov. Gordon, whose record is that of a brave soldier. Then came Gov. Bulkeley of Connecticut with 650 men, including the brilliantly uniformed Hartford Foot Guards. Gov. Ames, escorted by two corps of Boston cadets, was at the head of the Massachusetts troops, 1,500 strong, among whom were the ancient and honorable artillery

of Boston. Maryland sent its famous Fifth Regiment with Gov. Jackson and men. South Carolina followed, 360 strong, under Gov. Richardson, who was escorted by the Washington Light Infantry who brought with them the historic Eutaw flag which they carried in the Revolution. Then came 1,300 soldiers from New Hampshire with Gov. Sawyer at their head. Gov. Fitzhugh Lee rode in front of the 1,000 men that Virginia sent, among whom were the Richmond Light Blues who organized in 1789. New York had 13,223 men in line, with Gov. Hill at their head. The famous Seventh Regiment came first, and the well known Twenty-second, Twentythird, and Sixty-ninth Regiments, and the Old Guard were recognized. North Carolina was re

resented by Gov Fowle with 150 men, and Rhode Island sent her detachment of 400 soldiers with Gov. Taft. Following these was Gov. Buckner of Fort Donelson fame with 300 men from Kentucky. Gov. Foraker and 3,500 troops from Ohio were next, and then Louisiana came, 180 strong, with representatives of the New Orleans Washinton Artillery, whose colors bear the names of fifty battles, and belongs to the early history of the State. Missouri was represented by Gov. Francis and 300 of its State troops. Michigan sent Gov. Luce with 115 men. The Washington Light Infantry, with its white uniform, and other militia from the District of Columbia were present, 700 strong. Forty of the Ocala Rifles from Florida, and a contingent of the Belknap Rifles from Texas were in line. West Virginia sent Gov. Wilson and 200 of its militia to join the procession. The third division consisted of 10,000 men, representing various posts of the Grand Army of the Republic. These were led by Department Commander Harrison Clark and the National Commander-in-Chief, William Warner. A battalion of the Loyal Legion, some 100 in number, commanded by Col. William C. Church, were the last of the line. In all, it is estimated that over 50,000 persons took part in the parade. In the early part of the evening displays of fireworks, under the auspices of the civic authorities, took place at Battery Park, Canal Street Park, Tompkins Square, Washington Square, Union Square, Central Park Plaza, East River Park, and Mount Morris Square. The German musical societies from New York and vicinity, fifty in number, gave together a lar

open-air concert in Madison Square. Reinhold Schmelz directed a band of 75 pieces, and began the music with the Ploing of the grand march from “Tannhauser.” Then 2,000 voices sang the “Jubilee Overture” under the leadership of Theodore Thomas. The “Hallelujah Chorus,” “Hail Columbia,” and the “Jubilee Chorus” followed, ending with the “American National Hymn.” the chorus of which was taken up by the vast multitude who had come to listen, and the great square rang with the music till the last note, when it faded away as the concert ended and the people turned their faces homeward. The event of the evening, however, was the Inauguration Centonnial Banquet, held in the Metropolitan Opera House. The entire auditorium of this great building had been boarded over, and where, on the evening before the dancing had taken place, 26 tables were now arranged in rows. At 8 o'clock President Harrison, leaning on the arm of Mayor

Grant, entered the hall, and as he advanced the Mayor Grant took his place at the side of the guests raised their voices in cheers of welcome, President, and the procession, headed by Gen. while the band added its recognition by playing Butterfield and his large staff, advanced. The " Hail to the Chief.” At the head of the presi- educational division, led by J. Edward Simmons, dential table sat Mayor Grant, as the host of the President of the Board of Education, came first. occasion and the official representative of the Delegations from Columbia College, the College city of New York. On his right was President of Physicans and Surgeons, the College of the Harrison, the Vice-President, the Chief-Justice City of New York, the New York University, of the United States, Gen. Schofield, Senator the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, and the public Evarts, Ex-President Hayes, Bishop Potter, Sec- schools followed. Then came the military orretary Proctor, and Gen. Sherman; while on his ganizations of foreign-born citizens; French, left were the Governor of the State, the Lieuten- German, Irish, Italian, Scotch, Swiss, and other ant-Governor, Judge Andrews, Admiral Porter, bodies were represented. Harry Howard led the Senator Hiscox, Ex-President Cleveland, Speaker division of firemen which included the old volCole, Samuel S. Cox, and Clarence W. Bowen; unteer companies, not only of New York city but and facing him was Elbridge T. Gerry. The boxes of Philadelphia and other adjacent cities. From above the hall were filled with ladies, whose the primitive hose-cart, through the various depresence in their evening costumes added beauty velopments, to the modern engine propelled by to the scene and inspiration to the speakers. steam, the different varieties of fire-extinguishAmong the special guests, besides Mrs. Harrison, ing machine passed before the reviewing stand. were the following ladies who had been mis- The Irish division followed, including two thoutresses at the White House: Mrs. Grant, Mrs. sand members of the Ancient Order of HiberHayes, Mrs. McElroy, and Mrs. Cleveland. Grace nians. Then the Tammany Braves, led by Gen. was asked by Bishop Potter, and after the ban- John Cochrane, once a candidate for the presiquet Mayor Grant introduced Gov. Hill, who dency, passed down the avenue.

The many made the “ Address of Welcome.” The toast of trades sent their associations, including the “George Washington” was drunk in silence as bakers, the butchers, the piano-forte makers, the the guests stood. In regular order the following plasterers, and many others, dressed in the pecultoasts were then called and responded to: “The iar dress of their respective pursuits. At various People of the United States," Grover Cleveland ; intervals large floats appeared in the line of the " The States," Fitzhugh Lee; “ The Federal procession. Of these some were historic, repreConstitution," Melville W. Fuller; "The House senting such subjects as “ John Smith and his of Representatives," James G. Blaine (omitted Party, 1607”,;.“Hendrik Hudson and his Crew, owing to the absence of Mr. Blaine); “ The 1609**; “ William Penn and the Quakers, 1682"; Senate,” John W. Daniel; “ The Presidency," ** Declaration of Independence, 1776”; “WashRutherford B. Hayes; “The Judiciary,” William ington crossing the Delaware, 1776”; “The InM. Evarts; “ The Army and Navy," William auguration of the First President, 1789.” Others T. Sherman; “ Our Schools and Colleges," were suggestive of the times, such as " The Press Charles W. Eliot ; " Our Literature," James and Public Opinion," consisting of a Washington R. Lowell; and “The United States of Ameri- hand-press and a modern press worked by elecca," Benjamin Harrison. At the tables were tricity, on both of which circulars were printed places for 800 persons, and over 5,000 were pres- and distributed along the route. “The Kinderent in the house during the banquet.

garten,” showing children grouped around & The Third Day.-Like its predecessors, the monument to Froebel and at work at basting and day opened with artillery salutes from the forts braiding, “Civil Engineering," and " Architectand national vessels in the harbor. Essentially, ure,” were represented by followers of these prohowever, this day was given over to the people, fessions at work. Still others were of allegoriand its particular feature was the civic parade, cal character, among which were “ Arion," " Bacplanned and directed by Gen. Daniel Butterfield, chus,” * Prince Carnival," and "" Christmas,". who was its grand marshal. The line of march from whose titles an idea can be gathered of was from Fifty-Seventh Street and Fifth Avenue what they were like. “ The Brewery," " the Bakdownward, along the same route as before, to ery," " Artificial Mineral Waters,” are typical of Canal Street and Broadway, where it disbanded. those which symbolized trades.' “ The German The President, Vice-President, Mr. Cleveland, Opera” and “Wagner Opera” were living tabmembers of the Cabinet, and other citizens spe- leaus of scenes from the works of great composers, cially invited assembled on the reviewing stand, and were perhaps the most striking of the floats. on Fifth Avenue opposite Madison Square, at 10 Upward of 75,000 persons took part in the pao'clock. At the head of the line marched Mayor rade. The presidential party left for WashingGrant, who stopped in front of the grand stand ton early in the afternoon, but in the evening a and handed to the President a silver cylinder, municipal banquet was given at the Academy of about fourteen inches long, prettily chased and Music in Brooklyn, over which Mayor Chapin, of bearing the inscription : "1789 Centennial Cele- that city, presided. Over five hundred guests bration, 1889. Civic and Industrial Parade. Ad- were present, who listened to speeches made by dressed to the President of the United States by eminent citizens in response to appropriate the Civic, Industrial, and Commercial Bodies of toasts. During the same evening the Association New York City. Daniel Butterfield, Chief Mar- of the Bar of the City of New York gave a recepshall; Hugh J. Grant, Mayor.” Within the cyl- tion to the justices of the Supreme Court of the inder was a scroll of parchment several feet long United States. The chief justice and several of on which was engrossed an address to Mr. Harri- his associates were present, and were received by son that was signed by more than one hundred the president of the club, Joseph H. Choate. citizens of New York city. This ceremony over, with this event the celebration closed. During

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