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Kuhl, o: the appointing power of the Governor. The Constitution |. es that “when a vacancy happens during the recess of the Legislature in any office which is to be filled by the Governor and Senate, or by the Legislature in joint meeting, the Governor shall said vacancy, and the commission shall expire at the end of the next session of the Legislature, unless a successor shall be sooner appointed.” The court held that under this clause the Governor may, in the recess, make an appointment to fill the office temporarily, where the vacancy began during the session of the Legislature. State Boundary.—The commission appointed in 1888 to mark out the boundary between New York and New Jersey through the Kills, the North river, and New York Bay, reached an agreement with the New York commissioners, and adopted a line which is practically the middle of the channel in New York Bay and runs eastward of Ellis's and Bedlow's Islands and the Robin's Reef light-house. This was marked, as far as possible, by monuments and buoys, and maps showing its course were prepared and filed with each State. Political.—The State election of this year was important from the fact that a Governor as well as members of the Legislature were to be chosen. The Prohibitionists met in State convention at Asbury Park on July 19, and nominated George La Monte for Governor. Resolutions were adopted which declare unalterable opposition to the liquor traffic, favor separate party organization and action, denounce bribery at elections, favor the Australian system of voting, condemn all trusts, demand the preservation of the sanctity of the Christian Sabbath, and recommend the age of a law requiring the public-school teachers of New Jersey to give lessons in physiology and hygiene relative to the effects of strong drink on the human system. One resolution is as follows:
That we are o to any of our citizens being disfranchised by the usurpation of authority by officials of this State. The same principles of right that allow women to vote at school meetings should be extended to all other questions.
The Democratic State Convention was held at Trenton on Sept. 10, and nominated Ex-Gov. Leon Abbett. The platform contains the following declarations upon State issues:
That we favor equal taxation, and declare that reform in that direction should be followed upon the lines laid down in the inaugural address of Gov. Leon Abbett, until the entire distribution of public burdens shall square with the constitutional requirements of fairness and equality. Under a partial adoption of the recommendations of that address, a general State tax has been rendered unnecessary during the past five years, and we promise the people of New Jerse that the affairs of State shall be so economically administered, while intrusted to the Democratic party, that there shall not be any general State tax necessary. We denounce the attempt made by Republican members of the Legislature of 1889 to impose a general State tax, as tending to extravagance in State expenditures, and we declare the undercurrent of that movement to have been a desire to relieve corporate property from the payment of its fair proportion of taxation. Under the system of taxation instituted in response to the recommendations of Gov. Abbett, the sum of $7,749,742 has been assessed, within the past five
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years, upon corporations, many of which, prior to 1884, enjoyed exemptions from taxation, and thereby increased the tax upon private owners. In the same time there has been assessed upon railroad and canal property, theretofore wholly exempted from local taxation, the sum of $1,630,683 for the use of our cities, towns, and townships. This amount represents a clear gain to the municipalities of the State. We demand reform in the matter of municipal expenditures throughout the State. We favor such revision of the election laws of the State as will guarantee to every voter the greatest possible secrecy in the casting of his ballot, and secure the punishment of any who attempt the corruption or intimidation of voters.
The Republican State Convention met at Trenton on Sept. 17, and nominated, on the second ballot, Gen. E. Burd Grubb as its gubernatorial candidate. The platform is devoted almost entirely to local issues, and contains the following:
We declare ourselves pledged to local self-government, in township, city, and county. We are in harmony with that provision of the State Constitution which declares “the Legislature shall not pass local or special laws regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties,” the spirit of which provision was not only ignored, but flagrantly violated by the last Legislature. The ilogislature of 1889 stands without a parallel in the history of the State in the character of its majority. It was lo, it was arrogant, it was profligate. It passed its iniquitous partisan repealers, its enactments for the redistricting of the State, its new charters for municipalities, and its acts for the creation of new offices only after deals and promises of appointment made between the legislative and executive branches of the State government. It is open and notorious history, since fulfilled, that municipal charters were passed and foisted upon the people upon twenty-four hours' publication, through the efforts and votes of those who were to and did take office under them. It entered into municipalities and counties against public protest, and absolutely annihilated existing methods of local government, destroyed ward boundaries, and overthrew all just basis of local representation in local boards, in defiance of the bill of rights in the Constitution of the State which affirms that “all o power is inherent in the people.” It not only repudiated all attempts at ballot reform tendered it by the voice of united labor and a universal public sentiment, but it trampled upon every semblance of fair elections by the repeal of all the protective provisions of existing laws for the registration and honest return of the result of elections in the several municipalities of the State. We favor the enactment of statutes reforming the election laws of the State to prevent fraud and false registration and for the purposes of establishing the Australian or other like o of voting, whereby the voter shall be enabled to act independently and intelligently in the exercise of his citizenship. We recognize the fact that there is a pressing demand for greater economy in all departments of the State government. The expenditures of the State under twenty-one years of Democratic executive control have increased the public burdens beyond that made necessary by the increasing population, and we promise, if given power, to eliminate all unnecessary expenses in every department. At the November election, Abbett received 138,245 votes, Grubb 123,992, and La Monte 6,853. At the same time one third of the members of the State Senate were chosen, and the entire Lower House. The Republicans gained one Senator, giving them 11 members of the Senate to 10 for the Democrats. The Lower House will contain 23 Republicans and 37 Democrats, a gain of 5 Democratic members.
NEW MEXICO, a Territory of the United States, organized in 1850; area, 122,580 square miles; population, according to the last decennial census (1880), 119,565; capital, Santa Fé. Government.—The following were the Territorial officers during the year: Governor, Edmund G. Ross, Democrat, succeeded by L. Bradford Prince, Republican; Secretary, George W. Lane, succeeded |. Benjamin M. Thomas; Treasurer, Antonio Ortiz y Salazar; Auditor, Trinidad Alarid; Attorney-General until Feb. 15, William Breeden; Solicitor-General after Oct. 15, Edward L. Bartlett; Commissioner of Immigration, Henry C. Burnett; Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court, Elisha Van Long; Associate Justices, William H. Brinker, succeeded by William D. Lee, William F. Henderson, succeeded by John R. McFie, Reuben A. Reeves, ...? by William H. Whiteman. The Legislature, by an act passed on Feb. 15 over the Governor's veto, abolished the office of AttorneyGeneral, substituting therefor the office of Solicitor-General, and providing that no appointment should be made by the Governor to the office until after Oct. 1, until which time the district attorney for Sante Fé County should discharge the duties of the office. But Gov. Ross at once appointed Jacob H. Christ to the new office, to which R. E. Twitchell, as the district attorney of Sante Fé County, also laid claim under the act. A decision of the Supreme Court of the Territory in May established the claims of the district attorney, who perfomed the duties of the office until October, when Gov. Prince appointed Edward L. Bartlett. Legislative Session.—The twenty-eighth session of the Territorial Legislature began on Dec. 31, 1888, and adjourned on Feb. 28, 1889. The most noteworthy act of the session provides for the assembling of a Constitutional Convention on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of September, 1889, to frame a Constitution under which the Territory shall ask for admission to the Union as a State. A special election of delegates to this convention was appointed to be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of August. An act relating to the finances establishes the first systematic method of financial management ever attempted in the Territory. It creates various treasury funds, amon which all the receipts shall be distributed an from which expenditures shall be made for the special objects for which each fund is formed. For each of the years 1889 and 1890 a tax of seven mills on the dollar is levied, the proceeds of which shall be divided among the different funds in specified "..." To defray Territorial expenses till March, 1890, when the proceeds of the seven-mill levy for 1889 will become fully available, the issue of six-per-cent, bonds not exceeding $200,000, is authorized to be called provisional indebtedness bonds. Another act creates a State University at Albuquerque, an Agricultural College at Las Cruces, a School of Mines at Socorro, and an Insane Asylum at Las Vegas. To provide a fund for erecting buildings, an annual Territorial tax of one mill is assessed, the proceeds to be paid into the Territorial institution fund thereby created. An anti-lottery law was passed. A new election law establishes a system of registration, and pre
scribes a uniform ballot. No persons other than election officers, challengers, and persons in the act of voting shall remain within ten yards of any polling-place. The voter may erase or write in other names on his ballot. All interference with a voter while he is within the ten-yard limit is forbidden, but no further provision to guard the secrecy of the ballot is made. Other acts of the session, a large number of which were passed over the Governor's veto, are as follow :
Defining the crime of slander of title. Prescribing the work that must be done upon any mining claim in order for any one to secure a location or a relocation thereon. Providing for the formation of limited partnerships. Establishing a Board of Pharmacy. Offering a bounty of $1 for each lynx, $5 for each wolf, panther, bear, or mountain-lion, and 50 cents for each coyote or wild-cat killed in the .."; Creating the counties of Chaves and Eddy out of the eastern portion of Lincoln County. Amending the law relative to the estates of deceased rsons. Establishing a Cattle Sanitary Board for the Terri
tory. Amending the building-and-loan association law. Providing that all animals intended to be slaughtered for human food shall first be inspected by a county inspector. Repealing the act entitled “An act to provide the means to enable the penitentiary authorities to employ the convicts in mining coal.” To provide for the printing of the journals and laws in Spanish. fi o provide for the protection and propagation of Sh. To create a Board of Health for the Territory. To prevent women from entering saloons for the urpose of drinking therein, and prohibiting women from singing, playing musical instruments, or dealing cards, or running other games in saloons. Å. revent the "...# §§ uthorizing and regulating volun assignments for the ...; of creditors. Ing tary assign
Education.—The report of the Territorial Auditor presents the following public-school statistics,covering the year ending Dec. 31, 1888: Pupils of school age (three counties estimated), 40,862; pupils ...i. during the year (three counties estimated), 16,803; average attendance (two counties estimated), 12,394; male teachers (four counties estimated), 303; female teachers (four counties estimated), 185; school districts (two counties not included), 466. The school law is defective in not providing for a Territorial Su
rintendent. A bill designed to remedy many defects of the present law was submitted to the Legislature this year, but failed. Reports obtained by the Governor from a majority of the counties show that, of 342 schools, 143 are taught in English, 106 in Spanish, and in 93 both languages are used.
Stock-raising.—The business of cattle-raising was depressed throughout the year on account of low prices. In the face of this, the number of cattle shows a slight increase from 1887 to 1888, the number in the former year having been 1,065.634, and in the latter year 1,127,529. During the same period the number of horses decreased from 46,666 to 45,119. Sheep-owners met with considerable losses both in the winter of 1887–'88 and that of 1888–89, the number being reduced by that cause and by sales from 1,749,150 in 1887 to 1,339,790 in 1888. The high
price of wool did much to make up for such 1888 the total tax was $9,089,303.86. The relosses, and gave an impetus to the business. ceipts from the corporation tax increased this
Mining. This industry was carried on with year over the receipts in 1888 by $178,921.91. more than average success during the year. The The amount collected was $1,172,299.73. most important mining discovery of the year was The State Comptroller says: “Since my last at San Pedro. The “ Big Copper” mine at that annual report the Court of Appeals has rendered place was run successfully through the year, em a decision in favor of the State in the case of the ploying about 300 men, but nothing else of con- People ex rel. Platt as President of the United sequence was being done in the vicinity, when States Express Company vs. Wemple (116 N. Y.), the news suddenly spread of a wonderful discov- which was instituted by me to test the liability ery of rich carbonates in the "Lucky” mine, of joint-stock associations, including the large in the immediate vicinity of the “Big Copper." express companies, to pay the tax upon their The “Lucky” was being worked to a small ex- capital, under section 3 of the law.” tent for iron ore for fluxing, when the new ore The receipts of the treasury for the fiscal was struck. Considerable shipments immediate- year were $15,971,002.02, to which should be ly began, and a rush of miners to San Pedro added a balance of $5,396,454.75 on hand on quickly ensued. Other similar discoveries have Oct. 1, 1888. The payments for all purposes since been made.
during the year were $15,940,847.72, leaving a Constitutional Convention. - An election balance of $5,426,609.05 in the treasury on Oct. was held on Aug. 6 to choose delegates to a Con- 1, 1889. The general fund balance on the latter stitutional Convention. The number elected date was $2,640,774.58. The amount expended was seventy-three. They met at Santa Fé on by the State on the Capitol building, up to Oct. Sept. 3, and chose J. Francisco Chavez as presi- 1, has been $18,399,195.29. dent. The result of their labors, which ended The assessed valuation of the State for the on Sept. 21, was the adoption of a Constitution year 1889, was: Personal, $354,258,556; real, $3,for the proposed State of New Mexico, which 213,171,201 ; total, $3,567,429,757. This shows should be submitted to the electors of the Terri- an increase, in one year, on real estate of $90,tory at the regular election in November, 1890, 583,117; personal estate of $7,646,695; total, unless the passage of an enabling act by Con- $98,229,812. gress meanwhile should render an earlier elec Legislative Session. The one hundred and tion necessary. The convention appointed a twelfth Legislature was in session for twenty committee to present the Constitution to Con- weeks, the average time for the past fifteen years. gress, and to urge, in behalf of the Territory, The number of bills introduced in the Senate its admission thereunder. When Congress as was more than 800, and in the House more than sembled for its December session, the matter was 1,300, about the average number. The only laid before it.
constitutional amendment passed was one for NEW YORK, a Middle State, one of the orig- extra justices of the Supreme Court, and this inal thirteen, ratified the Constitution July 26, must be voted upon in November, 1890. This 1788; area, 49,170 square miles; population, ac- Legislature exposed the method of changing the cording to the last decennial census (1880), 5,082,- ceiling of the Assembly chamber from a struct871; capital, Albany.
ure of stone to a structure of wood. The cost of Government.-The following were the State this and of repairing the Assembly staircase was officers during the year: Governor, David B. about $350,000. When the Assembly met, the Hill, Democrat; Lieutenant-Governor, Edward special committee of five members of the last F. Jones ; Secretary of State, Frederick Cook; Assembly who had the work in charge demandComptroller, Edward Wemple; Treasurer, Law- ed an investigation before they would approve rence J. Fitzgerald ; State Engineer and Sur- the work. This was given to the Committee on veyor, John Bogart; Attorney-General, Charles Appropriations, which hired experts, and reportF. Tabor : Superintendent of Public Instruction, ed that the Assembly Committee on ConstrucAndrew S. Draper; Superintendent of Prisons, tion had neglected its duties; that the contractor Austin Lathrop; Superintendent of Insurance had not fulfilled his contract; and that about Department, Robert A. Maxwell; Superintend- $100,000 had been cleared by him. A vote of ent of Bank Department, Willis S. Paine, şuc- virtual want of confidence was carried, and the ceeded by Charles W. Preston; Superintendent investigation was transferred to a special comof Public Works, James Shanahan, succeeded in mittee of five Assemblymen, which took still December by Edward Hannan; Chief Judge of further testimony, and reported that the conthe Court of Appeals, William C. Ruger; Asso- tractor and the Superintendent of Public Buildciate Judges, Charles Andrews, Robert Earl, ings had conspired to rob the State. But the George F. Danforth, Rufus W. Peckham, Fran- Assembly sustained the report of the Appropriacis M. Finch, and John Clinton Gray.
tion Committee and discarded the report of the Finances.- The State is practically out of special committee. The matter was then put in debt. The amount outstanding is being paid as charge of the original Ceiling-Construction Comrapidly as the law permits. For the fiscal year mittee, and an effort was made to prove a conending Sept. 30, it was reduced to $6,774,854.87 spiracy, so as to work forfeiture of the contract. by the payment of $100,000 Niagara reservation Later in the year the Attorney-General instituted bonds, and of $90,500 canal bonds. The an action against the alleged conspirators. Owamount of cash and securities held in the vari- ing to the ceiling affair, little effort was made ous trust funds of the State on Sept. 30 was toward finishing the Capitol. Estimates were $13,241,097.24. For the year 1889 the State tax made by the Capitol Commissioner that a little was $12,557,352.74, the rate being 3.52 mills, and over $2,000,000 would complete the building: the valuation of property $3,567,429,757. For Thirty-two weeks of school are now required
during the year, instead of twenty-eight as formerly. The school year in every district begins on July 25, instead of Aug. 20; and the annual school meeting will be held on the first Tuesday of August. All applicants for admission to normal schools must residents of this State; or, if not, they can be admitted only upon the payment of tuition fees, or upon such other terms as shall be prescribed. Medical schools may hold property to the amount of $2,000,000. A supplementary examination by the regents is required of graduates of medical colleges and others desiring to practice medicine. fee of $15 and a degree of doctor of medicine from a legally incorporated medical college are required before the same degree will be given by the reso of the university. The following cities ave been authorized to issue bonds for school rounds and buildings in the amounts named : §. York, $2,500,000; Brooklyn, $1,500,000; Buffalo, $150,000; Lockport, $85,000; and Utica not to expend more than $30,000 in a year. The veto of a bill allowing St. Lawrence Theological Seminary to hold $3,000,000 of property led to the enactment of a general law authorizing all colleges and universities to hold property with an annual income not to exceed §o. Libraries are added to the list of objects for which any five or more persons of full age, citizens of the United States, a majority of whom shall be also citizens of this State, may incorporate themselves. Plattsburgh was given a normal school. New York city may spend $300,000 for buildings and accommodations for the zoölogical collection in Central Park, and $400,000 for an addition to the American Museum of Natural History. The latter amount may also be spent for completin the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In each war of the city at least three free lectures to workin men and women shall be delivered every wee between Oct. 1 and April 1. Charters were granted to the Sevilla Home for the education of poor female children and Webb's Academy and Home for Shipbuilders. The new labor laws are these: Requiring payment of wages by corporations in other currency than “store orders”; regulating wages on public works at $2 a day; for registering trade-marks of unions. The prison laws were codified. The convicts are divided into three classes. The first is considered corrigible, and shall be taught trades; the second is less corrigible, and is held to somewhat severe labor; the third is the incorrigible, and will be given the most severe labor. It is forbidden to have more than 100 prisoners employed in any one industry. The most important insurance law, the “antirebate,” provides that no life-insurance company doing business in this State shall make or permit any distinction or discrimination between individuals insured in the same class and of equal expectation of life in the amount of payment of premiums or rates charged on policies of life or endowment insurance, or in the dividends or other benefits payable thereon, or in any other of the terms and conditions of a contract it makes, Among other laws are these: For the incorporation of co-operative or assessment associations and societies for insurance upon the lives of horses, mules, jacks, and jennies; allowing cas
ualty companies to insure the connections of steam boilers as well as the boilers themselves; providing that any number of persons not less than nine may associate themselves for the relief of beneficiaries upon the mutual-assessment plan. The canals were voted $600,000 to continue the work of lengthening the locks. At this rate all the locks will be lengthened in two years. The new railroad laws are these: Permitting railroad companies to collect ten cents more than the regular fare from passengers who fail to buy tickets, such passengers to be given a receipt upon which they can secure the return of the j . paid at any ticket office of the company; prohibiting local authorities from restricting the speed of trains below 30 miles an hour within the limits of cities of fewer than 50,000 inhabitants: exempting from the anti-car-stove law cars of foreign railroads passing for not more than 30 miles through the State; allowing railroads under 100 miles in length to begin to acquire right of way when but $5,000 a mile is subscribed and $3,000 a mile lo down; requiring the use of automatic freight-car couplers. A State board of lunacy has been created consisting of three commissioners, one of whom is a physician, another a lawyer, and another a reputable citizen. The commission has the power of a court to investigate cases of alleged cruelty, etc., hitherto undertaken by the Board of Charities; and it supersedes the commissioner in lunacy. It has autocratic powers over private asylums. Another law regulates the commitment, custody, and discharge of the insane, more particularly in regard to ã. manner in which they shall enter institutions. Among the new militia laws were these: Imroving the Creedmoor Rifle Range and the State Camp at Peekskill; extending the system of the National Guard to a State naval militia; incorporating the Mount McGregor Memorial Association, to take charge of the cottage wherein Gen. Grant died ; incorporating the Grand Army of the Republic Department of New York; providing for soldiers' monuments in #o. Troy, and Gettysburg. Cornell University was designated as the only college in the State entitled to receive the benefits of the law of the United States relating to agricultural experiment stations ; and another law establishes a State meteorological bureau and weather service at that university. The New York Dairymen's Association has been voted $4,000 to extend dairy knowledge throughout the State; and about $50,000 already paid into the treasury from racing associations during the past two years has been turned over to the State Agricultural Society for distribution among the county societies. Other laws are these: Establishing a license fee of $1 instead of 50 cents on dogs, and requiring an annual registry; making the amount of tare upon bales of hops grown and sold in the State five pounds instead of six pounds; extending the time to Jan. 1, 1890, within which veterinary surgeons must register; charging the State Dairy Commissioner with the enforcement of the law to prevent deception in the sale of vinegar. A new commission is to codify the laws relating to corporations, so as to avoid special legislation in the future. The bank department is
given more power to examine the books of banks. Charities. - The number of insane in the The penal code has been amended so that if any State on Oct. 1, 1889, as reported by the Comagent of a life or trust company shall receive any mission of Lunacy, was 15,507, distributed as deposit, knowing that the concern is insolvent, follow: State asylums for acute insane, 2,063 ; he shall be held guilty of larceny and be fined State asylums for chronic insane, 3,138; State double the amount received, together with im- Asylum for Insane Criminals, 219; State Emiprisonment. Other laws were enacted as fol- grant Hospital, 22; counties of New York, Kings low: Allowing any other than business corpora- and Monroe, 6,970; city almshouses, 6; almstions to bold property to the amount of $2,000,- houses of exempted counties, 385; private and 000; allowing social clubs to hold real estate to quasi - public asylums, 856. This shows an inthe amount of $500,000; forbidding pipe lines crease of 593 over the number on Oct. 1, 1888. of natural-gas companies to be run through any The total number of inmates of all charitable, municipality without the consent of the author correctional, and reformatory institutions in the ities; allowing trust funds to be invested in se- State on Oct. 1, 1889, was 67,781, against 64,322 curities of the City of New York; allowing for- on Oct. 1, 1888, as follow: Insane, 15,482 ; idieign-born children and the descendants of a otic and feeble-minded, 1,330; epileptic, 584; woman born in the United States but disquali- blind, 627; deaf and dumb, 1,328; orphan and fied by residence or marriage abroad, to hold dependent children 20,949 ; juvenile offenders real estate, if she has an ancestor who was a cit- and delinquents, 4,765; adult reformatory prisonizen of the United States ; forbidding deception ers, 944; sick and otherwise disabled soldiers and in articles containing trade-marks ; providing sailors
, 973; hospital and infirmary patients, that creditors may resist all transfers against the 3,782; adult and aged persons in asylums and estate of a deceased person, if their claims are homes for the friendless, 7,007; poor-house and more than $100 in amount; granting to a widow almshouse inmates other than the above-named $1,000 from an estate, even if the real property classes, 9,980. does not amount to that sum; for the suppres The receipts devoted to charitable, correctionsion of bucket shops; allowing the Governor to al, and reformatory work in the State for the fisproclaim any day à legal holiday, and to limit cal year ending Sept. 30, 1889, amounted to $16,its operation to any particular county,
156,466, against $14,591,817 for the fiscal year The Governor vetoed a bill applying high ending Sept. 30, 1888. license to the larger cities of the State, and also Prisons.—The number of convicts in the three a general bill taxing the sales of liquor. What is prisons on Sept. 30, was 3,480, against 3,408 on known as the Saxton electoral reform bill, mod- Sept 30, 1888. The highest number of convicts ified from the bill of 1888 and patterned after during the year was 3,737, in March. the Australian system, was also vetoed.
The State Superintendent says, in his annual Education.-For the school year ending Aug. report: “By the provisions of Chapter 586 of 30, the amount expended in the State for educa- the laws of 1888, the pursuit of usual industrial tion was $16,691,178.24, of which there was ex- operations in the State prisons was almost wholly pended for public schools $15,876,844.91, being suspended and the increased population of the an increase of $896,003.44 over the sum expended prisons was doomeed to idleness in spite of the in the previous year. Of this amount
$9,798,- sympathetic efforts of the administrative officers. 044.79 was in the cities and $6,078,800.12 in the Two results were inevitable—the minor one is towns. The number of children of school age the greatest deficit in years, the major result is (between five and twenty-one years) was 1,803,- the distinct and deplorable disintegration of 667, the cities having 1,029,411 and the towns prison industries and deterioration of the morale 774,256. There was an increase of 32,256 chil- of the prisoners as a mass and an unprecedented dren in the cities, and a decrease of 1,547 in the death rate and unequaled numerical lapse of contowns. There were employed during the year victs into insanity." The number of deaths 5,549 male and 26,438 female teachers. The was 64, and the number transferred to insane average annual salary of teachers in cities was asylums, 65. The report remarks that the pres$688.65, and in towns $270.07, the average for ent law regulating prison management and lathe State being $418,76. There were enrolled in bor, passed in June, 1889, had but little tangible the public schools, 1,033,813 pupils—488,203 in effect on the actual operations of the prisons up the cities and 545,610 in the towns. The number to the close of the fiscal year. There were still of school-houses was 11,985, of which 49 were 500 men idle at Auburn Prison and 150 at log, 10,132 frame, 1,456' brick, and 348 stone, Sing Sing. The deficit for the year is $369,274, and $3,744,559.64 was expended for buildings. against $153,924 in 1888.
The State tax for the support of schools is one Banks.—The aggregate resources of all the mill on a dollar. The apportionment of the sum banks in the State on Sept. 30, 1889, were $245,thus raised, $3,460,406, is according to popula- 163,888, and the net increase in banking capital tion. Therefore there are but three counties during the fiscal year, $2,262,000. The capital Kings, New York, and Westchester--that receive of the banks organized during the year aggreback smaller sums than they pay in taxes. gated $2,675,000; that of the banks which closed
The nine normal schools had a total enroll- during the year amounted to $255,000. The inment of 6,468, and an average attendance of crease in the capital of banks previously organ4,835. The number graduated was 537 against ized was $300,000, and the decrease, $100,000. 426 the previous year. The amount expended for Twenty-two new banks were authorized to do normal schools during the year was $272,581.85 business during the year, with a total capitalizaagainst $243,131.71 the previous year. The sum tion of $2,675,000. "Three national banks were of $80,975.52 was expended for permanent im- organized in the State--the Farmers' and the provements to normal-school property.
Citizens', of Adams, and the Elmira National