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inson ; “Bluebird Notes,” by Ira Billman; “Poems,” by J. A. Egerton: “The Rose of Flame,” by Anne Reeve Aldrich ; “Mother Carey's Chickens,” by Wilbur Larremore; and “Poems,” by Carlotta Perry. “In Realms of Gold,” by James B. Kenyon, whose “Out of the Shadows” has won high praise, passed to a second edition. “Idyls of the Golden Shore,” by H. Maxwell, refer to California; Walter Learned wrote “Between Times”; W. A. Rice, “Through Broken Reeds”; and Caroline May, “Lays of Memory and Affection.” “Rebel Rhymes" were by Elizabeth J. Hereford; “The Masque of Death,” by George L. Hildreth; and Harriet McE. Kimball put forth a volume of “Poems.” “Sacred Idyls” was a metrical version of Solomon's Song, by James o; the author of “Thine Forever,” furnished “In the Presence”; and “Reliques of the Christ,” by Denis Wortman were above the average of religious verse. To drama of the lightest type belong “To-night at Eight,” comedies and comediettas by Fanny Aymer Mathews; “The Mouse Trap and other Farces,” by William D. Howells; “Early Vows” and “On Guard,” by C. Townsend; and “The New Pandora,” by Harriet H. Robinson. Elizabeth Porter Gould selected “Gems from Walt Whitman,” D. B. Duffield “Stray Leaves of Life.” “Musical Movements” was an anonymous selection of prose and verse, and “Curiosities of Matrimony” an odd compilation by W. Odlin. Popular verse for elocution was J. C. Harvey’s “Lines and Rhymes.” An unusually good anthology was presented by George Cary Eggleston in “American War Ballads and Lyrics.” Criticism and General Literature.—Under this heading come “Essays,” by Henry T. King, and “Essays, Religious, Social, and Political,” by David A. Wasson. “Days out of Doors,” by Dr. Charles C. Abbott, recorded a naturalist's rambles about home. George H. Ellwanger told “The Garden's Story” in a new and attractive way. Horace Lunt gave us “Across Lots,” and Bradford Torrey “A Rambler's Lease.” “Indoor Studies,” was a new departure by John Burroughs from the realm of nature into that of man. “Stray Leaves of Literature,” was the title of thirteen essays by Frederick Saunders, author of “Salad for the Solitary.” From Donald G. Mitchell we had “English Lands, Letters, and Kings,” and “French Traits,” by W. C. Brownell, was an essay in comparative criticism. From A. S. Hill came five papers on “Our English,” and “The Jew in English Fiction,” was the subject of a course of lectures by Rabbi David Philipson. Henry Van Dyke wrote on “The Poetry of Tennyson”; T. Davidson, “Prolegomena to ‘In Memoriam’.”; and W. J. Alex: ander “An Introduction to the Poetry of Robert Browning.” Hiram Corson wrote also “An In: troduction to the Study of Shakespeare,” and ... The True Story of Hamlet and Ophelia” was a new interpretation with a striking theor evolved by Fredericka B. Gilchrist. “Scottis Poets in America” was a collection of sketches by J. D. Ross, and Ivan Panin furnished “Lectures on Russian Literature.” “Principles and Praçoice,” a series of brief essays by H. C. Trumbull, Hiied six small volumes. W. Dixey explained : The Trade of Authorship.” Charles W. Hut

son prepared “A History of French Literature,” and a revised and enlarged edition was also made of the “Manual of Historical Literature,” of Charles K. Adams. To the literature of folklore belong “Korean Tales,” by H. N. Allen, Foreign Secretary of Legation for Korea; “Pawnee Hero Stories,” by G. B. Grinnell; “The Tree of Mythology,” by C. De B. Mills; and “Legends and Myths of Hawaii,” by his Majesty Kin Kalakaua, edited by R. M. Daggett, late uj States minister at the islands. Selections of value were: “Character and Comment,” from the novels of William D. Howells, by Minnie Macoun; “Half-Hours with the Best Humorous Authors,” by C. Morris; and “The World's Best Books” in the opinion of Frank Parsons and F. E. and Richardson Crawford. Huntingdon Smith compiled a “Century of American Literature”; “The Ideals of the Republic,” or “Great Words from Great Americans,” appeared without the name of the arranger; and “Two Thousand and Ten Choice Quotations in Prose and Poetry.” were put together ; T. W. Handford. “Anonyms, a Dictionary of Revealed Authorship,” by William Cushing, supplemented the first and second series of “Initials and Pseudonyms,” by that author. Anna L. Ward edited a valuable “Dictionary of Quotations in Prose from American and Foreign Authors,” and “Fact, Fancy, and Fable” was compiled by Henry F. Reddall. William J. Rolfe edited “Select Poems of Wordsworth,” with notes, and “Fairy Tales in Prose and Verse.” “The Scientific Papers of Asa Gray” were published in two volumes, as selected and arranged by Charles S. Sargent, and “The Complete Works of Rowland G. Hazard ” were edited in four volumes by Caroline Hazard. Two volumes were issued of the “Century Dictionary, edited by William Dwight Whitney. Political, Social, and Moral Science.—To politics belong : “The State, Elements of Historical and Practical Politics,” by Woodrow Wilson; “Essays on Government,” by A. Lawrence Lowell; “The Political Problem,” by Albert Stickney, dealing with our present methods of election; a study of “The Australian Ballot System as embodied in the Legislation of Various Countries,” by J. H. Wigmore; and “Politics as a Duty and a Career,” by Moorfield Storey. “An Appeal to Pharaoh,” anonymous, was a roposed “radical solution of the negro probem” by deportation. Philip A. Bruce treated of “The Plantation Negro as a Freeman,” and J. R. Brackett of “The Negro in Maryland,” and “Pleas for Progress,” by Atticus G. Haygood, discussed, with other topics, the needs of the negro. Edwin Sutherland foretold “The Destiny of America, the Inevitable Political Union of the United States and Canada,” and roceedings of the Scotch-Irish Congress at Coumbia, May 8–11, 1889, were published under the title of “The Scotch-Irish in America.” E. S. Wheeler wrote on “Prohibition”; G. Iles, on “The Liquor Question in Politics”; J. N. Stearns, “The Constitutional Prohibitionist”; and “The Political Prohibitionist for 1889 " was a handbook for the aggressive temperance people of the United States. In connection with the subject may be mentioned “Alcohol Inside and Out,” by Elisha Chenery, M. D. “The National Sunday Law,” by Alonzo T. Jones, was an argument before the United States Committee on Education and Labor, and from the same author we have “Civil Government and Religion, or Christianity and the American Constitution.” “Institutes of Economics,” was a succinct textbook of political economy, by Elisha B. Andrews; David A. Wells published “Recent Economic Changes”; Edward Atkinson, “The Industrial Progress of the Nation, Consumption Limited, Production Unlimited,” articles collected from magazines; Richard T. Ely, “An Introduction to Political Economy”; and E. C. Lunt, “The Present Condition of Economic Science.” Vol. II of “Ultimate Finance,” by W. N. Black, also appeared. Publications of the American Economic Association were “Malthus and Ricardo,” by Simon N. Patten; “The Study of Statistics,” by Davis R. Dewey; “Analysis in Political Economy,” by W. W. Folwell: a “Theory of Wages,” by Stuart Wood; and “Possibility of a Scientific Law of Wages" and E. Andrew's “An Honest Dollar.” “Land Politics of the United States” were the subject of a paper by President James C. Welling, of Columbian University. “Outlines of a New Science,” by E. J. Donnell, had reference to the tariff question. C. W. Baker discussed “Monopolies and the People.” “The Public Regulation of Railways” was considered by W. B. Dabney. The annual report of the Bureau of Statistics of the Treasury Department at Washington, on “Foreign Commerce and Navigation,” was issued, and “Trade and Transportation between the United States and Spanish America,” by W. E. Curtis, was a publication of the State Department. The “Manūal of Industrial and Commercial Intercourse between the United States and Spanish America for the Year 1889 " also appeared. Nicholas Paine Gilman made a careful study of ** o, between Employer and EmÉ. ”; Rev. D. R. McAnally discussed “The

nemployed, who they are, why they are idle, and what is the Outlook”; and Hugo Bilgram, “Involuntary Idleness.” Helen Campbell wrote “Prisoners of Poverty Abroad,” and C. Osborne Ward “A History of the Ancient Working People, from the Earliest Known Period to the Adoption of Christianity by Constantine.” “A Treatise on Co-operative Savings and Loan Associations,” by Seymour Dexter, was a valuable contribution.” G. E. Blakelee published an “Industrial Cyclopædia,” and J. C. Simonds, J. T. McEnnis, and J. C. Ridpath, “The Panorama of the World's Great Nations, Social, Industrial, and Political.” L. P. McCartey edited the “Annual Statistician and Economist for 1889.” “Crime" was studied as to its nature, causes, treatment, and prevention, by S. M. Green; Joseph H. Crooker propounded “Problems in American Society,” and James A. Skilton wrote on the “Evolution of Society.” Vol. XXI of United States Census Reports was by F. H. Wines on “The Defective, Dependent. and Delinquent Classes of the Population of the United States, as returned at the Tenth Census,” and “Anarchy and Anarchists” was a history of the Chicago Haymarket conspiracy, by Michael J. Schaack, captain of the police on duty at time of the riot. A most important contribution to statistics of social science was “A Report on Marriage and Divorce in the United States, 1867–

1886,” by Carroll D. Wright, Commissioner of Labor, issued in December, 1889, from the Government Printing-Office. D. Convers wrote “Marriage and Divorce in the United States, as they are, and as they ought to be"; W. L. Snyder “The Geography of Marriage, or Legal Perplexities of Wedlock in the United States.” Theology.—“Our Christian Heritage,” by James, Cardinal Gibbons, was addressed to the Catholic Church at large. Charles Woodruff Shields published Vol. II of “Philosophia Ultima,” or “Science of the Sciences,” and the professors of the Chicago Theological Seminary Vol. VI of “Current io in Theology." “The Tests of the Various Kinds of Truth,” by James McCosh, was the second series of lectures on the “Merrick Foundation of the Ohio Wesleyan University,” the first being “Christian Education,” by Daniel Curry. “Whither? O whither? tell me where !” also by Dr. McCosh, was an answer to the “Whither?” of Charles A. Briggs. Essays by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps were collected under the title of “The Struggle for Immortality.” George S. Fullerton made “A Plain Argument for God,” and Rev. W. H. Platt asked “Is Religion dying?” N. C. Parshall furnished “Proofs of §tion. J. W. Chadwick “Evolution as related to Religious Thought.” From Rev. Myron Adams we have “The Continuous Creation,” an application of evolutionary philosophy to the Christian religion, and from James T. Bixby “Religion and Science Allies.” “Supernatural Revelation ” was from the pen of C. M. Mead, and “The Way: the Nature, and Means of Revelation” from that of John F. Weir. “The Progress of Religious Freedom as shown in the History of the Toleration Acts” was a contribution from Philip Schaff, whose “Library of the Nicene and PostNicene Fathers” reached Vol. XII during the year. “Readings in Church History,” by James C. Stone, may be ranked with “The History and Teachings of the Early Church as a Basis for the Reunion of Christendom,” five lectures by Bishop A. C. Coxe, Bishop G. F. Seymour, and other clergy of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Rev. Julius H. Ward discussed “The Church in Modern Society,” and Richard T. Ely “Social Aspects of Christianity.” “Methodist Episcopalianism” was by Mrs. G. W. Chandler, and “Deaconesses in Europe,” by Jane M. Bancroft, and “Deaconesses Ancient and Modern,” W. Rev. H. Wheeler, are suggestive. Rabbi I. W. Wise made “A Defense of Judaism versus Proselytizing Christianity,” and works of a polemical drift were “Romanism and the Republic,” by I. J. Lansing, and “Rome, in Canada,” by C. Lindsey. “A Church and her Martyrs,” by D. Van Pelt, contained the history of the Church of Holland. To Biblical research belong: “The Authorship of the Fourth Gospel and other Critical Essays,” from unpublished papers of the late Ezra Abbot; “The Bible and other Ancient Literature in the Nineteenth Century,” by L. T. Townsend; “The Gospel of Common Sense,” as contained in the Epistle of James, by Charles F. Deems; “The Bible and Modern Thought,” by G. H. Emerson; “The Gospel in the k of Numbers,” by L. R. Dunn: “Indications of the Book of Job,” by E. V. Latch; and “The Poetry of Job,” by G. H. Gilbert. “The Lily among Thorns” was “A Study of the Biblical Drama entitled the Song of Songs,” by William E. Griffis. Jacob E. Price wrote “The Book Divine,” and Nathaniel West “Studies in Eschatology.” Vol. II of “Scriptures, Hebrew and Christian, arranged and edited as an Introduction to the Study of the Bible,” by E. T. Bartlett and J. P. Peters, covered “Hebrew Literature,” and Vol. I of the “Commentary on the Old Testament,” by Drs. Terry and Newhall, Genesis and Exodus. “The Bible View of the Jewish Church’’ was presented by Howard ‘...."; “Aryans, Semites, and Jews,” by Lorenzo Burge, was a companion volume to “Preglacial Man and the Aryan Race.” “Aryan Sun Myths,” anonymous, was an attempt to explain all, religions, and “New Light from Old Eclipses,” by W. M. Page, corrected, it was claimed, errors of chronology and harmonized the four gospels. E. W. Rice wrote a “People's Commentary on the Gospel according to St. Luke,” and A. C. Kendrick “A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews.” “Studies in St. Luke's Gospel” were made by Charles S. Robinson, who published also “From Samuel to Solomon.” A. N. Brooks and D. B. Ford were joint authors of a “Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans.” . E. I. Erret preJared, “Evenings with the Bible.” Ross C. Holio was the author of “John the Baptist, the Forerunner of our Lord,” and J. N. Fradenburgh of “Old Heroes, the Hittites of the Bible.” “Famous Women of the Old Testament" was by Morton B. Wharton, and “Studies in the Four Gospels for Young People,” by Rev. Jesse L. Hurlbut. “Word-Studies in the New Testament,” Vol. II, was a scholarly and important contribution by Marvin R. Vincent, and “Notes on Difficult Passages in the New Testament” were provided by Elias Riggs, while J. W. McGarvey made “Class Notes on Sacred History.” Sermons and general works of a religious order were: “The Dignity of Man,” by Bishop S. S. Harris, of Michigan; “Sermons by the Late E. R. Welles”; “Signs of Promise,” by Rev. Lyman Abbott: “The i. of Galilee,” by Atticus G. Haygood; “The Immanent God, and other Sermons,” by Abraham W. Jackson : “The Kingdom of the Unselfish,” J. L. Peck: “Living Questions,” by W. Hathaway; “Christian Thought,” sixth series, edited by Charles F. Deems; “Supreme Things in their Practical Relations,” by E. F. Burr: “Diabology,” the Bishop Paddock lectures of 1889, by E. H. Jewett; “Christian Manliness,” by J. R. Thompson; “Belief,” by G. L. Chaney: “Salvation,” by O. Cone; “Why am I a Friend?” by J. J. Cornell; “Christ in the Life,” by W. S. Woodbridge; “Revelation,” by I. M. Atwood; “Christ and his Teachings,” a second volume from the sermons of the late A. G. Mercer; “Believing and Doing,” sermons by L. H. Reid: “Prophetic Lights” and “Fathers of the Catholic Church,” by E. J. Waggoner; “Future Probation examined,” by W. Delos Love: “Christian Doctrine,” by Jonathan Weaver; “The Physiology of the Soul,” by J. H. Wythe ; “Recognition after Death,” by J. A. Hodge; “The Sacramental Teaching of the Lord's Prayer,” by E. A. Larrabee: “Emmanuel, the Story of the Messiah,” by W. F. Cooley; “Modern Miracles,” by Leila

hompson, with preface by Alexander McLaren;

“The Perfection of Man by Charity,” by Francis H. R. Buckler; “Unto the Uttermost.” by J. M. Campbell; “Behold the Lamb of God,” by H. R. Withers; and “Guide-Marks for Young Churchmen,” by Bishop R. H. Wilmer, of Alabama. J. H. Hurlbut wrote “The Lesson Commentary, on the International Sunday-School Lessons” for 1890, and “Sermons” on the same were published by the “Monday Club.” John H. Vincent was author of “The Church-School and the Sunday-School Normal Guide.” Darling wrote “A Message for the King's Daughters,” and “Seed-Thoughts for Workers in his Name.” “Sunshine for Dark Hours” was compiled for invalids by Charles F. Deems, “Ad Lucem" by Mary Lloyd, for the distressed, and “Polished Stones and Sharpened Arrows,” by C. W. Bibb, for the struggling. “Sermon Stuff.” by S. D. McConnell, was a collection of skeleton sermons. E. Hungerford prepared “The American Book of Church Services,” and G. T. Shinn “King's Handbook of Notable Episcopal Churches in the United States.” R. F. Weidner published Vol. II of the “Theological Encyclopædia.” A. C. Thompson’s “ Foreign Missions” and J. Lig§ “Great Value and Success of Foreign Missions” were the leading works on this sub§§ and Nora Marks gave “Facts about the Salvation Army.” R. V. Foster wrote “A Brief Introduction to the Study of Theology”; K. S. Kedney, “Christian Doctrine harmonized and its Rationality windicated ”: D. B. Purinton, “Christian Theism”; and “Theism" was the latest of “Studies in Theology” by Bishop R. S. Foster. J. C. F. Grumbine treated of “An Old Religion,” and J. T. Sunderland of “The Liberal Christian Ministry.” “Elsmere Elsewhere,” by “a disciple of James Freeman Clarke,” was from the pen of Judge B. F. Burnham. “Beacon Lights of the Reformation,” by Robert F. Sample, was a collection of lectures on the life and times of Wycliffe, Savonarola, and Luther, and “Lectures on the Augsburg Confession on the Holman Foundation,” delivered during twenty years, were also published in a large volume. Carroll Cutler wrote “The Beginnings of Ethics”; J. A. Hall, “Glimpses of Great Fields”; and W. M. Salter, “Ethical Religion.” “Agnosticism and other Essays,” by Edgar Fawcett, were provided with a prologue by Robert G. Ingersoll. Jurisprudence.—Vol. XXV of the “Statutes at Large of the United States’ covers the period from December, 1887, to March, 1889, and was issued from the Government Printing-Office. From the same source came also Vol. II of “Reports and Decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commission ” and the “First Annual Reort on the Statistics of Railways in the United tates” to that body for the year ending June 30, 1888. “Notes on the Revised Statutes of the United States and the Subsequent Legislation of Congress” were published by J. M. Gould and G. F. Tucker. “Constitutional History of the United States, as seen in the Development of American Law” was the title given to a course of lectures before the Political Science Association of the University of Michigan by Thomas M. Cooley, Henry Hitchcock, and others, and “American Constitutional Law " was treated in two volumes by J. I. C. Hare. A fifth edition


of J. F. Dillon’s “Removal of Causes from State Courts to Federal Courts" was revised and enlarged and adapted to the act of March 3, 1887. “The Border Land of Federal and State Decisions,” by G. W. Pepper, was the Sharswood prize essay for 1889 in the Department of Law of , the Pennsylvania University. O. P. Shiras compiled “Equity Practice in the United States Circuit Courts.” “The Commentaries on American Law” of James Kent were edited in a revised edition with notes by W. M. Lacey, and American notes were also made by H. M. Rumsey on W. S. Shirley's “Selections of Leading Cases in the Criminal Law" and Herbert Stephens's “Law relating to Actions brought, for Malicious Prosecution.” Overton Howard set forth “The Life of the Law,” or its universal principles. J. D. Lawson published Vols. I and II of “Rights, Remedies, and Practise at Law,” to be completed in seven volumes, and D. H. Leahy wrote the “American Law Primer.” “Blackstone's Elements of Law” were arranged by Ulric Blickensderfer with analytical charts, tables, and legal definitions. “The Statute of Limitations and Adverse Possession” was treated by H. F. Buswell. “The Law of Arrest on Criminal Charges,” by J.G. Hawley, and a “Treatiseon Criminal Procedure,” by Stewart Rapaljé, were supplemented by a “Brief on the Modes of |. the Facts most frequently in Issue, or collaterally in Question, on the Trial of Civil and Criminal Cases,” by Austin Abbot, and a “Brief for the Trial of Criminal Cases,” by that author and W. C. Beecher. “Privileged Communications as a Branch of Legal Evidence” was by J. F. Hageman. G. E. Harris wrote a “Treatise on the Law of Subrogation”; Beach C. Fisk, Jr., “A Manual of the Law of Wills "; and James L. Bishop, “A Supplement to the Treatise on Insolvent Debtors.” Christopher G. Tiederman was author of “A Treatise on the Law of Commercial Paper,” and the “Principles of Commercial Law” were laid down for students by R. H. Thornton. J. G. Woerner wrote “A Treatise on the American Law of Administration,” and Simon G. Croswell “A Treatise on the Law Relating to Executors and Administrators.” “Commentaries on the Non-Contract Law'' were from the pen of Joel P. Bishop, and “The General Principles of the Law of Contracts” were put into the form of rules for students by Reuben M. Benjamin. W. A. Keener published Vol. II of “A Selection of Cases on the Law of QuasiContracts.” “Corporations” were treated by W. W. Cook, W. W. Smith wrote “A Treatise on Private Corporations,” and James Parsons made “An Exposition of the Principles of Partnership.” Four volumes of “Leading Cases in the Law of Real Property as decided in the American Courts” were published by G. Sharswood and H. Budd, and “Select Cases and Other Authorities on the Law of Property,’” by J. C. Gray. Joseph W. Errant wrote “The Law relat* to Mercantile Agencies "; F. R. Mechem, “A Treatise on the Law of Agency”; F. S. Wait, “A Treatise on Fraudulent Conveyances and Creditors' Bills”; and “Precedents Legal and Commercial” were by E. K. Olmstead and C. Putzel. C. H. Wiltsie wrote “A Treatise on the Law and Practice of foreclosing Mortgages,” and H. A. Hart and L. K. Rhodybeck “Pointers,

a Brief Digest of Debt, Interest, Usury, Mortage, and Foreclosure.” “Assessors and Colectors” was by G. W. Cothran. To insurance belong: “A Digest of Insurance Cases,” by J. A. Finch; “The Laws of Insurance,” by J. B. Porter and W. F. Craies, edited with notes and American cases by H. Darrach, and “A History of Insurance in Philadelphia for Two Centuries,” by J. A. Fowler. Patent law was extensively treated. Osborne & Co. published “Patent Law”; Merritt B. Hill, “The Laws of the United States relating to Patents and Trade Marks”; Hector T. Fenton, “The Law of Patents for Designs, etc.”; and W. Lowery, “Decisions on the Law of Patents for Inventions rendered by the United States Supreme Court,” making Vols. VII, VIII, X, and XI of Brodix’s “American and English Patent Cases.” “An Experienced and Successful Inventor,” anonymous, prepared an “Inventor's Manual.” “Manual of Laws relating to Pensions” was also anonymous. “Decisions relating to Public Lands” of the Department of the Interior and General Land Office were edited by S. V. Proudfit, and the “Mining Reports” of R. S. Morrison reached Vol. XV. “A Plain Treatise on the Law of Marriage and Divorce” was drawn up by E. A. Hayes and G. W. Austin. Lelia J. Roo. compiled for popular use “The Law of Husband and Wife.” J. B. Conkling, under the name of “Marriage and Divorce,” presented an abstract of the latest divorce laws of all the States, and G. A. Endlich and L. Richards set forth “The Rights and Liabilities of Married Women in Pennsylvania.” “The Powers and Duties of Police Officers” were stated by R. H. Vickers, and “Burial Law" by J. H. Corwin. “Road Legislation for the American State,” was by J. W. Jenks. H. A. Gaston prepared “The People's Encyclopædia of Law,” and “The American and English Cyclopædia of Law,” compiled under editorial supervision of J. H. Merrill, reached Vol. X. “American State Reports,” edited by A. C. Freeman, reached its ninth volume ; “American and English Corporation Cases,” Vol. XXV ; and “American and English Railroad Cases,” Vol. XXXVII. Vols. XXIX and XXX of Myer's “Federal Decisions” appeared, completing the work. “National Bank Cases,” by Irving Browne, contained decisions of the United States Supreme Court relating to national banks between 1881 and 1889. I. F. Paul’s “United States Digest” reached Vol. XIX, and “The Complete Digest” covered July to December, 1888. “American Criminal Reports” of J. Gibbons reached Vol. VII, and in addition to the yearly reports of the States and Territories, numerous publications having reference to local legal procedure and practice were issued. W. F. Wernse & Co. published a “United States Real Estate and Law Directory,” and the fourth annual issue was made of “Story's Legal Digest and Directory of Lawyers.” edicine and Surgery.—But few works were published by American authors on these subjects, The leading were: “Pathogenetic and Clinical Repertory of the most Prominent Symptoms of the Head,” by C. Neidhard; “Cerebral Localization in its Practical Relations,” by C. K. Mills: “The Cerebral Palsies of Children,” by W. Osler; “A Practical Treatise on Nervous Exhaustion,” by George M. Beard, edited with notes and additions by A. D. Rockwell; “The Science of Life,” by W. H. Parker, a treatise on nervous and physical debility; “Therapeutics of Nervous !. eases,” by Charles Porter Hart; “Syphilis of the Nervous System,” by H. C. Wood; “The Diagnosis and Medical Treatment of Acute Intestinal Obstruction.” by Reginald H. Fitz: “On Disordered Digestion and Dyspepsia,” by Frank Woodbury; “Exploration of the Chest in Health and Disease,” by Stephen S. Burt; an “Atlas of the Pathological Anatomy of the Lungs,” by Wilson Fox; “Outlines of the Clinical Chemistry of the Urine,” by C. A. MacMunn ; “Practical Notes on Urinary Analysis,” by W. D. Canfield: “Diphtheria, its Nature and Treatment,” by C. E. Billington: “The Story of the Bacteria,” by Thomas Mitchell Prudden; “Modern Treatment of Bright's Disease of the Kidney,” by A. L. Loomis; “Lectures on Bright's Disease,” by Robert Saundby; “Diseases of Women,” by F. H. Davenport, a manual of non-surgical gynaecology: “Obstetric Synopsis,” by J. S. Stewart; “A 'riot. of Gynecology,” by A. C. Copperthwaite; “A System of Obstetrics by American Authors,” edited by Barton C. Hirst, Vol. II; and “The Diagnosis and Treatment of Extra-Uterine Pregnancy,” by J. Strahan. A “Treatise on the Practice of Medicine" and a “Treatise on Materia Medica and Therapeutics,” by Roberts Bartholow, were each revised and enlarged in a seventh edition. “Gynaecological Electro-Therapeutics” was by Horatio R. Bigelow ; “A Handbook of Obstetrical Nji. Anna M. Fullerton; “Monthly Nursing,” by A. Worcester, a second and revised edition: “A Treatise on Headache and Neuralgia,” by J. L. Corning; “The Practice of Medicine,” by I. J. M. Goss; and “Homoeopathic Treatment of Rheumatism and Kindred Diseases,” by D. C. Perkins. T. Fillebrown published “A TextBook of Operative Dentistry,” Clifford Mitchell “Dental Chemistry and Metallurgy.” Francke H. Bosworth was the author of “Treatises on Diseases of the Nose and Throat,” in two volumes, one of which appeared: J. M. Harding, of “A Treatise on (o, and Kindred Diseases”; and A. H. Buck of “A Manual of Diseases of the Ear.” “Diseases and Injuries of the Ear,” by C. H. Burnett, was No. 5 of “Practical Lessons in Nursing.” Francis Valk published “Lectures on the Errors of Refraction and their Correction with Glasses”; Douglas Graham, “Massage”; and Brandreth Symonds, a “Manual of Chemistry” for medical students. Vols. VI and VII of “A Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences,” edited by A. H. Buck, in eight volumes, apared, as did Cuthbert Bowen's “Handbook of ateria Medica, Pharmacy, and Therapeutics,” and “A Handbook of Materia Medica and Homopathic Therapeutics” by Timothy F. Allen. “Favorite Prescriptions of Distinguished Practitioners" were . by B. W. Palmer, and J. M. Keating edited a “Cyclopædia of Diseases of Children '' in four volumes, one of which was issued. Wesley Mills wrote “A Text: Book of Animal Physiology”: C. E. A. Semple, “Essentials of Pathology and Morbid Anatomy”; James Young, a “Synopsis of Human Anatomy.” The few books in surgery included: “Operations in Surgery.” by W. à. A. Jacobson: “A Contribution to the Surgery of the Spinal Cord,”

by William Thorburn; and “Experimental Surgery,” “Intestinal Surgery,” and “Surgical Bacteriology,” by Nicholas Senn, “Wood's Medical and Surgical Monographs,” was a series initiated during the year. “Operations on Nerves,” by Maurice H. Richardson, filled forty-six pages, and Vol. VII of “Transactions of the American Surgical Association ” was published, as also Vol. X of the “Index Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon-General's Office.” “A Manual of Instruction in the Principles of Prompt Aid to the Injured " was a valuable work by Alvah H. Doty, designed for military and civil use, and Glentworth R. Butler prepared “Emergency Notes.” Harold P. Brown wrote on “The ComÉ. Danger to Life of the Alternating and Jontinuous Electrical Currents.”

General Science.—The books of science published in 1889 were mainly of a popular type, or text-books of principles o in the useful arts. “The Ice Age in North America, and its Bearings upon the Antiquity of Man” was published i. George F. Wright, with an appendix on “The Probable Cause of Glaciation,” | Warren Upham. “The Bermuda Islands” were the latest study of Angelo Heilprin, and N. S. Shaler's “Aspects of the Earth" was deservedly commended. Charles A. Young was the author of “A Text-Book of General Astronomy.” W. H. Parker wrote “Familiar Talks on Astronomy,” and Garrett P. Serviss “Solar and Planetary Evolution.” “A Popular Treatise on the Winds” was from the pen of W. Ferrell. “The Philosophy of Evolution,” by Starr Hoyt Nichols, “The Effects of Evolution on the Coming Civilization,” by Minot J. Savage, “The Evolution of Animal Life,” by Rossiter W. Raymond, and “The Evolution of the Earth,” by L. G. Janes, belonged to the Modern Science Essayist. Bulletins of the United States No. Museum were: “The Batrachia of North America,” by E. D. Cope; “Contributions to the Natural History of the Cetaceans,” by F. W. True; “A Preliminary Catalogue of the Shell-bearing Marine Mollusks and Brachiopods of the Southeastern Coast of the United States,” by W. Healey Dall; and a “Bibliographical Catalogue of the Described Transformations of North American Lepidoptera,” by H Edwards. W. H. Edwards's" Butterflies of North America" was continued; S. H. Scudder described “The Butterflies of the Eastern United States and Canada" in three volumes; and H. Nehrling's “North American Birds,” Part I of a series of twelve was issued. “The Elements of Botany,” by E. S. Bastin, revised and enlarged, became a “College Botany"; and J. H. Newell edited “A Reader in Botany."

Scientific books for children were: “Dirds through an Opera Glass,” by Florence A. Merriam: “Up and down the Brooks” and “The Second Year of the Look-about Club,” by Mary E. Bamford; and “The Story of a Mountain,” by Uncle Lawrence.” “Insects injurious to Fruits" were specified by William Saunders, Director of Experimental Farms of the Dominion of Canada, and “Soil-Fertilization” was treated by A. B. Griffiths. “Wines and Vines of California" was by F. E. Wait. “Coal and the Coal Mines” was illustrated by the author, Homer Green: “Thirty-six Observations on Common Minerals” were made by H. L. Clapp ; and J. Eggles

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