« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
Requiring that females adjudged to be insane shall have at least one female attendant on their way to the State asylum. Education.—The number of children in the State on June 30, 1869, between the ages of six and twenty-one years was 176,910. The number on June 30, 1888, was 388,129. The number of upils enrolled on June 30, 1869, was 67,412; on }. 30, 1888, 202,754. The number of teachers employed for the year ending June 30, 1869, was 1,335; for the year ending June 30, 1888, 4,664. Within the year ending June 30, 1884, 245 schoolhouses were erected in the State, the total number then was 1,453. For the year ending June 30, 1888, 269 school-houses were erected, and the total number then was 2,452, the total value of which was $705,276.92. Nearly every county has one or more school-houses that cost from $3,000 to $5,000. The revenue of the schools in 1869 amounted to $300,669.93; in 1888, the available school fund amounted to $1,683,909.99. The superintendent says: “There is no State in the Union which pays more for education in [...". to her taxable property than is paid y Arkansas. As a rule we pay seven mills in addition to the poll tax, and it is cheerfully paid.” The Arkansas Industrial University, at Fayetteville, commonly known as the State University, contained at the beginning of this year 444 students, of whom 350 were beneficiaries of the State. By an act of 1887 it was reorganized so that the agricultural and mechanical departments should be of prime importance, although a classical course of study was also provided. By the same act, women were excluded from the benefits of the institution, but the Legislature of this year readmitted them. A large and commodious dormitory has recently been completed. There is but one normal school in the State, that at Pine Bluff, for the education of colored teachers, which has a large attendance. Charities.—At the close of 1888 there were 411 patients at the State Insane Asylum, and 188 insane persons in the different counties who would be a part of its population if there were room o for them. Some of these are confined in jails, some are in the poor-houses, and some are cared for by individuals. The Governor this year recommended an appropriation for new buildings, but none was made. The State also supports a School for the Blind and a Deaf-Mute Institute. Convicts.-The existing lease of State convicts extends four years, from May 7, 1889, and is the source of an annual revenue of about 25,000. In March there were 731 convicts, of whom only about half could be accommodated within the walls of the Penitentiary, should it become necessary at any time for the State to resume control of them. Before the lease system can be abolished, the Penitentiary must be practically rebuilt and equipped with machinery. State Lands.-The report of the State Land Commissioner shows that there were sold, redeemed, and otherwise disposed of from Oct. 1, 1886, to Sept. 30, 1888, 719,563.44 acres of State lands, for which there were paid into the State treasury, in different kinds of funds, $251,237.94. The State has 1,364,022.78 acres of lands, of different classes remaining to be sold.
Railroads.-According to official returns published in August, 1889, there are 2,063 miles of railroad in the State. The St. Louis, Arkansas, and Texas road controls 349 miles: the Iron Mountain road, 304 miles; and the Little Rock and Fort Smith road, 165 miles. These figures exclude branch roads. The total valuation of railroad property for 1889 was fixed by the State commissioners at $18,106,558. In 1888 the valuation was $17,455,205; in 1887, $15,504,906. Coal.—The State Geological Survey completed and published during the year a report upon the coal deposits of the State. It finds that there are two separate coal horizons or coal divisions. The upper or western coal-bearing division contains the workable coal in Scott, Sebastian, Crawford, western Logan, and western Franklin Counties; the lower or eastern division has its rocks dipping beneath those of the western division, and all the coal found east of Ozark and north of the Arkansas river in Franklin County, and all in eastern Logan, in Johnson, Pope, and Yell Counties belongs to this lower division. The coal of the lower division thins out to the west and has no workable beds in the western district. Coal mines are now worked in four separate districts, so-called, viz., in the Sebastian County district, the Coal Hill district, the Philpott district, and the Quita district. In 1888 there were 978 men employed at these mines, and the output was valued at $415,306 on the spot. For 1887 the product was estimated to be worth $194,400, or less than half that of 1888. Bituminous, semi-bituminous, and semi-anthracite are the varieties found by the survey. Lumber.—The value of the Arkansas lumber roduct for 1888 is estimated at $17,000,000. 'É. years #. it was nothing. lection Frauds and Outrages.—Soon after the election for State and county officers in September, 1888, it was discovered that the office of the county clerk at Pulaski County (which includes the city of Little Rock) had been entered and the ballot-boxes and poll-books containing returns from nine townships had been stolen from the vault. The poll-books from three townships were subsequently returned, but their relo had been destroyed. It was believed that all these returns were strongly in favor of the Republican candidates and would have shown the election of four Republican members of the Legislative Assembly and a Republican county treasurer. On the face of the returns that were not stolen, certificates of election were issued to the Democratic candidates, and their opponents in each case determined to dispute the validity of this action. The contest over the four seats in the Legislature was brought before the committee on elections of the Lower House, which held protracted hearings in the case. After considerable delay a decision was reached on Feb. 18, when the sitting members of Pulaski County, Coffman, Granberry, Walter, and Nickell resigned, and the committee at once made its reort in favor of the Republican contestants— Thompson, Rice, Owens, and Morehart. This result had been urged by the press of the State, which had strongly denounced the , theft, and Was so Ys hastened by the political murder of the Hon. John M. Clayton. The Legislature, a few weeks previous, had offered a reward of $500
for the capture of the poll-book thieves. In the Lafayette Gregg and Charles E. Mitchell as cancontest over the office of county treasurer, the didates. For the third place it later approved Republicans were less successful. The question the candidacy of County Judge W. F. Hill, an was brought before the Pulaski County court in Independent, or Granger candidate. The Demothe case of Jones vs Glidewell, and in August a crats met in State convention at the capital on decision was rendered dismissing the application March 21, and nominated M. H. Sandels to fill of the Republican contestant and confirming the vacancy, and ex-Governor Simon P. Hughes Glidewell in his office. In the same election, and William E. Hemingway for additional jusfrauds were alleged to have been committed in tices. The election failed to arouse the interest many other places, and Norwood, the defeated of the voters, only about 95,000 votes being cast, candidate for Governor, appeared before the Leg- or about half as many as in the gubernatorial islature to contest the right of Governor Eagle to contest of 1888. Sandels received 52,925; Hemhis seat, but withdrew his petition a few weeks ingway, 52,431; Hughes, 51,700; Gregg, 41,509 ; later.
Mitchell, 41,615; and Hill, 40,962. In a drawing At the national election in November, 1888, of lots between Hughes and' Hemingway, as resimilar acts of fraud and violence occurred. Inquired by the act, to determine which should the Second Congressional District the candidates serve four years and which eight years, the were C. R. Breckinridge (Democrat) and John M. longer term fell to Hughes. Clayton (Republican), both of whom had made a ASSOCIATIONS FOR THE ADVANCEspirited canvass. The excitement was so great that MENT OF SCIENCE. American.—The thiraffrays occurred at many polling-places, and in ty-eighth annual meeting of the American AssoConway County, at Plummerville precinct, the bal- ciation for the Advancement of Science was held lot-boxes were stolen soon
after the closing of the in Toronto, Ont., beginning on Aug. 27, and adpolls. The official countof the whole district gave journing on Sept. 3, 1889. The officers under Breckinridge 5,201 votes and Clayton 4,369, but whom the meeting was held were the following: the latter claimed that the theft above mentioned and a general intimidation of the colored voters had caused this result, and prepared to contest the seat before Congress. For this purpose he again visited the district to secure testimony, where, on Jan. 29, while at Plummerville engaged in this work, he was assasinated by some unknown person. The news of this crime created great excitement in the State and astonishment beyond its borders. The victim, with his brothers, Gen. Powell Clayton and Judge W. H. H. Clayton, enjoyed a national reputation, and they had been known for many years as the leaders of the Republican party in Arkansas. The General Assembly immediately authorized the Governor to offer a reward of $5,000 for the murderer, but without success.
On May 18 an election for school directors took place at Forest City in St. Francis County, in which the contest was virtually between the white and the colored candidates. One Neely, who was already a school director, was the leader of his colored companions, and on election day became engaged in a controversy with his opponents, which ended in the drawing of pistols and President, T. C. Mendenhall, of Terre Haute, an affray in which three white citizens, includ- Ind. ; Vice-Presidents of sections: A, Mathemating the deputy sheriff, were shot and killed. ies and Astronomy, R. S. Woodward, of WashThis was sufficient to bring together an excited ington, D. C.; B, Physics, H. S. Carhart, of Ann mob of white citizens, who seized Neely and put Arbor, Mich. ; C, Chemistry, William L. Dudhim to death, although it was not probable that ley, of Nashville, Tenn.; D, Mechanical Science he was himself guilty of the shooting. Governor and Engineering, James E. Denton, of Hoboken, Eagle soon arrived on the ground with a de- N. J.; E, Geology and Geography, Charles A. tachment of State troops, and prevented any White, of Washington, D.C.; F, Biology, George further outbreak.
L. Goodale, of Cambridge, Mass.; H, AnthroPolitical. — The death of Associate-Justice pology, Garrick Mallery, of Washington, D.C.; W. W. Smith in December, 1888, left a vacancy |, Economic Science and Statistics, Charles S. on the State supreme bench, to fill which the Hill, of Washington, D. C. Permanent SecreGovernor was authorized to call a special elec- tary, F. W. Putnam, of Cambridge, Mass.; Gention. As the Legislature of this year had pro- eral Secretary, C. Leo Mees, of Terre Haute, Ind. ; vided that two additional judges should also be Secretary of the Council, H. Carrington Bolton, chosen at this election, the political complexion of New York. Secretaries of the sections: A, of the court was at stake, the three members to G. C. Comstock, of Madison, Wis.; B, E. L. be chosen constituting a majority. The Governor Nichols, of Ithaca, N. Y.; C, Edward Hart, of appointed April 2 as the date for the election. Easton, Pa.; D, W. D. Warner, of Cleveland, On March 14 the Republican State committee Ohio ; E, John C. Branner, of Little Rock, met at Little Rock and nominated County Judges Ark.; F, Amos W. Butler, of Brookville, Ind. ;
T. C. MENDENHALL.
H. W. M. Beauchamp, of Baldwinsville, N. Y.; I, J. R. Dodge, of Washington, D.C. Opening Proceedings. – The proceedings began on Aug. 27 by a meeting of the council at 12 M. at the Queen's Hotel. On Aug. 28 the proceedings §. began. The use of the buildings of the University of Toronto had been tendered to and was accepted by the association. The general session met at 10 A.M. in the Convocation Hall. In the absence of J. W. Powell, the retiring president, the chair was taken by James D. Dana, who, after calling the meeting to order, resigned the chair in favor of T. C. Mendenhall, the president-elect. Addresses of welcome were delivered by the chairman of the local reception committee, Charles Carpmael; G. W. Ross, Minister of Education of Ontario; Mayor Clarke, of Toronto; and Chancellor Mulock, of the University of Toronto. After further routine proceedings the general meeting adjourned, and the sections proceeded to organize. The address of the retiring president, J. W. Powell, was read in his absence by G. K. Gilbert in the evening of this dav. Sections.—In the mathematical and astronomical section the vice-president, R. S. Woodward, spoke on “The Mathematical Theories of the Earth.” He touched upon the questions of the shape, size, constitution, distribution of mass, internal heat, rate of cooling, and crust movements of our sphere. Various theories of cosmogony, also received his attention. Other im[..." papers followed, one by E. S. Holden ing a timely report on the work done at the Lick Observatory with the great telescope since June, 1888. Other reports on the Lick Observatory and the new Dearborn Observatory were read. Charles Carpmael read a proposition that the association should address the government officials of Canada and the United States and of other countries in diplomatic relations with them in favor of establishing a universal day of twentyfour hours, regulated by standard meridians. In the physical section the vice-president, H. S. Carhart, spoke on “Theories of Electrical Action.” He began by reviewing the early work of electrical students, of comparatively little value until Faraday theorized and Clerk Maxwell applied mathematics to those theories. The electro-magnetic theory of light was spoken of with special reference to Hertz's recent and classic investigations. The luminiferous ether, he said, is hereafter to be an element in electrical investigations. H. Carrington Bolton spoke of his recent trip to the peninsula of Sinai and the results of his investigations of deposits of musical sand in that region. Lantern views were used to illustrate his remarks, and the lecture was repeated to a large audience in the evening. Electric measurements were treated of by Elisha Gray, who compared the relative accuracies of different systems. Other papers were by T. C. Mendenhall on “Globular Lightning,” being a plea for its actual existence, and by G. F. Barker on “Storage Batteries.” In the chemical section William L. Dudley, vice-president, spoke on the subject of “Amalgams.” Reviewing the work in this field by chemists, he spoke of its inadequacy and of the necessity for study. The proceedings in this section, in addition to the various papers, took the
form of several discussions. The advisability of forming a national association of chemistry was considered, and the question of doing so was submitted to ballot ini defeated by a single vote. It was felt that its establishment might interfere with the importance of Section C of the association. The terminology of the science was also discussed, including the spelling and pronouncing of terms. As the fruit of another discussion a resolution was passed recommending the introduction of the metric system in medical and pharmaceutical practice. A member was also appointed to confer with the American committee on international standards. M. A. Scowell read a #. on the estimation of total nitrogen by Kjedahl's method, of interest to all agricultural chemists. Fred Hoffman read a paper on food preparations, especially those for infants, on which he estimated that ten million dollars were annually expended in the United States. The Government was urged to undertake the analysis of these foods, the healthfulness of many of which were doubtful. Harvey W. Wiley, chemist of the United States Department of Agriculture, in response thereto, agreed to undertake analyses of some of the products.
In the section of mechanical science and engineering, in which a change of vice-president and secretary occurred, several notable papers were read. Gustav Lindenthal spoke of his o for bridging the Hudson river, N.Y., at the city of New York, with a gigantic suspension bridge of 2,800 feet span. Fifteen million dollars was estimated as the cost of the structure, which should be made of steel. J. R. Dodge spoke on “Certain Aspects of Agriculture in the Arid Regions of the United States.” Seventy million acres, he said, could be made fertile by irrigation, so as to exceed in productiveness the lands of the rainy regions. Government aid for the work was asked for by the speaker. O. Chanute treated the subject of the “Preservation of Timber.” He estimated that in railroad-ties alone o: million dollars are annually expended. He spoke of the relative efficacy of different kinds of preservatives.
In the geological and geographical section C. A. White delivered the vice-presidential address, on North American Mesozoic Rocks. The section had adjourned over Aug. 30 to enable its members to attend the meeting of the American Geological Society, presided over by James Hall, of Albany, N.Y., in the forenoon, and afterward by W. H. Winchell, of Minneapolis, Minn. Many papers were read in full or by title before the two gatherings.
In the biological section the vice-president, G. L. Goodale spoke on “Protoplasm, or Living Matter.” He treated of the investigations made upon cellular tissue from the year 1667 down to the present time. C. V. Riley, recently honored by |. French Government for his work in entomology in the United States Departments of the Interior and of Agriculture, spoke of the intentional importation of insect parasites that would destroy insects injurious to plant-life. Botanical and other topics were treated by various speakers. The new botanical laboratory of Barnard College, New York, N.Y., was described by N. L. Britton, who contributed three other papers to this section.
In the anthropological section Garrick Mal- had burst the bonds of musical dogmatism and lery, in his vice-presidential address, touched on sung their liberty in strains of transcendent murevelation and religion. He endeavored to show sic. The address abounded in poetry and sentian analogy between the Indians of North Amer- ment, and was far from being a dry or abstruse ica and the Israelites. A large quantity of inter- document. One point of special interest was esting matter was included in the work of this made to the effect that the ordinary laws of section, usually one of the best of the meeting's biotic elevation do not apply to man. His hisdivisions. The famous serpent-mound in Adams tory is that of endeavors; there is no invariable County, Ohio, was spoken of by F. W. Putnam, survival of the fittest in the school of culture, the permanent secretary of the association. It neither is there to be found the law of adaptation has been purchased, with seventy-five acres of to environment. Music was definitely declared land, and is under the charge of the Peabody to be the invention of mankind. Museum. The aborigines of America and the General Proceedings.-- Various excursions Japanese were treated of by various speakers. to places of interest were indulged in, the NiagH. Carrington Bolton utilized his experiences in ara river and Muskoka lakes being visited. the desert
of Sinai by explaining in this section Receptions and other attentions were tendered an Egyptian game, Seega, which he learned from the body by the citizens of Toronto. the Bedouins. The discovery of a new group of Resolutions of thanks to the Canadians for languages in California was announced by H. W. their hospitable treatment were presented by Henshaw, of the United States Bureau of Eth- Professor Clark and seconded by Professors nology. Another contribution from the Bureau Eastman, Morse, Putnam, and Goodale. Reof Ethnology was the paper by W. J. Hoffman, sponses were made by Sir Daniel Wilson, Mr. on “ The Middlewiwin, or Grand Medicine Socie- Ross, Professor Goldwin Smith, and Professor ty of the Ojibwoo." It is a regular secret society, Carpmael. and is of ethnological value as preserving many Attendance, Election of Fellows, etc.myths. The speaker has been promised full initi- The attendance of members and associates was ation into all the degrees.
good, 424 being registered ; 73 fellows and 201 In the section of economic science and statis- new members were elected. One hundred and tics the vice-president, C. S. Hill, read an ad- ninety-nine papers were read. An announcement dress on " Relations of the Canadian States and of an investment of $4,700 was made, whose the United States." He spoke of the advantages income is to be devoted to encouraging scienof annexation for Canada, and warmly pleaded tific research. for it. He declared there was no future for Can Appropriations.-For the present year but ada except in being joined to the United States. $200 was appropriated—$150 to F. H. Morgan His address, delivered in such a city as Toronto, for investigations of the action of light in a occasioned much criticism. 'Mrs. Nellie S. Ked- magnetic field, and $50 to W. 0. Atwater for the zie, of the Kansas State Agricultural College, analysis of certain animal and vegetable comspoke on the subject “Food molds the Race. pounds. It was an eminently practical discussion on food Meeting of 1890.--The next annual meeting preparation and adjustment of diet to personal is to be held at Indianapolis, Ind., to begin on needs. The importance of proper preparation Aug. 19, 1890. The following officers were of food was emphasized, and the teaching of elected for that occasion : cooking to the women of the land was declared President, Prof. George L. Goodale, Harvard to be of great importance. B. E. Fernow read a University ; Vice-Presidents: A, Mathematics paper on "The National Interest in Material Re- and Astronomy, s. C. Chandler, Cambridge, sources.” Forestry and other sources of national Mass.; B, Physics, Cleveland Abbe, Washington, wealth were treated. As an expert on forestry D. C.; C, Chemistry, R. B. Warder, Washington, he took strong exception to J. W. Powell's re- D. C. ; D, Mechanical Science and Engineering, cently enunciated ideas on the destruction of James E. Denton, Hoboken, N. J.; E, Geology forests. The latter scientist has announced his and Geography, John. C. Branner, Little Rock, belief that their destruction rather favored arid Ark.; F, Biology, C. S. Minot, Boston, Mass.; regions in the matter of water-supply. The H, Anthropology, Frank Baker, Washington, D. speaker announced his outspoken disagreement C.; I, Economic Science and Statistics, J. R. with any advocacy of forest destruction. The Dodge, Washington, D.C.; Permanent Secretary, paper was discussed at some length, and event F. W. Putnam, Cambridge, Mass., office, Salem, ually a resolution was passed asking Congress Mass.; General Secretary, H. Carrington Bolton, to adopt some means for preserving the Western of New York; Secretary of the Council, James forests.
Loudon, Toronto; Secretaries of the Sections: A, Address of the Retiring President.—The Wooster W. Beman, Ann Arbor, Mich.; B, address of J. W. Powell, the retiring president, W. Le Conte Stevens, Brooklyn, N. Y.; C, W. was read by G.K. Gilbert. It was entitled “On the A. Noyes, Terra Haute, Ind. ; 'D, M. E. Cooley, Evolution of Music--from the Dance to the Sym- Ann Arbor, Mich. ; E, Samuel Calvin, Iowa phony.” It was a long and eloquent treatment City, Iowa ; F, John M. Coulter, Crawfordsville, of the subject. He spoke of four germs of the fine Ind.; H, Joseph Jastrow, Madison, Wis.; I, S. arts--fetich carving the germ of statuary, tattoo- Dana Horton, Pomeroy, Ohio; Treasurer, Willing the germ of painting, mythology the germ iam Lilly, Mauch Chunk, Pa.; Auditors, Henry of the drama, and dancing the germ of music. Wheatland, Salem, Mass. ; Thomas Meehan, GerThe chain of thought was carried down from mantown, Pa. early days to Wagner. The music of the future Donation-At the closing meeting, on Sept. 3, was affirmed to be genuine; the address declared a donation of $500 from a lady member was anthat Wagner and a few other great composers nounced.
W. H. FLOWER.
British.– The British Association for the of descriptive labels illustrated by well-selected Advancement of Science held its fifty-ninth an- specimens. The smallest collections can thus be nual meeting at Newcastle-on-Tyne, beginning made useful. The public museum must be on a Sept. 11 and lasting until Sept. 18, 1889. It was different basis from the student's museum, the the third meeting held in Newcastle, the last one patrons of the
latter class needing free access to having been held there in 1863. The list of pres- specimens. The concluding portions of his
paper were devoted to the outlook of the origin of species, the speaker announcing himself in full accord with Darwinism.
Sections. — A. Mathematical and Physical Science:-Capt. W. de W. Abney, the president of this section, naturally spoke of photography, his own standing in that branch of science giving his remarks a special value. He began by saying that photography should be more thoroughly studied. Optics, chemistry, physics, mathematics, all were elements in its operations, yet out of twenty-five thousand photographers, scarcely one per cent. know or care anything about its theory. One hundred years ago the Swedish chemist Scheele made, perhaps, the first scientific experiment in photography, investigating the coloration of chloride of silver when exposed to the light. About fifty years ago Sir John Herschel, Robert Hunt, Becquerel, Draper, and others performed their classic experi
ments on the action of light on different bodies. idents, etc., is as follows: President of the Asso- The work of Carey Lea, of Philadelphia, on his ciation, Prof. W. H. Flower; Section Presidents: photochloride of silver, and the parallel work A, Mathematics and Physics, Capt. W. de W. of Hodgkinson were spoken of. The measure Abney; B, Chemical Science, Sir J. Lowthian of success attained in photographing the solar Bell; C, Geology, Prof. James Geike; D, Biol- spectrum in its natural colors was described, but ogy, Dr. J. S. Burdon-Sanderson;
E, Geogra- true natural-color photography, the speaker bephy, Col. Sir F. W. de Winton; F, Economic lieved, would never be commercially successful. Science and Statistics, Prof. F. W. Edgeworth; He ended by a restatementof his opening remarks, G, Mechanical Science, Mr. W. Anderson; H, in which he pleaded for more scientists to take Anthropology, Prof. Sir. W. Turner; local sec- up its study: retaries for the meeting, Prof. J. Phillips Bedson B. Chemical Science.—Sir J. Lowthian Bell and Prof. J. H. Merivale. The Durham College spoke upon chemistry in the technical and educaof Medicine and St. George's Armory were used tional senses. The advantages reaped from chemfor the reception rooms, offices, lecture halls, etc. istry by the iron manufacturers were forcibly
General Meeting:-The first general meeting portrayed. Under the chemist's guidance more opened at 8. P. M., Sept. 11. Sir Frederick J. advance had been made by iron-workers in the Bramwell the president of the preceding year last thirty years than in the three previous centresigned his chair to Prof. Flower, who delivered uries. He then took up the question of chemithe presidential address.
cal and scientific education. He was disposed The President's Address. — Prof. W. H. to take issue with the idea of teaching the rudiFlower devoted his long address to the subject ments of science to all children, and expecting of museums. The general consideration of mu- direct good to follow in practice. He advocated seums from the standpoints of utility, of history, extending the knowledge possessed by the highly and of their relations to the state were first taken educated directors of the world's industrial esup. Some eminently practical suggestions on tablishments. The erection and maintenance the divisions of science followed. Thus anthro- of suitable colleges, he believed, should be in pology should not be restricted to savage and the hands of the nation at large. ancient nations, but should include all mankind C. Geology.- Prof. James Geike, the presiin its survey. Under natural history should be dent of this section, spoke of the recent work included the experimental sciences, in exhibits of Continental geologists. He summarized the of their apparatus, as well as mineralogy, zool- results of their investigations of glacial accuogy, botany, and geology. The latter was de- mulations of northern Europe. His address fined as a mixture of sciences, the unfortunate does not lend itself well to summarizing, but separation of paleontology from biology being one especially interesting suggestion was made. perpetuated in it. Then the practical question It was to the effect that the meteorologist, by of how to establish a museum was considered, studying climatic changes, their causes, etc., the curator and his staff being the life and soul would bear a part in explaining geological of the institution. The ill effects of neglect and changes. He prophesied that the mystery of the necessity for the continual and tender care geological climates would ultimately be solved. of specimens were graphically portrayed. The D. Biology.-Dr. J. S. Burdon-Sanderson besystematic arrangement and labeling of divis- ing absent through illness, his address, as presiions, subdivisions, and specimens in museums for dent of the section, was read by the Rev. Canon the public was described. A well-arranged edu- Tristram, one of the vice-presidents. Morpholcational museum may be described as a collection ogy and physiology, the two great branches of