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be considered to be !". the Plo ofo appointing power, and no longer. ith re oo ...; Auditor a different question was resented, which the Territorial Supreme Court É. not decided late in the year. Meanwhile, a dual government practically existed in the Territory, many of the minor offices being in dispute, including those of commissioner of immiration and directors of public institutions. The Hovernor would not countersign warrants drawn by the Democratic Auditor, and the Treasurer would not pay warrants drawn by the Republican Auditor, who had not yet obtained possession of the office. The creditors of the Territory can not be paid until the dispute is settled. Legislative Session.—The Territorial Legislature met at Prescott on Jan. 21. On Jan. 24, as soon as both branches were organized, a bill was introduced providing for the removal of the capital to Phenix, in Maricopa County, the change to take effect on Feb. 4, 1890. This bill passed both Houses on the same day and received the approval of the Governor. The vote of the Council was 9 to 2 in its favor, and in the House 14 to 10. On Jan. 28 both Houses adjourned to meet at Phenix on Feb. 7. One of the most important acts passed after adjournment provides for an election, on Nov 5, of delegates to a constitutional convention, which is directed to meet at Phenix on the first Tuesday of January, 1890. The number of delegates is fixed at fortytwo, to be elected by counties. The constitution adopted by this convention is to be submitted to the people at such time as the convention shall direct. Another act of the session creates the office of county surveyor, and defines its duties. The sinking of artesian wells for irrigation is encouraged by an act authorizing the various county supervisors to offer as a reward any sum, not exceeding $3,000, to any person or persons who shall be first in obtaining by such means aflowing stream of not less than 24,500 gallons of water every twenty-four hours for ten days. The following Sunday law was passed:
Section 1. Every person who keeps open on Sunday, within the limits of any incorporated city in the Territory of Arizona, any store, workshop, bar, saloon, banking-house, or any other place of business, for the purpose of transacting any business therein, is #. of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not less than $50 and not to exceed $300, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten days and not more than sixty #. or shall be subject to both such fine and imprisonment.
Sec. 2. The provisions of the preceding section do §. to persons who on Sunday keep open hotels, boarding-houses, barber shops, baths, markets, restaurants, livery stables, or retail drug-stores, for the legitimate business of each, or such manufacturing or mining industries as are usually left in continuous operation.
The Territory has of late been the scene of several outrageous train robberies. A stringent law was passed to check this crime, providing that every person “who shall make any assault upon any railroad train, railroad cars, or railroad locomotives, within the Territory, for the purpose and with the intent to commit murder, robbery, or any other felony, upon or against any engineer, conductor, fireman, brakeman, or any officer or employé connected with the said locomotive, train, or cars, or any express messenger or
mail agent on the train, or in any of the cars thereof, or who shall counsel, aid, abet, and assist in the perpetration of the offense or offenses set forth in the preceding section thereof, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and shall suffer the punishment of death.” In order to protect the border counties against paupers coming from Mexico, it was provided that every applicant for public charity shall make an affidavit before a justice of the peace that he is a citizen of the United States. It was also provided that the care of the indigent sick in each county should be let to the lowest bidder. Officers of public institutions who receive and aid persons not indigent are liable to a fine. For the purpose of completing the buildings for the Territorial University at Tucson, and for its maintenance when established, an act was passed providing for the annual levy of a tax of three fourths of a mill, the proceeds of which shall constitute the “University fund.” The board of regents of the University are empowered to disburse this fund for the above named objects. A commission was appointed to select a site for a capitol building at Phenix. For grading and for constructing the building, which is not to be begun until after the meeting of the next Legislature. a tax of one eighth of a mill was imposed for the next two years. Other acts of the session are as follow:
To provide against conflagrations in towns and viles. 'roviding sanitary regulation in towns and villages. To establish liens for salaries and wages. Providing for the sale of certain real estate belonging to the Territory in Prescott. Joncerning transaction of business on legal holi8. o provide for a lien on stock for the charges of pasturing and feeding the same by ranchers. To detach certain lands from the county of Yavapai, and annex the same to the county of Gila. To amend an act entitled “An act to establish a normal school,” providing for a boarding-house in connection therewith. To encourage the construction of railroads to the Grand Cañon of the Colorado, by exempting them from taxation for six years. Empowering boards of supervisors of the various counties to survey and define the boundaries and make maps of same. Amending section 3,002 Revised Statutes, allowing $1,500 salary to Territorial É. with mileage. To provide for the reimbursement of certain persons for the payment of live stock sanitary fund tax omitted to be levied and collected in certain counties. To repeal act 64, entitled “An act to provide for the construction and maintenance of public roads and highways in Maricopa County.” o regulate lawful fences and trespass within the
e. Punishing with a fine not less than $25 the carrying of concealed weapons. A heavier fine is imposed for carrying such weapons into any public assembly or to a polling place. Declaring that no person who can not read and write the English language shall be eligible to any Territorial, county, district, or precinct office. Providing a penalty for close herding any horses mules, asses, goats, sheep o or cattle on the land of another, not public lands of the United States, without the written consent of the owner. Requiring that every person employed in the public service—whether by election, appointment, or contract—shall be a citizen of the United States. Providing a penalty for destroying fences.
According to Federal law, the session should have ended on March 21, the sixtieth day; but at that time the general appropriation bill had not been passed, and the appointments of Democratic Territorial officials, made by Gov. Zulick, had failed of confirmation by the Legislative Council, which consisted of eight Republicans and four Democrats. The Republicans also controlled 13 of the 24 votes in the Lower House: and as the appointment of a Republican Governor by President Harrison was at this time daily expected, they determined to prolong the session, in order that the appointees of the new Governor might be confirmed by the Council and assume their offices. The Democratic members protested that the adjournment was illegal, and thereafter refused to attend the sessions. A bill creating the county of Coconino was passed, but was vetoed by the new Governor. The appropriation bill then passed both branches, the Council confirmed Gov. Wolfley's appointees, and both Houses adjourned without day on April 10. The validity of all acts passed after March 21 is a matter of dispute in the courts. Finance.—The total receipts of the Territorial treasury for the fiscal year 1885–86 were $206,374.30, and there was a balance in the treasury at the end of the year of $57,200.50. For the year 1887–88 the receipts increased to $369,426.64. But the expenses had increased so much that at the close of the latter year the balance in the treasury was only $12,883.09, and there were outstanding warrants unpaid to the value of $26,025.57. Development. — The Territorial census of 1882, taken at the height of the mining excitement, showed a population of 82,976, with 11,262 voters. These figures are not deemed reliable by the Governor, who estimates the present population at 60,948, with a registered vote .P about 16,000. The number of miles of railroad assessed for 1889 was 1,093, an increase of 40 miles over 1888. The total taxable property for 1889 was valued at $26,575,692. The Territorial debt is $752,000, and the total debt—Territorial, county, and city—$2,902,910. During the past year new entries were filed upon 500,798 acres of the public domain in the Territory. The product of old and silver for 1888 as given by Wells, Fargo Co's express company, aggregated $5,123,868. The value of the copper and lead product for the same year is estimated at $2,500,000, of which fully 95 per cent. was copper. There are valuable deposits of coal and iron in the Territory, awaiting the approach of railroads to make their development profitable. Mormonism.—Gov. Wolfley says, in his annual report, “Arizona once had a law disfranchising all who practiced, taught, or encouraged polygamy. he first legislative act signed by my predecessor was a repeal of that law. Politically the Mormons seem to have adopted a plan of sending colonies to surrounding Territories in sufficient numbers to form a balance of power between two political parties. They are willing to trade with either, but remain true only so long as the interests of their Church are best served.” The number of Mormons in the Territory is reported by the Governor to be 8,000. Yavapai County.—This is one of the largest and most prosperous counties of the Territory, vol. xxix.-3. A
and contains the city of Prescott. The assessment roll of this county for 1889 shows 853,590:85 acres of land, assessed at $425,901.76. Improvements are valued at $264,134.45; town lots, $212,051.40; improvements on town lots, $374,271. The total railroad mileage is a little over 2754 miles, of which 35 miles is assessed to the Central Arizona, at $49,005: 733 to the Prescott and Arizona Central, at $300,125; and 167+ to the Atlantic and Pacific, at $1,339,694,05. Horses are assessed in the o to the number of 14,111—value, $352,152; mules, 206, at $8,040; asses, 336, at $3,365.50; cattle, 159,773, at $1,344,852; sheep, 102,474, at $154,002.50; swine, 531, at $2,060; goats, 758, at $780.50; patented mines, 147, at $14,700; other property at $669,410.23, making a total of all property of $5,564,545.39. ARKANSAS, a Southern State, admitted to the Union in 1836; area, 52,198 square miles; population, according to the last decennial census (1880), 802,525; capital, Little Rock. Government.—The following were the State officers during the year : Governor, James P. Eagle, Democrat; Secretary of State, B. B. Chism; Auditor, W. S. Dunlop; Treasurer, William E. Woodruff; Attorney-General, William E. Atkinson; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Wood E. Thompson; State Land Commissioner, Paul M. Cobbs; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sterling R. Cockrill: Associate Justices, Burrill B. Battle, M.H. Sandels, chosen by the people on April 2 to fill the unexpired term of William W. Smith, deceased Dec. 18, 1888, Simon P. Hughes, and William E. Hemingway. The two latter were elected on April 2 pursuant to an act of the Legislature creating two additional judgeships. Finances.—On Oct. 1, 1886, the balance in the State treasury to the credit of the general revenue fund was $404,881.25. During the succeeding two years this was increased by receipts from all sources to $1,535,010.94. The expenditures in that time amounted to $756,073.03, leaving a balance in the treasury on Oct. 1, 1888, of $778,937.91. In the common-school fund the balance on Oct. 1, 1886, was $344,411.51, the receipts for two years were $601,460.36, and the expenditures $506,105.63, leaving a balance of $439,766.24 on Oct. 1, 1888. The permanent school-fund balance increased from $175,382.35 to $266,368.38 in the same two years. Among the items of expenditure for the two years were: For expenses of the General Assembly, $92,665.01; salaries of State officers, $25,742.88; salaries of judges of Supreme, circuit, and Pulaski Chancery Courts, $55,454.43; special judges, $6,230; prosecuting attorneys, $3,726; Supreme Court reporter, $2,438.75; rewards for fugitives from justice, $10,000; public printing, $37,903: to refund money erroneously paid into the treasury, $4,855.51; salaries of officers of Arkansas Industrial University, $23,000: dormitory for the same, $17,000; machine-shops for same, $7,000; teams and implements for same, $8,000; labor performed by students, $2,000; dormitory for Branch Normal College, $1,419 ; Arkansas School for the Blind, salaries and current expenses, $26,071.36 : additional buildings for same, $6,000; Deaf-Mute Institute, salaries, current expenses, and repairs, $50,278.36; State Insane Asylum, salaries and current expenses, $105,998.40; purchase of bonds, $133,701; imrovements at Penitentiary, $6,000; assistant §. geologists’ salaries, $6,060; geological survey expenses, $9.796. #. onded debt of the State consists of, principal, $2,029,100; overdue interest, $2,832,915; total, $4,862,015. Of this amount the United States holds more than half, and the State as trustee for the permanent school and sixteenthsection funds, holds $423,000, leaving in the hands of individuals about $2,000,000, of which the principal is slightly in excess of the overdue interest. Since January, 1881, there has been redeemed $1,103,100 of principal and $644,260.25 of interest of the debt. The State held, on Oct. 1, 1888, in its sinking fund a balance of $2,754,501.72 available for a further reduction of the existing debt. The total value of taxable property for 1886 was $139,901,688; for 1887, $148,259,654; for 1888 estimated at $154,000,000. These returns embrace the assessed value of railroad o: Legislative Session.—The General Assembly met on Jan. 13, and adjourned on April 3. Early in the session United States Senator James H. Berry (Democrat), was re-elected for a second term, receiving 29 votes in the Senate and 74 in the House. Gen. Powell Clayton (Republican) received 2 votes in the Senate and 12 in the House. The number of Supreme Court judges was increased from three to five, and provision was made for electing the two new members at the time of a special election to be called by the Governor for filling a vacancy caused by the death of Justice W. W. Smith, a member of the court. In response to a popular desire expressed at public meetings and during the gubernatorial canvass in 1888, an act was passed creating a “Bureau of Mines, Manufactures, and Agriculture,” which was placed under the control of a commissioner to be elected every two years; but the first incumbent to be appointed by the Governor. The sum of o appropriated to carry out the provisions of this act. By another act the Board of Penitentiary Commissioners is required to appoint a suitable person as inspector of convicts. His duties are to visit the convict camps, stockades, and Penitentiary, to examine and inquire into the general condition and treatment of convicts, and to report his findings to the board at least every two months. This legislation is designed to prevent abuses such as were found in 1888 at the Coal Hill convict camp. The sentence of convicts is commuted for continuous good behavior one month in the first year, two months in the second year, three months in the third year, and each subsequent year till the tenth, and thereafter six months in each year. The stringent act of 1887, forbidding foreign corporations to lease, build, maintain, or operate any railroad within the State, was repealed, and by way of substitute an act was passed permitting any foreign corporation whose road is so connected with a railroad within the State as to form one continuous line with it, to lease or purchase such road, provided it first becomes to all intents a domestic corporation by filing a copy of its charter with the Secretary of State, and by performing certain other acts prescribed by the statute, which render it liable to taxation in the State. Railroad companies already operating roads in the State are, by anoth
er act, given a general power to extend their line or to build branches, upon filing locations and certain other papers with the Secretary of State. A department for colored persons was established . at the State School for the Blind. Among the appropriations were $5,000 for the Governor to use in apprehending the murderer of the Hon. John M. Clayton; $10,500 for the Branch Normal College for two years; $36,000 for the Arkansas Industrial University for two years; $95,000 for expenses of the General Assembly: and a general appropriation of $353,930 for expenses of the State for two years. A policy of retrenchment prevailed in the Assembly to a limited extent. The salaries of all the legislative employés were reduced, but the members made no change in their own per-diem allowance, although they reduced the mileage rate one half. Other acts of the session are collected below:
Limiting the time, for bringing suit to foreclose a mortgage to the period within which suit could be brought on the debt or liability that is secured by the mortgage. Authorizing the producers of wine to sell it upon their own premises, or at any licensed saloon, in quantities not less than one quart. Requiring all claimants against State charitable and educational institutions to present itemized accounts of claims, and to make oath that the account is just and correct and that the charges are not above the rates for similar services to private persons. Declaring it a misdemeanor for any one, except a parent or guardian, to sell or give away cigarettes, cigars, or tobacco in any form, to any child under fifteen years of age. Changing the boundary between Arkansas and Jefferson Counties. Accepting the provisions of the act of Congress establishing agricultural-experiment stations. Regulating the sale of fertilizers. Providing that, in case of total loss of real estate, a fire-insurance policy shall be considered a liquidated demand against the company for the full amount of
the policy. Aioi, to inmates of insane asylums their postal rights. Providing that the pay of discharged railroad servants or employés shall be due on the day of their discharge, and, in case of non-payment on that day, the wages shall continue (not over sixty days) till paid. Requiring railroads to furnish double-decked cars for the shipment of sheep and hogs. Reducing the amount of labor on the public roads required of each person from ten to five days of each year. Appropriating $10,000 for carrying on the geological survey of the State. Authorizing municipal corporations to fund their indebtedness. Authorizing and empowering railroad officials “to : do and perform all acts and things which may be necessary to protect passengers on their cars from all acts of fraud, imposition, or annoyance which are attempted or perpetrated while said passengers are on rail cars.” Authorizing the Governor to compromise, adjust, prosecute, and secure all claims of the State against the United States for lands heretofore granted, and all other claims under existing or future laws, and to employ attorneys and agents therefor. Revising the procedure in garnishment cases. Declaring it an offense punishable by fine for any person to export fish or game from the State during the next six years, and imposing a fine on common carriers who receive and transport fish or game from the State.
Requiring that females adjudged to be insane shall have at least one female attendant on their way to the State asylum. Education.—The number of children in the State on June 30, 1869, between the ages of six and twenty-one years was 176,910. The number on June 30, 1888, was 388,129. The number of o: enrolled on June 30, 1869, was 67,412; on une 30, 1888, 202,754. The number of teachers employed for the year ending June 30, 1869, was 1,335; for the year ending j. 30, 1888, 4,664. Within the year ending June 30, 1884,245 schoolhouses were erected in the State, the total number then was 1,453. For the year ending June 30, 1888, 269 school-houses were erected, and the total number then was 2,452, the total value of which was $705,276.92. Nearly every county has one or more school-houses that cost from $3,000 to $5,000. The revenue of the schools in 1869 amounted to $300,669.93; in 1888, the available school fund amounted to $1,683,909.99. The superintendent says: “There is no State in the Union which pays more for education in roportion to her taxable property than is paid y Arkansas. As a rule we pay seven mills in addition to the poll tax, and it is cheerfully paid.” The Arkansas Industrial University, at Fayetteville, commonly known as the State University, contained at the beginning of this year 444 students, of whom 350 were beneficiaries of the State. By an act of 1887 it was reorganized so that the agricultural and mechanical departments should be of prime importance, although a classical course of study was also provided. By the same act, women were excluded from the benefits of the institution, but the Legislature of this year readmitted them. A large and commodious dormitory has recently been completed. There is but one normal school in the State, that at Pine Bluff, for the education of colored teachers, which has a large attendance. Charities.—At the close of 1888 there were 411 patients at the State Insane Asylum, and 188 insane persons in the different counties who would be a !". of its population if there were room enough for them. §. of these are confined in jails, some are in the poor-houses, and some are cared for by individuals. The Governor this year recommended an appropriation for new buildings, but none was made. The State also supports a School for the Blind and a Deaf-Mute Institute. Convicts.-The existing lease of State convicts extends four years, from May 7, 1889, and is the source of an annual revenue of about $25,000. In March there were 731 convicts, of whom only about half could be accommodated within the walls of the Penitentiary, should it become necessary at any time for #. State to resume control of them. Before the lease system can be abolished, the Penitentiary must be practically rebuilt and equipped with machinery. State Lands.-The report of the State Land Commissioner shows that there were sold, redeemed, and otherwise disposed of from Oct. 1, 1886, to Sept. 30, 1888, 719,563.44 acres of State lands, for which there were paid into the State treasury, in different kinds of funds, $251,237.94. The State has 1,364,022.78 acres of lands, of different classes remaining to be sold.
Railroads-According to official returns published in August, 1889, there are 2,063 miles of railroad in the State. The St. Louis, Arkansas, and Texas road controls 349 miles; the Iron Mountain road, 304 miles; and the Little Rock and Fort Smith road, 165 miles. These figures exclude branch roads. The total valuation of railroad property for 1889 was fixed by the State commissioners at $18,106,558. In 1888 the valuation was $17,455,205; in 1887, $15,504,906. Coal.-The State Geological Survey completed and published during the year a report upon the coal deposits of the State. It finds that there are two separate coal horizons or coal divisions. The upper or western coal-bearing division contains the workable coal in Scott, Sebastian, Crawford, western Logan, and western Franklin Counties; the lower or eastern division has its rocks dipping beneath those of the western division, and all the coal found east of Ozark and north of the Arkansas river in Franklin County, and all in eastern Logan, in Johnson, Pope, and Yell Counties belongs to this lower division. The coal of the lower division thins out to the west and has no workable beds in the western district. Coal mines are now worked in four separate districts, so-called, viz., in the Sebastian County district, the Coal Hill district, the Philpott district, and the Quita district. In 1888 there were 978 men employed at these mines, and the output was valued at $415,306 on the spot. For 1887 the product was estimated to be worth $194,400, or less than half that of 1888. Bituminous, semi-bituminous, and semi-anthracite are the varieties found by the survey. Lumber.—The value of the Arkansas lumber roduct for 1888 is estimated at $17,000,000. '; years #. it was nothing. lection Frauds and Outrages.—Soon after the election for State and county officers in September, 1888, it was discovered that the office of the county clerk at Pulaski County (which includes the city of Little Rock) had been entered and the ballot-boxes and poll-books containing returns from nine townships had been stolen from the vault. The poll-books from three townships were subsequently returned, but their relo had been destroyed. It was believed that all these returns were strongly in favor of the Republican candidates and would have shown the election of four Republican members of the Legislative Assembly and a Republican county treasurer. On the face of the returns that were not stolen, certificates of election were issued to the Democratic candidates, and their opponents in each case determined to dispute the validity of this action. The contest over the four seats in the Legislature was brought before the committee on elections of the É. House, which held protracted hearings in the case. After considerable delay a decision was reached on Feb. 18, when the sitting members of Pulaski County, Coffman, Granberry. Walter, and Nickell resigned, and the committee at once made its re#. in favor of the Republican contestants— hompson, Rice, Owens, and Morehart. This ..". been urged by the press of the State, which had . denounced the theft, and was perhaps hastened by the political murder of the Hon. John M. Clayton. H. Legislature, a few weeks previous, had offered a reward of $500 for the capture of the poll-book thieves. In the contest over the office of county treasurer, the Republicans were less successful. The question was brought before the Pulaski County court in the case of Jones vs Glidewell, and in August a decision was rendered dismissing the application of the Republican contestant and confirming Glidewell in his office. In the same election, frauds were alleged to have been committed in many other places, and Norwood, the defeated candidate for Governor, appeared before the Legislature to contest the right of Governor Eagle to his seat, but withdrew his petition a few weeks later. At the national election in November, 1888, similar acts of fraud and violence occurred. In the Second Congressional District the candidates were C. R. j. (Democrat) and John M. Clayton (Republican), both of whom had made a spirited canvass. The excitement was so great that affrays occurred at many polling-places, and in Conway County, at Plummervilleprecinct, the ballot-boxes were stolen soon after the closing of the lls. The official countof the whole district gave reckinridge 5,201 votes and Clayton 4,369, but the latter claimed that the theft above mentioned and a general intimidation of the colored voters had caused this result, and prepared to contest the seat before Congress. For this purpose he again visited the district to secure testimony, where, on Jan. 29, while at Plummerville engaged in this work, he was assasinated by some unknown person. The news of this crime created great excitement in the State and astonishment beyond its borders. The victim, with his brothers, Gen. Powell Clayton and Judge W. H. H. Clayton, enjoyed a national reputation, and they had been known for many years as the leaders of the ReFolio party in Arkansas. The General Assem
ly immediately authorized the Governor to
offer a reward of $5,000 for the murderer, but without success. On May 18 an election for school directors took place at Forest City in St. Francis County, in which the contest was virtually between the white and the colored candidates. One Neely, who was already a school director, was the leader of his colored companions, and on election day became engaged in a controversy with his oppo. nents, which ended in the drawing of pistols and an affray in which three white citizens, including the deputy sheriff, were shot and killed. This was sufficient to bring together an excited mob of white citizens, who seized Neely and put him to death, although it was not probable that he was himself guilty of the shooting. Governor Eagle soon arrived on the ground with a detachment of State troops, and prevented any further outbreak. Political. — The death of Associate-Justice W. W. Smith in December, 1888, left a vacancy on the State supreme bench, to fill which the Governor was authorized to call a special election. As the Legislature of this year had provided that two additional judges should also be chosen at this election, the political complexion of the court was at stake, the three members to be chosen constituting a majority. The Governor appointed April 2 as the date for the election. On March 14 the Republican State committee met at Little Rock and nominated County Judges
Lafayette Gregg and Charles E. Mitchell as candidates. For the third place it later approved the candidacy of County Judge W. F. Hill, an Independent, or Granger candidate. The Democrats met in State convention at the capital on March 21, and nominated M. H. Sandels to fill the vacancy, and ex-Governor Simon P. Hughes and William E. Hemingway for additional justices. The election failed to arouse the interest of the voters, only about 95,000 votes being cast, or about half as many as in the gubernatorial contest of 1888. Sandels received 52,925; Hemingway, 52,431; Hughes, 51,700; Gregg, 41,509: Mitchell, 41,615; and Hill, 40,962. In a drawing of lots between Hughes and Hemingway, as required by the act, to determine which should serve four years and which eight years, the longer term fell to Hughes. ASSOCIATIONS FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE. American.—The thirty-eighth annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science was held in Toronto, Ont., beginning on Aug. 27, and adjourning on Sept. 3, 1889. The officers under whom the meeting was held were the following:
T. c. Mendenhall.
President, T. C. Mendenhall, of Terre Haute, Ind. ; Vice-Presidents of sections: A. Mathematics and Astronomy, R. S. Woodward, of Washington, D.C.; B, Physics, H. S. Carhart, of Ann Arbor, Mich.: C, Chemistry, William L. Dudley, of Nashville, Tenn.; D, Mechanical Science and *ś James E. Denton, of Hoboken, N. J. : E, Geology and Geography, Charles A. White, of Washington, D.C.; F, Biology, George L. Goodale, of Cambridge, Mass.: H, Anthro". Garrick Mallery, of Washington, D.C.;
, Economic Science and Statistics, Charles S. Hill, of Washington, D. C. Permanent Secretary, F. W. Putnam, of Cambridge, Mass.; General Secretary, C. Leo Mees, of Terre Haute, Ind. : Secretary of the Council, H. Carrington Bolton, of New York. Secretaries of the sections: A, G. C. Comstock, of Madison, Wis.; B, E. L. Nichols, of Ithaca, N.Y.: C, Edward Hart, of Easton, Pa.; D, W. D. Warner, of Cleveland, Ohio ; E, John C. Branner, of Little Rock, Ark. ; F, Amos W. Butler, of Brookville, Ind.;