Gambar halaman





Internal debt.

6 58


748 15 19




offices of the republic, during the fiscal year just The import and export of specie and bullion terminated, has exceeded by 42 per cent. that of in 1887 and 1888 was: 1887–88, and of telegrams by 6 per cent. In spite of the reduction of postage, and in conse

Import. Export. quence of the suppression of free letters and


$9,452,000 $8,877,000 messages, the post-office receipts have been 17


44,803,140 8,722,623 per cent. greater, and those of the telegraph office 62 per cent. greater than in 1887–88.

The Argentine foreign trade, including specie There were laid 5,359 kilometres of new tele- and bullion, was distributed in 1887 and 1888 as graph lines, and 3,529 additional ones contracted follows (in thousands of dollars). for or in course of construction. To facilitate cable communication with Europe, a contract


1887. has been made to lay a cable between Buenos

Import. Ayres and Lisbon."

Export. Import. Export. Finances.-—On Jan. 1, 1889, the Argentine Re


27,781 28,181 24,017 25,211 public, provinces, and cities were owing, abroad England

68,721 17,698 39,501 21,484 and at home, the following amounts of money :


11,177 16,683 11,272 11,887 Germany


18,247 12,020 9,870 United States.

6,668 10,991 5,939 Foreign debt. Brazil

2,439 4,802 2,600 2,782 Spain

3,902 3,811 4,994 1,144 The National Government $129,018,662 $190,836,888 Italy.

7,782 2,785 6,998 2,904 City of Buenos Ayres.. 10,000,000 14,043,691 West Indies

1,247 Cities of Rosario and Santa Fé 7,500,000


59 Province of Buenos Ayres

74,332,764 4,162,009 South Africa, Province of Santa Fe 36,915,390 3,471,500 Uruguay

7,925 8,110 6,896 Province of Córdoba. 19,049,760 527,413 Chili

25 1,682

1,029 Province of Entre Rios 17,491,298 2,905,489 Paraguay

1,724 409

1,591 447 Province of Mendoza

5,000,000 174,106

211 269 588 178 Province of Tucuman 8,024,000 200,000 Holland


422 Province of Santiago.. 5,000,000 287,456 Sweden and Norway


31 Province of San Juan.. 2,016,000 101,588 Other countries.

5,853 8,325 2,614 8,163 Province of Catamarca.


188,125 Province of San Luis 2,520,000 260,000 Total...

172,411 108,279 125,744 92,704 Province of Rioja....


968,499 Province of Corrientes

5,040,000 550,000 Province of Salta

5,000,000 150,000

The exports in 1888 included the following

items: Live cattle, $1,798,251; wool, $44,858,Total........

$328,922,169) $218,766,714 608; linseed, $2,131,815; Indian corn, $5,376,

689; wheat, $8,247,751 ; frozen mutton, $1,459,The National Government and provinces, taken 679; tallow, $2,138,388; cabinet woods, $760,together, had since 1821 issued $697,844,381 546; ores, $1,519,407; nutria skins and ostrich tokens of indebtedness, and had redeemed up to feathers, $461,011; other articles, $1,509,909; Dec. 31, 1888, $157,223,855 thereof, leaving a to- adding thereto, $8,722,623 in specie and bullion; tal outstanding debt of $540,620,526. The budg- the total is $108,279,465. The American trade et of the National Government for 1888 estimated with the Argentine Republic is shown in the folthe income at $53,743, 800, and the outlay at lowing table: $51,086,536; the budget estimate for 1889 fixed the former at $60,224,000 and the latter at $60,

Import into the Domestic export to the 028,680; while that for 1890 estimated the two

Argentine Republic. items at $57,380,000 and $55,473,762. On July



$8,984,190 11, 1889, the Government had to its credit, in 1886


5,020,835 national and provincial banks, $41,520,000 in 1887


5,911,027 paper money, $24,070,000 in gold; in Europe,


6,145,842 $12,500,000. In 1885 the gold premium averaged at Buenos bales; in 1888, 318,124.

The wool shipments in 1879 were 238,634 Ayres 37 per cent. ; in 1886, 384 ; in 1887, 35; and in 1888, 48. In 1889 the spirit of speculation the republic was so languishing in 1888 that a

The Cattle Trade.—The cattle industry of had forced up the premium till, in September, it law was passed offering a guarantee of 5 per reached 125 per cent., but it receded to 116 on cent. for ten years on the capital employed in the Nov. 15. Commerce. In 1887 there entered Argentine Several establishments were preparing to take

business of exporting fresh or preserved beef. ports 5,694 sailing-vessels, with a tonnage of advantage of the guarantee provided by the Gov1,010,731 tons, and 6,607 steamers registering ernment, and are going into business in a large 3,460,870 tons. The foreign trade of the Argen- scale, with special steamers fitted up for the tine Republic for five years has been, in mer- traffic, and warehouses in England and France. chandise only:

Stall-fed cattle are unknown in the country, and

all bullocks are taken directly off the grass, the Imports. Exports.

meat, of course, being soft and watery. Argen

$94,056,000 $68.029,000 tines have yet to learn that dry food is absolutely 1885

92,221,000 83,879,000 necessary in order to prepare fresh meat for dis1886

97,658,000 69,584,000 tant foreign markets. 1887

116,292,000 83,827.000 1888

127,607,560 99,556,377

The Sociedad Rural Argentina made, in the 1888, first quarter.

32,035,867 30,140 212 spring of 1889, an experimental shipment of live 1889, first quarter. .

37,488,985 83,988,042 cattle by steamer to Havre, some of the animals Increase during the quarter.. 5,448,618 3,797,880

weighing 850 kilogrammes. The calculation of


United States.








the cost of laying down such cattle in a European A treaty was signed on Sept. 7, in which it was port was as follows: Cost per head, $30 gold; agreed to settle the question by arbitration. freight to Europe, $20; fodder and attendance, It was further agreed that, in case the two con$10; other expenses, $5; total, $65. Assuming tracting parties should not come to a direct the average selling-price in Europe to be $100 agreement within ninety days from the signing per head, it would net $35 profit.

of the treaty, the whole matter should be subThe export of carcasses of sheep in refriger- mitted to the President of the United States, ator steamers to England has of late years been and by him settled. rapidly on the increase, as the following table ARIZONA, a Territory of the United States, shows:

organized in 1863; area, 113,020 square miles;

population, according to the last decennial cenYEARS. To London. To Liverpool Together, sus (1880), 40,441; capital, Prescott, until Feb.

4, 1890; thereafter, Phenix. (See article PHENIX, 1888.

17,165 |


in CITIES, AMERICAN, in this volume). 108,823

108,828 Government.--The following were the Ter1885



ritorial officers during the year: Governor, C. 1886

831,245 103,454 434,699 1887

242,903 898,963 641,866 Meyer Zulick, Democrat, succeeded in March by 1888 195,460 678,000 878,460 Louis A. Wolfley, Republican; Secretary, James

A. Bayard, succeeded by Nathan 0. Murphy; The average weight has gradually risen from Treasurer, C. B. Foster, succeeded by John Y. T. forty pounds to forty-five.

Smith; Auditor, John J. Hawkins, succeeded by There were, in 1888, 22,869,385 head of horned Thomas Hughes; Attorney - General, John A. cattle, 4,398,283 horses, and 70,458,665 sheep, Rush, succeeded by Clark Churchill; Superinhaving a total value of $369,561,607.

tendent of Public Instruction, Charles M. Strauss, Horses.—Buenos Ayres and the surrounding succeeded by George W. Cheyney ; Commissioner pampas have been for some years past a paradise of Immigration, Thomas E. Farish, succeeded for horse fanciers and breeders. At his last sale by John A. Black; Chief Justice of the Supreme of pedigree horses, Mr. Remmis, who set out from Court, James H. Wright; Associate Justices, Ireland twenty-five years ago to begin horse- William W. Porter (succeeded by Joseph H. culture there, got an average of $4,500 apiece, in Kibbey) and William H. Barnes. gold, the entire sale realizing between $100,000 All the above-named officers, except the Secreand $150,000. Carriage-horses, if sizable and tary and the judges, are appointed by the Govfairly well matched, command $5,000 in gold a ernor, subject to confirmation by the Legislative pair. Some of these South American horses have Council. Appointments made by the Governor done well across country in Ireland and Eng- when the Legislature is not in session are valid land.

without such confirmation until the next meetCotton and Wool Manufacture.-Early in ing of the Legislature. By virtue of this law, 1889 the Provincial Senate of Buenos Ayres Treasurer Foster, Auditor Hawkins, and other passed a bill authorizing the incorporation of a Democratic officials, had already been in office cotton and wool weaving factory, at La Plata, nearly two years under appointment by Gov. with a capital of $5,000,000, the province guaran- Zulick, when the Legislature of 1889 met. The teeing interest on the capital for ten years. Council, being Republican, refused to confirm

Agriculture. - The number of hectares (of them, whereupon the Governor declined to make 24 acres) under cultivation in 1888 was 2,359,958,” further nominations until the session of the distributed as follows among the various prod- Legislature had reached the sixty-day limit. He ucts: Indian corn, 832,601; wheat, 824,099; then, on March 22, renominated the former offialfalfa, 379,816; barley and oats, 36,659 : linseed, cials. But meanwhile the Republican members 117,237; vines, 26,931; sugar-cane, 21,053, other of the Legislature had continued both houses in products, 121,502.

session beyond sixty days, and until President Education. In 1869 the number of pupils Harrison had appointed a Republican successor to attending school in the republic was 82,671; in Gov. Zulick. The new Governor recognized the 1883 they had increased to 146,325, and in 1887 hold-over session, and sent in to the Council sevto 227,450, of which number 142,471 were in the eral nominations which were confirmed. Among interior provinces, the remainder in the capital, the nominees were John Y. T. Smith, to be Terwhere 27,715 pupils attended the public schools, ritorial Treasurer, and Thomas Hughes, to be 12,200 the normal schools, 11,106 private schools, Territorial Auditor. The Democrats claimed 30,960 private schools in the province of Buenos that the session had expired, by force of law, on Ayres, and 2,998 children were taught in the March 21, at the end of sixty days after assempublic schools of the national territory. The bling; that the appointments made by Gov. Zunumber of teachers was 6,421. In 1885 there lick on March 22 must stand until confirmed or were 2,352 schools all told; in 1886, 2,726; in rejected by the next Legislature in 1891 ; and 1887, 3,028.

that the appointees of Gov. Wolfley had no Immigration. The number of immigrants standing. Accordingly, the Democratic officials landed in 1888 was 180,993, against 142,786 in refused to surrender their offices to the Repub1887. During the first seven months of 1889 lican claimants. Suits were brought by the lat157,681 arrived. It was estimated that the total ter, and the dispute over the Treasurer's office number of immigrants for 1889 might attain the was determined on May 15 by Judge Porter, of figure of 370,000.

the Supreme Court, who rendered a decision in Arbitration. One of the causes of the favor of Smith, the Republican contestant, on tronble between the Argentine Republic and Bra- the ground that, as the Territorial law did not zil has been the dispute about the boundary line. fix the term of office of the Treasurer, it must

be considered to be o; the pleasure of the appointing power, and no longer. With regard to the office of Auditor a different question was resented, which the Territorial Supreme Court j not decided late in the year. Meanwhile, a dual government practically existed in the Territory, many of the minor offices being in dispute, including those of commissioner of immiration and directors of public institutions. The É. would not countersign warrants drawn by the Democratic Auditor, and the Treasurer would not pay warrants drawn by the Republican Auditor, who had not yet obtained possession of the office. The creditors of the Territory can not be paid until the dispute is settled. losio. Session.—The Territorial Legislature met at Prescott on Jan. 21. On Jan. 24, as soon as both branches were organized, a bill was introduced providing for the removal of the capital to Phenix, in Maricopa County, the change to take effect on Feb. 4, 1890. This bill passed both Houses on the same day and received the approval of the Governor. The vote of the Council was 9 to 2 in its favor, and in the House 14 to 10. On Jan. 28 both Houses adjourned to meet at Phenix on Feb. 7. One of the most imo acts passed after adjournment provides or an election, on Nov 5, of delegates to a constitutional convention, which is directed to meet at Phenix on the first Tuesday of January, 1890. The number of delegates is fixed at fortytwo, to be elected by counties. The constitution adopted by this convention is to be submitted to §. people at such time as the convention shall direct. Another act of the session creates the office of county surveyor, and defines its duties. The sinking of artesian wells for irrigation is encouraged by an act authorizing the various county supervisors to offer as a reward any sum, not exceeding $3,000, to any person or persons who shall be first in obtaining by such means a flowing stream of not less than 24,500 gallons of water every twenty-four hours for ten days. The following Sunday law was passed:

SECTION 1. Every person who keeps open on Sunday, within the limits of any incorporated city in the Territory of Arizona, any store, workshop, bar, saloon, banking-house, or any other place of business, for the purpose of transacting any business therein, is guilt of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not less than $50 and not to exceed $300, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than ten days and not more than sixty days, or shall be subject to both such fine and imprisonment.

SEc. 2. The provisions of the preceding section do not apply to persons who on Sunday keep open hotels, boarding-houses, barber shops, baths, markets, restaurants, livery stables, or retail drug-stores, for the legitimate business of each, or such manufacturing or mining industries as are usually left in continuous operation.

The Territory has of late been the scene of several outrageous train robberies. A stringent law was passed to check this crime, providing that every person “who shall make any assault upon any railroad train, railroad cars, or railroad locomotives, within the Territory, for the purpose and with the intent to commit murder, robbery, or any other felony, upon or against any engineer, conductor, fireman, brakeman, or any officer or employé connected with the said locomotive, train, or cars, or any express messenger or

mail agent on the train, or in any of the cars thereof, or who shall counsel, aid, abet, and assist in the o of the offense or offenses set forth in the preceding section thereof, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and shall suffer the punishment of death.” In order to protect the border counties against paupers coming from Mexico, it was provided that every applicant for public charity shall make an affidavit before a justice of the e that he is a citizen of the United States. It was also provided that the care of the indigent sick in each county should be let to the lowest bidder. Officers of public institutions who receive and aid persons not indigent are liable to a fine. For the purpose of completing the buildings for the Territorial University at Tucson, and for its maintenance when established, an act was passed providing for the annual levy of a tax of three fourths of a mill, the proceeds of which shall constitute the “University fund.” The board of regents of the University are empowered to disburse this fund for the above named objects. A commission was appointed to select a site for a capitol building at Phenix. For grading and for constructing the building, which is not to be begun until after the meeting of the next Legislature. a tax of one eighth of a mill was imposed for the next two years. Other acts of the session are as follow:

To provide against conflagrations in towns and vil

lages. fovidin sanitary regulation in towns and villages. To establish liens for salaries and wages. Providing for the sale of certain real estate belongin: the Territory in Prescott. Joncerning transaction of business on legal holi

days. }. provide for a lien on stock for the charges of pasturing and feeding the same by ranchers. To detach certain lands from the county of Yavapai, and annex the same to the county of Gila. To amend an act entitled “An act to establish a normal school,” providing for a boarding-house in connection there with. To encou the construction of railroads to the Grand Cañon of the Colorado, by exempting them from taxation for six years. Empowering boards of supervisors of the various counties to survey and define the boundaries and make maps of same. Amending section 3,002 Revised Statutes, allowing $1,500 salary to Territorial geologist with mileage. To provide for the reimbursement of corrain persons for the payment of live stock sanitary fund tax omitted to be levied and collected in certain counties. To repeal act 64, entitled “An act to provide for the construction and maintenance of public roads and highways in Maricopa County.” To regulate lawful fences and trespass within the Sarne. Punishing with a fine not less than $25 the carrying of concealed weapons. A heavier fine is imposed for carrying such weapons into any public assembly or to a polling place. Declaring that no person who can not read and write the English language shall be eligible to any Territorial, county, district, or precinct office. Providing a penalty for close herding any horses mules, asses, goats, sheep, hogs, or cattle on the ind of another, not public lands of the United States, without the written consent of the owner. Requiring that every person employed in the public service—whether by election, appointment, or contract—shall be a citizen of the United States. Providing a penalty for destroying fences.

According to Federal law, the session should have ended on March 21, the sixtieth day; but at that time the general appropriation bill had not been passed, and the appointments of Democratic Territorial officials, made by Gov. Zulick, had failed of confirmation by the Legislative Council, which consisted of eight Republicans and four Democrats. The Republicans also controlled 13 of the 24 votes in the Lower House: and as the appointment of a Republican Governor by President Harrison was at this time daily expected, they determined to prolong the session, in order that the appointees of the new Governor might be confirmed by the Council and assume their offices. The Democratic members protested that the adjournment was illegal, and thereafter refused to attend the sessions. A bill creating the county of Coconino was passed, but was vetoed by the new Governor. The appropriation bill then passed both branches, the Council confirmed Gov. Wolfley's appointees, and both Houses adjourned without day on April 10. The validity of all acts passed after March 21 is a matter of dispute in the courts. Finance.—The total receipts of the Territorial treasury for the fiscal year 1885–86 were $206,374.30, and there was a balance in the treasury at the end of the year of $57,200.50. For the year 1887–88 the receipts increased to $369,426.64. But the expenses had increased so much that at the close of the latter year the balance in the treasury was only $12,883.09, and there were outstanding warrants unpaid to the value of $26,025.57. Development. — The Territorial census of 1882, taken at the height of the mining excitement, showed a population of 82,976, with 11,262 voters. These figures are not deemed reliable by the Governor, who estimates the present population at 60,948, with a registered vote .P about 16,000. The number of miles of railroad assessed for 1889 was 1,093, an increase of 40 miles over 1888. The total taxable property for 1889 was valued at $26,575,692. The Territorial debt is $752,000, and the total debt—Territorial, county, and city—$2,902,910. During the past year new entries were filed upon 500,798 acres of the public domain in the Territory. The product of old and silver for 1888 as given by Wells, Fargo Co's express company, aggregated $5,123,868. The value of the copper and lead product for the same year is estimated at $2,500,000, of which fully 95 per cent. was copper. There are valuable deposits of coal and iron in the Territory, awaiting the approach of railroads to make their development profitable. Mormonism.—Gov. Wolfley says, in his annual report, “Arizona once had a law disfranchising all who practiced, taught, or encouraged polygamy. he first legislative act signed by my predecessor was a repeal of that law. Politically the Mormons seem to have adopted a plan of sending colonies to surrounding Territories in sufficient numbers to form a balance of power between two political parties. They are willing to trade with either, but remain true only so long as the interests of their Church are best served.” The number of Mormons in the Territory is reported by the Governor to be 8,000. Yavapai County.—This is one of the largest and most prosperous counties of the Territory, vol. xxix.-3. A

and contains the city of Prescott. The assessment roll of this county for 1889 shows 853,590:85 acres of land, assessed at $425,901.76. Improvements are valued at $264,134.45; town lots, $212,051.40; improvements on town lots, $374,271. The total railroad mileage is a little over 2754 miles, of which 35 miles is assessed to the Central Arizona, at $49,005: 733 to the Prescott and Arizona Central, at $300,125; and 167+ to the Atlantic and Pacific, at $1,339,694,05. Horses are assessed in the o to the number of 14,111—value, $352,152; mules, 206, at $8,040; asses, 336, at $3,365.50; cattle, 159,773, at $1,344,852; sheep, 102,474, at $154,002.50; swine, 531, at $2,060; goats, 758, at $780.50; patented mines, 147, at $14,700; other property at $669,410.23, making a total of all property of $5,564,545.39. ARKANSAS, a Southern State, admitted to the Union in 1836; area, 52,198 square miles; population, according to the last decennial census (1880), 802,525; capital, Little Rock. Government.—The following were the State officers during the year : Governor, James P. Eagle, Democrat; Secretary of State, B. B. Chism; Auditor, W. S. Dunlop; Treasurer, William E. Woodruff; Attorney-General, William E. Atkinson; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Wood E. Thompson; State Land Commissioner, Paul M. Cobbs; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sterling R. Cockrill: Associate Justices, Burrill B. Battle, M.H. Sandels, chosen by the people on April 2 to fill the unexpired term of William W. Smith, deceased Dec. 18, 1888, Simon P. Hughes, and William E. Hemingway. The two latter were elected on April 2 pursuant to an act of the Legislature creating two additional judgeships. Finances.—On Oct. 1, 1886, the balance in the State treasury to the credit of the general revenue fund was $404,881.25. During the succeeding two years this was increased by receipts from all sources to $1,535,010.94. The expenditures in that time amounted to $756,073.03, leaving a balance in the treasury on Oct. 1, 1888, of $778,937.91. In the common-school fund the balance on Oct. 1, 1886, was $344,411.51, the receipts for two years were $601,460.36, and the expenditures $506,105.63, leaving a balance of $439,766.24 on Oct. 1, 1888. The permanent school-fund balance increased from $175,382.35 to $266,368.38 in the same two years. Among the items of expenditure for the two years were: For expenses of the General Assembly, $92,665.01; salaries of State officers, $25,742.88; salaries of judges of Supreme, circuit, and Pulaski Chancery Courts, $55,454.43; special judges, $6,230; prosecuting attorneys, $3,726; Supreme Court reporter, $2,438.75; rewards for fugitives from justice, $10,000; public printing, $37,903: to refund money erroneously paid into the treasury, $4,855.51; salaries of officers of Arkansas Industrial University, $23,000: dormitory for the same, $17,000; machine-shops for same, $7,000; teams and implements for same, $8,000; labor performed by students, $2,000; dormitory for Branch Normal College, $1,419 ; Arkansas School for the Blind, salaries and current expenses, $26,071.36 : additional buildings for same, $6,000; Deaf-Mute Institute, salaries, current expenses, and repairs, $50,278.36; State Insane Asylum, salaries and current expenses, $105,998.40; purchase of bonds, $133,701; imrovements at Penitentiary, $6,000; assistant §. geologists’ salaries, $6,060; geological survey expenses, $9.796. #. onded debt of the State consists of, principal, $2,029,100; overdue interest, $2,832,915; total, $4,862,015. Of this amount the United States holds more than half, and the State as trustee for the permanent school and sixteenthsection funds, holds $423,000, leaving in the hands of individuals about $2,000,000, of which the principal is slightly in excess of the overdue interest. Since January, 1881, there has been redeemed $1,103,100 of principal and $644,260.25 of interest of the debt. The State held, on Oct. 1, 1888, in its sinking fund a balance of $2,754,501.72 available for a further reduction of the existing debt. The total value of taxable property for 1886 was $139,901,688; for 1887, $148,259,654; for 1888 estimated at $154,000,000. These returns embrace the assessed value of railroad o: Legislative Session.—The General Assembly met on Jan. 13, and adjourned on April 3. Early in the session United States Senator James H. Berry (Democrat), was re-elected for a second term, receiving 29 votes in the Senate and 74 in the House. Gen. Powell Clayton (Republican) received 2 votes in the Senate and 12 in the House. The number of Supreme Court judges was increased from three to five, and provision was made for electing the two new members at the time of a special election to be called by the Governor for filling a vacancy caused by the death of Justice W. W. Smith, a member of the court. In response to a popular desire expressed at public meetings and during the gubernatorial canvass in 1888, an act was passed creating a “Bureau of Mines, Manufactures, and Agriculture,” which was placed under the control of a commissioner to be elected every two years; but the first incumbent to be appointed by the Governor. The sum of o appropriated to carry out the provisions of this act. By another act the Board of Penitentiary Commissioners is required to appoint a suitable person as inspector of convicts. His duties are to visit the convict camps, stockades, and Penitentiary, to examine and inquire into the general condition and treatment of convicts, and to report his findings to the board at least every two months. This legislation is designed to prevent abuses such as were found in 1888 at the Coal Hill convict camp. The sentence of convicts is commuted for continuous good behavior one month in the first year, two months in the second year, three months in the third year, and each subsequent year till the tenth, and thereafter six months in each year. The stringent act of 1887, forbidding foreign corporations to lease, build, maintain, or operate any railroad within the State, was repealed, and by way of substitute an act was passed permitting any foreign corporation whose road is so connected with a railroad within the State as to form one continuous line with it, to lease or purchase such road, provided it first becomes to all intents a domestic corporation by filing a copy of its charter with the Secretary of State, and by performing certain other acts prescribed by the statute, which render it liable to taxation in the State. Railroad companies already operating roads in the State are, by anoth

er act, given a general power to extend their line or to build branches, upon filing locations and certain other papers with the Secretary of State. A department for colored persons was established . at the State School for the Blind. Among the appropriations were $5,000 for the Governor to use in apprehending the murderer of the Hon. John M. Clayton; $10,500 for the Branch Normal College for two years; $36,000 for the Arkansas Industrial University for two years; $95,000 for expenses of the General Assembly: and a general appropriation of $353,930 for expenses of the State for two years. A policy of retrenchment prevailed in the Assembly to a limited extent. The salaries of all the legislative employés were reduced, but the members made no change in their own per-diem allowance, although they reduced the mileage rate one half. Other acts of the session are collected below:

Limiting the time, for bringing suit to foreclose a mortgage to the period within which suit could be brought on the debt or liability that is secured by the mortgage. Authorizing the producers of wine to sell it upon their own premises, or at any licensed saloon, in quantities not less than one quart. Requiring all claimants against State charitable and educational institutions to present itemized accounts of claims, and to make oath that the account is just and correct and that the charges are not above the rates for similar services to private persons. Declaring it a misdemeanor for any one, except a parent or guardian, to sell or give away cigarettes, cigars, or tobacco in any form, to any child under fifteen years of age. Changing the boundary between Arkansas and Jefferson Counties. Accepting the provisions of the act of Congress establishing agricultural-experiment stations. Regulating the sale of fertilizers. Providing that, in case of total loss of real estate, a fire-insurance policy shall be considered a liquidated demand against the company for the full amount of

the policy. Aioi, to inmates of insane asylums their postal rights. Providing that the pay of discharged railroad servants or employés shall be due on the day of their discharge, and, in case of non-payment on that day, the wages shall continue (not over sixty days) till paid. Requiring railroads to furnish double-decked cars for the shipment of sheep and hogs. Reducing the amount of labor on the public roads required of each person from ten to five days of each year. Appropriating $10,000 for carrying on the geological survey of the State. Authorizing municipal corporations to fund their indebtedness. Authorizing and empowering railroad officials “to : do and perform all acts and things which may be necessary to protect passengers on their cars from all acts of fraud, imposition, or annoyance which are attempted or perpetrated while said passengers are on rail cars.” Authorizing the Governor to compromise, adjust, prosecute, and secure all claims of the State against the United States for lands heretofore granted, and all other claims under existing or future laws, and to employ attorneys and agents therefor. Revising the procedure in garnishment cases. Declaring it an offense punishable by fine for any person to export fish or game from the State during the next six years, and imposing a fine on common carriers who receive and transport fish or game from the State.

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