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Society for the Propagation of the GosF. annual meeting of the Society for the gation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, was held in London, June 6. The Archbishop of Canterbury presided. The gross income for the year had been £138,366, a larger amount by several thousand pounds than had been returned in any previous year in the existence of the society. The larger part of the increase of funds was the result of two gifts of £25,000 and £2,268, the former sum being five sixths of a property that had been left to an unnamed clergyman. The society employed 637 ordained missionaries, including 10 bishops, of whom 144 were Africans and Asiatics. It had in the various missions about 2,300 lay teachers, 2,600 students in colleges, and 38,000 children in the mission schools of Africa and Asia. Universities' Mission. — The anniversary meetings of the Universities' Mission to Central Africa were held in London, May 21. Canon Scott Holland presided. The report referred to the troubles that had arisen in the society's field of operations (the Zanzibar coast and backlying region) from foreign aggression and the erman and English blockade of the coast. Evidences of the progress of the mission could, however, be shown in the completion of the Suaheli Bible, and the consecration of the new chapel at Kinngawi College. On the mainland no station had been given up, and no work abandoned. Twelve new members had joined the mission during the year, while two had been lost by death, and two had resigned. Sunday-School Institute.—The Church of England Sunday-School Institute had received during the year ending May 1, 1889, £13,440. The report, reviewing the progress of Sundayschools, mentioned the deliverances on religious teaching in the encyclical letter of the bishops at the Lambeth Conference in passages on |. need of definite religious teaching and those in which Sunday schools were referred to. The Convocation of Canterbury had appointed a committee to inquire how Sunday schools could be improved, and the subject had been taken up at the Manchester Church Congress. The subject had received attention in the reports of the Commission on National Education. A “Service to be used at the Admission of Sunday-School Teachers” had been issued by the Institute, with the sanction of both the archbishops. Convocation of Canterbury.—The Convocation of Canterbury met for the dispatch of business, Feb. 28. In the upper house, a communication was received from the Archbishop of York asking that copies of resolutions concurred in by both houses of the Southern Province be transmitted to the Convocation of York. The house resolved that such transcripts should be furnished. A resolution of the lower house concerning parochial guilds was concurred in. A committee was appointed to consider and report upon the expediency of sanctioning the appointment of lay readers, with commissions to be recognized in all the dioceses: what should be the order and nature of their services; and the rules and precautions needed to secure their fitness for their office. A proposed scheme for the joint action of the two convocations was approved “as likely to be useful in the present, and to lead to
closer co-operation in the future.” In the House of Laymen a letter was read from the archbishop advising against the agitation of measures for the taxation of larger benefices for the benefit of poor ones, and inviting the opinions of the laity on the state of the law as to the solemnization of marriages in mother-churches, in district churches, etc., with reference to the existing acts, and the recent discussions upon those acts: upon the report of the Commission on Elementary Education; and on the duty of the Church. as a church, in respect of slavery. A draft of a bill to provide for the foundation of new bishoprics in England was approved. A committee was appointed to consider the archbishop's question about marriage. A resolution was passed in favor of the provision of additional church services, and of revision from time to time of the rubrics and directions contained in the Book of Common Prayer. The house also approved clauses in the draft bill authorizing | presidents and clergy of the convocations to lay before Her Majesty from time to time schemes for making alterations in and additions to the rubrics and directions, and declared it important that provision should be made to enable the service of the Church to be adapted to special circumstances. Respecting the report of the Educational Commission, the house resolved that it was important that all children should receive religious and moral training, that the teachers who are charged with such training should continue to take part in it; that registers should be marked before as well as after the religious instructions and observance begin ; that any reasonable precaution that might tend to remove any suspicion of unfairness in the administration of the conscience clause should be adopted; and that continuation schools should be generally established in sequence to the elementary system of education, and that these schools should be adapted to the needs of working boys and girls. “so as to attract and interest tired children, and prepare them for the actual duties of life.” Exemption of public elementary schools, for which no rent is paid from local rates, and payment of the fees of indigent children attending voluntary schools by guardians of the poor direct to the managers, were also recommended. A minute was passed by the house with reference to slavery. to the effect—
That although domestic slavery is incompatible with the full recognition of the equality of all men before God, and its continued existence must act as a direct encouragement to the slave trade, yet, inasmuch as it has the sanction of religious teaching and legalized custom in Mohammedan and pagan countries, the house recognizes that its abolition can not be compelled by external force, but confidently hopes that the advance of Christianity and civilization will in the near future bring about its entire supersession by tree institutions; that the slave trade as now carried on by the Arabs in Equatorial Africa, being horrible in its cruelty and waste of human life, and one of the great obstacles to the rising hopes and encouraging prospects of Christianity and civilization in the interior of that country, it is the duty of the Church to make its voice heard on that subject; that in pursuance of the policy consistently maintained by Great Britain for the last eighty years in the suppression of the sea-going slave trade, and the signal success which attended the vigorous execution of that policy on the west coast of Africa, Her Majesty's Government should be supported in such measures as may be possible to the same end on the east coast; that although the inland slave trade of Central Africa is at present beyond the reach of Government interference, every effort should be made to impress its horrors on the minds of Englishmen, and that the Church should encourage such peaceful enterprises, commercial or religious, as may, lead, to its diminution; that His Grace the archbishop be respectfully requested to consider the propriety of inviting the Church and other religious bodies to special prayer in connection with this subject. A motion was adopted in the upper house favoring such legislation respecting marriage fees as will tend to remove the temptation to avoid the offices of the Church in marriage. The lower house adopted a gravamen commending the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Education respecting the support of voluntary schools to a larger extent than at present, out of the public funds. The Houses of Convocation reassembled May 14, and discussed questions relating to the Marriage Act and clergy discipline. The upper house had proposed a o for a draft bill by "... the law should be so amended that instead of the man proposing to marry, being required to have dwelt fifteen days in the parish of the church in which he desired to be married by banns, he might, upon producing a certificate that the banns had been duly published in the parish where he was an ordinary and permanent resident, be married in any other church in the same diocese. While the lower house had approved the main features of this proposition, a report adverse to it was adopted in the House of Laymen. The lower house adopted a report on the increase of the Episcopate favorable to the constitution of four new dioceses. On the subject of clergy discipline this house expressed the opinion that suspension or deprivation, substituted for imprisonment as a penalty for contumacy, would not be satisfactory if inflicted by the same courts that now have the power of procuring the imprisonment of clerks. A report was adopted on betting and gambling, recommending that measures of moral suasion, instruction, and admonition be applied with a view to mitigating the evils arising #. their prevalence. The House of Laymen expressed its opinion that what is called “free education ” would, if granted, seriously interfere with parental responsibility; weaken the position of religious education and of voluntary schools; and involve an unnecessary tax upon the public funds; and declared itself therefore satisfied that the report of the royal commissioners did not support any proposal for the abolition of school ence. p The Convocation of York met for the transaction of business Feb. 26. The President said in his opening address that the two houses would for the future sit separately, but would be liable to be called to sit together for special purposes. A resolution was passed declaring, that “a satisfactory church-discipline bill should provide a court of first instance with a judge learned in the law, with a |". and at least one appeal on the facts as well as the law ; and, further, that to take away the appeal to the crown of any beneficed person for lack of justice would be a dangerous innovation.” The lower house approved
the action which had been taken by the upper house in defining the conditions of a satisfactory clergy discipline bill, with amendments designed to make the same more definite. Trial of the Bishop of Lincoln.--The case of Read and others against the Lord Bishop of Lincoln for irregularities in ritual, came for a hearing before the court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Feb. 12. The archiepiscopal court, which was called for the trial is a tribunal which had long been out of use, and whose functions were nearly forgotten till it was revived for this case. Its origin and history are somewhat obscure, or at least lie outside the line of ordinary legal precedent. Certain cases are known to have been tried by the archbishop sitting as metropolitan in the middle ages, but only one clear instance could be found of the exercise of such a jurisdiction in Great Britain since the Reformation. This was the case of Bishop Watson, of St. Davids, who was tried for simony b Archbishop Tenison, in the reign of William III, when the archbishop's authority was upheld by the courts of appeal, and Bishop Watson was derived and excommunicated. The present Archishop of Canterbury, when urged upon the strength of this precedent to entertain and try the charges against the Bishop of Lincoln, hesitated to do so until he was assured that his jurisdiction would be recognized as valid under existing laws. The promotors of the suit therefore applied to the Privy Council, and obtained from it, on the 5th of August, 1888, a unanimous decision from the five lay judges and the five bishops constituting that tribunal, that the archbishop's jurisdiction remained valid. Pursuant to this decision, the o! decided to hear the case in person and to follow in every relevant detail the precedent in Bishop Watson's case. The court was constituted of the archbishop, with the bishops of London, Winchester, Oxford, and Salisbury as assessors. The charges against the defendant recited that he had, within two years past, offended against the ecclesisastical laws in the diocese of Lincoln and province of Canterbury, by having in the Church of St. Peter at Gonts, in the city of Lincoln, Dec. 4, 1887, while officiating as bishop and the principal celebrant in the communion service, used, or permitted to be used, lighted candles when they were not required for the purpose of giving light; in having, at the same time and service, taken part in mixing water with the wine, and afterward consecrated and administered the mixture: in having, during the prayer of consecration, stood with his back to the people; in having permitted the singing of the “Agnus Dei " after the prayer of consecration, and before the reception of the elements; in having made the sign of the cross while pronouncin the prayer of absolution; in having ...i in the ceremony of ablution; and in having performed similar acts, again recited in detail, during a service in the cathedral church of Lincoln, on the 18th of December. The defendant pleaded to the jurisdiction of the archbishop's court, holding that the authority in proceedings against a bishop lay in the Convocation. Several sittings of the court were occupied with the hearing of the argument on this question. The archbishop announced his decision May 11, as sustaining the jurisdiction of the archbishop's court, declaring, after a review of the authorities and precedents bearing on the case—
That from the most ancient times archepiscoal jurisdiction has existed; that in the Church of }. it has been from time to time continuously exercised in various forms; that nothing has occurred in the Church to modify that jurisdiction ; and that even if such jurisdiction could be used in convocation in the trial of a bishop consistently with the ancient principle that in a synod bishops only should hear such a cause, it nevertheless remains clear that the metropolitan has regularly exercised that jurisdiction, both alone and with assessors.
At a sitting of the court, July 23, the defendant pleaded that the matters charged, seeing that they were charged as being done by him as bishop, were not offenses against the law, constitution, and canons of the Church and realm, and held that a bishop is not bound by the rubrics in the sense that a minister is. He would, however, take His Grace's opinión upon the point, whether the bishop was within the strict rubrical directions of all the rituals and of the Book of Common Prayer, and within the strict letter of the statute. The archbishop decided that “the court finds no reason to hold that when a bishop ministers in any office prescribed by the Book of Common Prayer he is not a minister bound to observe the directions given to the minister in the rubrics of the said office.” The decision was declared to have the effect of overruling the objection and admitting the articles.
The proctors of the defendant, on the 13th of August, filed a “responsive” plea admitting the perjormance of certain of the acts alleged, but denying the allegations complained of in the articles of accusation, and submitting that the acts thus admitted were not, or any of them, illegal; and prayed, therefore, that the suit be dismissed.
The Reredos in St. Paul's Church.-A decision was given, June 2, by the Lord Chief Justice, with Mr. Justice Manisty and Mr. Baron Pollock sitting as a divisional court of the $o. Bench Division, in the case known as that of the St. Paul's reredos. The case arose over the erection of a reredos of stone behind the altar, which had been advanced forty feet for the purpose, in St. Paul's Church, London. In one compartment of the reredos is a representation in bas-relief of the crucifixion, and above that a representation of the Virgin and Child. Four members of the Church of England, following the procedure prescribed by the Public Worship Regulation Act, 1874, represented to the Bishop of London that the sculptures were unlawful, as tending to encourage superstitious ideas. The bishop—being required under the act to take steps to determine the matter of the complaint, “unless he shall be of opinion, after considering the whole circumstances of the case, that proceedings should not be taken upon the representation,” in which case he is required to state his reasons for declining to act—refused to allow the proceedings to go further. His reasons, as given in connection with the refusal, were that it had already been decided in the “Exeter case" that a reredos containing a representation of the ascension was a lawful erection ; that the pres
ent litigation was apparently intended to draw some unimportant distinction between the St. Paul's and the Exeter reredos; and that no benefit could result from the litigation that would compare with the harm done to the Church and the religious life of the country by the litigation itself. The complainants, contending that these reasons were not sound, and that §. showed that the bishop had not given the consideration to “the whole circumstances of the case " contemplated by the statute, applied to the Queen's Bench Division for a mandamus to the bishop to reconsider his decision. The question at issue turned upon the construction of the words of the statute—whether they confer on the bishop an absolute discretion. hile the court were agreed that they gave a discretion of some sort. they were divided as to the extent of it. The Lord Chief Justice and Mr. Justice Manisty held that inasmuch as the bishop had to give his reasons for a refusal to entertain proceedings, the discretion given him was one which could be reviewed by a law court; Mr. Justice Pollock maintained that a discretion capable of review was not known to the law. The decision of the majority, as given by the Lord Chief Justice, was that the mandamus should be granted. The Lord Chief Justice in giving the decision declared that he thought it very mischievous that in such cases as this men honestly wanting to try whether a certain practice is or is not within the law of the Church “should be met by the simple will of the bishop, who tells them that the matter shall not even be discussed. . . . A dispensing power can not be lodged in hands entirely irresponsible. . . . Under the old law the bishop had this to say—that he was, in form, a party to the o that his office was being promoted, and there was some reason, therefore, under the Clergy Discipline Act, which dealt with procedure only, why he should still be allowed to say whether he would or would not permit his discipline to be enforced. Under the Public Worship Regulation Act this is not so. The bishop is not a o to the proceedings, and, therefore, unless there is some real reason capable of being clearly stated, the matter should be suffered to go on.” The Liberation Society.—The fifteenth Triennial Conference of the Liberation Society met in London, May 1. The Right Hon. James Stanfeld, M. P., presided. The society had received during the year £5,752, and had expended £5,492. It was claimed in the report that notwithstanding the “Irish question" had stood in the way of the society's agitation during the past three years, unmistakable indications existed of the progress of its principles. Among these indications were declarations of the Liberal Federations of England and Wales that disestablishment in Wales and Scotland should have a place among the immediate objects of the party. The movement for disestablishment had grown stronger in Wales since the last conference. For the first time a majority of the Scotch members had voted for disestablishment in their country; and at all the recent five Scotch by-elections disestablishers had been returned. On the question of national education, the society had uttered a warning concerning the report of the royal commission, and had organized the conference held in November, 1888, which had led to the formation of the National Education Association. Information had been collected and diffused relative to acts of persecution in the rural districts. The pressure of other parliamentary business had prevented the passage of measures desired by the society. Other measures intended to deprive Parliament of some of its authority over the Church were referred to as schemes that must be opposed. Resolutions were adopted urging con: tinued efforts to defeat “reactionary” educational designs, and to secure the establishment of unsectarian schools under the control of popularly elected managers, affirming that no changes in the incidence or collection of tithes will remove the injustice attaching to the diversion of national property to ecclesiastical purposes; approving steps by the Executive Committee in view of “cases of intolerance and persecution ” occurring in the rural parishes, to bring the influence of public opinion to bear against efforts “to effect by insidious methods that which previously was secured by repressive legislation"; urging friends of religious equality to labor to put an end to a system “ which in many country arishes practically denies religious liberty to the inhabitants”; and objecting to any legislation calculated to diminish the control of Parliament over the Establishment. English Church Union.—The thirtieth annual meeting of the English Church Union was held in London, June 27. Lord Halifax presided. The annual report showed that 5,870 communicants had joined the Union during the year, and that it now had 27,164 members. Reference was made to the prosecution of the Bishop of Lincoln and the condition of the Church in Wales. The better discharge of her own spiritual work was held up as the remedy against all the evils that affected the Church in Wales or elsewhere. Resolutions were adopted expressing the gratitude of the Union to the Bishop of Lincoln for “his maintenance of the ritual of the Church of England in accordance with the ancient canons and the rubrics of the Book of Common Prayer, and for his defense of the rights and liberties of the Church of England by his refusal to acknowledge the authority of the Judicial Committee in spiritual matters: ” also, congratulating the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's upon the erection in St. Paul's Cathedral of a reredos “so well calculated to bring before the minds of those who worship within the walls of that church the great evangelical doctrines of the incarnation and the atonement.” Lord Halifax, in the course of his address as president, remarked that the trial of the Bishop of Lincoln involved the right of the Church of England to celebrate the holy communion in the old traditional way, sanctioned and enjoined in its main features by the whole of the Church. What was being attacked under cover of the present prosecution was not merely the doctrine of the real presence, but the whole of the sacramental system and that great revival of Catholic teaching and practice which had reinvigorated the Church of England. If those responsible for these unhappy so would but consider, they would surely see how groundless were the apprehensions which induced them to act as they did. All that was wanted to secure peace was explanation in the spirit of charity.
The insistence of the dogmatic principle and the essential features of a sacramental Church—the maintenance of the faith against heresy—that was their claim that day. Church Defense Institution.—The annual meeting of the Church Defense Institution was held in Westminster, June 20. Lord Addington resided. The report referred to the motion of Mr. Dilwyn for the disestablishment of the Church in Wales, and expressed regret at the course that Mr. Gladstone had adopted in the matter in allying himself with the minority. The meeting declared its satisfaction that the motion had been defeated ; and, observing the unfavorable reception accorded the new education code, expressed the trust that the Government would withdraw it, and that the changes proposed in the education bill of Mr. F. S. Powell might be accepted by the House of Commons. Protestant Churchman's Alliance.—At a meeting of Churchmen held in Exeter Hall, June 19, a union was formed called the “Protestant Churchman's Alliance,” to have branches in every diocese in England and Wales, the objects of which were declared to be :
To afford a basis of union and opportunities for consultation and concerted action for all Churchmen who desire to maintain the principles of the Reformation, the present Prayer-Book and Articles, and the acts of uniformity as their standards of doctrine and ritual, and especially the non-sacerdotal character of the ministry of the Church of England; to adopt whatever means may from time to time seem desirable to inform and instruct the public as to the true history and principles of the Church of England and the Book of Common Prayer as based on the teaching of God's Holy Word, with a view to secure and maintain their attachment to the Established Church, and to prevent the alienation of the people by the misrepresentation of her doctrine and discipline ; to obtain o parliamentary action the abolition of the episcopal veto on suits for the maintenance and enforcement of the law ; and in cases of contumacy to provide for summary deprivation, with a view, as far as possible, to avoid imprisonment; to make better provision for the furtherance of the above objects in Parliament and the press, and, while recognizing the comprehensiveness of the national Church, within the limits of her authorized standards, to deprecate and discountenance as inimical to her maintenance and defense whatever is taught or practiced in violation of the principles of the reformation, the directions of those o and the decisions of the Queen's courts thereon.
A provisional council, covering the whole country, was appointed to draw up rules and regulations for the government of the alliance: union in prayer for the maintenance of sound doctrine and spiritual worship was recommended ; and measures were suggested for enlisting the sympathy and co-operation of the laity, especially of the working men, by the compilation and dissemination of literature, oral teaching. and every possible means “to explain to the peo|. the Protestant character of the Church of Cngland.”
Congratulation to the Russian Church.A letter of congratulation was addressed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, July 14, 1888, to the metropolitan of Kiev, on the occasion of the 900th anniversary of the conversion of Russia to Christianity. The archbishop felicitated the metropolitan on the benefits that the Russian Empire had derived from Christianity, and on
the fact that its civil jurisdiction and the Rus- was continued in the second day in papers on sian branch of the Church were coextensive ; ex- “The Church in Wales; its Past Progress, its pressed regret that the meeting of the Lambeth Present Needs,” by Mr. J. T. D. Llewellyn ; " InConference, demanding the undivided attention crease of the Episcopate," by Mr. W. S. de Winof all the Anglican bishops, would prevent any ton; “Parochial Missions,” by the Rev. J. P. A. of them from
participating in the ceremonies of Bowers. Topics relating to public education were the celebration of the anniversary, and added discussed in papers on Elementary Education," that
in which Lord Norton and the Rev.J. R. Diggle, The Russian and the Anglican Church have common chairman of the London School Board, opposed foes. Alike we have to guard our independence
against the free, or gratuitous system; “The Proposals the Papal aggressiveness which claims to subordinate of the New Code," by Prebendary Roe; “ Definite all the Churches of Christ to the See of Rome. Alike Religious Teaching,” by Canon Evan Daniel and we have to protect our flocks from teachers of new and Canon Gregory, and the Rev. E. F. M. Macstrange doctrines adverse to that holy faith which Carthy, Mr. Whitnill
, school inspector, and was handed down to us by the holy apostles and ancient other speakers; “Sunday Observance” was confathers of the Catholic Church. But the weapons sidered by Earl Beauchamp, Mr. G. F. Chambers, of our wartare are not carnal, and by mutual sympa- the Rev. Dr. Linklater, the Rev. C. E. T. Roberts, thy that we may one by one εν τούς δεσμούς του Ευαγyexiov we shall encourage each other, and promote the with voluntary addresses; “ The Literature of salvation of all men. Praying, therefore, earnestly in the Day and its Attitude toward Christianity," the Spirit for the unity of all men in the faith of the by Sir G. C. Stokes, the Rev. J. M. Wilson, Mr. Gospel laid down and expounded by the oecumenical W. L. Courtney, the Rev. H. C. Shuttleworth, councils of the undivided Church of Christ and in Mrs. De Courcy Laffan, with offered remarks; the living knowledge of the Son of God, we ever remain your Grace's most faithful and devoted servants R. N., the Rev. Charles Griffiths, the Rev. E. J.
“ Missions to Seamen," by Commander Dawson, and brother in the Lord.
Wolfe, and the Bishop of Gibraltar; “ Home ReAt the festival (in Kiev) at which this letter union,” by Earl Nelson, the Dean of Peterwas read, Mr. Pobedonostzeff, the Procurator of borough, the Bishop of St. Asaph, the Dean of the Holy Synod, giving a toast to the Archbishop St. Asaph, and others; “ Popular Amusements of Canterbury, bore witness in the name of the in Relation to the Christian Life,” by Major metropolitan and the assembled guests- Seton Churchill, Mr. Edward Terry, the Rev. H.
To the consolation which it afforded us to bear the A. James, Canon McClure, and Sir Lawrence contents of this letter, coming to us from a Church Jones; "The Ministry of the Christian Church," which heartily perceives in this our present festival considered under the heads of "The Witness of the reality of our faith and of our religious and patri- Holy Scripture,” “ The Witness of History," and otic feelings. . . . It is not the first time that we have “Orders in the Church of England," by Canon heard a Christian greeting from the midst of the Eng. Luckock, the Rev. J. J. Lias, the Dean of Peterlish Church. It is with feelings of satisfaction that borough, Major Seton Churchill, with further we recall to mind the foct that it was from England discussions; "The Church's Duty with Regard that a conscientious study and appreciation of the ancient Eastern, and of our Orthodox Russian Church to the Temporal Well-being of the Working was for the first time re-echoed back to us in the Classes," by Canon Blackley, who explained a learned investigations of her ecclesiastical historians scheme of compulsory insurance, the Bishop of and theologians ; it is from there, and perhaps from Bedford, Mr. H. W. Hill, the Rev. H. C. Shuttlethere only, that expressions of sympathy have reached worth, Miss Edith Barnett, the Rev. W. Morr us, and aspirations toward Christian communion Ede, and others; " The Church's Care of Chilwith us.
dren," considered under the head of " Waifs and The Church Congress.— The twenty-ninth Strays," by Mr. J. Trevarthen, “ Children in annual meeting of the Church Congress was Workhouses and Factories," by the Dean of opened at Cardiff, Wales, Oct. 1. The Bishop of Worcester and Mrs. Henry Kingsley, and Boys Llandaff presided. The agitation in Parliament who have left School,” by the Rev. W. S. Carter, and before the people for the disestablishment with voluntary addresses; “ Continuation Schools of the Church in Wales caused the subjects of and Intermediate Education,” by the Hon. G. T. episcopacy and the establishment in the princi- Kenyon, M. P., and Archdeacon Emery; " How to pality to be the most prominent subjects dis- meet the Spiritual Needs of Young Men,” by the cussed. The first day's sessions were occupied Rev. V. & S. Coles and voluntary speakers; with the reading of papers on the Church's mode " The Christian's Relationship (a) to God,” by of dealing with rapidly growing populations; the Canon Bulstrode, Archdeacon Norris, and Canon respective merits of the division of parishes, the McCormick; “(b) to the Church,” by the Rev. use of mission rooms, and lay co-operation; and W. H. Hutchings; "(©) to the World,” by the community life for the clergy, in which Mr. Rev. M. E. Welby, Rev. H. C. G. Moule, and Richard Foster, the Rev. Charles Mackeson, the Rev. C. J. Ridgeway; "The Reciprocal RelaRev. Canons Terbutt and Medd, and the Bishop tions between the Church at Home and its Forof Salisbury were the principal speakers; on the eign and Colonial Missions,” by Sir John Kennerelations of Church and state, by the Dean of way, M. P., the Bishop of Ballarat, Archdeacon Manchester, the Rev. T. Hancock, Mr. Raikes, Farler, Bishop Barry, and the Bishop of MelaneM. P., Postmaster-General, the Dean of Llandaff, sia; and “The Linguistic Condition of Wales ; and others, in which assertions were made that its bearing on Church Work and Education, and the Church, rather than dissent, was the victim the Difficulties arising from it,” by the Dean of of inequality from the operation of establish- St. Asaph, the Archdeacon of Llandaff, Canon ment; and ** Church Finance and Clergy Pen- Bevan, and Mr. T. Morgan Owen, H. M. I. sions," by Mr. J. A. Doyle, the Rev. T. Warren The Church in Canada.-The Provincial Trevor, and others. The same general subject Synod of Canada met in Montreal, Sept. 11. The