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premiership. He had now been following morning, Saturday, the in parliament twenty years, taking 17th of February, he took his breakin each house successively a lead. fast alone, in bis library, at ten ing part in every debate of national o'clock. At about that huur also, importance ; and he had been, dus he received the post letters. Some ring more than half that period, in time after, his servant, not hav. the confidential service of the ing, as usual, heard his bell, crown.
entered the apartment, and found On the 8th of June, 1812, he him stretched on the floor, motion. was appointed first commissioner of less and speechless. From his the treasury. The only additions position, it was evident :hat he had to the ministry, on the occasion, fallen in the act of opening a were LordSidmouth, and Mr. Van. letter. It appeared that he had sittart, now Lord Bexley.
been seized by a fit, both of an On the 9th of June, 1814, the apopletic and a paralytic nature, Earl of Liverpool was elected a which affected the whole of his knight of the most noble order of right side. As soon as his situathe Garter.
tion would admit, he was removed Afier the animated debates on to his seat in Combe Wood. There the subject of the second regency, he remained for the nearly two re. the premier had glided, by an easy maining years of his life, with vatransition from the councils of the rious fluctuations of his disease, father to those of the son; and although at no time with the slight. when the reign of the former was est prospect of convalescence. closed by death, the changes fre. He had been for some days in quently consequent on such occur. bis ordinary state, and no symp. rences, were neither expected nor toms calculated to excite imme. witnessed. When the premier and diate apprehension had occurred, the other ministers resigned their when, on Thursday, the 4th of De. seals, pro formå, on the morning cember, 1828, he was attacked after the king's demise, they were with convulsions and spasms soon severally reinstated in their respec. after breakfast, and before Mr. tive offices.
Sandford, a medical friend in the The Earl of Liverpool's last ap- neighbourhood, could arrive, his pearance in public was in Februa. lordship had breathed his last. The ry, 1827. The two last motions countess, his brother, and Mr. he made in the house of peers, Child, his steward, were present in were personally connected with the apartment. the royal family—those of moving If the Earl of Liverpool was not an address of condolence to his a man of brilliant genius, or lively majesty, on the death of the Duke fancy, he was possessed of power. of York, and for a further provision ful talents, sound principles, and for the duke and duchess of Cla unimpeachable integrity. From rence. The latter duty was per- bis youth, he abstained from mix. formed on the 16th of February. ing in the common-place business He retired to rest at Fife House of the world ; he had no relish for at his usual hour, and appa. those amusements and occupations rently in good health. On the which other men pursue with such
eagerness; he looked upon life as that soon arose, engrossed his feel. a gift bestowed upon him, with the ings, and enlisted all the faculties condition that it should be entirely of his mind on the side of his coun. devoted to the service of his coun. try. He soon became the cham. try. He combined, in an extra. pion and leader of the whigs in the ordinary degree, firmness with mo- vicinity of Salem. deration. His measures were the When, in 1775, the British par. result of deep deliberațion ; but liament, by an act usually called when once adopted, were pursued the Boston Port-Bill, shut up the with inflexible resolution, and de. capital of Massachusetts from the spondency formed no feature of his sea, thereby prostrating its active character.
and extensive commerce, the seat Lord Liverpool's eloquence, if it of the provincial government was did not reach the highest point of removed from Boston to Salem. excellence, always impressed the Sympathizing with the sufferers of hearer with a conviction of the sin. Boston, the inhabitants of Salem, in cerity and the patriotism of the full town-meeting, voted an address speaker. In debate, he was vehe. to the new governor, General ment, but never intemperate. He Gage; the great object of which did not seem to entertain one an. was, so far as an expression of their gry feeling towards his parliamenta. sentiments would go, to procure re. ry antagonists, however wanton lief for their brethren in Boston. their attacks, or undeserved their That address was written by Co. insults ; and his courteous, though lonel Pickering; it concluded with dignified deportment, upruffled by these remarkable words: “By shut. the coarsest personalities which ting up the port of Boston, some could be vented against him, fre. imagine that the course of trade quently disarmed his fiercest ad. might be turned hither, and to our versary.
benefit: but nature, in the formation of our harbour, forbid our be.
coming rivals in commerce with TIMOTHY PICKERING.
that convenient mart; and were it January 29, 1829. At Salem, otherwise, we must be dead to Massachusetts, Timothy Pickering, every idea of justice, lost to all aged 84.
feelings of humanity, could we in. Timothy Pickering was born in dulge one thought to seize on Salem, on the 17th July, 1746, and wealth, and raise our fortunes on was descended from a respectable the ruins of our suffering neigh. family, who were among the ear. bours.” liest emigrants. He received a li. On the 19th of April, 1775, the bat. beral education, and was graduated tle of Lexington took place. About at Harvard University, in 1763, at nine o'clock in the morning, Colo. the moment when the peace be. nel Pickering being in his office, tween Great Britain and France (the registry of deeds for the coun. had liberated the colonies from a ty of Essex,) a captain of militia, harassing war, and left them at from the adjacent town of Danvers, leisure to investigate and ascertain came in, and informed him, that a their rights in relation to the mo. man had ridden into that town, and ther country.
The controversy, reported that the British troops had
imarched from Boston to Lexing. seen from the fire of a small num. ton, and attacked the militia. This ber of militia muskets discharged officer, whose company belonged at a distance, at the British troops. to Colonel Pickering's regiment, He halted the coinpanies, and orasked for orders and received a dered them to load, in the fullexpec. verbal answer, that the Danvers tation of coming to an engagement. companies should march without At that moment a messenger arrived waiting for those of Salem.
from General Heath, who informed Immediately Colonel Pickering Colonel Pickering that the British went to the centre of the town, and troops had their artillery in their met a few of the principal inhabi. rear, and could not be approached tants. A short consultation en- by musketry; and that the general sued. Those who knew the dis. desired to see him. Leaving the tance of Lexington froin Salem, and companies in that position, he went its relative situation to Boston, ob. across the fields and met General served, that
the British troops Heath. They soon after saw the would certainly have returned to British troops ascend the high Boston long before the Salem mi. ground called Bunker's Hill. It litia could reach the scene of the was about sunset. The next day reported action; and that to march they entered Boston. would therefore be useless. It was It was before the close of the nevertheless concluded to assemble year 1775, that in organizing the the militia, and commence the provisional government of Missamarch; and for this sole reason, chusetts, Colonel Pickering was that it would be an evidence to appointed one of the judges of the their brethren in the country, of court of common pleas for Essex, their disposition to co-operate in his native county, and sole judge every measure which the com. of the maritime court, (which had mon safety required. This idea, cognizance of all prize.causes,) for however, of the fruitlessness of the middle district, comprehending their march, was so predominant, Boston, with Salem, and the other that they halted a short time, when ports in Essex ; offices which he about two miles from the town; held, until he accepted an appointexpecting every moment intelli ment in the
army. gence that the British troops had In the fall of 1776, the army returned. But receiving, none,
under General Washington's com. they resumed thrir march, and mand, being greatly reduced in proceeded to Medford, which was numbers, a large re-enforcement about five miles from Boston. of militia was called for; 5000 from Here Colonel Pickering first re. Massachusetts. Colonel Pickering ceived certain information that the took the command of the regiment British troops were still on their of 700 men furnished from Essex. march, and on a route which ren. The quota of Salem was composed dered it possible to meet them. He of volunteers. hastened the march of the militia This tour of militia duty was peron the direct road to Charlestown formed in the winter of 1776—7; and Boston ; until on an elevated terminating at Boundbrook, in part of the road, the smoke was New.Jersey ; General Washing
ton's head-quarters being at Mor. party of the British troops had ristown.
taken post in a large and strong Soon after his return home, Co. house, since well known by the lonel Pickering received an invita. name of Chew's house, on which tion from General Washington, to the light field artillery of the Ame. take the office of adjutant-general. ricans could make no impression. Colonel Lee had been recommend. This house stood back a few rods ed by congress, to the commander. from the road. Colonel Pickering in-chief, for that office, but he first discovered the enemy to be deemed it proper to offer the office there by their firing at him from first to Colonel Pickering. The the windows on his return to Gene. office was at first declined, but af. ral Sullivan. terwards, upon th recommenda. On rejoining General Washing. tion of Colonel Lee himself, it was ton, Colonel Pickering found accepted by Colonel Pickering, the question was agitated, “Whe. who repaired to the army, and join. ther the whole of the troops then ed it at Middlebrook, New Jersy. behind, should pass on regard.
General Howe having embarked less of the enemy in Chew's his army at New-York, to proceed, house, or summon then to surren. as it was understood, either to De. der." A distinguished officer urged laware or Chesapeake Bay, Gene. a summons. He said it would be ral Washington's army marched “unmilitary to leave a castle in our from New.Jersey, to the state of rear.” Colonel Pickering answer. Delaware ; and thence into the ad. ed“ doubtless that is a correct jacent part of Pennsylvania, to op- general maxim; but it does not pose the British army, then march. apply in this case. We know the ing from the head of Elk for Phila. extent of this castle, (Chew's delphia. On the 14th of Septem. house ;) and to guard against the ber, 1777, the battle of Brandywine danger from the enemy's sallying took place. After carrying General out and falling on the rear of our Washington's orders to a general troops, a small regiment may be 'officer at Chadsford, Colonel Pick. posted here to watch them; and if ering repaired to the right, where they sally out, such a regiment the batile commenced; and re. will take care of them. But, mained by the general's side to to summon them to surrender its termination at the close of the will be useless.
We are now day.
in the midst of the battle ; and On the 4th of October following, its issue is unknown. In this state General Washington attacked the of uncertainty, and so well secured British troops at Germantown. Af. as the enemy find themselves, they ter the right wing, commanded by will not regard a summons; they General Sullivan, had for some time will fire at your flag.” However, been briskly engaged, General a subaltern officer, with a white Washington sent Colonel Picker. flag and drum, was sent with a ing forward with an order to that summons. He had reached the officer. Having delivered it, he re gate at the road, when a shot from turned to rejoin the commander-in à window gave him a wound, of chief. It had been found that a which he died.
In December of the same year, Washington, has just transmitted the army marched to Valley Forge, me a plan for conducting the quar. and took up their winter quarters ter master's department, agreed to in log huts, which they erected at in congress, the fifteenth instant, that place.
wherein I am continued as quarter Before this, the congress, then master general, and directed to sitting at Yorktown in Pennsylva. make the necessary appointments nia, had elected Colonel Picker. in the department, agreeably there. ing a member of the continental to, as soon as possible. board of war.
General Gates It was my intention, from the and General Mifflin were elected peculiar circumstances of our own members of the same board, and affairs—and I have long since com. before the expiration of the winter, municated it to the commander-in. they all repaired to Yorktown, chief, and the committee of con. where the board sat.
gress-to have continued to exer. While acting at the board of cise the office of quarter master war, on the 21st of January, 1780, general, during the active part of Colonel Pickering was chosen, this campaign, provided matters with General Schuyler, commiş. were left upon such a footing as to sioners to superintend and reform enable me to conduct the business the staff department. General to satisfaction ; and in order to Schuyler having declined, General remove every shadow of suspicion Mifflin afterwards acted with Colo. that might induce a belief that I nel Pickering, in the execution of was influenced by interested mo. the duties intrusted to these commis. tives, to make more extensive arsioners, and on the 14th of April rangements than were necessary, following, they received the thanks I voluntarily relinquished every of congress for the able and atten. kind of emolument for conducting tive performance of their duties. the business, save my family ex;
Colonel Pickering continued to penses. act as a member of the board of It is unnecessary for me to go war, until the 5th of August, 1780, into the general objections I have when he was elected quarter mas. to the plan :- it is sufficient to say, ter general, as successor to General that my feelings are injured, and Greene, who had resigned that the officers necessary to conduct office. Congress had just before the business are not allowed, nor re-organized the department of is proper provision made for some quarter master general, and the of those that are. There is but one footing on which it was placed, oc. assistant quarter master general, casioned so much dissatisfaction to who is to reside near congress, General Greene, and he saw so and one deputy, for the main army, little probability of discharging its allowed in the system. Whoever duties, either with credit to himself, has the least knowledge of the or with benefit to the country, that business in this office, and the field he addressed the following letter duty which is to be done, must be to the president of Congress. fully convinced, that it is impossi. CAMP PRECANESS,
ble to perform it without much 26th July, 1780. more assistance than is allowed in S18-His excellency, General the present arrangement. Whether