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have revolted, how can this case duties imposed by the treaties con. ever be made applicable to its situ. cluded with the friendly powers ation ; and must not the Ottoman who now render this categorical government attribute to those who reply necessary, the Sublime Porte advance such propositions, views hereby declares, for the last time, tending to give consequence to a that every thing which has been troop of brigands? A Greek go. stated above entirely accords with vernment is spoken of, which is to the sovereign intentions of his highbe recognised in case the Sublime ness, of his ministers, and of all the Porte does not consent to some ar. mussulman people. rangement; and it has even been In the hope that this faithful ex. proposed to conclude a treaty with position will suffice to convince its the rebels. Has not the Sublime equitable friends of the justice of Porte great reason to be struck its cause, the Sublime Porte em. with astonishment at hearing such braces this opportunity for reitera. language from friendly powers, for ting the assurance of its high con. history presents no example of a sideration. conduct in all respects so opposed Health and peace to him who to the principles and duties of go. followeth the path of rectitude. vernments ?
The Sublime Porte, therefore, Note presented on the 16th of August can never listen to such proposi. by the Ambassadors of the three tions-to such propositions to Allied Powers to the Reis Effendi, which it will neither hear nor un.
announcing the treaty of London. derstand, so long as the country inhabited by the Greeks, forms
To his Excellency the Reis Effendi. part of the Ottoman dominions, and The undersigned are charged they are tributary subjects of the by their respective governments to Porte, which never will renounce make to his Excellency the Reis its rights. If, with the aid of the Effendi the following declaration : Almighty, the Sublinie Porte re During six years, the great sume full possession of that coun. powers of Europe have been entry, it will then always act as well gaged in endeavours to induce the for the present as for the future, in Sublime Porte to enter into a paci. comformily with the ordinances fication with Greece ; but these which its holy law prescribes with endeavours have been constantly respect to its subjects.
unavailing, and thus a war of exter. The Sublime Porte, then, finding mination has been prolonged bethat in respect to this affair, it is tween it and the Greeks, the results impossible for it to listen to any of which have been, on the one thing except to the precepts of its hand, calamities, the contemplation religion and the code of its legisla. of which is dreadful for humanity ; tion, considers itself justified in de and on the other hand, severe and claring, that from religious, politi. intolerable losses to the commerce cal, administrative, and national of all nations, while at the same considerations, it cannot give the time it has not been possible to admit slightest countenance to the propo. that the fate of Greece has been at sitions which have been framed all within the control of the Otto. and finally brought forward. Al. man power: ways prepared to comply with the The European Powers have
consequently redoubled the zeal and it is their duty not to conceal from renewed the instances which they the Reis Effendi, that a new refusal, before made, to determine the Porte, an evasive or insufficient answer, with the aid of their mediation, to even a toi al silence on the part of put an end to a struggle that it was bis government, will place the essential to its own interests should Allied Courts under the necessity be no longer kept up. The Europe. of recurring to such measures as an powers have the more flattered they shall judge most efficacious themselves in the hope of arriving for putting an end to a state of at so happy a conclusion, as the things, which is become incompaGreeks themselves have in the in. tible even with the true interests of terval shown a desire to avail them the Sublime Porte, with the security selves of their mediation ; but the of commerce in general, and with Sublime Porte has hitherto refused the perfect tranquillity of Europe. to listen to couns dictated by (Signed) C. GUILLEMINOT. sentiments of benevolence and
S. CANNING. friendship. In this state of affairs,
RIBEAUPIERRE. the courts of France, England, and Aug. 16, 1827. Russia, have considered it their [For treaty of London, vide Am. duty to define, by a special treaty, Ann. Reg. for 1826–7, page 228.] the line of conduct they are resolved to observe, in order to arrive at the Note of the Sultan to his Viziers, object towards which the wishes Pashas of three tails, on commuand interests of all the Christian nicating to them the note of the
allied Ambassadors, announcing In execution of one of the clau. the Treaty of London. ses of the treaty, the undersignad Though from the beginning of have been charged to declare to the the rebellion of the infidels, our government of the Sublime Porte, Greek subjects, the European pow. that they now in a formal manner ers not only have declared their offer their mediation between it and neutrality, but appeared even de. the Greeks, to put an end to the war, sirous to see the rebels and insurand to regulate by a friendly nego. gents punished, it must be too surtiation the relations which are to prising to reason, that after the exist between them in future. lapse of some space of time, they
That further, and to the end that begin to proceed differently; that the succes of this mediation may be is, in the opposite direction. facilitated, they propose to the go.
But of all the other powers, En. vernment of the Sublime Porte an gland administered to the rebels, armistice for suspending all acts of in various modes and circumhostility against the Greeks, to stances, mediately and immediate. whom a similar proposition is this ly, different aids for their support moment addressed. Finally, they in the cause of rebellion, without expect that at the end of 15 days ever consenting to listen to the the Divan will clearly make known most just and reasonable its determination.
plaints of my Sublime Porte, adThe undersigned flatter them. vanced solemnly at various times. selves that it will be conformable to Besides this, it wished formerly the wish of the Allied Courts ; but to interpose its mediation in favour
of the rebels, and chiefly within a deigned to warn you also, my vi. few months, in union with other ziers and agents, and invite you to powers. My royal majesty, by express sincerely your opinion on means of the Reis Effendi, gave al. this important affair; ordering at ways, at the fit time, suitable the same time that you must be swers; and the last and definite more cautious and attentive than one in the month of Zilchizzé, at any other time, to resist, and just passed.
most prompt to meet every hostile But instead of
attack that may occur on the part of having found their fit place and these pagan powers; so that through due force and figure, beyond all the aid of the Most High, and the expectation, in these days, the grace of our prophet, we may be ministers of the powers of En. able, as I trust, to defend our ingland, France, and Russia, abiding contestible reasons against the in this, my capital, advanced, in injustice of others. the name of their respective courts, Hereafter, you shall have par. another new declaration, still more ticular and detailed instructions on absurd, as well as most unjust, in the part of my royal majesty. which it is manifestly expressed Peace and health to all the faith. that they imperiously require the ful, and the opposite to the unfaith. independence and emancipation of ful. the insurgents, our rebel subjects;
Given the 2d of the month Safer, and that they iniquitously deter. (12th Aug. old style,) 1827. mine, that my royal majesty and our faithful mussulmans shall aban. don to the infidel Greeks, the pro.
Proclamation of the Greek Govern. perty conquered for so many cen.
ment. turies by our ancestors, by arms, Burtzi, (the fort in the harbour of and by the shedding of so much Napoli,) 21st of Aug. N. S. 1827. blood, and that in case of opposi.
The committee of government tion, they will take means to carry announces to all Greece-Anim. their purpose into execution, with. portant and decisive circumstance out obtaining my consent.
has now occurred, and the govern. My royal majesty, therefore, ment considers it as its imperative having examined the affair pro- duty to make it known. foundly and maturely, observing The conventions of the 24th of where their purpose tends, deter. June, (6th July,) concluded at mine on what is to be done, and London by the plenipotentiaries of conforming itself to the doctrines the three powers, England, France, of our holy religion, decides to and Russia, and which have been prefer, if it should so happen, to almost every where known, do not subject by means of arms, its most allow us to doubt that those great powerful throne to general and powers have resolved to put an entire ruin, (which God, as all end to our struggle by their power. powerful, avert,) than to consent to ful and persevering intervention. the absurd and iniquitous proposi. The Greek nation had already tions of those powers as most fatal. sought this intervention through
Hence, my royal majesty has its representatives in the third na.
tional assembly, which met first at portant interests of the Greek na. Epidaurus, and afterwards at Træ. tion are now discussed, and how gene ; and the resolution of the
it is that the govern. great Christian powers proves that ment should be in a situation calm. the Greeks did not hope in vain for ly to devote a great share of its at. their interference. Great, howe. tention to the developement of ver, as their desire for the termina. those important interests. tion of the war may be, the Greeks The town of Napoli, though the must not forget that their future late troubles have been appeased, fate depends in a great measure on is allowed to be the best place for themselves--that is to say, attaining this great object. The their actions, which, in this deci. agitation still remaining after such sive moment, must be guided by great disorders, and the fear of prudence, and accompanied by ac. new possible disagreements, would tive zeal.
engage almost the whole attention The Greeks are especially in of the government at Napoli. It need of perfect union among
them. has, therefore, been resolved to selves, to prove to the world that remove it to Egina, where it will they are unjustly accused of being be able, as before, calmly to attend friends to confusion and anarchy. to the great interests of the nation, Their firm resolution to show and be in a favourable situation to themselves obedient to the laws, superintend and second the mili. united in one object, the welfare of tary operations, as they continue. the country, will make them worthy But while the government removes of the good will of all the Christian to Egina, it will not forget the ne. powers, and chiefly contribute to cessity of maintaining tranquillity the happy result of the powerful at Napoli
, nor neglect the rights intervention.
and inierests of that city, but take According to art. 4, of the con the necessary measures before its vention, the three powers will first departure. of all require an armistice. The Greeks! the more the govern. Greeks certainly cannot oppose ment feels the importance of prewhat they themselves asked at the sent circumstances, the more does time of the assembly at Epidaurus; it increase its zeal, and activity, but they must also reflect, that it and attention, to show itself worthy depends on themselves, that the of your confidence, but the more armistice shall be honourable and necessary is it also that you should advantageous.to them. They must be ready to support it. It theretherefore, redouble their energy, fore calls upon you to show sin. and show greater obedience and cere concord, perfect obedience, readiness than hitherto, that the and to act as becomes men who enemy may not reap advantage at are sensible of the blessings of their expense. The committee of liberty, and wish to enjoy them. government, considering this, will All the representatives of the peo. do its utmost to support the ex. ple who are not present in the pert energy and readiness of the senate, must consider that now, Greeks.
more than ever, the legislative Greeks! The reading of the body has need of their presence, treaty will convince you what im. and the aid of their various know
Jedge; and they must hasten to of the three powers having beei fulfil the sacred duties which fruitless, the contracting powers Greece has imposed on them. will make use of the means which Every Greek, who by counsel or are in their power to require with actions can contribute to the sup. energy of the Porte to attend at port of the laws and the mainte. length to the proposals which have Dance of order, is bound to aid the been made to it for the good of government of the country in this humanity, and for the security of important task.
But should any the commerce of all nations. systematically turbulent individuals Though military operations by sea attempt at the present time to agi. and by land, says the protocol, tate the citizens, and thus prepare may perhaps become necessary to certain ruin for their country, they attain this object, every thing will may be assured that they will not be done in the spirit of the treaty escape the punishment which their of the 8th of July, and no one of wickedness merits, and the governs the contracting powers shall have ment will employ with energy the the right, under any pretext, to measures which circumstances and seek an aggrandizement of territo. the laws command.
ry, or any other advantages whate. The government has not only ver. The expenses caused by the hope, but the certainty that the carrying the measures into execu. mediating powers will also co. tion, shall be subjected to a comoperate in enforcing the measures mon estimation, and the nature of which it may take for the mainte. the indemnities shall be stipulated. nance of internal order against such enemies of their country, and
Protocol of the conference bedoubts not that the efforts of the
tween the Admirals of the allied Greeks, strengthened by their
powers. concord and supported by the be
The admirals commanding the nevolent sentiments of the powers, squadrons of the three powers which will be crowned with a happy signed the treaty of London, having issue.
met before Navarino, for the purThe Committee of Government. GEO. MAUROMICHALI.
pose of concerting the means of
effecting the object specified in the John M. MILAITI. JANNULI Mako.
said treaty, viz. an armistice de The Secretary of State for the Greeks, have set forth in the present
facto between the Turks and the Interior and Police, ANASTASIOS LONDO.
protocol the result of their confe. The Secretary for Foreign Affairs, G. GALARIKI.
Considering that after the provi. sional suspension of hostilities, to
which Ibrahim Pacha consented in Protocol on the question of interven- his conference of the 25th of Sep.
tion between the Ministers of Rus. tember last, with the English and sia, France, and Englund, finally French admirals, acting likewise agreed upon in London on the in the name of the Russian admiral, 21st December, 1826.
the said pacha did, the very next All the efforts made to induce day, violate his engagement by causthe Porte to adopt the intervention ing his fleet to come out, with a view