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1. That the arrangement to be vernments of his Britannic Majesty proposed to the Porte, if that Go. and his Imperial Majesty. vernment should accept the prof. 3. If the mediation offered by his fered mediation, should have for its Britannic Majesty should not have object to place the Greeks towards been accepted by the Porte, and the Ottoman Porte in the relation whatever may be the nature of the hereafter mentioned.
relations between his Imperial MaGreece should be a dependency jesty and the Turkish government, of that empire, and the Greeks his Britannic Majesty and his Im. should pay to the Porte an annual perial Majesty will still consider the tribute, the amount of which should terms of the arrangement specified be permanently fixed by common in No. 1. of this Protocol, as the consent. They should be exclu. basis of any reconciliation to be ef. sively governed by authorities, to fected by their intervention, whe. be chosen and named by them. ther in concert or separately, be. selves, but in the nomination of tween the Porte and the Greeks; which authorities the Porte should and they will avail themselves have a certain influence.
of every favourable opportunity to In this state, the Greeks should exert their influence with both parenjoy a complete liberty of con. ties, in order to effect their recon. science, entire freedom of com. ciliation on the above-mentioned merce, and should, exclusively, con. basis. duct their own internal government.
4. That his Britannic Majesty In order to effect a complete se. and his Imperial Majesty should paration between individuals of the reserve to themselves to adopt, two nations, and to prevent the hereafter, the measures necessary collisions which must be the neces. for the settlement of the details of sary consequences of a contest of the arrangement in question, as such duration, the Greeks should well as the limits of the territory purchase the property of the Turks, and the names of the islands of the whether situated on the continent Archipelago to which it shall be of Greece, or in the islands. applicable, and it shall be proposed
2. In case the principle of a media. to the Porte to comprise under the tion between the Turks and Greeks domination of Greece. should have been admitted, in con. 5. That, moreover, his Britannic sequence of the sieps taken with Majesty and his Imperial Majesty that view by his Britannic Majesty's will not seek, in this arrangement, Ambassador at Constantinople, his any increase of territory, nor any Imperial Majesty would exert, in exclusive influence, nor advantage every case, his influence to forward in commerce for their subjects, the object of that mediation. The which shall not be equally attainable mode in which, and the time at by all other nations. which, his Imperial Majesty should 6. That his Britannic Majesty take part in the ulterior negotiations and his Imperial Majesty, being with the Ottoman Porte, which may desirous that their Allies should be the consequence of that media. become parties to the definitive artion, should be determined hereafter rangement of which this Protocol by the common consent of the go. contains the outline, will communi
TOWARDS THE GREEKS.
cate this instrument, confidentially, tively abstaining from every kind to the Courts of Vienna, Paris, and of interference in each other's inBerlin, and will propose to them ternal and private affairs, it is, on that they should, in concert with the the other hand, not less evident Emperor of Russia, guaranty the that the essential object of treaties treaty by which the reconciliation between empires is to guard against of the Turks and Greeks shall be the infringement of a system of oreffected, as his Britannic Majesty der so admirable, and thus to estab. cannot guaranty such a treaty. lish the security of people and
St. Petersburgh, April 4, (March kingdoms. In this way each inde. 23,) 1826.
WELLINGTON. pendent power, besides the obliga. (Signed) NESSELRODE. tions which its treaties and foreign LIEVEN.
relations impose, possesses also in
stitutions and relations which con. MANIFESTO OF THE OTTOMAN PORTE, cern only itself and its internal JUSTIFICATORY OF ITS CONDUCT state, and which are the offspring
of its legislation and form of govern. The following document was de. ment. It belongs, then, to itself livered on the 9th and 10th of June, alone to judge of what befits itself, 1827, by the Reis Effendi to the and to busy itself therewith exDragomans of the French, English, clusively. Moreover, it is matter Russian, Austrian, and Prussian of public notoriety, that all the missions, in the order in which they affairs of the Sublime Ottoman repaired to the Porte.
Porte are founded on its sacred
legislation, and that all its regula. To every man endowed with in. tions, national and political, are telligence and penetration, it is clear strictly connected with the precepts and evident that conformably to the of religion. decrees of Divine Providence, the Now the Greeks, who form part flourishing condition of this world of the nations inhabiting the coun. is owing to the union of the human tries conquered ages ago by the species in the social state ; and Ottoman arms, and who, from that, as on account of their diversity generation to generation, have been of manners and character, this tributary subjects of the Sublime union could only be accomplished Porte, have, like the other nations by the subjection of different nations, that since the origin of Islamism re. Almighty wisdom, in dividing the mained faithfully in submission, al. universe into different countries, ways enjoyed perfect repose and has assigned to each a Sovereign, tranquillity under the ægis of our into whose hands the reins of legislation. It is notorious that these absolute authority over the nations Greeks have been treated like Mus. subject to his dominion are placed; sulmans in every respect, and as to and that it is the wise manner the every thing which regards their Creator has established and regu. property, the maintenance of their lated the order of the universe. personal security, and the defence
If, on the one hand, the consist of their honour; that they have ency and duration of such a state been, particularly under the glorious of things principally depend on reign of the present sovereign, load. monarchs and sovereigns respec. ed with benefits far exceeding those
which their ancestors enjoyed; but ner as the Sublime Porte has always it is precisely this great degree of extended its conquests,--namely, favour, this height of comfort and by separating its faithful subjects tranquillity, that has been the
from the refractory and malevo. cause of the revolt, excited by ma. lent, and by terminating the exist. lignant men, incapable of appre. ing troubles by its own resources, ciating the value of such marks of without giving occasion to discus. benevolence. Yielding to the de. sions with the powers who are its lusions of a heated imagination, friends, or to any demands on their they have dared to raise the stan. part. dard of revolt, not only against their All the efforts of the Sublime benefactor and legitimate sove Porto have but one object, which reign, but also against all the mus. is the desire of the establishment sulman people, by committing the of general tranquillity, while fo. most horrible excesses, sacrificing reign interference can only tend to to their vengeance defenceless wo. a prolongation of the rebellion. The men and innocent children with firm and constant intention of the unexampled atrocity.
Sublime Porte to attend to its prinAs each power has its own par. cipal interests which spring from ticular penal code and political or. its sacred law, merits their appro. dinances, the tenor whereof forms bation and respect, while any fo. the basis for its acts of sovereign. reign interference must be liable ty, so the Sublime Porte, in every to blame and animadversion. Now, thing relating to the exercise of its it is clear and evident, that by ad. sovereignty, rests exclusively upon hering to this principle, every its holy legislation, according to thing might have been terminated which, the rebels fall to be treated. long since, but for the ill-founded But in inflicting necessary punish. propositions which have been ad, ment on some with the sole view vanced concerning the conformity of amending them, the Porte has of religion, and the fatal influence never refused to pardon those who which this state of things has, per. implore its mercy, and to replace haps, exercised throughout the them as before, under the ægis of whole of Europe, and the injury to its protection. In the same man. which maritime commerce may ner, the Sublime Porte, always re. have been exposed. At the same solved to conform to the ordinances time, the hopes of the malevolent of its sacred law, notwithstanding have been constantly encouraged the attention devoted to its domes. by the improper conduct of giving tic affairs, has never neglected to them assistance of every kind, cultivate the relations of good un which at any time ought to have. derstanding with friendly powers. been reproved, conformably to the The Sublime Porte has always been law of nations. It is besides to be ready to comply with whatever observed, that the relations and treaties and the duties of friendship treaties subsisting between the , prescribe. Its most sincere pray Sublime Porte and the powers in ers are offered up for that peace friendship with it, have been en. and general tranquillity which, tered into with the monarchs and with the aid of the Most High, will ministers of those powers only; he re-established in the same man. and considering the obligation of
every independent power to go. fered effective assistance in pun. vern its subjects itself, the Sublime ishing the rebels. As, however, Porte has not failed to address to this offer related to an affair which some friendly courts complaints came exclusively within the resort respecting the succours afforded to of the Sublime Porte, in pursuance the insurgents. The only answer of important considerations, both made to these representations has with regard to the present and fubeen, to give to machinations tend ture, the Porte confined itself to reing to subvert laws and treaties, the plying, that though such an offer signification of liberty; and to in. had for its object to give aid to the terpret proceedings contrary to ex. Ottoman government, it would isting engagements by the expres. never permit foreign interference. sion of neutrality, alleging the in. What is more, when the ambassa. sufficiency of means for restrain. dor of a friendly power, at the peing the people.
riod of his journey to the congress Setting aside the want of reci- of Verona, entered into explana. procal security, which must finally tions in conferences with the Otto. result from such a state of things man minister on the proposed me. to the subjects of the respective diation, the Sublime Porte declared, powers, the Sublime Porte cannot in the most unequivocal manner, allow such transactions to pass that such a proposition could not silently. Accordingly, the Porte be listened to; reiterating, every has never omitted to reply to the time that the subject was resumed, different pretensions advanced, by the assurance that political, naappealing to the justice and the tional, and religious considerations, equity of the powers who are its rendered such refusal indispensable. friends, by often reiterating com In yielding to this reasoning, and plaints respecting the assistance in admitting more than once that afforded to the insurgents, and by right was on the side of the Porte, giving the necessary answers in the before mentioned ambassador, the course of communications with on his return from Verona to Con. its friends. In fine, a mediation stantinople, again clearly and offi. has at last been proposed. The cially declared in several confe. fact, however, is, that an answer rences, by order of his court, and restricted to one single object can in the name of the other powers, neither be changed by the process that the Greek question was recog. of time, nor by the innovation of nised as belonging to the internal expressions. The reply which the affairs of the Sublime Porte; that Sublime Porte gave at the beginning as such it ought to be brought will always be the same-namely, to a termination exclusively by the that which it has reiterated in the Porte itself; that no other power face of the whole world, and which was to interfere in the sequel; and is in the last result its sentiment that if ever any one were to interon the position of affairs.
fere, all the others would act ac. Those who are informed of the cording to the principles of the law circumstances, and the details of of nations. events, are not ignorant that at the The agents of one of the great commencement of the insurrection, powers which has recently consosome ministers of friendly courts, lidated its relations of friendship resident at the Sublime Porte, of: and good understanding with the
Sublime Porte, also officially and Moreover, the troubles and the explicitly declared, in their con. revolt exist only in one single counferences with the Ottoman agents, try of the Ottoman empire, and that there should be no interference among the partisans of malevo. on this subject. That declaration lence ; for, thanks be to God, the having served as the basis for the other provinces of this vast empire result of those conferences, there have no way suffered, and with cannot now be any question re. all their inhabitants enjoy the most specting this affair, which the Sub. perfect repose. It is not easy, lime Porte is entitled to consider as therefore, to understand how these completely and radically adjusted. troubles are to be communicated to Nevertheless, the Porte still con. other European countries. Sup. siders itself authorized here to add pose, however, that this were the the following observations in sup. case, as each power is paramount port of its antecedent assertions : within itself, it ought to know such
The measures which the Sublime of its subjects on its own territory Porte has adopted from the com. as manifest seditious dispositions, mencement, and which it still pur. and it ought to punish them accord. sues against the Greek insurgents, ing to its own laws, and in pursu. ought not to make the war be con. ance of the duties inherent in its sidered a war of religion. Those own sovereignty. It may be supermeasures do not extend to all the fuous to add, that the Sublimo people in general; for they have Porte will never interfere in such for their sole object to repress the transactions. revolt, and to punish those subjects Considering the points above set of the Porte, who, acting as true forth with reference to justice and chiefs of brigands, have committed equity, every one must be easily atrocities equally serious and re convinced that there remains no prehensible. The Sublime Porte ground for discussion upon these never has refused pardon to those affairs. However, though it is fit who submit. The gates of cle. that all ulterior interference should mency and mercy have always cease, an offer of a mediation has been open. This the Sublime Porte been in the last result made. has proved by facts, and still Now, in political language, it proves it, by granting protection to is understood by this expression, those who return to their duty. that if there arise differences on
The real cause of the continu. hostilities between two independent ance of this revolt is to be found in powers, a reconciliation may be the different propositions made to brought about by the interference the Sublime Porte. The injury of a third friendly power. It is arising from the war, too, has only the same with respect to armistices been felt by the Porte; for it is and treaties of peace, which can. known to all the world that Euro. not be concluded but between re. pean navigation has never been in. cognised powers. But the Sub. terrupted by this state of things, lime Porte being engaged in pun. which, far from prejudicing Euro- ishing, on its own territory, and in pean merchants, has afforded them conformity with its sacred law, considerable advantages.
such of its turbulent subjects as