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manners. I fear that few men un. The following are the clauses dergo such a total change of cha. contained in the law which refers to racter as this, under any circum- the sectarians : stances, and that a prison is among 83. And whereas it has been the last places in which it is to be found that the practice of ignorant, expected. Independently of this superstitious, or designing slaves, consideration, I apprehend that this of attempting to instruct others, clause may in some degree dero- has been attended with the most gate from the power, which, under pernicious consequences, and even his majesty's instructions, you pos- with the loss of life : Be it enacted, sess, of pardoning offenders, or re. That any slave or slaves found mitting their punishments.
guilty of preaching and teaching I have thus explained, at length, as Anabaptists, or otherwise, with the considerations which have im out a permission from their owner, posed on his majesty's government and the quarter sessions for the the necessity of submitting to his parish in which such preaching or majesty their advice that this act teaching takes place, shall be pun. should be disallowed. It cannot ished in such manner as any three but be a subject of deep regret to magistrates may deem proper, by them, that their sense of public whipping, or imprisonment in the duty has prevented their adopting a workhouse to hard labour. different course; but I trust that, 84. And whereas, the assembling upon a serious and deliberate re. of slaves and other persons, after view of the subject, the gentlemen dark, at places of meeting belong. of the Legislative Council and As. ing to dissenters from the es. sembly of Jamaica will themselves tablished religion, and other per. be disposed to admit, that the de. sons professing to be teachers of cision which has been adopted was religion, has been found extremely inevitable. The preceding remarks dangerous, and great facilities are will show that this act has not been thereby given to the formation of disallowed upon any slight grounds. plots and conspiracies, and the The many wise and beneficent health of the slaves and other per. provisions which it contains have sons has been injured in travelling been fully appreciated, although to and from such places of meeting they have not been thought suffi. at late hours in the night : Be it cient to compensate for the irrepa. further enacted, by the authority rable injury which the best interests aforesaid, that from and after the of the colony might sustain, from commencement of this act, all such some of the enactments to which I meetings between sunset and sun. have particularly referred. Even rise shall be held and deemed un. were the law unobjectionable on lawful ; and any sectarian, disevery other ground, it would be senting minister, or other person impossible to surmount the difficulty professing to be a teacher of re. presented by the clauses for re. ligion, who shall, contrary to this straining religious liberty.--I have act, keep open any such places of the honour to be, Sir, your most meeting between sunset and sunobedient humble servant,
rise, for the purpose aforesaid, or (Signed) HUSKISSON. permit or suffer any such nightly Lieutenant-Governor
assembly of slaves therein, or be Sir John Keane, K. C. B., fc. present thereat, shall forfeit and
pay a sum, not less than £20, nor whereas, an ample provision is alexceeding £50, for each offence, ready made by the public, and by to be recovered in a summary man. private persons, for the religious ner, before any three justices, by instruction of the slaves : Be it warrant of distress and sale ; one enacted, by the authority aforesaid, moiety thereof to be paid to the that from and after the commence. informer, who is hereby declared a ment of this act, it shall not be law. competent witness, and the other ful for any dissenting minister, remoiety to the poor of the parishligious teacher, or other person in which such offence shall be com. whatsoever, to demand or receive mitted ; and, in default of payment any money or other chattel what. thereof, the said justices are hereby soever from any slave or slaves empowered and required to com within this island, for affording such mit such offender or offenders to slave or slaves religious instruc. the common gaol, for any space of tion, by way of offering contributime not exceeding one calendar tions, or under any other pretence month. Provided always, that no whatsoever; and if any person or thing herein contained shall be persons shall, contrary to the true deemed or taken to prevent any intent and meaning of this act, of. minister of the Presbyterian Kirk, fend herein, such person or persons or licensed minister, from perform. shall, upon conviction before any ing divine worship at any time be. three justices, forfeit and pay the fore the hour of eight o'clock in the sum of £20 for each offence, to evening at any licensed .place of be recovered in a summary man. worship, or to interfere with the
ner, by warrant of distress and celebration of divine worship ac sale, under the hands and seals of cording to the rites and ceremonies the said justices, one moiety there. of the Jewish and Roman Catholic of to be paid to the informer, who religions.
is hereby declared a competent 85. And whereas, under pretence witness, and the other moiety to the of offerings and contributions, large poor of the parish in which such sums of money and other chattels offence shall be committed; and, have been extorted by designing in default of payment, the said men, professing to be teachers of justices are hereby empowered religion, practising on the igno. and required to commit such offen. rance and superstition of the ne. der or offenders to the common gaol, groes in this island, to their great for any space of time not exceed. loss and impoverishment ; and ing one calendar month.
The chambers commenced their Gentlemen, session on the 5th February, 1828 ; It is always with equal satisfac. nearly every member was present, tion that I see you meet about my and the speech of the king was throne, and that I come to make delivered as follows:
known to you the situation of If I can thus, gentlemen, look France.
abroad with satisfaction, the doThe relations with the European mestic state of my kingdom does powers continue to be amicable not offer me less security. You and satisfactory. The affairs of will see by the documents which the east aloue present some diffi. will be laid before you, that if the culties; but the treaty that I have products of the different contribu. signed with the king of England and tions have suffered some diminu. the emperor of Russia, has laid the tion, the sources of the public foundation for the pacification of wealth are not lessened for any Greece, and I have reason to hope length of time. Extraordinary cir. that the efforts of my allies, and cumstances have produced an ex. my own efforts, will triumph over cess of expenditure for which it the resistance of the Ottoman will be necessary to provide. I have Porte, without the necessity of our ordered my ministers to render having recourse to arms.
you an account of them; and I The unexpected battle at Nava. have required of them, to press rino was at the same time an occa constantly towards a severe and
ex sion of glory for our arms, and a tensive economy. brillant pledge of the union of the I have called my son to act in the three flags.
military promotions. The army The peninsula has been for a will find in this new arrangement long time a cause of sacrifice to the most certain testimony of my us; this is near an end; secure on regard towards it. her frontiers, Spain is employing The progressive developements herself with perseverance in the of commerce and industry, that task of crushing in her bosom, the glory of peaceful states, have in. deplorable seeds of civil discord. creased their wants, and solicit Every thing assures me, that I more numerous outlets. It is my shall be able, very soon, with the wish that a minister appointed in consent of the king my nephew, to their interest, should have the spe. restore my soldiers to their country, cial employment of proposing to and to relieve my people from a me every thing which may be propainful burden.
per to assist their activity, which is A vig's us blockade, to termi. ever increasing nate only when I shall have re. However intimate may be the ceived the satisfaction which is due connexion which must exist be. to me, is kept up, and is punishing tween religion and the education Algiers, and protecting French of men, public instruction and ec. commerce.
clesiastical affairs have appeared In distant regions, and under the to me to require a separate direc. uncertain dominion of infant go. tion, and I have ordered the divi. vernments, our flag has suffered sion to be made. some aggressions ; but I have or. Wishing to strengthen more and dered that just reparation should more in my states the charter which be exacted, and I have prescribed was granted by my brother, and measures which will for the future which I have sworn to maintain, I protect from all damage the for. shall be watchful, that the labours tunes of my subjects.
are carried on with wisdom and
judgment, which shall place our ers continue to be friendly. The legislation in harmony with it. assurances I receive from my allies
Some high questions of public offer me a pledge, that notwithadministration have been pointed standing the events which have out for my attention. Convinced desolated the east, peace will not that the true strength of the throne be disturbed in the rest of Europe. is, next to the divine protection, in To hasten the pacification of observing the laws, I have ordered Greece, I have, in concert with that these questions should be ex. England and Russia, sent to the amined, and that their discussion Morea a division of my troops. At should bring out the truth, which the sight of some thousand French. is the first want of princes and men, determined to accomplish people.
their noble task, that celebrated Gentlemen, the happiness of country, too long ravaged, has France is he objoct of all my af. been restored to peace and securi. fections, of all my thoughts. To ty. There, as at Navarin, the secure this, I shall know how to union of the flags has proved maintain the power and watchful to the world the respect of the three authority which belongs to my crowns for the faith of treaties, and crown.
my soldiers take pleasure in re. I depend, gentlemen, and I de. counting the sintere support which pend very much, on the assistance they have found in the English of your information, and on the navy. union with me of your feelings. A formal declaration, notified to The word of your king, calling for the Porte, has placed the Morea the union of good men, can here and the neighbouring islands under only find hearts disposed to listen the protection of the three powers. and to respond to it.
This solemn act will suffice to ren.
der a protracted occupation unne. Paris, Jan. 27 1829.
cessary. I continue to assist the To-day his majesty opened the Greeks to rebuild their ruins, and session of the chamber in the my ships bring back to them those Louvre.
Christian slaves whom the pious After the usual preliminary ce- generosity of France has restored remonies had been through, and to their country and to liberty. the peers and deputies had taken So many cares will not prove their seats, his majesty delivered vain. I have reason to believe the following speech :
that the Porte, more enlightened, Gentlemen, --I am happy in will cease to oppose the treaty of seeing you every year assembled the 6th of July, and it may be hoped around my throne, to promote, in that this first arrangement will concert with me, the great interests not be lost for the re-establishment of my people.
of peace in the east. This satisfaction is the more The situation of Spain has al. lively on the present occasion, as I lowed me to recall the troops which have pleasing communications to I left at the disposal of his Catholic make to you, and important labours majesty. My soldiers are returned to intrust to you.
to their country, after having re. My relations with foreign pow. ceived from the inhabitants of all
the countries through which they The moment is doubtless not far have passed, testimonies of esteem distant when I shall be able to give and respect, due to their excellent to those relations a stability advan. discipline. Considerable sums tageous to my subjects; meantime I have been advanced to the Spanish have appointed consuls to watch government; a convention has over their interests. been signed to regulate the pay. Such, gentlemen, is the happy ment of them.
stale of our relations with foreign The hope which I still retain of powers.
Whatever may be the obtaining from the dey of Algeirs events that the future reserves for a just reparation, has retarded the us, I shall certainly never forget measures which I may be obliged that the glory of France is a sa. to take in order to punish him; cred deposite, and that the honour but I shall neglect nothing to pro. of being the guardian of it is the tect the French commorce from fairest prerogative of my crown. insult and piracy; and striking ex. Order and peace prevail in the amples have already taught the interior. French industry, already Algerines that it is neither easy nor so justly celebrated, is daily dis. prudent to brave the vigilance of tinguished by new improvements. my naval force.
Some branches of our agricul. Engagements contracted by an ture and commerce are suffering, ancient French colony had ceased but I hope that it will be possible to be executed. After having con for me to lessen the evil, if I should vinced myself that this inexecution not be enabled to cure it. was the result of inability, I have The long inclemency of the sea. consented to open with more effi. sons, and the unfavourable delay cacious negotiations for the in. which the harvest experienced, terests of the colonies and of com. awakened for some weeks the so. merce.
lioitude of my government. Dis. Many of my subjects have suf. tressing doubts with respect to the fered by the measures taken by state of our resources have been the emperor of Brazil in his war speedily dispelled by more positive with the republic of Buenos Ayres. information. The substance of all Some of their vessels have been is assured, and if the price of corn, captured. The convention which while it augments the prosperity of I have just ratified, while it con the landholders, increases for a mo. firms, with respect to the right of ment the distress of the indigent, blockade, a conservatory principle Providence has created beneficence always maintained by France, en. to relieve those who suffer. sures to them the restitution of their The press, freed from restraints, loss. On this occasion, as on all enjoys entire liberty. If licen. others, I owe praises to the French tiousness, its fatal enemy, still marine, which shows itself worthy shows itself under the cover of a of its noble mission.
generous and confiding law, pubThe successive shocks which lic good sense, which becomes have agitated some of the new more firm and enlightened, does states of South America have left justice to its aberrations, and the the political situation of those states magistracy, faithful to its noble tra. uncertain, and rendered it difficult ditions, know its duties, and will to form regular relations with them. always fulfil them.