« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
your atiendance in parliament, to It is with increased regret that express to you his majesty's his majesty again adverts to the acknowledgments for the zeal and condition of the Portuguese mo. assiduity with which you have ap. narchy. But his majesty commands plied yourselves to the despatch of us to repeat his determination to public business, and especially to use every effort to reconcile conthe consideration of those im- flicting interests, and to remove the portant matters which his majesty evils which press so heavily upon recommended to your attention at a country, the prosperity of which the opening of the session. must ever be an object of his
“His majesty directs us to inform majesty's solicitude. you, that he continues to receive “Gentlemen of the House of Comfrom his allies, and from all foreign mons, powers, assurances of their earnest “His majesty commands us to desire to cultivate the relations of thank you for the suppiies which peace, and maintain the
most you have granted for the service of friendly understanding with his ma. the year, and to assure you of his jesty.
majesty's determination to apply “His majesty laments that he them with every attention to econo. has not to announce to you the my. termination of the war in the east “ My Lords and Gentlemen, of Europe ; but his majesty com. “His majesty has commanded us, mands us to assure you that he will in conclusion, to express the sineere continue to use his utmost endea. hope of his majesty, that the im. vours to prevent the extention of portant measures which have been hostilities, and to promote the re. adopted by parliament in the course storation of peace.
of the present session, may tend, “ It is with satisfaction his ma- under the blessing of Divine Provi. jesty informs you, that he has been dence, to establish the tranquillity enabled to renew his diplomatic and improve the condition of Ire. relations with the Ottoman Porte. land ; and that, by strengthening
“ The ambassadors of his majesty, the bonds of union between the and of the king of France, are on several parts of this great empire, their return to Constantinople; and they may consolidate and augment the emperor of Russia, having been its power, and promote the happi. pleased to authorize the plenipoten. ness of his people.” tiaries of his allies to act on behalf of his imperial majesty, the nego. tiations for the final pacification of Convention between his Majesty and Greece will be carried on in the
her royal highness the Infanta name of the three contracting par
Regent of Portugal, for providing ties to the treaty of London.
for the maintenance of a corps of “ The army of his most christian
British troops, sent to Portugal majesty has been withdrawn from
Dec, 1826; signed at Brighthelme the Morea, with the exception of a
ston, Jan. 19, 1828. small force destined, for a time, to In the name of the most holy assist in the establishment of order and undivided Trinity, &c. in a country which has so long been Her royal highness the infanta the scene of confusion and anarchy. regent of Portugal having, in con,
sequence of aggressions committed cattle of the British auxiliary aragainst the Portuguese territory, my, according to the regulations of claimed the fulfilment, by his ma. the British service. jesty the king of the united 2. The provisions and forage kingdom of Great Britain and above specified are to be delivered Ireland, of the ancient treaties of to the British commissariat, at a alliance and friendship which sub. distance not greater than six Por. sist between the two crowns ;
tuguese leagues from the head. and his Britannic majesty having quarters of each British detachthereupon resolved to send, and ment to which they are supplied, having actually sent, a body of unless in cases where a different troops to Portugal, the two high arrangement shall be made, with contracting parties think it neces. the consent of the British commis. sary to agree upon certain arrange. sariat. ments for the maintenance of the 3. In order to obviate the diffi. said troops during their stay in culties which an immediate dis. Portugal, and have named as their bursement of funds for the purplenipotentiaries for that purpose, chase of the aforesaid provisions
and forage might occasion, under His majesty the king of the the present circumstances, to the united kingdom of Great Britain government of Portugal, it is and Ireland, the right hon. George agreed that the British commis. Canning, &c.-And her royal sary-general shall, for the present, highness the infanta regent of provide those supplies for the Bri. Portugal, the most illustrious and tish army, charging the cost there. most excellent lord, Don Pedro de of to the account of the Portuguese Souza e Holstein, marquis of Pal. government. mella, &c.
As, however, cases may arise, in Who, after having communicatod which it may be more convenient to each other their respective full to receive such supplies from Por. powers, found to be in due and tuguese magazines, for the pur. proper form, have agreed upon pose of avoiding competition in the and concluded the following ar. markets, the British commissary. ticles :
general shall, in the execution of Art. 1. Her royal highness the this agreement, concert his pro. infanta regent of Portugal, anxious ceedings, from time to time, with that the body of troops which has a person appointed for that end by been so promptly sent to her royal the government of Portugal. highness's aid by his Britannic ma. 4. The accounts of the British jesty should be treated with the commissariat being approved and hospitality becoming the relations signed by the commander of the of the two allied nations, engages auxiliary army, shall be delivered to provide the necessary barracks every three months to the Portu. and quarters, and buildings for hos. guese government, which, having pitals, and for stores and maga. verified the same, shall either pay zines, and the necessary rations of the amount thereof forthwith to provisions and forage, for the offi. the British commissary-general, or cers, non-commissioned officers, carry it over to the credit of the and soldiers, and for the horses and British government, as shall be
judged most convenient by the two maintenance of his troops, and for governments.
the good of the common service, 5. The cost of provisions and declares that he will not bring for. forage for the British troops shall ward any pecuniary claims wható be placed to the account of the ever against the Portuguese go. Portuguese government, from the vernment, on account of the assist. day of the landing of the said ance furnished by his majesty on troops in Portugal, and shall cease this occasion to Portugal, beyond to be placed to that account from what is specified in the preceding the day of their departure, or of articles. their passing the frontiers of Por. 8. The stipulations of this con. tugal.
vention shall remain in full force 6. Her royal highness the in- until the two high contracting par. fanta regent of Portugal having ties shall mutually agree to make consented that on this, as on for any change therein. mer occasions, the forts of St. Ju. 9. The present convention shall lien and of Bugio shall be occu. be ratified, and the ratifications pied by the British troops, it is shall be exchanged in London, in the agreed that the said occupation space of six weeks from the date shall continue so long as the hereof, or sooner if possible. auxiliary army shall remain in In witness whereof, the respec. Portugal. Those forts shall be, tive plenipotentiaries have signed from time to time, duly provision. the same, and have affixed thereto ed by the Portuguese government, the seals of their arms. or by the British commissariat Done at Brighthelmstone, the 19th on account of the Portuguese go. day of January, in the year of our vernment, in the same manner as Lord 1827. is provided in the foregoing ar. (L. s.) GEORGE CANNING. ticles with respect to the auxiliary (1. s.). MARQUEZ DE PALMELLA. army.
Arrangements shall be made be. Iween the government of Portugal Despatch from the Right Hon. Wm. and the commander of the British
Huskisson, his Majesty's Principal army, for the carrying on of the
Secretary of State for the Colo. service of the pratique, of the po
nial Department, to Major-General lice of the harbour, and of the ous
Sir John Keane, K.C. B., Lieute. toms, by the proper officers of the
nant-Governor of Jamaica, sent Portuguese government, usually
down by him in a Message to the employed for those purposes. A
Hon. House of Assembly, on Fri. list of these officers shall be given
day the 16th November, 1828. to the British commanding officer,
Downing-street, Sept. 22. and they shall be strictly under his SIR,—The act passed by the go. command in all that may relate to vernor, council, and assembly of military service, and to the defence Jamaica, in the month of Decem. of the forts.
ber, 1826, entitled, “An act to 7. His Britannic majesty re alter and amend the Slave-laws of quiring, on the part of his ally, this island,” having been referred only that which is indispensably by his majesty in council to the necessary for insuring the proper lords of the committee of privy
council for the affairs of trade and The 83rd and the two follow foreign plantations, that committee ing clauses must be cosidered as have reported to his majesty in an invasion of that toleration to council their opinion that this act which all his majesty's subjects, ought to be disallowed. The order whatever may be their civil condi. of his majesty's council, approving tion, are alike entitled. The prohi. that çeport, and disallowing the act, bition of persons in a state of slavewill be transmitted to you by the ry, assuming the office of reliearliest opportunity.
gious teachers, might seem a very In obedience to the commands of mild restraint, or rather a fit prehis majesty in council, I proceed to caution against indecorous proceedcommunicate to you the grounds ings; but, amongst some of the of his majesty's decision upon this religious bodies who employ mis. subject.
sionaries in Jamaica, the practice The privy council did not submit of mutual instruction is stated to to his majesty their advice that this be an established part of their disact should be disallowed without cipline. So long as the practice great reluctance. The great import. is carried on in an inoffensive and ance of the subject has been fully es peaceable manner, the distress protimated, and his majesty has per: duced by the prevention of it will ceived with much satisfaction the be compensated by no public ad. advances which the colonial legis. vantage. lature have made in many respects, The prohibition of meetings for to meet the recommendations con- religious worship, between sun-set veyed to them in lord Bathurst's and sun-rise, will, in many cases, despatch of the 11th of May, 1826 ; operate as a total prohibition, and but, however much his majesty will be felt with peculiar severity may have been desirous to sanction by domestic slaves inhabiting large these valuable improvements in the towns,
towns, whose ordinary engage. slave code of Jamaica, it has been ments on Sunday will not afford found impossible to overcome the leisure for attendance on public objections to which other enact- worship before the evening. It is, ments of this law are open. I am impossible to pass over, without re. commanded to express to you his mark, the invidious distinction majesty's earnest hope, that upon which is made, not only between a deliberate review of the subject, Protestant Dissenters and Roman the legislative council and assem. Catholics, but even between Probly will be disposed to present for testant Dissenters and Jews. I your assent another bill, devested have, indeed, no reason to suppose of those enactments which have that the Jewish teachers have made prevented the confirmation of the any converts to their religion among present act,
the slaves, and probably, therefore, Among the various subjects the distinction in their favour is which this act presents for consi. merely nominal; still it is a prederation, none is more important ference, which, in principle, ought in itself, nor more interesting not to be given by the legislature of every class of society in this king.
a Christian country. dom, than the regulations on the The penalties denounced upo subject of religious instruction. persons collecting contributi
from slaves, for purposes either of lowed in the act under considecharity or religion, cannot but be ration. felt, both by the teachers and by The council of protection, esta. their followers, as humiliating and blished under the 33d clause of this unjust. Such a law would affix an act, cannot be considered as an ef. unmerited stigma on the religious fectual substitute for the office of instructer; and it prevents the a distinct and independent protec. slave from obeying a positive pre. tor. The council in each parish cept of the Christian religion, will consist of those individuals which, he believes to be obligatory over whom the protector was to on him, and which is not inconsist. exercise bis superintendence. Their ent with the duties he owes to his duties are limited to the simple master. The prohibition is, there. case of extreme bodily injury, and fore, a gratuitous aggravation of the are to be discharged only “if evils of his condition.
they think proper.” The periodi. It may be doubtful whether the cal returns required from the prorestriction upon private meetings tector upon oath, are not to be made among the slaves without the by the council of protection, nor are knowledge of the owner, was in. they even bound to keep a journal of tentionally pointed at the meetings their proceedings. No provision for religious worship. No objec. is made for executing the duties of tion, of course, could exist to re. the office in different parts of the quiring that notice should be given colony upon fixed and uniform to the owner or manager whenever principles, and the number of per. the slaves attended any such meet. sons to be united in this trust is ings; but, on the other hand, due such as entirely to destroy the sense security should be taken that the of personal and individual respon. owner's authority is not improperly sibility. exerted to prevent the attendance In the provisions for the due ob. of the slaves.
servance of Sunday, I remark that I cannot too distinctly impress the continuance of the markets on upon you, that it is the settled pur. that day till the hour of eleven, pose of his majesty's government, is contemplated as a permanent re. to sanction no colonial law which gulation. It is, however, imposneedlessly infringes on the religious sible to sanction this systematic liberty of any class of his majesty's violation of the law prevailing in subjects; and you will understand every other Christian country. In that you are not to assent to any the proposals transmitted by Lord bill, imposing any restraint of that Bathurst to his grace the duke of nature, unless a clause be inserted Manchester, a temporary departure for suspending its operation until from this rule was permitted, but his majesty's pleasure shall be only as a relaxation required by known.
peculiar and transitory circum. Having thus adverted to this stances. most important branch of the ge The clauses denouncing penalties neral subject, I proceed to inquire on persons employing their slaves how far the suggestions contained to labour on Sunday, are expressed in Lord Bathurst's despatch of the with some ambiguity, so as to leave 11th of May, 1826, have been fol. it doubtful whether the penalty