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and the Right Honourable Charles in case either should think fit, at Grant and Henry Unwin Adding. any time after the 20th of October, ton, Esquire, on the part of their 1828, on giving due notice of twelve respective governments,
months to the other contracting
party, to annul and abrogate this A Convention between the United Convention ; and it shall, in such
States of America and his Majesty case, be accordingly entirely an. the King of the United Kingdom nulled and abrogated, after the exof Great Britain and Ireland.
piration of the said term of notice. The United States of America Nothing contained in this conand his Majesty the King of the vention, or in the third article of United Kingdom of Great Britain the Convention of the 20th of Oc. and Ireland, being equally desirous tober, 1818, hereby continued in to prevent, as far as possible, all force, shall be construed to impair, hazard of misunderstanding be. or in any manner affect, the claims tween the two nations with respect which either of the contracting parto the territory of the Northwest ties may have to any part of the Coast of America, west of the country westward of the Stony or Stony or Rocky Mountains, after Rocky Mountains. the expiration of the third article of the Convention concluded be.
The present Convention shall be tween them on the 20th of October, ratified, and the ratifications shall 1818; and, also, with a view to be exchanged in nine months, or give further time for maturing sooner, if possible. measures which shall have for
In testimony whereof, the re. their object a more definite settle. spective plenipotentiaries have ment of the claims of each party to signed the same, and have the said territory, have respectively affixed thereto the seals of named their plenipotentiaries, to their arms. treat and agree concerning a tem
Done at London, the sixth porary renewal of the said article.
day of August, in the year
of our Lord one thousand All the provisions of the third
eight hundred and twentyarticle of the Convention concluded between the United States of Ame. ALBERT GALLATIN. [l. s.] rica and his Majesty the King of CHARLES GRANT.
(L. s.] the United Kingdom of Great Bri. HENRY UNWIN ADDINGTON. [L. s.] tain and Ireland, on the 20th of October, 1818, shall be, and they The said Convention, and the are hereby, further indefinitely ex. respective ratifications of the same, tended and continued in force, in were exchanged at London, on the the same manner as if all the pro second day of April, one thousand visions of the said article were eight hundred and twenty-eight, herein specifically recited.
by William Beach Lawrence, ARTICLE II.
Chargé d'Affaires of the United It shall be competent, however, States at the Court of his Britannic to either of the contracting parties, Majesty, and the Right Honourable
Charles Grant, and Henry Unwin of July, 1815, were herein specifi. Addington, Esquire, on the part of cally recited. their respective governments.
It shall be competent, however,
to either of the contracting parties, A Convention between the United in case either should think fit, at
States of America, and his Ma. any time after the expiration of the jesty the King of the United said ten years——that is, after the Kingdom of Great Britain and 20th of October, 1828-on giving Ireland.
due notice of twelve months to the
other contracting party, to annul The United States of America, and abrogate this Convention; and and his Majesty the King of the it shall, in such case, be accord. United Kingdom of Great Britain ingly entirely annulled and abroand Ireland, being desirous of con. gated, after the expiration of the tinuing in force the existing com. said term of notice. mercial regulations between the two countries, which are contained in
The present Convention shall be the Convention concluded between ratified, and the ratifications shall them on the 3d of July, 1815, and be exchanged in nine months, or further renewed by the fourth ar. sooner, if possible. ticle of the Convention of the 20th In witness whereof, the respecOctober, 1818, have, for that pur. tive plenipotentiaries have pose, named their respective pleni. signed the same, and have potentiaries; who, after having fixed thereto the seals of their communicated to each other their arms. respective full powers, found to be Done at London, the sixth in due and proper form, have
day of August, in the agreed upon and concluded the fol.
year of our Lord one lowing articles.
thousand eight hundred ARTICLE I.
and twenty-seven. All the provisions of the Conven. ALBERT GALLATIN. (L. 6.] tion concluded between the United CHARLES Grant.
[L. S. States of America and his Majesty Henry UNWIN ADDINGTON. (L. s.] the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, on the The said Convention, and the 3d of July, 1815, and further con. respective ratifications of the same, tinued for the term of ten years by were exchanged at London on the the fourth article of the Convention second day of April, one thousand of the 20th October, 1918, with the eight hundred and twenty-eight, by exception therein contained, as to William Beach Lawrence, Chargé St. Helena, are hereby further in. d'Affaires of the United States of definitely, and without the said ex. America at the Court of his Bri. ception, extended and continued in tannic Majesty, and the Right force, from the date of the expira. Honourable Charles Grant and tion of the said ten years, in the Henry Unwin Addington, Esquire, same manner as if all the provisions on the part of their respective of the same Convention of the 3d governments.
A Convention of friendship, com sels, may be also imported in ves.
merce, and navigation, between sels of the said free Hanseatic Re. the United States of America, and publics of Lubeck, Bremen, and the free Hanseatic Republics of Hamburg, and that no higher or Lubeck, Bremen, and Hamburg, other duties upon the tonnage or
The United States of America, cargo of the vessel, shall be levied on the one part, and the Republic tion be made in vessels of the Uni
or collected, whether the importa. and Free Hanseatic City of Lu. beck, the Republic and Free Han.
ted States, or of either of the said seatic City of Bremen, and the
Hanseatic Republics. And, in like Republic and Free Hanseatic City manner, that whatever kind of pro, of Hamburg, (each state
for itself duce, manufacture, or merchandise, separately,) on the other part
, of any foreign country, can be, from being desirous to give greater fa.
time to time, lawfully imported into cility to their commercial inter.
either of the said Hanseatic Re. course, and to place the privileges publics, in its own vessels, may be of their navigation on a basis of the most extended liberality, have
United States; and that no higher resolved to fix, in a manner clear,
or other duties upon the tonnage or distinct, and positive, the rules cargo of the vessel, shall be levied which shall be observed between
or collected, whether the importa. the one and the other, by means of tion be made in vessels of the one a convention of friendship, com
party, or of the other. And they merce, and navigation,
further agree, that, whatever may For the attainment of this most
be lawfully exported, or re-expor. desirable object, the President of ted, by one party, in its own ves. the United States of America has sels, to any foreign country, may, conferred full powers on Henry
in like manner, be exported or re. Clay, their Secretary of State; exported in the vessels of the other and the senate of the Republic and party. And the same bounties, free Hanseatic City of Lubeck, duties, and drawbacks, shall be al. the senate of the Republic and free lowed and collected, whether such Hanseatic City of Bremen, and the exportation or re-exportation be senate of the Republic and free
made in vessels of the one party, Hanseatic City of Hamburg, have
or of the other. Nor shall higher, conferred full powers on Vincent
or other charges, of any kind, be Rumpff, their Minister Plenipoten. imposed in the ports of the one tiary near the United State of Ame. party, on vessels of the other, than rica, who, after having exchanged are, or shall be, payable in the their said full powers, found in due
same ports by national vessels. and proper form, have agreed to
ARTICLE II. the following articles :
No higher or other duties shall ARTICLE I.
be imposed on the importation, into The contracting parties agree, the United States, of any article, that, whatever kind of produce, tho produce or manufacture of the manufacture, or merchandise, of free Hanseatic Republics of Luany foreign country, can be, from beck, Bremen, and Hamburg; and time to time, lawfully imported into no higher or other duties shall be The United States, in their own ves- imposed on the importation, into
either of the said republics, of any Hamburg, and of the intimate Conarticle, the produce or manufac. nexion of trade and navigation ture of the United States, than are, subsisting between these repub. or shall be, payable on the like ar. lics, it is hereby stipulated and ticle, being the produce or manu. agreed, that any vessel which shall facture of any other foreign coun. be owned exclusively by a citizen try; nor shall any other, or higher or citizens of any or either of them, duties or charges, be imposed by and of which the master shall also either party on the exportation of be a citizen of any or either of any articles to the United States, them, and provided three fourths of or to the free Hanseatic Republics the crew shall be citizens or sub. of Lubeck, Bremen, or Hamburg, jects of any or either of the said re. respectively, than such as are, or publics, or of any or either of the shall be, payable on the exporta. states of the confederation of Ger. tion of the like articles to any other many, such vessel, so owned and foreign country; nor shall any pro. navigated, shall, for all the pur. hibition be imposed on the impor. poses of this Convention, be taken tation or exportation of any article, to be, and considered as, a vessel the produce or manufacture of the belonging to Lubeck, Bremen, or United States, or of the free Han. Hamburg. seatic Republics of Lubeck, Bre. men, or Hamburg, to, or from, the Any vessel, together with her ports of the United States, or to, or cargo, belonging to either of the from, the ports of the other party, free Hanseatic Republics of Luwhich shall not equally extend to beck, Bremen, or Hamburg, and all other nations.
coming from either of the said ports ARTICLE III.
to the United States, shall, for all No priority or preference shall purposes of this Convention, be be given, directly or indirectly, by deemed to have cleared from the any or either of the contracting republic to which such vessel be. parties, nor by any company, cor. longs; although, in fact, it may poration, or agent, acting on their not have been the one from which behalf, or under their authority, in she departed; and any vessel of the purchase of any article, the the United States, and her cargo, growth, produce, or manufacture, trading to the ports of Lubeck, Breof their states, respectively, import. men, or Hamburg, directly, or in ed into the other, on account of, succession, shall, for the like pur. or in reference to, the character of poses, be on the footing of a Han. the vessel, whether it be of the one seatic vessel, and her cargo, party or the other, in which such making the same voyage. article was imported; it being the true intent and meaning of the con. It is likewise agreed that it shall tracting parties, that no distinction be wholly free for all merchants, or difference whatever shall be commanders of ships, and other made in this respect.
citizens of both parties, to manage,
themselves, their own business, in In consideration of the limited all the ports and places subject to extent of the territories of the Re. the jurisdiction of each other, as publics of Lubeck, Bremen, and well with respect to the consign
ment and sale of their goods and persons and property of the citi. merchandise, by wholesale or re zens of each other, of all occupa. tail, as with respect to the loading, tions, who may be in the territories unloading, and sending off their subject to the jurisdiction of the one ships; submitting themselves to or the other, transient, or dwelling the laws, decrees and usages there therein, leaving open and free to established, to which native citi. them the tribunals of justice for zens are subjected; they being, in their judicial recourse, on the same all these cases, to be treated as terms which are usual and custo. citizens of the republic in which mary with the natives or citizens they reside, or at least to be placed of the country in which they may on a footing with the citizens or be ; for which they may employ, subjects of the most favoured na. in defence of their rights, such ad. tion.
vocates, solicitors, notaries, agents, ARTICLE VII.
and factors, as they may judge The citizens of each of the con. proper, in all their trials at law
i tracting parties shall have power and such citizens or agents shall to dispose of their personal goods, have as free opportunity as native within the jurisdiction of the other, citizens to be present at the deci. by sale, donation, testament, or sions and sentences of the tribu. otherwise ; and their representa nals, in all cases which may contives, being citizens of the other cern them; and likewise at the party, shall succeed to their said taking of all examinations and evi. personal goods, whether by testa. dence which may be exhibited in ment or ab intestato, and they may the said trials. take possession thereof, either by themselves or others acting for The contracting parties, desiring them, and dispose of the same at to live in peace and harmony with their will, paying such dues only all the other nations of the earth, as the inhabitants of the country by means of a policy, frank, and wherein said goods are, shall be equally friendly with all, engage subject to pay in like cases : and mutually not to grant any particu. if, in the case of real estate, the lar favour to other nations, in re. said heirs would be prevented from spect of commerce and navigation, entering into the possession of the which shall not immediately be. inheritance on account of their come common to the other party character of aliens, there shall be who shall enjoy the same freely, if granted to them the term of three the concession was freely made, years to dispose of the same, as or on allowing the same compensathey may think proper, and to tion, if the concession was con. withdraw the proceeds without mo. ditional. lestation, and exempt from all du
ARTICLE X. ties of detraction on the part of The present Convention shall be the government of the respective in force for the term of twelve states.
years, from the date hereof; and, ARTICLE VIII.
further, until the end of twelve Both the contracting parties months after the government of the promise and engage, formally, to United States, on the one part, or give their special protection to the the free Hanseatic Republics of