Gambar halaman

corresponding sentiments with those my countrymen have fo generally expressed in their affectionate addresses to you.

7. Believe me, fir, no one can more cordially approve of the wise and prudent measures of your admir:iftration. They ought to inspire universal confidence and will, no doubt, combined with the state of things, call from congress such laws and means as will enable you to meet the full force and extent of the crisis. 1.8. Satisfied, therefore, that you have sincerely wished and endeavored to avert war, and exhausted, to the last drop, the cup of reconciliation, we can with pure hearts appeal to heaven for the justice of our cause ; and may confi. dently tru!t the final result to that kind Providence who has heretofore, and so often, signally favored the people of these United States.

9. Thinking in this manner, and feeling how incumbent it is upon every person, of every description, to contribute at all times to his country's welfare, and especially, in a moment like the present, when every thing we hold dear and sacred, is so seriously threatened ;

10. I have finally determined to accept the commission of commander in chief of the armies of the United States; with the reserve only, that I shall not be called into the field till the army is in a situation to require my presence, or it becomes indispensable by the urgency of circumstances.

11. In making this reservation, I beg it to be underitood, that I do not mean to withhold any assistance to arrange and organize the army, which you may think I can afford.

12. I take the liberty alfo to mention that I must decline having my acceptance confidered as drawing after it any immediate charge upon the public, or that I can receive any emoluments annexed to the appointment, before entering into a situation to incur expense.

13. The secretary of war being anxious to return to the feat of government, I have detained him no longer than was necessary to a full communication on the several points he had in charge. With very great respect, I have the honor to be, &c.

GEORGE WASHINGTON. John ADAMS, president of the United States... i


}. THE annunciation of these feelings, in his affecting letter to the president, accepting the command of the army, concludes his official conduct.

2. First in war-first in peace--and first in the hearts of his countrymen, he was second to none in the humble and endearing scenes of private life ; pious, juft, humane, temperate and sincere ; uniform, dignified, and commanding, his example was as edifying to all around him, as were the effects of that example lafting.

3. To his equals he was condescending, to his inferiors kind, and to the dear object of his affections, exemplarily tender ; correct throughout, vice shuddered in his presence, and virtue always felt his fostering hand ; the purity of his private character gave effulgence to his public virtues.

4. His last scene comported with the whole tenor of his life-Although in extreme pain, not a sigh, not a groan escaped him ; and with undisturbed* ferenity he closed his well spent life. Such was the man America has lostm-such was the man for whom our nation mourns.

5. Methinks I see his august image, and hear falling from his venerable lips these deep sinking words : “ Cease, fons of America, lamenting our separation : Go on, and confirm by your wisdom the fruits of your joint councils, joint efforts, and common dangers : reverence religion ; diffuse knowledge throughout your land ; patronize the arts and sciences ; let liberty and order be inseparable companions.

6. Control party spirit, the bane of free government ; observe good faith to, and cultivate peace with all nations ; Thut up every avenue to foreign influence ; contract rather than extend national connection ;' rely on yourselves only :be Americans in thought, word, and deed.

7. Thus will you give immortality to that union, which was the constant object of my terrestrial labors ; thus will you preserve undisturbed to the latest posterity, the felicity, of a people to me most dear ; and thus will you supply (if my happiness is now aught to you) the only vacancy in the round of pure bliss high heaven beltows.” .,


ATE OF THE UNITED STATES. . 1. WITH patriotic pride we review the life of our WASHPNGTON, and compare him with those of other countries who have been pre-eminent in fame. Ancient and modern names are diminished before him. Greatness and guilt have too often been allied ; but his fame is whiter than it is brilliant. · The destroyers of nations stood abashed at the ma. jesty of his virtues.

2. It reproved the intemperance of their ambition, and darkened the splendor of victory. The scene is closed, and we are no longer anxious lest misfortune should fully his glory.; he has travelled to the end of his journey, and carried with him an increasing weight of glory : he has depofited it safely, where misfortune cannot tarnish it, where mal. ice cannot blast it.

3. Favored of heaven, he departed without exhibiting the weakness of humanity ; magnanimous in death, the darkness of the grave could not obscure his brightness.

4. Such was the man whom we deplore. Thanks to God, his glory is consummated ; WASHINGTON yet lives on earth in his spotless example-his fpirit is in heaven.

5. Let his countrymen consecrate the memory of the heroic general, the patriotic statesman, and the virtuous fage : let them teach their children never to forget that the fruits of his labors, and his example, are their inheritance.


; THE DEATH OF GEN. WASHINGTON. 1. WHEREAS the transcendent accomplishments and unparalleled transactions of our great deliverer, stand recorded on the pages of multiplied history, and are become even already the objects of admiration and applause among all civilized nations. Well, therefore, may I be excused

from entering on a detail so familiar to every son and daughter of America ; fo familiar to the universe ; . 2. Well may I be excused from attempting to throw any additional lustre on the brilliancy of that character, which for so many years has swelled the sweetest notes of the trumpet of fame, and, borne on the wings of unadulterat. ed glory, has exhibited to mankind the first great spectacle of the most exalted heroism accompanied with dove-like modesty ; of the most indefatigable patriotism untainted with selfishness-of the soft irradiations of genuine magna. nimity and greatness, eclipsing the obtrusive glare of pride, and effectually oppressing the swell of arrogance and presumption.

3. At the grand and soothing idea, that this greatest instance of human perfectability, this conspicuous phenome. non of human elevation and grandeur, should have been permitted to rise first on the horizon of America, every citizen of these states must feel his bosom beat with rapturous and honest pride, tempered with reverential gratitude to the great author and source of all perfection.

4. He will be penetrated with astonishment, and kindled into thanksgiving, when he reflects that our globe had existed fix thousand years before a Washington appeared on the theatre of the world ; and that he was then destined to appear in America to be the ornament, the deliverer, the protector, the delight !!!

5. But alas ! he is now no longer among us ; he is gone, to his death bed, inclosed in the filent tomb ; and all that is now left us, is “ like all Ifrael, to make great lamentation for him, and to mourn many days, saying, how is the val. iant man fallen that delivered Ifrael.”.

6. My brethren, had the character of Washington rested solely on the basis of military achievements, and political fagacity ; had the vast fabric of his immortal reputation been supported merely by the hoțlow columns of universal applause, and perfumed with 'no other sweets than the in. cense of adulation, proffered by the wayward multitude to merit, often as false as it is glaring ;

7. Had the virtues of the man been stained by the vices of the hero, or the christian disappeared amidst the pretenlions of the philofopher, with whatever delight you might

[ocr errors]

have listened to his panegyrists in other places, you would have heard no tribute paid to his memory in this. The temple of God is not designed to display the importance and fascination of human glory and pre-emance, but rather to exhibit the transient glory and emptiness of both

8. And yet, O holy and divine religion ! who presidest within these walls, I trust it will be deemed no violation of thy sanctuary to have just hinted at the genuine glory and unparalleled pre-eminence of character which adorned the great deliverer and beloved father of our country.

9. His respect for thee, was uninterrupted and sincere. In private and in public, his conduct and conversation were marked with an awful reverence for thy truths and ordinances ; nothing profane ever dropt from his lips ; nothing irreligious ever appeared in his behavior ; to Providence he ascribed all his success and his glory;

10. He deposited all his laurels at the foot of the altar, and the affectionate addresses of his fellow-citizens, joined with the applauses of distant nations, instead of swelling his great foul with the fumes of vain glory, seemed only to depress every sense of self-sufficiency, and rivet more firmly his confidence in the Almighty.

11. In his last pathetic address to his country, he bears open and ample testimony to the sanctions of revelation ; and assures us all, that without religion, neither the wisdom of laws, nor the precepts of morality will be able to preserve a state from destruction.

12. Let this sentiment, my hearers, rest permanently on our minds. It is the important legacy of our beloved Washington, calculated to promote our worldly and eternal happiness ; and I trust that he now enjoys the blessed effects of its adoption. And now let us, from the death of this good and wonderful man, endeavor to learn wisdom.

13. A View of his life must fill every citizen with aston. ishment, veneration and love-while his death conveys the most affecting lessons to a christian. Let us presume to follow his disembodied foul into the depths of eternity. There he now is alone with his God.

14. What a sudden revolution takes place in all his sentiments and ideas! What avails him now, that he lived a folitary example of uninterrupted admiration and worldly

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »