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senate and house of representatives, or superior or inferior courts ; military offices and offices of justices of the peace excepted.

15. No person holding the office of judge of any court (except special judges) secretary, treasurer of the state, attorney-general, commissary-general, military officers receiving pay from the continent or this state (excepting officers of the militia, occasionally called forth on an emergency) register of deeds, sheriff, or officers of the customs, including naval officers, collectors of excise and state and conti. nental taxes, hereafter appointed and not having settled their accounts with the respective officers with whom it is their duty to settle such accounts, members of congress, or any person holding any office under the United States, shall at the same time hold the office of governor, or have a feat in the fenate, or house of representatives, or council ;

16. But his being chosen and appointed to, and accepting the same, shall operate as a refignation of their seat in the chair, senate, or house of representatives, or council ; and the place so vacated Wall be filled. No member of the council shall have a seat in the senate or house of represertatives.

17. No person shall ever be admitted to hold a feat in the legislature, or any office of trust or importance, under this government, who in the due course of law has been convicted of bribery or corruption in obtaining an election or appointment. In all cases where sums of money are mentioned in this constitution, the value thereof ihall be computed in filver at fix shillings and eight' pence per ounce.

18. To the end that there may be no failure of justice, or danger to the state, by the alterations and amendments mad in the constitution, the general court is hereby fully authorised and directed to fix the time when the alterations and amendments shall take effect, and make the necessary arrangements accordingly.

19. It shall be the duty of the selectmen and assessors, of the several towns and places in this state, in warning the first annual meeting for the choice of fenators, after the expiration of feven years from the adoption of this constitution, as amended,' to insert expressly in the warrant, this

purpose among the others for the meeting, to take the fenfe of the qualified voters on the subject of a revision of the conftitution ;,...

20. And the meeting being warned accordingly (and not otherwise) the moderator shall take the sense of the qualified voters present, as to the necessity of a revision"; and a return of the number of votes for and against fuch necessity, shall be made by the clerk, fealed and directed to the general court, at their then next feffion;

21. And if it shall appear to the general court by such return), that the sense of the people of the state has been taken, and that in the opinion of the majority of the qualifi. ed voters in the state, present and voting at faid meetings, there is a necessity for a revision of the conftitution, it shall be the duty of the general court to call a convention for that purpose, otherwise the general court shall direct the fense of the people to be taken, and then proceed in the manner before mentioned.

22. The delegates to be chosen in the fame manner, and proportioned as the representatives to the general court ; pro. vided that no alterations shall be made in this constitution, before the same shall be laid before the towns and unincorporated places, and approved by two thirds of the qualified voters present and voting on the subject.

23. And the same method of taking the sense of the people, as to a revision of the constitution, and calling a convention for that purpose, shall be observed afterwards, at - the expiration of every seven years.

24. This form of government shall be enrolled on parch, ment, and deposited in the secretary's office, and be a part

of the laws of the land, and printed copies thereof shall be prefixed to the books containing the laws of this state, in all future editions thereof...

In convention, held at Concord, the fifth day of September, anno ' domini one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two.

The returns from the several towns and unincorporated places, being examined, and it appearing that the foregoing bill of rights and form of government, as amended by the convention, were approved by more than two thirds of the qualified voters present in the meetings, and voting on the question ; the fame are agreed on and established by the del. egates of the people in convention, and declared to be the sivil constitution of the state of New-Hampshire.


president of the convention. Attest, John Calfe, secretary.


RAL SPEECH.* . 1. EMPLOYED in the service of my country abroad, during the whole course of these transactions, I firit saw the constitution of the United States in a foreign country.

2. Irritated by no literary altercation, animated by no public debate, heated by no party animofity, I read it with great satisfaction, as a result of good heads, prompted by good hearts ; as an experiment, better adapted to the genius, character, situation and relations of this nation and country, than any which had ever been proposed or suggest


3. In its general principles and great outlines, it was conformable to such a system of government, as I had ever most esteemed, and in some states, my own native state in particular, had contributed to establih.

4. Claiming a right of fuffrage, in common with my fellow citizens, in the adoption or rejection of a constitution which was to rule me and my posterity, as well as them and theirs, I did not hesitate to express my approbation of it, on all occasions, in public and in private

5. It was not then, nor has been since, any objection to it, in my mind, that the executive and fenate were not more permanent. Nor had I ever entertained a thought of pro. moting any alteration in it, but such as the people themselves, in the course of their experience should fee and feel

* When we contemplated this work, we had no doubt but prefident Adams' inaugural speech might be easily obtained. We have, however, after much inquiry, been able to give to the public only an extrad...

to be necessary or expedient, and by their representatives in congress and the state legislatures, according to the constitution itself, adopt and ordain. 1

6. Returning to the bosom of my country, after a painful separation from it, for ten years, I had the honor to be elected to a station under the new order of things, and I have repeatedly laid myself under the niost serious obligations to support the constitution.

7. The operation of it has equalled the most fanguine expectations of its friends : and from an habitual attention to it, satisfaction in its administration and delight in its effects, on the peace, order, prosperity and happiness of the nation, I have acquired an habitual attachmant to it, and veneration for it.

8. What other form of government indeed can fo well deserve our esteem and love? There may be litde folidity in an ancient idea, that congregations of men into citizens and nations, are the most pleasing objects in the fight of superi. or intelligencies :

9. But this is very certain, that to a benevolent human mind, there can be no spectacle presented by any nation, more pleasing, more noble, majeitic or august, than an affembly, like that which has so often been seen in this and the other chamber of congress, of a government, in which the executive authority, as well as that of all the branches of the legislature, ais exercised by citizens selected, at regular periods, by their neighbors, to make and execute laws for the general good. . 10. Can any thing essential, any thing more than mere ornament and decoration be added to this by robes or diamonds ? Can authority be more amiable or respectable, when it descends from accidents, or institutions established in remote antiquity, than when it springs fresh from the hearts and judgments of an honest and enlightened people. . 11. For it is the people only that are represented : it is their power, and majesty, that is reflected and only for their good, in every-legitimate government, under whatever form it may appear. The existence of such a government as ours, fur any length of time, is a full proof of a general dissemination of knowledge and firtue throughout the whole body of the people.

.: 12. And what object or confideration more pleasing than this can be presented to the human mind ? If national pride is ever justifiable or excusable, it is when it springs, not from power or riches, grandeur or glory, but from conviction of national innocence, information and benevolence.

13. In the midst of these pleasing ideas, we should be unfaithful to ourselves, if we should ever lose fight of the danger to our liberties, if any thing partial or extraneous should infect the purity of our free, fair, virtuous and independent elections. If an election is to be determined by a majority of a single vote, and that can be procured by a party through artifice or corruption, the government may be the choice of a party, for its own ends, not of the na. tion, for the national good.....

14. If that folitary suffrage can be obtained by foreign nations by Aattery or menaces, fraud or violence, by terror, intrigue or venality, the government may not be the choice of the American people, but of foreign nations. It may be foreign nations who govern us, and not we the people, who govern ourselves. And candid men will acknowledge, that in such cases, choice would have little advantage to boalt of, over lot or chance. . .

15. Such is the amiable and interesting fyftem of gov. ernment (and such are some of the abuses to which it may be exposed) which the people of America have exhibited to the admiration and anxiety of the wife and virtuous of all nations, for eight years, under the administration of a citi. zen, who, by a long course of great actions, regulated by prudence, justice, temperance and fortitude ; ..

16. Conducting a people, inspired with the same virtues, and animated with the same ardent patriotism and love of liberty, to independence'and peace, to increase wealth and unexampled prosperity ; has merited the gratitude of his fellow citizens, commanded the highest praises of foreign nations, and secured immortal glory with posterity.

17. In that retirement which is his voluntary choice, may he long live to enjoy the delicious recollection of his services, the gratitude of mankind ; the happy fruits of them to himself and the world, which are daily increasing, and that splendid prospect of the future fortunes of his country, which is opening from year to year. His name may

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