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Loan payable after December 31, 1886, bearing
The balances in the Treasury at the close of 6 per cent interest...
$2,400,000 00 Loan payable after July 1, 1582, bearing 4 per
the fiscal year were as follow: cent interest..
$254,513 83 Loan payablo after July 1, 1883, bearing 4 per
Sinking fund... cent interest. 825,000 00 Common-school fund..
85,642 19 Loan payable after July 1, 1884, bearing 4 per cent interest..
850,000 00 Total..... Loan payable after July 1, 1885, bearing 4 per
$501,421 11 cent interest.
850,000 00 The State Auditor's report shows the taxable Loan payable after July 1, 1886, bearing 4 per
property of the State to be $1,587,207,579, an cent interest
375,000 00 Loan payable after July 1, 1887, bearing 4 per
increase over the duplicate of 1880 of $28,cent interest...
500,000 00 999,674. Real estate for 1881 is appraised at Loan payable after July 1, 1885, bearing 4 per
$592,548 less than it was in 1880. This is by cent interest...
600,000 00 Canal loan, not bearing interest.
1,665 00 reason of the fact that the grand aggregate
of real estate, as fixed by the State Board of Total funded debt....
Equalization, causes the realty of 1881 to fall The local indebtedness at the same time was below the valuation of 1880. The report shows as follows:
that the gross increase of personal property Debts of counties
$3,222,653 78 for taxation is $29,584, 222. The statements Debts of cities..
37,909,848 80 Debts of incorporated villages..
contained in the report, in reference to na
1,005,817 96 Debts of townships...
'457,407 60 tional and State banks, are important. The Debts of special school districts.
1,468,842 61 report shows that the capital stock, undivided Total local debts.....
$44,114,100 75 profits and surplus fund, and real estate of the There was a total increase of local indebted- $21,777,313.20, an increase over 1880 of $1,
national banks are appraised for taxation at ness over the previous year of $2,816,355.07, 177,772.01. The amount of capital stock, surdescribed as follows:
plus and undivided profits, and real estate, as Increase in counties..
79 Increase in cities.
1,915,762 55 reported to the Auditor of State at a valuation Increase in villages..
91,224 40 of $34,137,499.76, show the taxable valuation Increase in townships..
157, 106 46 Increase in school districts.
to be 63 o per cent of the true valuation. 282,984 84
Incorporated State banks make a return for Total increase....
$2,816,855 07 taxation of $1,136,233.09, an increase orer In the first session of the Legislature, which the valuation of 1880 of $15,795.86. The rebegan its sittings in 1880, a large number of turn to the Auditor of State of the same banks acts were passed authorizing the building of rail. shows the amount of capital stock, surplus and roads by counties, townships, cities, and villages. undivided profits, and real estate, to be valued Only a few of these acts had been carried into at $2,035,052.26. Tax valuation, 5810 per cent effect, but a considerable number of the local of true valuation. authorities were preparing to issue bonds in
An examination of tables in the report per1881 for the purposes named in the acts, when taining to the valuation of national banks for further proceedings were stayed by a decision taxation, shows very great inequality in the of the Supreme Court of Ohio on a test case,
assessment of this class of banks for taxes. declaring the act unconstitutional, and the The Auditor of State earnestly recommends bonds issued under it valueless wherever found that the statute be so amended as to restore But for that decision the local indebtedness the State Board of Equalization for bank shares. would have been much greater. As it is, the
The railway property of the State for 1881 aggregate has increased every year, in spite of
was fixed by the State Board of Equalization the warnings in every Governor's message for at $83,764, 315.74, being $167,280 more than a series of years.
the valuation of the same as returned to the The amount of cash in the State Treasury board by the Boards of County Auditors. on November 15, 1880, the beginning of the
The valuation of the railway property for fiscal year, was $1,235,891.50, which was to 1881 was $77,848,180.83; an increase over the credit of the following funds :
1880 of $5,916,134.91. $301,432 74
The report of the Commissioner of Railroads Sinking fund.
923,761 05 and Telegraphs indicates an increasing prosCommon-school fund.
10,697 71 perity in these branches of industry. There The receipts during the year from taxes and were (June 30, 1881) 5,840,388 miles of railall other sources were as follow :
roads; an increase over the preceding year of General revenue...
$3.083,987 54 3:448 per cent. Sinking fund.
1,876,625 51 School fund..
The amount of stock and debt was $380,709,1,544,970 78
530.35, an increase of 3.9 per cent; the gross Total receipts, including disbursements.. $7,241,474 28 earnings were $45,843,866.34, an increase of The disbursements for the same period were
9-553 per cent; the operating expenses were as follow :
$29,378,562.82, leaving the net amount of From general revenge........
$3,139,906 95 earnings $16,465,303.52, an increase of 4.483 From sinking fund..
2.092,119 97 per cent, amounting to 4.324 per cent on the From common-school fund.
stock and debt. Total in the year..
amounted to $10,320,517.98, an increase of On the morning of the 18th of November 10.822 per cent; the freight earnings to $33,- the main building of the State Institution for 415,533.28, an increase of 9•753 per cent; the Feeble-minded Youth, at Columbus, was burned mail earnings were $1,047,698.55, an increase down, involving a loss of probably $250,000. of 13.986 per cent; and the express earnings Nothing was saved from the burned portion of were $832,994.67, an increase of 26.995 per the building, but the children were all removed cent. From “other sources” the receipts without injury. were $862,704.22, an increase of 9:137 per There are six asylums for the insane. The cent.
number of patients in each, November 15, 1881, It will be seen that while the increased mile- with the per capita cost per annum on daily age is not quite 3.5 per cent, there was an in- average of patients actually in the asylums, crease in the various classes of receipts froin were as follow : Athens, 616, $170.37; Cleve9 to 26 per cent, averaging nearly 11 per cent. land, 622, $180.92; Columbus, 930, $185.00;
There was expended in the maintenance of Dayton, 596, $174.13 (exclusive of salaries); way and structures the sum of $14,059,005.10, Longview, 651, $122.94; Toledo, 118, $185.55. an increase over the previous year of 20•329 At the same date the numbers in the other per cent. This may be in part attributable to benevolent institutions of the State, with the the increased cost of material and labor, but actual cost per capita of the inmates, were as largely to the fact that railroad managers have follow : Asylum for the Blind, 180, $206.85; been actively engaged during the year in bring- Deaf and Dumb Asylum, 432, $175.84; Soling their roads up to the proper condition to diers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, 603, $153.bear the increased demands of traffic.
24. In the five reformatory institutions in the The cost of transportation was $23,768,604.- State there was, November 15, 1881, a total of 45, an increase of 16.618 per cent. This cost 1,332 boys and girls. At the same time there has increased in greater ratio than the gross were in the Penitentiary 1,152 prisoners. The receipts. The employés, including officers, cost per inmate for the year was $150.10. The number 32,207, an increase of 9.529 per cent. institution was more than self-supporting, the
An inspection of the railroads was made current expenses, including salaries, having during the summer and autumn by three com- been $187,625.76, and the earnings $190,614.petent civil engineers. They report great ac- 23. tivity upon most of the roads, in the work of The crop statements of the State Board of bridge-building, replacing wooden with iron Agriculture place the number of acres sown to bridges, and trestles with embankments, re- wheat in 1881 at 2,856,609, with a total crop ducing the grades, increasing substantial bal- harvested of 38,010,057 bushels, being an averlasting, and a general tendency toward lasting age of 13.3 bushels per acre. The crop in improvements. They represent that there is 1880 was 52,500,000 bushels. The report of generally a most excellent and safe condition oats, partly estimated, was 22,500,000 bushels of railway. When faults have been found by against 21,000,000 in 1880 ; of corn, 74,000,000 the inspectors, immediate assuring promises of bushels, against 105,000,000 in 1880. prompt repair have been made by the managers The number of animals returned to the or superintendents.
Auditor of State's office shows a falling off According to the returns made to the State from the previous year in all classes but sheep, Bureau of Statistics of Labor, the year 1881 in which there is an increase. The figures for was a very successful period for both manu- the two years are as follow: facturers and working-men. Of the 463 returns by working-men, 177 report an increase without resorting to strikes, whilo 25 report Horses
707,025 an increase secured by means of strikes.
1,624,256 1,533,462 The Board of Public Works report their Mules, etc
4,595,462 4,923,174 gross receipts for the fiscal year to be $259,- Hogs..
1,974,808 1,795,770 106.37; expenditures, $213,705.97; net gain, $45,400.40.
The Legislature opened the adjourned sesThe report of the Adjutant-General shows sion January 4th, and concluded its labors the present force of the Ohio National Guard April 20th. · Proceedings were temporarily to consist of ninety-three companies of infan- suspended in the early part of March, in actry, two troops of cavalry, and nine batteries cordance with a resolution to attend the inof light artillery, and a total number of men, auguration of President Garfield at Washingincluding officers, of 7,308, being a reduction ton. A large part of the session was spent in of 698 during the year.
fruitless endeavors to pass measures affecting The total number of insane persons in the the trade in liquor. A constitutional amendState is estimated at about 6,000. Of this ment, local-option bills, and a bill taxing the number about 1,400 may be classed as chronic sale of liquor, were hotly debated through the insane, and about 600 as epileptics. Of the greater part of the session, but none of them total number, 3,533 are cared for in the asy were finally adopted. A bill for the more lums, leaving about 2,500, including epileptics, rigid observance of Sunday was also under not cared for by the State.
discussion from the beginning of the session
until near the close, when it passed in a greatly ment Park, and arches spanning the streets inodified form, its principal effect being to in the neighborhood and along which the restrict dramatic and musical entertainments funeral procession was to pass. Several comon Sunday when connected with the sale of panies of State troops were called out as liquor. A bill was passed making it unlawful guards. The remains lay in state from Satto keep or knowingly permit to be kept “any urday to Monday morning, and a steady stream room or building, or any portion of any room of persons poured through the building during or building, or to occupy any place on public the wbole time. The State officials were presor private grounds anywhere within the State ent, the funeral being under the general direcof Ohio with apparatus, books, or other device tion of the Governor, who gave special charge for the purpose of recording or registering of the proceedings to the municipal authoribets or wagers, or to sell pools upon the result ties of Cleveland. The whole State went into of any trial or contest of skill, speed, or power mourning. of endurance of man or beast.” Later in the The Republican State Convention was held session an attempt to exempt trotting associa- at Cleveland, June 8th, and the following tions from the operation of the law was de- ticket put in the field: For Governor, Charles feated. The most important work of the ses- Foster, of Seneca; for Lieutenant-Governor, sion, aside from these measures, was the Rees G. Richards, of Jefferson; for Judge of adoption of the scheme for the disposition of the Supreme Court, Nicholas Longworth, of the public debt, before described.
Hamilton; for Attorney-General, George K. At the opening of the session, Governor Nash, of Franklin; for Treasurer of State, Foster transmitted to the Legislature the fol- Joseph Turney, of Cuyahoga; for member of lowing communication :
Board of Public Works, George Paul, of SumMENTOR, Ouro, December 23, 1880.
mit. All but the nominees for LieutenantTo the Governor and General Assembly of the State
Governor and Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio.
were already occupants of the positions to Having been appointed by the General Assembly which they were named, and the nomination on the 13th and 14th days of January, A. D. 1850, a Senator in the Congress of the United States from
of each was by acclamation. The platform the State of Ohio
for the term of six years, to begin adopted was as follows: on the 4th day of March, 1881, I have the honor to inform you that I respectfully decline and renounce
Resolved, That the Republicans of Ohio in convensaid appointment, with a high appreciation of the ciples and policy of the party as shown in its history
tion assembled hereby reaffirm and readopt the prinhonor conferred upon me by the General Assembly, and of the confidence which its choice inferred.
Resolved, That the Republicans of Ohio heartily I am very truly your obedient servant,
approve and indorse the Administration of James A. (Signed) J. A. GÅRFIELD. Garfield, President of the United States, and we
hereby pledge to him our cordial support in the disOn the 18th of January the Legislature charge of all the duties devolving upon him as the
Chief Magistrate of the nation. elected John Sherman United States Senator
Resolved, That we hereby indorse the wise policy for the full term of six years to which General of the Republican party in giving full protection to Garfield had been elected the previous year,
American labor and in discriminating in favor of and which he had declined on bis election to
home industries. the presidency. The Democrats voted for of Governor Charles Foster and the State adminis
Resolved, That we fully indorse the administration Allen G. Thurman. The vote stood in the tration of the Republican party during the last two Senate-Sherman, 20; Thurman, 12; in the years, under which the expenditures were reduced House–Sheridan, 65 ; Thurman, 40.
over $500,000 below the expenditures of the Demo, On Friday, the 23d of September, at twenty- reduced the public debt of the State nearly $1,250,000,
cratic administration of the two preceding years, and five minutes past 5 P. M., a train, bearing the and refunded the remainder of the debt redeemable remains of the late President Garfield, left the 30th day of June, 1881, by the issue of State Washington for Cleveland. It consisted of an bonds bearing 4 per cent interest, which were sold at engine and six cars. The first was a regular such a premium as to reduce the rate per centum 8: per
cent per annum. passenger car, which was unoccupied. The
Resolved, That public interests require that the second contained Mrs. Garfield, her family and General Assembly should submit to a vote of the peointimate friends. The third was set apart for ple such amendments to the Constitution of the Stato the cabinet and their families. Next came the relative to the manufacture and sale and use of intoxifourth car with the remains, guarded by a de- cating liquors as shall leave the whole matter to the tachment of the First artillery. This was followed by a car containing the army and navy The Greenback State Convention was held escort, and last was the baggage car. As there at Columbus, June 15th. The following ticket was not enough room in this train for the Con- was nominated: For Governor, John Seitz, gressional Joint Committee of sixteen, they of Lucas County; for Lieutenant-Governor, were obliged to accept the second train. The re- Charles Jenkins, of Maboning County; for mains reached Cleveland on Saturday morning, Judge of the Supreme Court, Joseph Watson, for burial in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland. of Knox County; for Attorney-General, G. Great preparations had been made for the M. Tuttle, of Lake County; for Treasurer of lying in state at Cleveland, a special building State, W.F. Gloyd, of Montgomery County; having been erected in the center of Monu- for member of Board of Public Works, H. La
Morrison, of Ashtabula County. The platform all people before the law, equal taxation, non-political declared :
legislation, and a free and pure ballot as the corner
stone of free institutions ; opposition to monopolies 1. That the right to make or issue money is a sov
and subsidies of all kinds; the strictest economy in ereign power to be maintained by the people for the national, State, and local administrations, that labor cominon benefit. The delegation of this
right to cor- may be lightly burdened; the maintenance and adporations is a surrender of the central attribute of sov Vancement of the common-school system. ereignty, void of constitutional sanction, conferring
Resolved, That the abuses of the present contract upon a subordinate irresponsible power absolute do- system in our State Prison, by which the products of minion over industry and commerce. All money, criminal labor are brought into competition with the whether metallic or paper, should be issued and its products of honest labor, to the great injury of the volume controlled by the Government, and not by or latter, are vicious and unwise, and should be corthrough banking corporations; and, when so issued, rected. should be a full legal tender for ail debts, public and Resolved, That the course of the last Republican private.
Legislature deserves the condemnation of the people 2. That the bonds of the United States should be for its incompetency, hypocrisy, its unnecessary and paid as rapidly as is practicable. To enable the Gov- heavy increase in the burdens of taxation, and for the erminent to meet these obligations, legal-tender cur
passage of unconstitutional acts, and for its reorganirency should be substituted for thé notes of the na zation of the benevolent institutions of the State solely tional banks, the national banking system abolished, for the purpose and as a medium for the distribution and the unlimited coinage of silver as well as gold es
of spoils. tablished by law.
Resolred, That as the humanities are non-partisan, 3. We demand the equal protection of labor and and as the treatment of criminals should be non-politcapital by law.
ical, the management of the charitable punitive insti4. We are opposed to all subsidies by Government. tutions of the State should be free from partisan
5. All lines of communication and transportation change or appointments. should be brought under such legislative control as
Resolved, That we are in favor of a civil-service reshall secure moderate, fair, and cquitable rates for pas- form whereby offices shall be held to be public trusts senger and freight traffic.
to be administered for the public good, not spoils to be 6. We condemn the cruel class legislation of the enjoyed as the reward of partisan zeal or service. Republican party, which, while professing great grati
Resolved, That the Democrats of Ohio, in this year, tude to the soldier, has most unjustly discrimivated as in all years, are in favor of the largest individual against him and in favor of the bondholder.
liberty consistent with public order, and are opposed 7. All property should bear its just proportion of to legislation merely sumptuary: taxation, and we demand a graduated income-tax.
Resolved, That the recent discovery of enormous 8. We denounce as most dangerous the efforts, peculations in high Federal places, and the Republican wherever manifest, to restrict the right of suffrage. attempt to purchase votes by corruption, should con
9. We are opposed to an increase of the standing vince the country that the Republican organization is army in time of peace, and the insidious scheme to es not worthy of public confidence. tablish an enormous military power under the guise of
Resolved, That the power delegated to the General a militia law,
Government "to regulate commerce among the 10. That the practice of railroads of this State in is- States," as well as the power reserved to the States to suing free passes over their lines of roads to the mem
regulato commerce within their own borders, should bers of the Legislature and all other officers of the both be exercised to prevent unjust discrimination and State, is vicious and corrupting, and ought not to be unreasonable charges by our railroads, and to secure a sanctioned or tolerated, but should be prohibited by tariff for revenue levied and adjusted in its details with stringent laws.
a view to equity in the public burdens and the en11. That the practice of turning out faithful officers couragement of productive industries without creating · connected with the supervision and management of monopolies; and we favor the appointment of a comthe different institutions of the State upon mere party mission to suggest a method of revision which shall ground, is prejudicial to the best interests of the State, accomplish this result. and ought not longer to be sanctioned by any party. 12. Prison convict-labor should be utilized by the
A Temperance Reform Convention was held State alone.
at Loveland, July 20th, and after considerable 13. That we favor the submission by the Legisla- discussion on the propriety of a separate politture to a vote of the people of an amendment to the ical organization, placed a ticket in the field as Constitution prohibitîng the manufacture, sale, or use follows: Governor, Abram R. Ludlow, of of intoxicating drinks as a beverage.
Springfield; Lieutenant-Governor, Jason McThe Democratic State Convention assembled Vay, of Columbus; Judge of the Supreme Court, at Columbns, July 13th, and put in the field Gideon T. Stewart, of Norwalk ; Attorney-Genthe foilowing candidates: For Governor, John eral, Levi Mills, of Wilmington; Treasurer, FerW. Book walter, of Clarke County ; for Lieu- dinand Schumacher, of Akron; Board of Pubtenant-Governor, Edgar M. Johnson, of Hamil- lic Works, Abner Davis, of Mercer County. ton County ; for Supreme Judge, Edward F. The following platform was adopted : Bingham, of Franklin County; for Attorney Whereas, The liquor-traffic is going forward in the General, Frank C. Dougherty, of Hardin Coun- State of Ohio with increasing power, devastating our ty; for State Treasurer, Alonzo P. Winslow, homes, corrupting public morals, and coutrolling legisof Cuyahoga County; for member of the Board lation; and, of Public Works, John Crowe, of Defiance have put into their platforms principles which, if car:
Whereas, The two great political parties of Ohio County. The platform was as follows: ried out, will result in a still greater increase of the
liquor-traffic and of its dreadful consequences: thereThe Democrats of Ohio, proud of their citizenship fore, in this great State, for the purpose of maintaining the Resolved, That the time has fully come when temprosperity of the Commonwealth and to promote the perance men should unite in a political organization welfare and happiness of the whole people, submit whose leading object shall be the suppression of the the following declaration of principles upon which liquor-traffic, and therefore we are in favor of nomithey ask the suffrages of the people: The equality of nating a State temperance reform ticket.
Resolved, That our ultimate object shall be the con- bling in gold, stocks, agricultural products, and all stitutional prohibition of the liquor-traffic, the manu forms of money and property. facture and sale of intoxicating liquors, including 5. The prohibition of corporation grants, Crédit wine, ale, and beer, and we demand that our next Mobilier and ring speculations with public lands, and Legislature shall submit to the voters of Ohio such the substitution of homesteads for the people to be constitutional amendments.
secured to actual settlers there, and to be encouraged Resolved, That as a measure leading to constitu- and preserved throughout the nation. tional prohibition, we are in favor of local option, and 6. The protection by law of laborers against the demand of our next Legislature the passage of a oppressions of unjust capital, and a lien on the property stringent local-option law.
and earnings of corporations for the wages. Resolved, That we do not deem it important to an 7. The equal rights and civil equality of the people, nounce definite principles on other political issues, as including the right of suffrage, irrespective of race, all these are of minor importance when compared with sex, or color, those great measures which we advocate and propose 8. The reduction of salaries of public officers in a to secure-constitutional prohibition of the liquor- just ratio to the decline of wages and market prices ; traffic.
the reduction of taxes; the abolition of all sinecures Resolced, When either of the dominant parties puts and unnecessary offices, of subsidies and Star Route in nomination candidates for the General Assembly swindles; the frequent and rigid investigation into and county officers distinctly pledged to the principles the whole system of Government contracts and the acherein set forth, we will not put opposition candidates counts of public officers, and the prompt payment of in the field; but when they fail to do this we will put the public debt by retrenchment and reform in the in nomination our own tickets, as in the case of State Government expenses. officers, and press their election with energy:
Resolved, that we recommend the organization of The election took place October 11th, and county and township organizations as auxiliaries to the resulted in a complete Republican victory, the Ohio Anti-Liquor Alliance.
whole of the Republican State ticket being Resolved, That we recognize the great moral power elected by majorities over all the other candiof the Women's National Christian Temperance Union, dates combined, and large majorities secured nestly ask the co-operation of the noble Christian in both branches of the Legislature. The folwomen of our State in our efforts to forward the fore- lowing shows the votes on each candidate: going objects. Resolved, That we hereby tender to James A. Gar
FOR GOVERNOR. field, President of the United States, and his family, Charles Foster, Republican..
$12,725 our profoundest sympathies in his sore affliction, and John Bookwalter, Democrat.
249.426 we, in common with the people of this whole country,
A. R. Ludlow, Prohibitionist.
6,8:30 rejoice in the prospect of his speedy recovery,
John Seitz, Greenback.
Scattering..... devoutly pray God that he might be spared to this nation to accomplish the great hopes that have been
FOR LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR. centered in him.
R. G. Richards, Republican..
814,100 The Prohibition Reform State Convention Edgar M. Johnson, Democrat.
Jason McVay, Probibitionist.
16,127 was held at Columbus, August 4th, and nomi Charles Jenkins, Greenback
6,860 nated the following State ticket: for Governor, Scattering .... Abram R. Ludlow, of Clarke County; for Lieu
FOR JUDGE OF SUPREME COURT. tenant-Governor, Jason McVay, of Franklin
Nicholas Longworth, Republican..
316,005 County; for Judge of the Supreme Court, Edward F. Bingham, Democrat.
16.030 Gideon T. Stewart, of Huron County; for
Gideon T. Stewart, Prohibitionist.
6,495 Attorney-General, llenry Camp, of Coshocton
Scattering... County; for State Treasurer, Ferdinand Schu
FOR ATTORNEY-GENERAL. macher, of Summit County; for member of
G. K. Nash, Republican.
815,655 Board of Public Works, Abner Davis, of Mer F. C. Dougherty, Democrat.
287,470 cer County. The candidates are the same as
David W. Gage, Prohibitionist.
15,612 G. N. Tuttle, Greenback...
6,432 those nominated previously at Loveland, with
Scattering.... the exception of Attorney-General. Levi Mills having declined the Loveland nomination, the
816,283 place was given to Henry Camp. On his de
Joseph Turney, Republican...
2-6,591 clination the committee substituted the name Ferdinand Schumacher, Prohibitionist. 15,42 of David W. Gage, of Cuyahoga County. The
William F. Gloyd, Greenback..
Scattering. following platform was adopted:
FOR MEMBER OF BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS. Resolred, That the Prohibition Reform party of Ohio, in this thirteenth year of its history, with con
George Paul, Republican..
297,645 gratulations to the friends of the cause on its present
John Crowe, Democrat..
Abner Davis, Prohibitionist.. great and rapid progress, repeat and affirm the follow
H. L. Morrison, Greenback...
6,439 ing principles and measures:
Scattering .. 1. The prohibition in the State and national Constitution and laws of the liquor crime, being the The Republicans elected 22 Senators and 70 manufacture, importation, sale, and supply of intoxi- Representatives, and the Democrats 11 Sen
2. The abolition of executive and legislative patron- ators and 35 Representatives, thus giving the age, and the election of President and Vice-President, Republicans an exact two-thirds vote in each United States Senators, postmasters, and all civil branch of the Legislature. officers, so far as practicable, by direct vote of the The following table gives the population of people. 3. The universal and enforced cducation of the
Ohio by counties, as finally returned by the youth of the State and nation.
census of 1880, and as compared with the cor4. The prohibition of speculative and other gam- responding figures for 1870: