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OBITUARIES, AMERICAN. Abbott, Jo- made him a leader among his brethren. He SEPH C., was born July 15, 1825, in Concord, served churches which were regarded as the New Hampshire, and died in 1881. He received best appointinents, such as those in Boston and his academic education at Phillips Academy, Lynn, and had two terms, of four years each, Andover, Massachusetts. Afterward, for three as presiding elder. He was one of the pioneers years, under private instruction, he pursued the in the anti-slavery cause, and was four times usual collegiate course, and then read law at chosen to represent his conference in the GenConcord and Manchester, and settled in the lat- eral Conference. ter place May 1, 1852. He had for six months BARBOUR, Joan M., was born at Cambridge, previous been editor of the Manchester “Daily Washington County, New York; died in New American,” which position he held until Febru- York city, December 8, 1881. Mr. Barbour's ary, 1857. He was editor and proprietor of the parents were humble and poor, unable to afford Boston “Atlas and Bee,” from May 1, 1859, to him the education he desired, and his early days May 1, 1861. He was a member of the New were spent in occupations foreign to his taste. Hampshire State Council of the “Know-Noth. When a very young man, he went to Michigan ing” party, and chairman of the committee and studied law; was first elected a justice of which transformed the order into “ Fremont the peace, and served with acceptance, then Clubs," and as such supported the State Com- was made Commissioner of Internal Improvemittee that was formed in May, 1856, with E. ments, and after the expiration of his term H. Rollins at its head. Mr. Abbott was early was elected County Judge, in which capacity identified with the State military force. Having he served eight years with popular favor and been appointed Adjutant and Quartermaster professional indorsement. In 1850 be moved General of New Hampshire, he superintended, to New York. Although not a brilliant man, with great energy and success, the raising and his high character and professional worth soon fitting out of the First and Second Regiments established for him an enviable reputation, and in the war.

He also raised the Seventh Regi- in a short time he found himself the center of ment, taking the commission of lieutenant- a profitable circle of clients. He moved slowly colonel. He was at the head of a brigade for but surely to the front rank of his profession. more than a year, and was ever foremost in In 1861 he was nominated by the Democrats the engagements. For distinguished bravery as Judge of the Superior Court, and was aided at Fort Wagner, he was brevetted brigadier- somewhat by the undeserved reputation of general of United States Volunteers. In early being the author of “ Barbour's Reports." He manhood he was a member of the commission was elected by a large majority. His six years' for adjusting the boundary-line between New experience on the bench secured him a renomHampshire and Canada. He took great inter- ination in 1867, and he wns again elected by a est in literary and historical matters, and con- flattering majority. His judicial career was tributed illustrated articles to magazines. After characterized by a conscientious and unsensathe war, General Abbott removed to Wilming. tional endeavor to secure justice, which gained ton, North Carolina, and was for a time com- for him the confidence and esteem of his brethmandant of the city. He was a member of the ren of the bar, as well as of the people. This Constitutional Convention of that State, and was clearly shown at the death of Chief-Juswas elected Republican United States Senator tice Robertson, when Judge Barbour was for a partial term, which closed in 1871. He unanimously chosen to preside in bis place. was Collector of the Port of Wilmington under He was an able and well-read lawyer, oftener President Grant, and Inspector of the Ports excelling in the more quiet branches of the law along the eastern line of the Southern coast which formerly came under the cognizance of under President Hayes.

the Court of Chancery, than in the active conAdams, John F., was born at Stratham, New tests which come before a jury. As an author. Hampshire, May 23, 1790; died in Greenland, ity in statutes he was considered expert and in that State, on June 11, 1881. Mr. Adams reliable. In arguing cases before him, the was the oldest Methodist minister in New counsel were always certain that he gave the Hampshire at the time of his death, and possi- case careful investigation, and that his decision bly in New England. He began to preach in would be correct in its conclusions, as well as 1812, and joined the New England Conference, honest and conscientious. His mind was very which then embraced all the New England deliberate, and not so rapid in its operation as States. Sent to the back settlements of the some of his colleagues. For this reason he then District of Maine, he endured many hard- was better adapted to that branch of the court ships in the cause of religion, traveling on where cases are reviewed on appeal than where horseback through ten or twenty towns, doing he was required to determine questions ingood, and making himself beloved wherever he stanter, as in jury-trials. went. His talents, judgment, and zeal soon BARKSDALE, Harris, born in Holmes County,

ness.

Mississippi ; died August 22, 1881. His parents of the “American Biblical Repository." In removed to Yazoo City when he was an infant. 1860 he became the publisher and proprietor He had only entered upon his sixteenth year of the “ American Theological Review." Two when he became a soldier in the Southern years afterward this work was incorporated army, as a member of the Burt Rifles of the with the “Presbyterian Quarterly Review,” Eighteenth Mississippi. Though of tender years and passed into other hands. Between 1848 and delicate frame, Mr. Barksdale fulfilled with and 1854 he published a series of seven valugreat zeal and fidelity the arduous duties of a able missionary maps, of which his brother, private until the promotion of bis uncle, Gen- Rev. 0. B. Bidwell, was the author.' In 1867 eral William Barksdale, when he served on he was appointed by Secretary Seward as spethe staff of that commander. After the war cial commissioner of the United States to visit closed, Captain Barksdale studied law, but his various points in Western Asia, and passed tastes inclined him to the profession of journal- eight months of continuous travel in Greece, ism, and in February, 1868, he formed a con- Egypt, and Palestine, Syria and Turkey, renection with the “Mississippi Clarion." His turning from Constantinople by way of the labors on this paper were varied, and he was Black Sea and the Danube. Subsequently he equally capable in any department of its busi- made several other brief visits to Europe.

At all times an original writer, he Brown, Rev. WILLIAM FAULKNER, born in seemed to reach his highest success amid the New York city; died in New Jersey, August turmoil of political strife.

22, 1881. He was educated by Protestant parBEAUREGARD, AUGUSTINE TOUtant, eldest ents as a physician, and during the civil war brother of General P. G. T. Beauregard; died served as surgeon on the United States steamer at San Antonio, Texas, April 11, 1881, at the Mystic, at the time of the engagement between age of sixty-six years. He was born in the par- the Monitor and the Merrimac. He afterward ish of St. Bernard, Louisiana, August 8, 1815, became examining surgeon of Park Barracks, and was educated in New York and Philadel New York, and subsequently went to Rome as pbia to a high degree of scholarship. He mar a newspaper correspondent, and reported the ried Miss Reggio, his cousin, a native of Louisi- proceedings of the Vatican Council for several ana, and a descendant of a member of the Catholic newspapers. He had been converted famous banking firm, Modena & Reggio. Mr. to the Catholic Church in 1857, and when he Beauregard was for many years a sugar-planter returned from Rome he entered Seton Hall Col. in Louisiana, but in 1853 he settled on a large lege, and subsequently took clerical orders in stock-farm on the San Antonio River, Texas, Louisville, Kentucky. He was assigned to a and his death bereaves his friends of a genial parish in Georgia, where he suffered so severecompanion and highly esteemed Christian gen- ly from the effects of yellow fever that he was tleman.

obliged to remore to the North, and in 1880 BENTON, James G., born in New Hampshire; accepted the position of chaplain to St. Jodied August 23, 1881, at Springfield, Massa- seph's Hospital at Paterson. Here he rechusetts. Colonel Benton graduated at West mained until the time of his death. Point Military Academy in July, 1842, and was BUTLER, BENJAMIN ISRAEL, died September promoted to brevet second-lieutenant of ord. 1, 1881, at Bayview, Massachusetts. He was

He served at Watervliet Arsenal until the younger son of General Benjamin F. But1848, and was then transferred to the Ordnance ler, and a man of fair promise. Upon bis Bureau in Washington, where he assisted to graduation at West Point Military Academy, prepare the "System of Artillery for the Land June 14, 1877, he was promoted second-lieutenService," and the “Ordnance Manual." lle ant in the Eighth Cavalry, and became very served also at Harper's Ferry Armory, Vir- popular with his regiment, exhibiting all the ginia; San Antonio Ordnance Depot, Texas; qualities requisite in a good soldier. He served and commanded Charleston Armory.

on frontier duty at Fort Stockton, Texas, and BIDWELL, WALTER H., born at Farmington, at Grierson's Springs, in the same State, for Connecticut, June 21, 1798; died November, upward of a year, when he resigned his post in 1881. Mr. Bidwell was a graduate of Yale the army, June 1, 1878. Later on he was adCollege, and a theological student at Yale Sem- mitted to the bar of Massachusetts, and pracinary. In 1833 he was made pastor of the ticed his profession with a fair amount of sucCongregational Church at Medfield, Massachu- cess. setts, but five years later was compelled to re CHAMBERS, WILLIAM H., died at Auburn, Alsign this charge on account of the failure of abama, July 4, 1881. Colonel Chambers by his voice. IIc removed to Philadelphia, and profession was a lawyer, and at one time editin 1841 his long editorial career was com- ed a paper in Columbus, Georgia. Before the menced in the conduct of the “American Na- late war he practiced his profession in the city tional Preacher," which he edited about nine- of Eufaula, and was elected to the Alabama teen years. The New York " Evangelist" came Legislature from Barbour County, and made into his hands in 1843, and was conducted by one of its most useful members.

After rehim for twelve years. . In 1846 he became the turning to his old home in Russell County, a proprietor of the “Eclectic Magazine,” and few years sinco, he was again elected to the about the same time proprietor and conductor Lower House of the Legislature for one term,

nance.

and then to the Senate, where he served four “ Columbian Centinel.” In the War of 1812 he years with distinction. While in the Senate was on board an American vessel which was he was chosen Professor of Agriculture in the captured by an English cruiser, and was conAgricultural Mechanical College at Auburn, fined in Dartmoor Prison six months, with for which position he was eminently fitted. some ten or eleven thousand French and Amer

Clark, SARAH, died at Rolla, Missouri, Jan- icans. After the war he entered the office of the uary 10, 1891. She was a colored woman who “Evening Gazette," Boston, and subsequently spent many of her numerous years in servitude opened a printing-office in that city, which he in Kentucky and Missouri. About the begin- conducted successfully until he retired with a ning of the late war, she settled near Boon- modest competency. Mr. Condon was noted for ville, Missouri, where she resided till her death. his charities, and was always seeking to discover Her exact age was not known, but from her and alleviate the wants of the poor.

For a statements of her life it is supposed to have long time he was superintendent of an evening been one hundred and twenty-six years. She school in Boston, and was also connected with said that before the Revolutionary War she was the Boston Provident Association from its founthe mother of two children. She distinctly dation. He was a co-laborer in behalf of the Soremembered nursing the grandfather of General ciety for the Prevention of Pauperism, and was Clark, Congressman from the eleventh Missou- for three years Superintendent of the City ri district, and who served in the War of 1812. Temporary Home.

Combs, Leslie, born in. Clark County, Ken Cooke, HENRY D., born at Sandusky City, tucky, November 28, 1793; died in Lexington, Ohio, November 23, 1825; died at Georgetown, Kentucky, August 21, 1881, aged eighty-eight District of Columbia, February 29, 1881. Mr. years. General Combs was the last of the gener. Cooke was a son of Eleutherus Cooke, at one ation of pioneer Indian warriors who have made time a distinguished orator, and a brother of Kentucky famous in song and story, and he was Jay Cooke, the well-known financier. He one of the most prominent political men of graduated at Transylvania University, Ken. that State. His father was a Virginian and his tucky, in 1844, and began to study law, but mother a Marylander. During the War of 1812 soon turned his attention to writing for the he distinguished himself by his courage and press. In 1817 he sailed for Valparaiso, Chili, gallantry. In the campaign that ended in the as an attaché to the American consul there, disaster at the River Raisin, he was sent by but was shipwrecked. This event probably General Winchester with important dispatch- led to the organization of the Pacific Mail es to General Harrison, and, to deliver these, Steamship Company. After the wreck, Mr. Comb3 was obliged tv traverse alone a wilder- Cooke was detained at St. Thomas, and the idea ness occupied by savages and covered with of a successful steamship line from New York

För over a hundred miles, and suffer- to California, by way of Panama, occurring to ing the greatest privations, he pursued this him, he wrote concerning it to the Philadelphia desolate journey and discharged the duty com “ United States Gazette" and the New York witted to him. In April, 1813, he was com “ Courier and Enquirer.” The attention of the missioned captain. He volunteered, with an State Department was called to the correspondIndian guide, to carry the intelligence of the ence by Consul W. G. Moorhead, and in about approach of General Clay's forces to General two years the stearnship company was organHarrison, when besieged in Fort Meigs, but was ized. Mr. Cooke afterward lived in California, overpowered in sight of the fort, and escaped to where he was actively connected with shipping Fort Defiance. He afterward bore a conspic- interests. He was the first to announce to the uous part in the defeat of Colonel Dudley, on authorities at Washington, through a dispatch May 5th; was wounded, and compelled to run from the Military Governor of California, the the gantlet at Fort Miami. In 1836 he raised discovery of gold in the Sacramento Valley. a regiment at his own expense for the aid of The latter part of his residence in California Texas, then struggling for independence. He was not fortunate, and he returned to the East was a lawyer of commanding ability, was fre- where, for some time, he was engaged in jourquently Auditor of the State, a member of the nalism. In 1856 he was a presidential elector, Legislature, and a railroad pioneer, by which he and in 1861 became a partner in the house lost a large fortune. The last public office he of Jay Cooke & Co. Appointed the first held was that of Clerk of the State Court of Governor of the District of Columbia, he reAppeals. It was in defeating General Combs for signed in 1873, and had resided abont twenty Congress that John C. Breckenridge won his years in Georgetown, where he was held in first success in public life. Mr. Combs was an high esteem as the generous friend of the pubearnest Whig, and the trusted friend of Henry lic institutions of that city, Olay, and, during the canvass of 1844, made Cox, Mrs. Hannau, born at Preston, Connecmany speeches on the platforins of the North ticut, June 25, 1776; died at Holderness, New and East in behalf of his candidate.

Hampshire, August 29, 1881. Mrs. Cox was, at Condon, SAMUEL, was born in Boston in 1795, the time of her death, the oldest person in the and died in that city in 1881, aged eighty-six State, and probably in New England; her birth years and six months. He served his appren- is recorded in the parish register of an old Episticesbip as a printer in the office of the old copal church at Preston. When she reached

snow.

the age of nine the family removed to Fairlee, Latham's battery, and was distinguished for his Vermont, and four years later went from there bravery on the field. He subsequently organto Holderness, which was her home until the ized and commanded Davidson's battery. For time of her death. Her father was an officer .years after the war he lived in very moderate cirin the Revolutionary War, and lived to the cumstances, but with his good character, soldierage of eighty-six. In her twenty-second year ly and dignified bearing, and military record, Hannah married Robert Cox; her husband died he continued to be regarded with the peculiar in 1822, leaving seven children. Mrs. Cox was interest which attached to the man who had of Welsh descent, and in her early life was a fired the first cannon-shot in the first great slender, delicate child. She attributed her battle between the North and the South. length of days to a perfect control of her nerv Diman, J. LEWIS, born in Bristol, Rhode ous system, joined with regular habits and Island, May 1, 1831; died in Providence, active labor. After she had reached a century Rhode Island, February 3, 1881. Mr. Diman she proudly recalled the fact that, at the age entered Brown University at the age of sixof tive, she had knitted socks for Revolu- teen. Graduating with honor in 1851, he travtionary soldiers. Up to ninety-seven Mrs. Cox eled in Europe, studying several years at the was unremittingly industrious. Near the time Universities of Halle, Heidelberg, and Berlin. of her death her senses, with the exception of Returning to America, he graduated in 1856 at impaired hearing, were in good preservation. the Theological Seminary in Andover, MassaShe walked without a cane, and read small chusetts, and settled as pastor of the First print without glasses. Her exact age was one Congregational Church in Fall River. In 1860 hundred and five years, two months, and four he became pastor of the Harvard Church in days, having been born nine days before the Brookline, Massachusetts. In 1864 he was Declaration of Independence by the American appointed Professor of History and Political colonies.

Economy in Brown University. In 1870 he CUTHBERT, JOAN A., was born at Savannah, received the degree of D. D. In 1873 he was Georgia, June 3, 1788; died near Mobile, Ala- elected a corresponding member of the Massabama, September 22, 1881. His father was a chusetts Historical Society. Dr. Diman was colonel in the army of the Revolution. Mr. frequently called upon to deliver sermons, adCuthbert entered the freshman class at Prince- dresses, etc., many of which have been pubton College at the age of twelve, and gradu- lished. As a speaker he was always heard ated at the age of seventeen, receiving the de- with interest; be held a high rank among gree of B. A. In 1808 the degree of A. M. scholars, and, as a man, he was greatly was conferred on him by the same college, and esteemed. He contributed articles to the in 1809 he became a law-student in New York. “ North American Review," the “Providence In 1810 he was elected to the Legislature of Journal," and other leading publications, edGeorgia, from Liberty County, which he con- ited “John Cotton's Answer to Roger Willtinued to represent for years, either in the iams” in the “Publications of the Narragansett Senate or in the House. During the War of Club,” and also “ George Fox Digg'd out of his 1812 he commanded a volunteer company, to Burrowes,” in the same series. protect the coast of Liberty County. In 1818 Dixon, NATHAN F., died April 11, 1881, Georgia elected her representatives in Con- at Westerly, Rhode Island. He was born gress on one general ticket, and Cuthbert was in Westerly, May 1, 1812, and graduated at thus chosen. At that time the Missouri ques- Brown University in 1833. He attended the tion occupied the attention of Congress, and law-schools at New Haven and Cambridge, Judge Cuthbert took an active and zealous and was engaged in the practice of his profespart in maintaining the Southern side of it. sion, both in Connecticut and Rhode Island, His warmest friends at that time were William. from 1840 to 1849. He was elected a RepreLowndes; Galliard, President of the Senate; sentative from Rhode Island to the Thirty-first Bayard, Calhoun, Randolph, Clay, Decatur, Congress, and was one of the Governor's Counand Rogers. In 1831 Judge Cuthbert became cil appointed by the General Assembly during editor and subsequently proprietor of “ The the Dorr troubles of 1842. In 1844 he was a Federal Union," "an influential paper pub- presidential elector, and in 1851 was elected as lished at Milledgeville, Georgia, and in 1837 å Whig to the General Assembly of his State, he removed to Mobile' to practice his profes- where, with the exception of two years, he sion. In 1840 he was elected by the Législat- held office until 1859. "In 1863 he went to the ure of Alabama Judge of the County Court Thirty-eighth Congress as a Republican, and of Mobile, and in 1852 he was appointed by served as a member of the Committee on Comthe Governor Judge of the Circuit Court of merce. He was a member of the Thirty-ninth, the same county.

Fortieth, and Forty-first Congresses, and deDavidson, George S., died March 14, 1881, clined re-election in 1870. He, however, reat Estillville, Scott County, Virginia, aged sumed his service in the General Assembly, sixty-four years. To Captain Davidson bo- being elected successively from 1872 to 1877. longs the fame of having fired the first Con DUPUY, Eliza, died January, 1881, at New federate gun at the first battle of Manassas, in Orleans. ' She was descended from prominent 1861. At that time he was first-lieutenant of Virginia families, and was in her youth a

teacher, but obtained considerable reputation Company was organized, and consolidated the as an author. Her first story was published interests of Johnston, Livingston, Wells & Co., when she was only fourteen, and subsequently proprietors of the line between New York and she contributed for many years to the weekly. Buffalo; those of Butterfield, Wasson & Co., press, and published several volumes of fiction. proprietors of a rival line between these two More fortunate than the great majority of cities; and those of Livingston & Fargo, who writers, Miss Dupuy accumulated money as owned the lines west of Butfalo. Henry Wells well as fame, and left a large sum to her heirs. was the first president, and William G. Fargo

Fargo, WILLIAM G., died in Buffalo, New the first secretary. These positions were thus York, Angust 3, 1881. His name was identi- beld until the consolidation with the Merfied with the express business of the United chants' Union Express Co., in December, 1868, States from the year 1845, and formed a link when Mr. Fargo was elected president, and in the circle of men like Adams, Harnden, thus remained until his death-the company Dinsmore, and their associates, who introduced having a capital of eighteen million dollars, a new feature in civilization, and brought the maintaining twenty-seven hundred offices, and service of capital and labor to the door of every giving employment to more than five thousand man, however rich or poor. At the age of men, of whom six hundred were messengers. thirteen young Fargo was employed to carry In 1851 Mr. Fargo, Henry Wells, and their the mail on horseback, twice a week, from associates, organized a company under the Pompey Hill, New York, by way of Water- name of Wells, Fargo & Co., and commenced vale, Manlius, Oran, Delphi, Fabius, and Apu- to do an express business between New York lia, back to Pompey Hill, a circuit of about and San Francisco, by way of the Isthmus, and forty miles. This business compelled him to to operate interior lines on the Pacific coast. cultivate habits of promptness and persistence. This enterprise proved successful, and was conFrom this time till 1835 he worked, as oppor- tinued over this route until the completion of tunity offered, for different persons, but chiefly the Union and Central Pacific Railroads, when at Watervale, in a country tavern and store. water was abandoned for the railways, and In this employment he acquired a knowledge the management of the company transferred to of the routine of business, and improved him- San Francisco. While the control was in New self in arithmetic by keeping accounts. During York, Mr. Fargo was director and vice-presithe winter he was permitted to attend the dis- dent. This company operated on a capital of trict school. In 1841 he removed to Auburn, five million dollars. Mr. Fargo was for a time to accept the freight agency of the Auburn a director and vice-president of the New York and Syracuse Railroad Company, then just Central Railroad Company, and was connected completed, and in 1842 he aided in the estab- with, and a large contributor to, the enterprise lishment of an express line between Albany of the Northern Pacific Railroad, of which he and Buffalo. At this time the rails were laid was for several years a director. He had been to Batavia, and express packages went by also a director of the Buffalo, New York and stage thence to Buffalo, until the completion Philadelphia Railroad Company, and was largeof the Buffalo and Attica Railroad. The ly interested in the Buffalo Coal Company and express business was in its infancy then, but the McKean and Buffalo Railroad Company. Mr. Fargo discerned in it the elements of great He was a stockholder in several of the large growth and expansion. In January, 1814, in manufacturing establishments of Buffalo. For company with Henry Wells and Daniel Dun- four years he was the Mayor of Buffalo, and ning, he organized an express line from Buffalo distinguished for his courtesy, impartiality, to Detroit, by way of Cleveland, under the and executive ability. His contributions to firm name of Wells & Co. The capital pos- all charitable, religions, and public enterprises sessed by these parties consisted principally in were most generous. The success that crowned energy, industry, and determination. The one bis useful life was in no sense accidental; who was able to borrow, on a short note, two remarkable decision of character, instinctive hundred dollars was regarded by the firm as a judgment of men, unflinching resolution in his financial success. At this time the only rail- purposes, allied to a rare power of organization roads west of Buffalo were tho one in Ohio, and control, were the “stars” that influenced from Sandusky City to Monroeville, and the bis career, and lighted his ascent to the topone in Michigan, from Detroit to Ypsilanti. most round of fortune's ladder. These expressmen employed the steamers on Fillmore, Mrs. CAROLINE, died August 11, the lakes in the season of navigation, and stages 1881, at Buffalo, New York, aged seventy-one. and express-wagons in winter. Their business Mrs. Fillmore, relict of President Fillmore, was was not at first a heavy one, but steadily in- a Miss McMichael, and afterward Mrs. McIncreased and was rapidly pushed. They ex- tosh, of Albany, where she continued to reside tended the line to Chicago and St. Louis, and after her marriage with the ex-President. Her westward to Galena. After a year the part- life was characterized by charities both public nership of Wells & Co. was dissolved and and private, and by great physical suffering changed to Livingston & Fargo. The express toward its close. business west of Buffalo was thus managed FITTON, Rev. James, born in Boston, 1803; until March, 1850, when the American Express died in East Boston, September 15, 1881.

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