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under proper supervision, to the corporation the management of their tribal property. These matters have not been finally worked out but a number of interested parties and organizations are giving it careful consideration. It is to be hoped that some satisfactory solution of this feature of our Indian problem will ultimately be attained. The Cherokee Indians in North Carolina having previously been incorporated under the laws of the State, this may prove to be an ideal situation with which to try out the incorporation plan, under proper supervision, based of course on appropriate legislation by Congress.
These considerations suggest the wisdom of deferring the work of making allotments in severalty to the members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians as directed by the said act of June 4, 1924, until the matter can be given more careful consideration both by this department and the Congress from the standpoint of policy and the best interests of these Indians. For these reasons the attached draft of a bill amendatory of the act mentioned is submitted with the recommendation that it be given favorable consideration.
If enacted this proposed amendment would provide a membership roll of these Indians which would be authentic and would settle the enrollment problem at least, thereby determining the tribal rights of a large number of claimants and contestees who have for the past 23 years been urging that their cases be finally adjudicated. Also, it would defer the matter of allotting the reservation in severalty until some more equitable provision could be worked out to meet the wishes of the Indians and remove much dissatisfaction at present existing among them.
Copies of the proposed bill amendatory of the act of June 4, 1924, are transmitted herewith.
Very truly yours,
RAY LYMAN WILBUR.
THE CHICAGO WORLD'S FAIR CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, "A CENTURY OF PROGRESS"
FEBRUARY 12, 1931.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union and ordered to be printed
Mr. LUCE, from the Committee on the Library, submitted the following
[To accompany S. 5625]
The Committee on the Library, having had under consideration S. 5625, report thereon favorably and recommend its passage with the following amendments:
After the word "commissioner," line 24, page 3, strike out the remainder of the sentence.
After the word "Act," line 21, page 5, insert the following:
Provided, That no such official or employee so designated shall receive a salary in excess of the amount which he has been receiving in the department or branch where employed plus such reasonable allowance for expenses as may be deemed proper by the commissioner.
Page 6, line 5, after the word "for" insert the word "the" and after the word "of" insert the word "a".
Page 6, line 6, change word "automobiles" to "automobile," strike out the word "their" and insert in lieu thereof the word "its".
Page 6, line 7, strike out the words "and his assistants".
Page 6, line 8, strike out the word "such" and insert after the word "entertainment" the words "of distinguished visitors".
The bill herewith reported (S. 5625) which passed the Senate January 26, 1931, is a substitute for, and of identical content with House Joint Resolution 448, introduced by Mr. Chindblom, of Illinois, January 5, 1931, and also referred to this committee. The bill was prepared and submitted by the committee, hereinafter named, appointed by the President pursuant to Public Resolution No. 92, Seventy-first Congress, second session, for investigation into the question of representation at and participation in the Chicago World's Fair Centennial Celebration, known as "A Century of Progress,"
on the part of the Government of the United States and its various departments and activities.
The bill establishes a commission, to be known as the Chicago World's Fair Centennial Commission and to be composed of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce, which shall have charge of the exhibition by the Government of the United States, its executive departments, independent offices, and establishments of such articles and materials as illustrate the function and administrative faculty of the Government in the advancement of industry, the arts, and peace, demonstrating the nature of our institutions particularly as regards their adaptation to the wants of the people.
The bill provides for the appointment of a commissioner at a salary not in excess of $10,000 per annum to have charge of the work, under the direction and control of the commission. It also provides for the cooperation with the commission of the various executive departments and independent offices and establishments of the Government in the procurement, installation, and display of exhibits, and for lending to the fair "such articles, specimens, and exhibits which the commissioner shall deem to be in the interest of the United States to place with the science or other exhibits to be shown under the auspices of A Century of Progress," which is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Illinois not for profit. The bill further provides for the proper return to the United States and the various departments and establishments of the Government of articles and property used by the commission or for the proper disposition thereof. It authorizes an appropriation for its purposes, which are enumerated in detail, of $1,725,000, and also permits the commissioner, with the approval of the commission, to receive from any source contributions to aid in carrying out the general purposes of the bill, but requires that such contributions shall be expended and accounted for the same as any appropriation made under authority of the bill itself.
The bill further requires the commission to transmit to Congress, within six months after the close of the exposition, "a detailed statement of all expenditures, and such other reports as may be deemed proper, which reports shall be prepared and arranged with a view to concise statement and convenient reference."
This legislation may be said to have been initiated by the passage by Congress and approval by the President February 5, 1929, of Public Resolution No. 82, Seventieth Congress, reading as follows:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the President that a sum of not less than $5,000,000 has been raised and is available to the Chicago World's Fair Centennial Celebration corporation, for the purposes of a world's fair to be held in the city of Chicago, in the State of Illinois, in the year 1933, to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the incorporation of Chicago as a municipality, the President is authorized and requested, by proclamation or in such other manner as he may deem proper, to invite the participstion of the nations of the world in the celebration.
SEC. 2. That all articles which shall be imported from foreign countries for the purpose of exhibition at said celebration shall be admitted free of duty, customs fees, or charges, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe; but it shall be lawful during said celebration to sell for delivery at the close thereof any goods or property imported and actually on exhibition therein, subject to such regulations for the security of the revenue as the Secretary
A CENTURY OF PROGRESS'
of the Treasury shall prescribe: Provided, That all such articles when sold or withdrawn for consumption shall be subject to the duty, if any, imposed upon such articles by the revenue laws in force at the date of their importation and to the terms of the tariff laws in force at the time: And provided further, That all necessary expenses incurred, including salaries of customs officials in charge of imported articles, shall be paid to the Treasury of the United States by the Chicago World's Fair Centennial Celebration Corporation, under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
SEC. 3. That the Government of the United States is not by this resolution obligated to any expense in connection with the holding of such world's fair and is not hereafter to be so obligated other than for suitable representation thereat.
In its report on this joint resolution by the Committee on Ways and Means, through its chairman, Mr. Hawley, that committee said:
The city of Chicago was incorporated as a municipality in the year 1833, with a population of 28 white persons and some native Indians. It now has within its metropolitan area more than 4,000,000 people and is growing at the rate of about 90,000 per year.
In 1893 the World's Columbian Exposition was held in Chicago to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the landing of Columbus on the American Continent. It was probably the most successful exposition held prior to or since that time. All world's fairs or expositions have hitherto been held upon the basis of competitive exhibitions of the products of agriculture, industry, science, and art. The citizens of Chicago, who have organized the Chicago World's Fair Centennial Celebration Corporation, as a corporation not for profit under the laws of the State of Illinois, propose to celebrate the centennial of their municipality by the holding of a world's fair celebration along entirely new and novel lines. The greatest progress in the world's history has doubtless been made during the 100 years marking the rise of Chicago. It is therefore planned to "portray intelligently, entertainingly, and educationally the modern spirit underlying the progress of each industry, and of agriculture, art, drama, and sport" during this period. It will be a scientific and historical display of the inception and progress of every element in human endeavor during the past century. In the language of its sponsors, "it will express the new spirit of the world to-day, which is the utilization for the work of man of the knowledge which science has accumulated, and the application of it through collective and coordinated effort and action in industry, agriculture, and social organization." It is said that it will "supplant the old exhibition idea by the natural evolution of a new generation, a new thought of presenting a panoramic picture, beautifully adorned, of what science and industry have achieved for the world, and may yet achieve." It is further reported that "the National Research Council, which is the organization of the scientific intelligence of the Nation, has indorsed this idea, pledged its support, and appointed a committee of its distinguished members to aid in the preparation and development of the plans."
The financial success of the undertaking seems assured.
Before the President will act under the resolution he must be satisfied that a sum of not less than $5,000,000 has been raised and is available for the celebration, and the corporation is preparing to accumulate a total available capital of approximately $30,000,000 for the expenses of the enterprise.
It is the belief of the sponsors, as voiced by Vice President Dawes at the hearing before the committee, that this method of exhibition, which has had very successful forerunners on limited scales, will attract the attention of the cililized world to such an extent that if it is not held in the near future, as proposed, in Chicago, some other city, or some other country, will enthusiastically appropriate the idea. An exhibition at Dusseldorf, Germany, showing the progress of medical science, drew an attendance of 7,500,000 people, and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad recently exhibited the progress of transportation in the United States at an exposition in Baltimore which attracted more people than attended the Sesquicentennial Exposition at Philadelphia.
Your committee believe that the centennial celebration of the marvelous growth of the metropolis of the Middle West and the plan proposed for the very unique, attractive, and valuable exposition of the world's progress during the last hundred years merit the attention and support of our own, as well as foreign governments, and also believe that the usual facilities for bringing foreign objects into this country for exhibition should be granted to the Chicago enterprise.