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THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S HOME SOCIETY
tional Children's Home Society were
There has been a steady evolution of
The work was viewed with doubt and sometimes distrust and suspicion by the people who were already engaged in the work of Orphan Asylums, Children's Homes, etc.
Mr. Van Arsdale seized upon the idea which had already been developed by Rev. Charles L. Brace of New York City, that the best possible Home for a homeless child was a selected family home.
Mr. Brace had followed the plan of carrying children West in car-load lots and distributing them somewhat promiscuously to people who were willing to
receive them. Mr. Van Arsdale adopted DR. CHARLES R. HENDERSON,
the plan of handling children one by HASTINGS H. Hart, LL. D., President of the National Children's Home one, giving the largest practicabie Secretary of the National Children's Home Society. amount of attention to the placing and
Society. supervision of the child. He districted Few people, even those who are en- the State of Illinois, appointed perma- any one who is in trouble about a child gaged in charitable work, realize the nent local boards throughout the State. may come to the Society and it will magnitude and importance of the work This plan of districts and local advisory undertake the solution of the trouble. of the National Children's Home So- boards has been adopted in other States
With the development of the Chilciety. as the work has developed.
dren's Home Society there has come a This new Society, which is only twen In the early days of the National constant gain in the quality of the work ty-one years old, has become the great- Children's Home Society children were performed, partly through the experiest Child Placing Agency in the United accepted with a good deal of freedom ence acquired by those who have now States. It has spread from state to from parents who were willing to give been in the work for many years, and state until there are now twenty-six them up. As the work has developed partly through the improvement in the Societies covering twenty-nine states. the Societies have grown more cautious quality of those who are chosen for the Each Society is independent but is fed- of relieving parents of their responsi- immediate work of caring for children. erated with its sister Societies in the bilities and more anxious to help good The work requires a high degree of in"National Children's Home Society." parents to care for their children rather telligence, experience and adaptability,
The National Children's Home So- than to transfer them to the care of The problems to be solved involve the ciety exercises no arbitrary control over alien ones.
entire future of the children, and dethe constituent Societies but the central It has been the policy of the Society cisions must often be made by the organization exercises a strong influence to receive only children that were prop- agent under circumstances which forbid through advisory co-operation.
er subjects for the placing-out plan, communication with his superior are The National Children's Home So- leaving the Orphan Asylums, Children's often crucial in their effects. The agents ciety employs the services of more than Homes, etc., to care for children whose have also to be people of such charactwo hundred people. It has cared parents were in temporary distress aci ter, intelligence and presence as to comfor about 25.000 homeless children, of who were likely to return to their par- mand the respect, not only of those who whom more than 12,000 are still under ents, and leaving to other agencies the need their kindly offices, but also of the its guardian care, in family homes. It task of meeting temporary and acciden- bountiful people of the community and is now caring for about 4,000 children tal necessities of children who were not public officials. yearly. It maintains twenty-five Re- to be placed in homes. In recent years, It has come to be recognized that this ceiving Homes for the temporary care however, the work of the Children's work is worthy of the consecration of of its Wards. These Receiving Homes Home Society has been broadening. In the best people who are to be found. are all small institutions the average Illinois, Wisconsin, Kentucky and other It is impossible to predict the future of number of children in them being only states the Society has been gradually this great organization. It has already about 500.
undertaking the general work of caring become an important factor in legislaThe united expenses of the twenty- for all children who are in distress. It tion and guides public policy in Child six Societies which comprise the Na- is the rule of the Illinois Society that Saving work in states like Illinois, Wis
consin, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Da- as the cardinal principles of Child Sav- the selection of foster homes; Fourth kota, Kansas and Kentucky. In most ing work. These principles are: First, faithful and efficient supervision of chil of the states where it is organized the the recognition of the family home as dren placed in family homes. Society appears to be gaining constantly the best institution for the care of the While the officers of the Nationa in public confidence and public good- dependent child; Second, the care of the Children's Home Society recognize th will.
child by his own parents if practicable, inadequacies and imperfections of thei The principles and methods which it if not, by carefully selected foster par- work they are steadily striving towarı represents have come to be recognized ents; Third, conscientious fidelity in the ideals here suggested.
THE LITTLE WOMAN'S CHOICE
A STORY OF FOUR HOMELESS CHILDREN
"It is so important, Philip, but I think I see my way out. I've about decided upon a plan.”
Philip Holley's eyes did not leave the close lines of his newspaper, and his voice had the quality of abstraction well defined in it. The small woman across the table breathed a gentle sigh.
"But, Philip, don't you want me to tell you my plan? It seems such a prudent one. If you would put down that newspaper—no, I think I'd rather you folded it up and sat on it. Then you couldn't be tempted."
“Then here she goes, little tormentor," laughed the big man, following out her program to the letter. He held out his hands to her, and she went round the table to her seat on his knee.
"You're all the chick and child I want," he declared comfortably. "I suppose that's what's up, hey? Well, have you decided to adopt a boy?"
“Mercy, no! Do you think that's such a simple matter? And I've only been trying to decide such a little while.”
"Only a matter of a few months or So," he murmured.
"Sh, don't interrupt. Your part in the play is to listen. This is my plan; I'm going to take a little boy and a little girl on probation (don't say a word yet), and see which I like best. I shall be able to tell after six weeks, I know. It will pay to be cautious. Now speak.”
But Philip Holley only pinched together the little woman's earnest features, and lifted them to his whimsical, tender gaze. He was used to the little woman.
“I've got my lines out, you know, Philip; dear me, yes, plenty of them! There's Alvie Byron keeping her eyes open for a blessed little boy with blue eyes. She's trustee or something of the Little Friendless Home/I'd like to adopt a little friendless child, Philip."
“There shall be a little child there,” she had said, quietly. And Philip had acquiesced with grave readiness. Philip was used to acquiescing in the whimsies of the little woman. It had been the big man's pleasure for twenty years.
The newspaper's crisp pages crackled unimpeded for a long space, while the little woman rocked back and forth in her low rocker, dreaming of the little boy-or would it be the little girl?-coming by any by. She broke the stillness after a while.
"I guess, after all, I won't wait for Peace or Alvie, Philip,” she said, musingly. "I don't want to wait. I'll go myself tomorrow, and find the boy
and girl to choose from. I want the How Katie and Jem looked after six weeks
probation to begin right away. with the little woman.
"Well, little tormentor?" The look in the little woman's face “It's so quiet in the house! You was like the look the old masters tried don't know how hungry I get to hear to put in their Madonna's faces. a regular little child-racket. I want Philip Holley had seen it there before. to tie up little bruises, and pick up “Yes, dear,” he said gently.
little toys, as other women do, Philip; "And then I've written Peace Hath- don't you see?" away to find me a little dark-eyed, “Yes, I see, little woman,” Philip curly-cropped girl among her little or- Holley said. phans, you know. She wrote me once On the next day the little woman the world seemed to her sometimes to went out on her quest. It was not a be full of little wistful, lean-faced or- long one. As Peace had said, the phans. I'd like to adopt one of those, world seemed to be full of little mothand-mother it, Philip.'
erless ones with lean, wistful faces. "Yes, dear."
They sprang up on every side, and "Well, then, it's decided,” the little peered up into the little woman's tenwoman continued, briskly. "And such der face. it was only hard to choose a relief as it is ! Now I can take six
among them. weeks to decide in, and you can take “I had to take Katie and I had to your newspaper again, patient boy." take Jem—and I wanted to take all
It was a beautiful home the little the rest,” she explained to Philip at woman ruled. It was full of wide, the day's close. airy spaces and nooks and corners Katie was tiny and thin and shy. where little children love to hide. But Jem was sturdy and ragged, with little no little children had ever hidden there hard, brown fists. He had been using and leaped out in triumph with shrieks them when the little woman found of shrill, sweet glee. No little chil- him, and the lofty smile of a conquerdren's feet had ever tapped up and or was on his small, soiled face. down the polished . halls. The little "Me? I ain't got no mudder," he woman had borne the silence with had volunteered to her inquiries. “Nor wistful patience until she could bear no fadder, too. I take care o' myit no longer.
self. It's easy'nough-huh !—takin'
care o yerself, when yer ain't hungry her seat on Philip's knee. Her face the great lighted hall while the four an' it don't never rain." was a curious study.
pairs of little hands rummaged for it Jem's face had waxed sober over the “I've put them all to bed, Philip,” in delight. That was all. He never last thought.
she laughed, softly. "Two bedsful. caressed the little probationers or "You're never hungry, and it don't You'd be surprised to see how natural joined in their play, as fathers do. never rain where I live; would you it comes to tuck them in !-as if I'd He had never had any practice in belike to go there, Jem?" the little wo- always tucked little children in. Yes, ing a father, and a queer shyness took man had said in her gentle voice. O yes, I'm going to take them all on possession of him that the little wo
The boy's eyes were blue. It was probation. I've decided. It makes so man mistook for indifference. She a little blue-eyed boy she had wanted many more to choose from; only, of was very busy and happy herself, and His self-reliant little face was full of course, I can't keep Jeanie. Poor Philip's attitude was a source of grief the curves and baby creases that Jeanie! I asked her to kiss me tu. to her, until, one night toward the end mothers like to kiss.
night, and she didn't know how. And of the probation, she came upon him "Would you, Jem?" Philip
making a tour of the little beds with "Me? Oh, I do' know, but I'd go,' “Yes, dear, what say?"
the lighted night-candle in his hand. he said reflectively, "if yer sure as "When I showed her, she smiled all Then she understood. there ain't no cops live there, an' over her homely little face. How "Dear boy!" she murmured, and there's a hunky lot to eat twicet a good that do feel! she said. No, o 'stole away without his seeing her. day, 'thout any skips."
no, I can't adopt Jeanie; but I can The daintily curtained little beds "I'll go, too,” an eager voice had teach her what kissing means. Katie were white as snow in the candlelight, said in the little woman's ear; and knew; she told me a man kissed her and the childish faces on the pillows Katie's fingers had slid into hers con- once and she believed his name was were fair and sweet as other chilfidingly. That was why she had been God-O Philip!"
dren's. There were no traces of the obliged to take Katie.
corruption of the street in them. "Haven't you any mother, dear?" He rocked her gently and let her It was the boys' bed that Philip visthe little woman' had asked, looking cry. It was still in the pretty, luxuri- ited first, and the little white bed down into the neglected little face. ous room; for the little woman made where Katie slept, and homely little
“Mother? Me? Oh, no, I ain't got no sound. Upstairs the four little Jeanie. He bent and kissed Jeanie's any mother. I didn't have any, ever. heads rested for the first time on soft face. Are-are they like you? I saw a pic- pillows, and on the four little faces So, too fast, the weeks numbered ture once of one. It was to a church, smiles played happily. Jeanie threw four, five, six. It was time to make an’ she was huggin' a little baby. I'd out a little arm and muttered how the great decision, and the little woa liked to b’long to her. You'd good it felt.
man grew excited and nervous. She ougter seen how shiny an'—an'-lov “I shall keep them all the six weeks, had thought it would be so easy to in' her eyes was. Like yours is. I'd Philip-it will be a little sunspot in decide after so long, and it was so like to go with Jemmy an' b’long to their lives—and then I shall choose hard! She watched the children all you."
our little child 'for keeps.' How day long and tried to take calm note And Katie had gone with Jemmy to queer it sounds, Philip-our little of their individual traits and their the little woman's beautiful home. child! Jem is such a manly little fe!- little tricks and ways. She gloried She had not meant to choose from low. You can see it underneath all in Jem's sturdy independence. the streets, but her path had crossed his poor little street talk. Aud But) "I will keep Jem," she said. Then Jem's and little Katie's on the way to sie—that's Alvie's boy—is so sweet! some winning way of Katie's attracted the Little One's Home, where she had And Katie—O Katie you will be sure her, and drew her swiftly to the stanthought to choose from the files of to like, Philip. Do you know, the dard of the shy little maiden who little clean-washed, aproned children. funny little thing called me 'mother' called her mother.
On the way home she had carefully tonight, and she began it with a big "I must keep Katie,” she said. And explained her plan.
M, Philip, as they do the holy moth- when Alvis' boy, blue-eyed little Bub“It is for a little visit, you know," I could hear it in her voice." sie, laughed his high, clear trill of deshe said kindly. “You must not ex There was a space of silence, while light, the little woman, listening, said, pect to always stay. I cannot prom- the rocker creaked under the big “I will keep Bubsie." She never said ise; we must all wait and see.” man's weight and the little woman's. “I will keep Jeanie,”-poor, homely Philip met her at the door. His The soft light in the room shone in little Jeanie! But the child nestled
against her breast and drew deep kind, grave eyes regarded the little both their faces. shabby pair. Then he looked into the
“It sounded strange to be called breaths of contentment. The birth of ' little woman's face and smiled.
'mother,' Philip," laughed the little love in it had almost redeemed her “Alvis Bvron had sent the boy with woman, unsteadily, after a moment; plain, imperfect little face.
“Of course I shall not keep Jeanie, “but it sounded good. I really liked blue eyes," he said. "He's upstairs. it.”
Philip,” the little woman said; "but I I am not sure, but I think he came by
The weeks of probation filed by love the little thing, homeliness and express.”
swiftly. Every day the great, beauti- all. You can't think-it's like an anAnd the next day Peace Hathaway ful house was full of children's voices swered prayer in her face every night sent the little dark-eyed girl!. A note and the hurry-skurry of children's when I kiss her, How good it do was pinned to her plain little dress. clattering little feet. There was a
feel! she murmurs in her sleep." “This is Jeanie,” it read. “She isn't continual tumult of children's voices.
It was the last night of the six propretty; she's homely; but I've sent
When Philip Holley came home at bation weeks. her. Love her a little; a very little night, he met the clamor on the "I suppose you'll be telling me will go a long way with Jeanie. She threshold and smiled good-humoredly. which little shaver has passed the exhas lived seven years, but no one has He grew to like it and to miss it if it amination, soon,” Philip said, smiling. ever loved her."
failed to greet his ear. He got in the "I haven't decided yet. It's so imThe evening of that day the little way of filling his great-coat pockets portant, Philip! It gets harder and woman went round the table again to with fruit and standing patiently in harder to decide. But I shall do it
tomorrow surely—sometime tomor- when it called her “Mother” shyly. to the floor. How long the little wotow."
Not Katie. No, no, not Katie. She man was! By and by he heard her But the next day went by to its could not let Katie go.
coming, and he caught up the paper ending with the little woman's deci- "I must keep Katie—I 'will keep and made a pretense of reading it. sion still unmade. At its ending, Katie,” the little woman whispered She took it away and sat down on his when the children were all asleep, she resolutely. And it was a mother's knees. took the candle and went from bed to loving kiss she dropped lightly on lit- "I've decided, Philip; you don't bed with firmly set lips. She held the tle Katie's warm, moist face.
know how easy it was!" she said candle high to let its light flash in the All but poor little Jeanie-poor, brightly. Her eyes were shining. little sleeping faces. Her own sweet, homely little Jeanie!
“Yes, dear.” delicate face was white in the inten- The child stirred in her sleep, and "Yes; I've decided to adopt Jeanie, sity of her feelings. It was not the murmured how good it felt. One lit- Philip-dear little Jeanie !" candlelight in it, but the light the old tle arm flung out across the quilts,
He waited for the rest. painters put into their Holy Mother's and Jeanie smiled. She was not faces, centuries ago. homely then.
"And Jem–O, yes, Jem! And BubJem's face was turned toward her, "Jeanie-little Jeanie !"
sie, Philip-and little Katie. That's and the rounded outline of little Bub- The little woman set the candle all. It was so easy to decide.” sie's cheek. The soft light on them down, and knelt by the little white She was smiling, and he caught her both refined them indefinably.
bed, with her mother's face beside sweet face between his palms and "I cannot choose ; I must have them Jeanie's face on the pillow. It was kissed it. both!" she cried aloud. They were still in the beautiful room.
"Well, little woman," he laughed, her boys-hers to mould with gentle Philip Holley sat downstairs and unsteadily, “that's just the very one love and patience into a noble man- waited. He was nervous and could I'd chosen, too!"-Annie H. Donnell, hood. She could not let them go 'not read. His newspapers had drifted in C. E. W'orld. again—not sturdy Jem, O no !-not little blue-eyed Bubsie.
The Great East and West Line
WASHINGTON boys' faces that she kissed at night? The little woman crept away and left
TAKE THE a fading wake of candlelight behind her. She went straight to the daintily
BIG FOUR AND C. & O. RYS. curtained bed where Katie and Jeanie
PACIFIC slept. Something was tugging at her
THE SCENIC ROUTE" heart strings. A sob was in her
RAILWAY throat. It would be so hard to say
THROUGH OLD VIRGINIA good-by to them!
Get information and sleeping car reservations No trouble to answer questions.
by' writing On the way across the liall she
I P. SPINNING, N. W. P. A. C. & 0. Ry. paused a minute, and a warm flush New Dining Cars (meals a la carte) between Texas bathed her sweet, white face. She
238 Clark St, Chicago. was thinking of Katie's baby face E. P. TURNER, General Passenger Agent, Dallas, Texas.
tered up and down the polished halls
, TEXAS and LOUISIANA
and St. Louis
OBJECTS OF THE JUVENILE
JUVENILE COURT RECORD
The object of the JUVENILE COURT RECORD is to disseminate the principles of the Juvenile Court throughout the United States, and, in fact, the entire world.
When the Juvenile Court was first established the sociologists of the entire country stood by watching anxiously the outcome of this new departure in child-saving methods. It was realized that a medium was needed whereby the results accomplished by the Juvenile Court might be set forth in an intelligent manner. The JUVENILE COURT RECORD stepped into the breach and has devoted its pages exclusively to news of the various juvenile courts. As a result of the publicity thus given to the foundation principles and routine work of the Cook County Juvenile Court other States have passed juvenile court laws, and bills are being prepared in nearly every State in the Union to be presented at the next sessions of the Legislatures of the various States providing for similar legislation.
The foundation thought and idea of the Juvenile Court law is that children should be kept in the home to the greatest extent possible. The child's own home is preferred by the Court, but in lieu of that it is intended that any good home where proper care and training will be given shall be provided for the child.
The State, in assuming its relationship as the guardian of the
rights of the child, assumed a serious responsibility. Every chik has a right to education and physical care. Primarily, this duty lies with the parents. This obligation should be enforced wherever possible. The family is the unit of society, and most of the evils of society arise from demoralized homes. It is the duty of the State to co-operate with the family as long as possible and help hold it up. If, however, for any reason the family fails, then a new home is necessary until such time as the family may again be brought together. If the family proves recreant and abdicates its functions altogether, it is the duty of the State to secure as nearly normal conditions for the children under its care and custody as may be in its power. The home is the normal place for a child's education and training.
The fact that children are to be placed in homes presupposes the idea that some agency will be at hand to find a childless home for a homeless child. To the limit of its resources the JUVENILE COURT RECORD assists in finding homes for the homeless, helpless little waifs drifting about the country. These little unfortunates need an advocate, and the JUVENILE COURT RECORD acts in this capacity, standing side by side with them, pointing the way to a brighter, happier life, where the weeds of evil will be choked out of existence and the flowers of hope will bloom in their place.