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TRUE STORIES ABOUT GIRLS AND BOYS
Two boys in the New York Children's Court recently told widely different stories about betting on the races at Saratoga. One had a long series of adventures to relate that so nearly rivalled Munchausen that they entertained the Court until the lad calmly asserted that with a $2 bet he had won $2,000 on De Reszke.
"Why," said the Court, "the last time De Reszke ran he came third and he only paid even money to show."
"Oh, well,” answered the boy, "the man who gave me that tip gave nie other good things, and I cashed on all of them. After the races were over this man took me to dinner, and after the dinner he asked me to smell of a new kind of perfumery he had on his silk handkerchief, it must have been dope of some kind, for the next thing I knew was when a brakeman on a New York Central train woke me up and I found myself on the rear platform of a train in the Grand Central Station. My money was all gone."
The lad was Joseph Hanken, thirteen years old, of Troy, or so he described himself. When agents of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children heard his story they recognized the narrative and the boy. Both were familiar and the youthful story teller was remanded into their care.
Samuel Poster, fifteen years old, of No. 143 West Twentyseventh street, employed by a sporting goods firm in West Twenty-fourth street, was accused of and pleaded guilty to stealing ten revolvers, one hunting knife and one camera. The value of the articles was placed at $127. He said he had pawned them for $12, which he lost playing the races at Saratoga. He was remanded for sentence.
told me it was wrong, and daddy is good to me and reads the Bible to me."
When the girl had recovered her composure she told the story of how she had come to be transformed into a boy three years ago.
"We tramped to this city from Newark, daddy and me," she said. “Mother had died just before that. In a field along the road daddy saw some girls dressed up in overalls. He asked their father why they wore such togs, and the man said it was to save money. Daddy needed to save money, too, and put me in overalls as an experiment.
"I liked it, and decided to be a boy altogether. I cut my hair off short and got chummy with the rest of the boys. They elected me catcher of their base-ball nine, and I could beat 'em all at marbles.
"Nobody would have found out I was a girl if it hadn't been for these darned policemen," and here Ada became lachrymose again.
"The fellows often wondered why I wouldn't smoke cigarettes or chew tobacco," she continued after an interval, “but I was too much of a girl for that. Occasionally I would go to see my aunt in Newark, and then I would wear dresses, but the fellows never saw me with them on. I took care of that.
"You bet your life I was the leader of that gang. I was a better man than any of 'em. That was the reason they wanted me to rob the store for them, but I told them to go chase themselves; I was no sucker. I never even went on the porch.
"Say, mister, can't you take me home to daddy? I'm the only kid he's got, and I'm awful ashamed, now that the police know.”
Frank Parker, the girl's father, is distressed over the misfortune he has brought upon his daughter. Parker is an old bayman, and lives in a little shanty at the end of Missouri avenue.
"I never thought I would do the child a wrong," he said, “but I just felt that I couldn't afford to keep her in dresses, and she said she would rather be a boy, anyway."
THE STORY OF PEARL MARTIN.
Pearl Martin, twelve years old and absolutely incorrigible after two years in the control of the Martins, wealthy farmers living near Gilbert Station, has been sent to a Catholic sister's home at Dubuque by the Iowa Humane society.
Pearl was adopted by Jane Martin two years ago and became their household drudge. In the two years the young girl lived in the farmer's house she attended school but two days. She was absolutely neglected and the Iowa Humane Society finally took her away last December. Mrs. Martin objected. She appeared in the society rooms with torn clothes, stockingless and in a disreputable condition generally. She demanded her child and threatened to burn the town down unless Pearl was returned.
The girl was then given to a German family living near Greenwood park. The old couple was childless and did everything for the little waif. They bought her new clothes, sent her to school and tried to make life pleasant. But two years with the Martins had utterly corrupted the young girl and she spent her time, day and night, in Greenwood park. The Humane society decided that an institution was the best place for her and she has been sent to Dubuque to be placed in charge of the Catholic sisters.
The girl was regularly adopted by Jane Martin, and the society did not attempt to invalidate the adoption. Pearl is the heiress to an estate which is said to be worth $300,000 or $400,000 and she will get the money when her foster parents die.
"BUS" SENT TO THE REFORMATORY. A jury of six calm, deliberate men at Watseka, Ill., found Richard Shawn to be a delinquent and incorrigible child over the age of ten and under the age of sixteen; he was thereupon sentenced to a term in the state reformatory at Pontiac by Judge Harry.
“Bus," as the boy is generally known, is a little colored boy, who has made his home on the streets of Watseka for some years. Since his parent's removal to Kankakee last spring Bus has remained a Watseka dependent, not so much dependent on public charity as one would generally suppose. Bus has nimble fingers and a long reach and he was generally credited with a desire to take possession of other people's holdings.
The operator at the T. P. & W. railroad, Mr. Southerland, was a witness at the trial and testified to several acts of petty thieving the boy had committed. According to Mr. Southerland's testimony Bus recently stole $1.80 from the T. P. & W. money drawer.
Bus is a character. He is perfectly fearless and totally disregards the rights of others. As a petty thief he became quite successful. It is claimed that he robbed the Christian church of the thank offering contributed by the congregation at one service, taking all the contribution box contained.
After the order of the court was made known Bus was taken to the county farm and the next day, Wednesday, he was given in custody of the authorities at the reformatory in Pontiac.
GIRL MASQUERADED AS BOY. A queer case came up recently before Judge Higbee of the Juvenile Court of Atlantic City, New Jersey. Clifford Parker, who had been arraigned by the police as a boy, was discovered to be none other than Ada Parker, a twelve-year-old girl, who for years masqueraded as a boy. Judge Higbee committed her to the Reform School for Girls at Trenton, N. J.
Ada was very bithe against the judge for depriving here of her freedom. In her slangy, boyish way she roundly berated his honor, and there pleaded with the police, like the girl she was, to be allowed to "go home to poor old daddy.” She was a welldeveloped youngster with a shock of light hair and an abundance of freckles.
“I won't wear boys' clothes any more," she sobbed, "if they will only let me go to daddy. Yesterday was my birthday, and it's tough to be in jail on your birthday when you haven't done anything wrong. I never robbed that store. I never stole anything. Sometimes I have been tempted, but my mother always
BOY STOLE A YACHT. Hobo, yacht thief, sailor and pirate are a few of the roles that have been played by 12-year-old Elisha Leonard Horton, son of Capt. George E. Horton, of Battery I, Brockton, Mass., during the past six months. He was captured in Boston while on one of his trips, turned over to his father, brought back to Brockton, and three hours later he disappeared and has not been seen nor heard from since.
The boy, who is exceptionally bright, is such a confirmed runaway that when he is again captured he will probably be placed in a reformatory to ponder on the error of his ways and decide whether it woud not be wiser for him to stay at home.
Just before the police gave him into the custody of his father, after his last escapade, a reporter talked with the boy. He did not care to say much about what he had done, but said that his ambition was to run a locomotive all alone.
"What's the use of staying at home and fetching the kids to good. Three hours after he arrived at his home he disappeared again, taking with him $6 in money, his brother's silver watch and a quantity of food that he secured in the pantry while his mother was in another part of the house.
The boy is a good-looking youngster and has a quiet, earnest manner that gets him out of many scrapes. He is very popular with his playmates, and is regarded as a leader among them.
school,” he asked scornfully, “when you can go 'round and see the sights? The only way to enjoy life is not to be afraid of anything, and to get away from your folks.
"Now I ain't afraid of anything." (This statement his father and mother feelingly corroborate). “Why, of the best sleeps I ever had in my life was when I stayed out in the woods one night when it was as black as a black cat. I've slept in barns and under dories on the beach, and nothing ever hurt me."
The boys record bears out his statement. A little more than six months ago he left home and went to New Bedford. He slept in the woods the night before he started and walked most of the way. Memorial day he left again. He took a short trip, visiting a number of neighboring towns, but his money gave out, and he returned home. On June 16 he started for Boston, and the next day went to Charleston to see the celebration. He scraped acquaintance with another boy, and they went to some of the beaches, winding up at Beachmont. Here Elisha stole a sloop yacht and tender and sailed around the harbor, going through Shirley Gut, a trip that many of the old fishermen do not relish. His boat went aground on the bar, but he worked her off. He tried to induce a number of other boys to join him and be pirates. They agreed, but when night fell his brother pirates became homesick and deserted, much to his disgust. He was later captured by the harbor police and locked up in Boston. He was given to his father and got his chance to be
LITTLE ANGEL CURSES LIKE A TROOPER. “He curses like a trooper and when told it is wicked he smiles like an angel,” declared Superintendent M. V. Crouse, Children's Home, to Judge Caldwell in Cincinnati, O.
Mr. Crouse referred to Leroy Nichols, 9, colored, whose parents live in Rome, Georgia. Leroy is a tramp, without a home even at his tender age, as his parents gave him away to a colored woman eight years ago. The lad was taught to curse fluently and had never been told it was wicked until he came under the care of Mr. Crouse. Patrolman Kohl picked the child up at Fifth and Smith streets and he was cared for at he Children's Home. Leroy is unusually bright and has a winning smile. Judge Caldwell sent him to the House of Refuge, which he hailed with delight over the prospect of getting "three square meals a day."
The Juvenile Court Committee of the Women's Club of Pittsburg, Pa., has issued in neat pamphlet form its first annual report. It is proffered as the basis for appealing for $8,000 in contributions to procure the services of five additional probation officers. This court has progressed beyond the experiment stage, and its operations are conceded to be beneficial in saving the waifs from confirmed criminal careers and in manifold other ways in caring for the neglected and those in vicious environments. The state laws have been amended to safeguard all the parental rights that might subsist and to avoid constitutional objections, and whatever of unwarranted intrusion into the family may be shown in particular cases the courts can be relied upon to prevent. The committee repeats the urgent necessity of a home for delinquent children. The theory controls the efforts of these good women that the child is more sinned against than sinning. The booklet includes among its letters, endorsing the appeal, ones from Judge Shafer and Brown. The latter writes in part:
“Reformation is the primary law of a just and advancing civilization; imprisonment a last resort. This is the humanizing, merciful spirit that animates the act of 1903, and its wise and gentle influence is proving great and good in the world of youth. Far down in every human heart there is some good-something for betterment for itself and society, something even in the most hardened—that needs but the sunlight of the human soul to make the desert of despair and sunless care a land of blossom and bloom."
A more important requirement of the law is that the agents shall visit the families with whom dependent children have been placed and examine into the welfare of the children. In every county in the state there are families to be visited-nearly 200 in Marion county alone. During the half year the state agents visited 1,069 children, and they report 790, or 74 per cent, as being happy and contented with their foster parents. Of 169, or 16 per cent, the report was not so favorable, but conditions were not such as to warrant removing them. One hunderd and ten, or 10 per cent, were doing poorly, and the agents made such recommendations concerning them as seemed best suited to each case. While this work of supervision is constantly going on, effort is also made to place other dependent children in good family homes. The state agents investigated 216 applications for children during the six months and 170 of these were approved. Seventy-four children were placed in homes.
The Juvenile Court work, at Chester, Pa., under the supervision of the probation officer, Miss Emma A. Brewer, has just been completed for the second year. During that time it has broadened and increased until, in looking backward to the beginning, one is led to wonder how these children were cared for before the Juvenile Court act was passed. For the year ending June 1, 1904, forty-six cases came under the care of the at the Juvenile Court Home, 307 Crosby street, not more than probation officer. Twenty-six of these children have been kept four at a time, and never for a longer period than eight days. According to the showing of the annual report, twenty-three of the above cases were returned to the parents, four were committed to the House of Refuge, four to the St. Vincent de Paul Society, three to the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children, three to the Catholic Orphan Asylums, two adopted, two living in private families, two committed to Baptist Or phanage, one to Children's Aid Society, one to Home for Destitute Children, one renioved.
Judge Simpson, of Mt. Vernon, N. Y., has issued a notice, which has been pasted in the date book at police headquarters, to the effect that hereafter all children actually or apparently under the age of 16 years, are to be arraigned before him in his private office adjoining the City Court on Tuesday mornings at 10 o'clock, and that the room is to be known as the "Temporary Children's Court," until the Common Council makes provisions for a children's court.
All dependent children who are public charges in Indiana are made the wards of the state. By law the Board of State Charities is charged with their supervision, and also with the visitation of all other juvenile dependents that have been placed in private families. At the last quarterly meeting of the Board of State Charities the secretary presented a report on the condition of child dependency in Indiana, giving in detail the work of the four agents of the board during the first half of the fiscal year. There are, in round numbers, 4,000 dependent children under the supervision of the board—1,500 in the forty-two orphan asylums in the state which, are supported in whole or in part by public funds, and 2,500 in private family homes. The law of 1897 places upon the state agents the duty of inspcting the different orphan asylums in the state, and during the six months eighty-three visits were made to such institutions. As a rule, the asylums were found in good condition.
Around the stove in a country store, one winter evening, sat five-gray-haired veterans telling war stories chiefly about their personal experiences, thrilling, ludicrous, dangerous and otherwise. After an hour or two of talk, they fell to musing, or dreaming dreams of that far-away country, never yet seen by mortal eyes.
“John,” said one, “tell us of something which happened to you when you were a little fellow not more than seven years old, which, trivial in itself, so sticks in your memory that you have never forgotten it and never will forget it as long as memory lasts.'
"What? O, yes, that is so; I do remember just such a thing. I see the old house now, the garden sloping down to the river, the hill in the rear, the stone basement, which formed the first story on the south side of which my older brother and I used to play and were playing that happy day of mine. What was the little thing? Only this, my brother digging in the gravel under the sitting room window, found a pretty stone streaked in
red and white. I so admired it that I fell to digging, hoping to find one like it or better, but instead found a silver sixpence. You know we used to have that old-fashioned money in those days. Well, talk about money, happiness, I have never felt so rich or so happy a day since. Funny, isn't it?" "In a way, yes ; but it the real thing to you then. Henry, what you
tell us?". Nothing, except about stick of candy." "Let's hear it.” “Well it
You know country boys in New England had very little money and at the age you mention or younger, seldom any at all. Somehow I got a half penny and at once began to figure how to inyest it. A sweet tooth decided the question and off I started for the corner store, just a little way from home. A man named Peck kept it and his .reputation was that of a close-fisted, hardbargain-driving old fellow and not altogether lovely in other ways. How old was I? About six years, for I remember I could just see over the counter and it was quite a reach for me to put my half-penny down on it. 'Well, sonny, what do you want?' 'Some candy, please sir.'. Now you know a stick of candy cost a cent, and I knew it and wondered how much I
would get. The old chap reached into his glass show case and
, what is your particular memory burr?” “O, it is getting late and Brown wants to shut up, let's go home and leave the other little stories for another night." "All right-home it isGood night!"
Brown, sat down and pondered long
His childish sense of peace and calm.
NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON JUVENILE COURTS
The National Conference of Charities and Corrections at its annual convention at Portland, Maine, in June, 1904, appointed a national committee on “Juvenile Courts and Probation” (being a special sub-committee of the general committee on “Children"). The committee consists of the Judge of the Juvenile Court of Denver, chairman, and Chas. W. Birtwell, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. Helen Ladd Corbitt, Portland, Ore; Miss Lucy F. Friday, Baltimore, Md.; W. A. Greenlund, Cleveland, Ohio; Hon. Chas. W. Heuisler, Baltimore, Md.; Mrs. F. J. Howe, Chicago, Ill.; Hon. T. D: Hurley, Chicago, Ill.; Miss Minnie F. Jacobs, Chicago, Ill.; John McMannaman, Chicago, Ill.; Mrs. Alice B. Montgomery, Pittsburg, Pa.; Miss Lucy W. Stebbins, Probation Officer, San Francisco, Cal.; Hon. George W. Stubbs, Indianapolis, Ind.; Hon. Robert J. Wilkin, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Among the important purposes of the committee is to urge the adoption of juvenile court laws in all the States, to be uniform in principle and application, as far as practicable.
To bring about a practical, sensible and sane method of administrative work through the agencies of such courts in the correction of children offenders, avoiding the dangers of leniency on the one hand and brutality on the other.
Some of the special features to be urged are:
Laws holding parents and others to a rigid, legal accountability for the moral delinquencies of children.
Colorado is the first State so far to have such a general law,
and after nearly two years of active enforcement it has proved eminently practical and satisfactory, and is considered the most important feature of the juvenile laws of that State.
To establish detention homes or schools in place of the jail for children offenders.
To encourage personal, practical, active work and earnest interest to bring about correction, as far as possible, through aid, help, encouragement, proper firmness and assistance, rather than punishment, fear, hate and degradation.
The aid and encouragement of the press has been and is a most powerful factor in the accomplishment of these purposes, and as an effort will be made in many States the coming winter (1905) to pass such laws, we hope to have the support of the press.
The problem of the children is the problem of the State, and certainly of as much importance as the political questions of tariff or money, and unquestionably closer to the hearts and homes of the American people. Hon. T. D. Hurley, editor Juvenile Court Record of Chicago, and secretary of the committee, has kindly consented to answer inquiries of those interested.
BEN. B. LINDSEY, Chairman Committee on Juvenile Courts and Probation, T. D. HURLEY,
Denver, Colo. Secretary Committee on Juvenile Courts and Probation,
625 Unity Bldg., Chicago, Ill.
OBJECTS OF THE JUVENILE COURT RECORD
The object of the JUVENILE COURT RECORD is to disseminate the principles of the Juvenile Court throughout the United States, and, in fact, the entire world.
When the Juvenile Court was first established the sociologists of the entire country stood by watching anxiously the outcome of this new departure in child-saving methods. It was realized that a medium was needed whereby the results accomplished by the Juvenile Court might be set forth in an intelligent The JUVENILE COURT RECORD stepped into the breach and has devoted its pages exclusively to news of the various juvenile courts. As a result of the publicity thus given to the foundation principles and routine work of the Cook County Juvenile Court other States have passed juvenile court laws, and bills are being prepared in nearly every State in the Union to be presented at the next sessions of the Legislatures of the various States providing for similar legislation.
The foundation thought and idea of the Juvenile Court law is that children should be kept in the home to the greatest extent possible. The child's own home is preferred by the Court, but in lieu of that it is intended that any good home where proper care and training will be given shall be provided for the child.
The State, in assuming its relationship as the guardian of the
rights of the child, assumed a serious responsibility. Every child has a right to education and physical care. Primarily, this duty lies with the parents. This obligation should be enforced wherever possible. The family is the unit of society, and most of the evils of society arise from demoralized homes. It is the duty of the State to co-operate with the family as long as possible and help hold it up. If, however, for any reason the family fails, then a new home is necessary until such time as the family may again be brought together. If the family proves recreant and abdicates its functions altogether, it is the duty of the State to secure as nearly normal conditions for the children under its care and custody as may be in its power. The home is the normal place for a child's education and training.
The fact that children are to be placed in homes presupposes the idea that some agency will be at hand to find a childless home for a homeless child. To the limit of its resources the JUVENILE COURT RECORD assists in finding homes for the homeless, helpless little waifs drifting about the country. These little unfortunates need an advocate, and the JUVENILE Court RECORD acts in this capacity, standing side by side with them, pointing the way to a brighter, happier life, where the weede of evil will be choked out of existence and the flowers of hope will bloom in their place.
STATEMENT DEC. 31, 1903: CASH CAPITAL $100,000.00 NET SURPLUS
25.635 01 TOTAL ASSETS
AND ALL POINTS
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W. J. LYNCH, G. P. & T. A.
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238 Clark St., Chicago
JOHN NAGHTEN & COMPANY
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