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23

55TH CONGRESS,

18t Session.

SENATE.

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DOCUMENT
No. 185.

U. 3. - Borusserb,55t:v (1597-98)
JOINT SELECT COMMITTEE

TO INVESTIGATE THE

CHARITIES AND REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS

IN THE

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,

JULY 21, 1897.—Presented by Mr. FAULKNER, from the Joint Select Committee
to Investigate the Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the

District of Columbia, and ordered to be printed.

PART I.-HEARINGS; STATEMENTS; REPORTS FROM CITIES;

SUGGESTIONS FOR A BOARD OF CHARITILS.

COMPILED BY

CHARLES MOORE,

CLERK OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

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JOINT SELECT COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE THE CHARITIES AND

REFORMATORY INSTITUTIONS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

JAMES MCMILLAN, Chairman,

MAULON PITNEY, Secretary, CHARLES J. FAULKNER,

STEPHEN A. NORTHWAY,
Thomas S. MARTIN,

ALEXANDER M. DOCKERY,
From the Senate.

From the House of Representatives.
CHARLES MOORE, Clerk.
J. H. FISHBACK, Stenographer.

II

INTRODUCTION.

The District of Columbia appropriation act, approved June 11, 1896, contained the following provision:

“ Aud it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Government of the United States to make no appropriation of money or property for the purpose of founding, maintaining, or aiding by payment for serv. ices, expenses, or otherwise, any church or religions denomination, or any institution or society which is under sectarian or ecclesiastical control; and it is hereby enacted that, from and after the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, no money appropriated for charitable purposes in the District of Columbia sball be paid to any church or religious denomination, or to any institution or society which is under sectarian or ecclesiastical control.

That a joint select committee is hereby authorized, to consist of three Senators to be appointed by the presiding officer of the Senate, and three Members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House, which select committee shall make inves. tigation of the charities and reformatory institutions of the District of Columbia, and especially of those for wbich appropriations are made by this act, as respects their relations to the government of the District of Columbia and to the United States, whether by special charter or otherwise, their efficiency, their management and resources, whether by appropriations, investments, or otherwise, and also what portion, if any, of appropriations heretofore made to them have been used for the purpose of maintaining or aiding by payment for services, expenses, or otherwise any church or religious denomination or any institution or society which is under sectarian or ecclesiastical control; whether such charitable or reformatory institutions are effective and economical in their organization, methods, and expenditure to provide for the poor and destitute in the District of Columbia; whether it is practicable for the Commissioners or other authority in the District to make contracts or to otherwise provide for such care of the poor and destitute with any of said institutions, and if so, which of them and to what extent, within the limitations of the policy hereinbefore declared; and if not, the probable expense of providing and maintaining public institutions for such purpose.

“Said committee shall make report as soon as practicable after the beginning of the next session of the present Congress, including in such report any changes by them deemed advisable as resperts the methods of dealing with the charities and the reformatory institutions of said District.

“Said committee is authorized to sit during the recess, and the necessary expenses of the committee, including clerical and stenographie work, shall be paid out of the contingent funds of the Senate and House of Representatives, jointly, on the certificate of the chairman of the committee."

The joint select committee provided for as above did not organize until February 21, 1897, too late to make a report to the Fifty-fourth Congress. The District appropriation act approved March 3, 1897, repeats the declaration of policy stated in the first paragraph quoted above, and provides further:

“That the joint select committee, authorized by the act making appropriations for the expenses of the goverument of the District of Columbia for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, to make inquiry and report concerning the clarities and reformatory institutions of the District of Columbia, are hereby continued during the Fifty-fifth Congress, with all the powers and duties imposed upon them by said act. And any vacancies which may occur in the membership of said comunittee by expiration of service or otherwise of any Senator shall be filled by appointment by the presiding officer of the Senate, and any vacancies which may occur by reason of the expiration of service of any House members of said committee shall be filled by appointment to be made by the Speaker of the present House of Representatives from Members-elect to the House of Representatives of the Fifty-fifth Congress; and any vacancies which may occur by reason of death or resignation of any House member shall be filled by appointment to be made by the Speaker of the House of Representatives for the time being; and said committee shall have authority to sit during the recess, and shall make report as soon as practicable after the beginning of the first session of the Fifty-tifth Congress: Provided, That tbe clerk designated by the committee may be paid for clerical services such compensation as may be fixed by the committee in addition to any salary he may be receiving.”

Part I of the report of the joint select committee, submitted at this time, includes the hearings held by the joint select committee, the financial statements of the various institutions, the reports froin the mayors of cities as to appropriations for charitable and reformatory purposes, and suggestions as to a board of charities.

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