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THE

AMERICAN ALMANAC,

FOR

1845.

PART I.

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Being the latter part of the 69th, and the beginning of the 70th,

year of the Independence of the United States of America; the 6558th year of the Julian Period; the latter part of the 5605th and the beginning of the

5606th, year since the creation of the world, according to

the Jews; the 2598th year (according to Varro) since the foundation

of Rome; the 2592d year since the era of Nabonassar, which has been

assigned to Wednesday, the 26th of February of the 3967th year of the Julian Period, which corresponds, according to the chronologists, to the 747th, and, according to the as

tronomers, to the 746th year, before the birth of Christ; the 2621st year of the Olympiads, or the first year of the

656th Olympiad, beginning in July, 1843, if we fix the era of the Olympiads at 7754 years before Christ, or at or about the beginning of July of the year 3938 of the Julian

Period; the latter part of the 1260th, and the beginning of the 1261st

year (of twelve lunations) since the Hegira, or flight of Mahomet, which, as is generally supposed, took place on the 16th of July, in the year 662 of the Christian era.

I. THE CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR THE YEAR.

SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c.
The Sun.
À Mars.

Ceres.
The Earth.

Vesta.

# Jupiter. DO ( The Moon. Juno.

h Saturn. g Mercury.

Pallas.

H Herschel or Uranus. f Venus.

* A fixed star. o Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension. o Quadrature, or differing 90° in 8 Opposition, or 180° in ☆ The ascending, U the descending node.

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The sign + is prefixed to the latitude, or declination, of the Sun, or other heavenly body, when north, and the sign when south; but the former prefixed to the hourly motion of the Moon in latitude, indicates that she is approaching, and the latter that she is receding from, the north pole of the ecliptic.

The letters M. A., m. a., denote Morning and Afternoon.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES.

6

Dominical Letter,

E.

Solar Cycle, Epact

Roman Indiction, Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, 3 Julian Period,

22

6558

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h. m. S. Sun enters VI (Winter begins) 1844, Dec. 21st, 11 22 56 M.

go (Spring 1845, March 20th, 0 35 32 A. | M. Time (Summer

June 21st,

9 34 18 M. at - (Autumn

Sept. 22d, 11 45 41 A. Wash'ton. v (Winter

Dec. 21st,

5 18 54 A.

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d. h. m. $. Sun in the Winter Signs

89 1 12 36 Spring

92 20 58 46 Summer

93 14 11 23 Autumn

89 17 33 13 " north of Equator, (Spring and Summer) 186 11 10 9 "south of Winter and Autumn) 178 18 45 49 Length of the tropical year, commencing

at the winter solstice, 1843, and termi- 365 5 55 58 nating at the winter solstice, 1844, Mean or average length of the tropical year, 365 5 48 48

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MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH, IN 1845. Septuagesima Sunday, Jan. 19th | Rogation Sunday,

Apr. 27th Quinq, or Shrove do. Feb. 2d Ascen. Day, or Holy Th. May 1st Ash Wed. Lent begins, 5th Whitsunday or Pentecost, 11th Mid Lent Sunday, Mar. 2d Trinity Sunday,

18th Palm do “ 16th Corpus Christi Day,

22d Easter do

Fête Dieu, Low do

“ 30th | Advent Sunday, Nov. 30th

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JEWISH CALENDAR.

[The anniversaries marked with an asterisk (*) are to be strictly observed.]

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Year. Names of the Months. 5605 Sebat begins

Jan. 10, 1845.
Adar begins

Feb. 9,
Veader begins (intercalary month)

Mar. 10,
13th Fast of Esther

22,
14th *Purim
15th Schuscan Purim

24,
Nisan begins

Apr. 8,
15th *Beginning of the Passover

22,
16th *Second Feast, or Morrow of the
Passover

23,
21st *Seventh Feast
22d *End of the Passover

29,
Ijar begins
18th Lag Beomer

25,
Sivan begins

June 6,
6th
*Feast of Weeks or Pentecost.

11,
7th *Second Feast

12, Thammus begins

July 6, 17th Fast for the taking of the Temple 22, Ab begins

Aug. 4, 9th *Fast for the burning of the Temple 12, Elul begins

Sept. 3, 5606 Tisri begins *Feast for the New Year 2d *Second Feast for the New Year

3,
4th Fast of Gedaljah,

5,
10th *Fast of the Reconciliation or Atone.
ment

11,
15th *Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles
16th *Second Feast of the Huts

17,

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