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Being the latter part of the 69th, and the beginning of the 70th,
year of the Independence of the United States of America; the 6558th year of the Julian Period; the latter part of the 5605th and the beginning of the
5606th, year since the creation of the world, according to
the Jews; the 2598th year (according to Varro) since the foundation
of Rome; the 2592d year since the era of Nabonassar, which has been
assigned to Wednesday, the 26th of February of the 3967th year of the Julian Period, which corresponds, according to the chronologists, to the 747th, and, according to the as
tronomers, to the 746th year, before the birth of Christ; the 2621st year of the Olympiads, or the first year of the
656th Olympiad, beginning in July, 1843, if we fix the era of the Olympiads at 7754 years before Christ, or at or about the beginning of July of the year 3938 of the Julian
Period; the latter part of the 1260th, and the beginning of the 1261st
year (of twelve lunations) since the Hegira, or flight of Mahomet, which, as is generally supposed, took place on the 16th of July, in the year 662 of the Christian era.
I. THE CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR THE YEAR.
SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c.
# Jupiter. DO ( The Moon. Juno.
h Saturn. g Mercury.
H Herschel or Uranus. f Venus.
* A fixed star. o Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension. o Quadrature, or differing 90° in 8 Opposition, or 180° in ☆ The ascending, U the descending node.
The sign + is prefixed to the latitude, or declination, of the Sun, or other heavenly body, when north, and the sign when south; but the former prefixed to the hourly motion of the Moon in latitude, indicates that she is approaching, and the latter that she is receding from, the north pole of the ecliptic.
The letters M. A., m. a., denote Morning and Afternoon.
Solar Cycle, Epact
Roman Indiction, Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, 3 Julian Period,
h. m. S. Sun enters VI (Winter begins) 1844, Dec. 21st, 11 22 56 M.
go (Spring 1845, March 20th, 0 35 32 A. | M. Time (Summer
9 34 18 M. at - (Autumn
Sept. 22d, 11 45 41 A. Wash'ton. v (Winter
5 18 54 A.
d. h. m. $. Sun in the Winter Signs
89 1 12 36 Spring
92 20 58 46 Summer
93 14 11 23 Autumn
89 17 33 13 " north of Equator, (Spring and Summer) 186 11 10 9 "south of Winter and Autumn) 178 18 45 49 Length of the tropical year, commencing
at the winter solstice, 1843, and termi- 365 5 55 58 nating at the winter solstice, 1844, Mean or average length of the tropical year, 365 5 48 48
MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH, IN 1845. Septuagesima Sunday, Jan. 19th | Rogation Sunday,
Apr. 27th Quinq, or Shrove do. Feb. 2d Ascen. Day, or Holy Th. May 1st Ash Wed. Lent begins, 5th Whitsunday or Pentecost, 11th Mid Lent Sunday, Mar. 2d Trinity Sunday,
18th Palm do “ 16th Corpus Christi Day,
22d Easter do
Fête Dieu, Low do
“ 30th | Advent Sunday, Nov. 30th
[The anniversaries marked with an asterisk (*) are to be strictly observed.]
Year. Names of the Months. 5605 Sebat begins
Jan. 10, 1845.
12, Thammus begins
July 6, 17th Fast for the taking of the Temple 22, Ab begins
Aug. 4, 9th *Fast for the burning of the Temple 12, Elul begins
Sept. 3, 5606 Tisri begins *Feast for the New Year 2d *Second Feast for the New Year