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receive his commissions and instructions without loss of time. He will go to Providence in the stage, and thence to New York by water, and thence to Philadelphia in the stage. He will not set out, however, until he is informed of his appointment. Perhaps the Senate may negative him and then his journey will be unnecessary.

I shall go in the stage on Saturday to New York and be at home, I hope, by the 12th of June.

Adieu.

LETTER CCXXXV.

J. A.

MY DEAREST FRIEND,

Philadelphia, 15 November, 1794.

My vote, I believe, will never be again given for an adjournment of Congress to an earlier day than that which is designated by the constitution, because I find that gentlemen cannot conveniently leave their plantations and professions in season to be here sooner. A fortnight has been already lost and we have no certainty of making a Senate on Monday.

By the papers that wrap Dumouriez's Memoirs, you will see the drooping state of a silly and wicked rebellion. Lee, assisted by Hamilton perhaps, ap

1 The insurrection in the western counties of Pennsylvania.

pears with dignity, moderation and decision. The triumph of Smith, Ames, and Dexter, is very exhilarating to the friends of peace, and equally mortifying to the unblushing advocates of confusion.

I am more conveniently quartered than I ever was before, since my family left this town. My love and duty, &c.,

J. A.

LETTER CCXXXVI.

MY DEAREST FRIEND,

Philadelphia, 17 November, 1794.

YESTERDAY I attended the dedication of a temple. The Presbyterian congregation in Market street have taken down their old meeting house and erected a new one in the same place, much larger, higher, more light, airy and elegant. They assembled in it for the first time yesterday, when Dr. Ewing preached in the morning, and Dr. Blair in the afternoon.

I recollected with pleasure, upon this occasion, the course of sermons delivered in rotation by the ministers of Boston in the new church in Brattle street, and Philadelphia got nothing by the comparison. Dr. Blair, however, entertained us with an elegant and sublime discourse, in which, among other good things, he gave Tom Paine a hearty reprobation.

I dined at Mr. O's. All well. I hope to receive a

line to-day. A journal or diurnal register of farming would be very, very refreshing and entertaining. O the tedious solitude that awaits me for three or four months amidst the noise, smoke, wealth, luxury, eloquence, learning, wit and wisdom, of this proud city and our venerable Congress! To me, one week of domestic felicity and rural amusement would be worth it all.

LETTER CCXXXVII.

MY DEAREST FRIEND,

[Philadelphia,] 19 November, 1794.

THE President's speech is so important to the public, that I know you will be anxious to see it as early as possible. When the answers of the two Houses come to be debated, we shall see whether there are any apologists for rebellion in these sanctuaries.

As Mr. Edwards of Kentucky appeared in Senate to-day, we can do business if one member should be sick, but it will be very inconvenient to have so small a majority. Mr. Potts of Maryland, and Mr. Taylor of Virginia have resigned. The Senate seems really to be too small a body' for so important a branch of the legislature of so great a people.

I feel, where I am, the want of the society of Mr.

1 The Senate consisted of thirty members at this time.

I pore

O.'s family, but much more that of my own. upon my family at Quincy, my children in Europe, and my children and grandchildren in New York, till I am melancholy, and wish myself a private man. That event, however, would not relieve me, for my thoughts would be at the Hague and at New York, if I was at Quincy. Your meditations cannot be more cheerful than mine, and your visit to our afflicted sister will not, I fear, brighten your views or soften your anxiety. I hope we shall be supported, but there is no plan that occurs to me, that can relieve us from our solicitude. We must repose ourselves upon those principles in which we were educated, and which, I hope, we have never renounced nor relinquished.

I would resign my office and remain with you, or I would bring you next winter with me, but either of these plans, the public out of the question, would increase our difficulties, perhaps, rather than lessen them. This climate is disease to me, and I greatly fear would be worse to you, in the present state of your health. Mrs. Jay, poor lady, is more distressed than we are. I pray you to take care of your and of L-'s too. She is a good girl: but I sometimes wish she would run about a little more, if it was even

health

to look at the

young men.

Adieu,

J. A.

LETTER CCXXXVIII.

MY DEAREST FRIEND,

Philadelphia, 23 November, 1794.

It is a common observation of old people, that as they advance in life, time appears to run off faster, and the year grows shorter. I cannot, I am sure, say the same of the time which has passed of late. I took possession of this chamber on the eighth of this month, and the time has seemed at least as long to me, as any fifteen days of my whole life. Tedious days and lonesome nights! I am weary of ye!

Enclosed is the address of the Senate and the President's reply. You will be pleased with both, but wry faces, and shrill voices enough will be seen and heard in the House, the cities and in some places in the country. What do you make of the intelligence from France? They seem to be weary of clubs, but as yet unable to do without them. The explosion of their powder works and men seems as desperate as dreadful. Dreadful, awful revenge, I expect, will be practised in a thousand ways; and as revenge excites revenge, where will it stop? They seem at present to be unable to confine their enemies, or to set them at liberty. Sin and death seem to have deserted the place where Milton saw them, and taken their abode in Paris.

I did not expect any letter from you last week, be

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