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under the force which was brought to bear against him. One story he told well, of Sir Edward Knatchbull having refused to pay him for four gallons of beer, when he was a brewer at Bristol, because he had sold him a less quantity than that prescribed by the law : altogether, his speech, if it miglit be so called, when he was not allowed to utter a connected sentence, was a complete failure ; but I am convinced that no estimate of his ability can be formed from this specimen of him, as his voice was stifled by the faction to which he was opposed. Indeed both parties seemed to repudiate Cobbett and Hunt, as their commow enemies.
Before Hunt had finished, there was a tremendous and seemingly a preconcerted cry of "question” from the Brunswickers; Hunt went on speaking, and immense confusion took place. Mr. Calcraft interfered in vain. Mr. Hodges and Lord Radnor then moved an amendment, declaring that the measure should be left to the discretion of the legislature; and amid a tumult, to which I never witnessed anything at all comparable, the Sheriff put the question. It has been stated in the newspapers that the Brunswickers had a great majority ; the impression of a vast number of persons was quite the reverse. They were indeed so well disciplined, that their show of hats was simultaneous, while the liberal party hardly knew what what was going forward. The Sheriff omitted to put Cobbett's amendment, which seemed to be forgotten by every one but himself; and having announced that there was a large majority for the petition moved by Mr. Gipps, retired from the chair. The acclamations of the Brunswickers were reiterated; the whole body waved their hats, and lifted up their voices; the parsons shook hands with each other: the Methodists smiled with a look of ghastly satisfaction; and Lord Winchilsea, losing all decency and self-restraint, was thrown into convulsions of joy, and leaped, shouted, and roared, in a state of almost insane exultation. The whole party then joined in singing “God save the King,” in one howl of appropriate discord, and the assembly broke up.
Thus terminated the great Kent meeting; to which, however, I conceive that more importance, as it affects the Cath
Vo.. II. — 15
olic question, is attached than it deserves. I lave not room left for many comments, but a few brief observations on this striking incident are necessary. The triumph of Protestantism is not complete. The whole body of the clergy, who are in Kent exceedingly numerous, were not only present, but used all their influence to procure an attendance, and the utmost exertions were employed to bring the tenantry of the antiCatholic proprietors to the field. No exertion was made upon the other side. Lord Camden boasted that he had not interfered with a single individual; yet it is admitted that at least one third of the assembly were favorable to the Catholics. The spirit of Lord George Gordon may, by the metem psychosis of faction, have migrated into Lord Winchilsea ; but, while he is as well qualified in intellect and in passion to conduct a multitude of fanatics, his troops are of a very different character. Will the legislature shrink before him? Or will it not rather exclaim, “ Contempsi Catilina gladios, non partimescam tuos ?” Will the Government permit such precedents of popular excitation to be held up ?" and does it never occur to the Tory party that the time may not be far distant when republicanism may choose Protestantism for its model, and, by rallying the people, act upon the same principle of intimidation? If the Catholics are to be put down by these means, may not the aristocracy be one day put down by similar expe: dients? Will the House of Lords stand by and allow all the opulence and the rank of a large county to be trampled upon by the multitude ? for it must occur to every body, that Lord Winchilsea was the only nobleman on the side of the petitioners, while the rest of the Peerage were marshalled on the other. Do the patricians of England desire to see a renewal of scenes in which the nobles of the land were treated with utter scorn, and the feet of peasants trod upon their heads? Let statesmen reflect upon these very obvious subjects of grave meditation, and determine whether Ireland is to be infuriated by oppression, and England is to be maddened with fanaticism; whether they are not preparing the way for the speedy convulsion of one country, and the ultimate revolution of the other.
LORD-CHANCELLOR BROUGHAM'S LEVEE.
UNFeigned respect for, and a slight personal acquaintance with, the noble person who now holds the Seals, led me to attend his last levee.* This could not be done without some inconvenience; and not the least of it was the necessity of being equipped in full court-apparel. I do not object to this dress-indeed, I much approve of it in those who mingle in the gorgeousness of courts; but plainer attire would have more befitted the taste of an humble incognito. I mention this fact, lest it might be supposed that I was guilty of the not improbable gothicism of appearing in a garb fit for the funeral, but not the levee of a Lord-Chancellor. The practice of receiving the respects of the public on one or two stated occasions is sufficiently ancient, but I have understood was discontinued, or not much observed, in the latter days of Lord Eldon. It was revived with somewhat greater splendor by Lord Lyndhurst, but still it attracted little public notice. His Lordship never secured any very considerable share of general favor. As a lawyer, he was not at the head, though among the chief of his profession. For my own part, I do not regard his secondary eminence in the law as detracting much from his eminence as a public character, when it is recollected that Brougham bimself ranked much below Gurney,* Pollock, Campbell, and sereral others, whose distinetion is derived from law alone - the lowest basis on which the fame of a public man can rest. In politics his career had not been such as to command respect. He was uniformly the supporter of the most profitable opinion.
* This sketch was published in No. 1 of the Metropolitan Magazine (May, 1831), which was started by Thomas Campbell, the poet, after he had retired from the Editorship of the Nero Monthly Magazine, which he had held for a period of ten years. Lord Brougham's first levee would probably have been in Hilary Term, 1831, and the second, described by Mr. Sheil, at the commencemant of the following Easter Term, or in April, 1851.- M.
* The late Sir John Gurney, long known as one of the best cross-examiners at the bar, was made puisne judge, and in that capacity, no one could say of
“Even his failings leaned to mercy's side," for he was most severe in his judgments. Sir Frederick Pollock and Lord Campbell are yet alive — the first, as Chief Baron of the Exchequer, the other, as Lord Chief Justice of England, and obtained a peerage in June, 1841, bo the scandalous job (already referred to in my notes on the sketch of Plunket) of being made Irish Chancellor, for a few days, to obtain the retiring pension of four thousand pounds sterling, when the Melbourne Ministry, whose first law-officer he was, had no other means of quartering him on the public.- M.
† Lord Lyndhurst, who has been Lord Chancellor of England under five Ak ministrations, is American by birth, having been born at Boston, May 21, 1772 His grandfather, Richard Copley, was an Irishman who emigrated to America: John Singleton Copley, this man's son, born in Boston in 1738, showed great natural taste for painting, which he adopted as a profession. He went to Eng. land, where his fine historical painting, the death of Lord Chatham, gure bim high reputation. He painted several other subject-pictures, which caused bim to be elected a Royal Academician. He died in 1815, having lived to see the dawning success of his son. The future Chancellor having eminently distinguished himself at Cambridge University, was called to the English bar in 1804, and, at first was remarkable for his ultra-liberal politics. He soon became leader of his circuit, entered Parliament, adopted Tory views, and was rewarded by the Government, with the Chief Justice of Chester in 1818. He was made Solicitor-General, and knighted, in 1819, became Attorney-General in 1824; was made Master of the Rolls in 1826; and was raised to the rank of Lord Chancellor, with a peerage, as Lord Lyndhurst, when Lord Eldon and five of his colleagues simultaneously resigned, with a view to embarrass Canning, the new Premier, in 1827. Lord Lyndhurst was continued in the office of Chancellor under the brief administration of Lord Goderich, and was retained, from 1-27 to November, 1828, by the Duke of Wellington, under whom, in 1829, the pliant lawyer advocated Catholic Emancipation, as strongly as he had assailed it before. In November, 1830, when the Duke's Cabinet broke up, Lyndhuist had to resign, and was succeeded by Brougham. In 1831, Lord Lyndhurst was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer, which he resigned, in December, 1834, again to become Lord Chancellor. But Peel's Ministry, of which he was one, was compelled to resign in April, 1835. From this time, until the autumn of 1841, Lord Lyndhurst held no official station, but received his retir ing pension of five thousend pounds sterling. He made a speech, for several
In early life a flagrant Whig, as opening up the best field for talent; in a more advanced stage, the bitter enemy of the Catholics, so long as the star of Lord Eldon, the great dis penser of legal favor, was on the ascendant; and finally, when office had secured him, the advocate of the Catholics on what was called the constitutional ground, when all favor was in the giving of the Duke of Wellington.*
It is not remarkable that the levees of Lord Lyndhurst should have passed off in quietness. I do not remember to bave heard that the ceremonial was observed by his Lordship, although, from the known display of this fashionable lawyer, there is no doubt that it was not neglected. If, however, his levees had been attended by the magnificent, it is equally certain that the fact must have attracted public votoriety. I incline to think that it was reserved for Brougham to illustrate the ancient custom, by the splendor of those who chose to be dutiful to the Lord-Chancellor. The fashion of going to court subsequent years, at the close of each Parliamentary Session, in which he ably and unmercifully exposed the “ sayings and doings" of the Melbourne Ministry. When Peel again became Premier, in 1841, Lord Lyndhurst, for the fifth time, was made Lord Chancellor, and continued in office, until June, 1846, when the Peel Ministry was broken up. It is said that he was offered the Great Seal, for the sixth time, in 1852, by Lord Derby, but declined on the plea of advanced years - having then reached the age of seventy. As a politician, Lord Lyndhurst has been inconsistent and flexible; as a parliamentary speaker, severe and sarcastic ; as an advocate, powerful and effective; as a judge, acute and shrewd. In common law, he has had few superiors; and though his barpractice was not in the Chancery courts, sagacity and great common sense marked his decisions in equity. He still attends to his parliamentary duties [January, 1854], but seldom speaks.-M.
* War, to which Wellington owed his celebrity, rank, and fortune, has usually been an expensive luxury to John Bull. In the last four years of the contest with France, the cost to the British nation was—. 1812, £103,421,538; 1813, £120,952,657 ; 1814, £116,843,889; 1815, £116,491,051. The expendiiure during the war, from 1803 to 1815 inclusive, was £1,159,729,256. It was stated after the battle of Waterloo, that young men in the United Kingdom (such as usually enlist) were so generally killed off that it would have been impossible to raise another army. I have heard Doctor Buckland, the geologist, state (in a course of lectures which I atterded when at Oxford), that the present French soldiery owe their stunted appearance, to the conscription in the time of Napoleon, which drew away the manhood of the country, leaving the population to spring from immature youths or exhausted viellards.-M.