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Conflicting Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all the conflicting Spanish Spanish claims confirmed as to

claims, reported in obedience to the fourth section of the act of ConUnited States. gress, approved May the eighth,

one thousand eight hundred and twentyAct of May 8, iwo, and recommended for confirmation as valid titles, be, and the same 1822, ch. 122,

are hereby, confirmed, so far as the United States have any title to the

sec. 4.

same.

Certain other Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all claims derived from the claims confirm- former British government, contained in the reports of the commissioned.

ers of East Florida, or the register and receiver, acting as such, who did not avail themselves of the provisions of the treaty between Spain and England, signed at Versailles on the twentieth of January, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, by leaving said province, but who remained in the same, and became Spanish subjects, and whose titles were approved by the Spanish authorities, and have been recommended for confirmation by said commissioners, or register and receiver, acting as

such, be, and the same are hereby, confirmed. Remaining Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That all the remaining claims which claims to be set- have been presented according to law, and not finally acted upon, shall tled.

be adjudicated and finally settled upon the same conditions, restrictions, and limitations, in every respect, as are prescribed by the act of Con

gress, approved twenty-third May, one thousand eight hundred and Act of May twenty-eight, entitled “ An act supplementary to the several acts provid23, 1828, ch.70. ing for the settlement and confirmation of private land claims in

Florida." Disposition of Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the repapers relative to claims.

gister and receiver to deliver over all papers relative to private land claims

in East Florida to the keeper of the public archives. Operation of Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That all confirmations of land titles, confirmation.

under this act, shall only operate as a relinquishment of the right of the United States to the said lands respectively, and shall not be construed either as a guarantee of any such titles, or in any manner affecting the

rights of other persons to the same lands. Act of May 23, Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That so much of the act of twenty1828, ch. 70, ex- third of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, as directed plained.

that the selection of claimants who availed themselves of the first section of said act by accepting a quantity equal to one league square within their respective grants, which confined the selection to sectional lines, shall not be held to extend to the selection by the claimants of a greater quantity than a section, but the said claimants who have, or may hereafter select, under the provisions of said law, any quantity equal to the amount granted in bodies larger than a section in the form of any Spanish survey, or plat of survey, or where the sections are broken by any river, the said land so selected, or which may be so selected, is hereby confirmed to said claimants; and it shall be the duty of the surveyor general to make a survey and certificate of all such claims, to return the same to the commissioner of the general land office, and thereupon a patent shall issue to the original grantee, or to his assignee, if the land has been sold or transferred to any other person, or to the legal owner by

purchase or descent. Time for re Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the claimants, who are entilinquishment

tled to the provisions of that act, or who may avail themselves of the extended.

foregoing provisions of this act, by taking a quantity equal to a league square in lieu of the whole grant, shall be, and they are hereby, allowed the further time of one year, from the passage of this act, to execute their

relinquishments, and to file their acceptance of the provisions of said law. Title-deeds. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the

registers and receivers to restore to the claimants the title-deeds on which they may have finally rejected the claims.

APPROVED, May 26, 1830.

STATUTE I. CAAP. CVII. - An Act for the distribution of certain books therein mentioned.

May 26, 1830. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Distribution of States of America, in Congress assembled, That the copies of the diplo- diplomatic cor

respondence. matic correspondence of the American revolution, published in pursu

Resolution of ance of a resolution of Congress of twenty-seventh March, one thousand March 27, 1818. eight hundred and eighteen, which have been or may hereafter be received at the Department of State, be distributed and disposed of in manner following, to wit:

To the President and Vice President of the United States, one copy each; to the heads of department, five copies each; to the Postmaster General, the commissioner of the general land office, and the superintendent of the patent office, one copy each; to each member and delegate of the present Congress, one copy; to the library of the Senate, five copies; to the library of the House of Representatives, ten copies; to the attorney general, the judges of the Supreme Court, and of the other courts of the United States, each one copy; to each governor of a state or territory, for the public library of the state or territory, one copy; to the military academy at West Point, and to each incorporated university, college, historical or antiquarian society and athenæum, one copy; to the Secretary of State, one copy for each American legation in foreign countries; to the Secretary of the Navy, five copies for the naval commanders on different stations; and to each person who has been President of the United States, one copy.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That of the edition of the journals Distribution of of the House, ordered to be printed by a resolution of this House, of the journals of eighteenth May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, the copies be distributed in manner following, to wit:

To the President and Vice President of the United States, one copy each; to the heads of department, five copies each; to each member and delegate of the present Congress, one copy; to the library of the Senate, five copies; to the library of the House of Representatives, ten copies; to the Attorney and Postmaster General, one copy each; to each governor of a state or territory, for the public library of the state or territory, one copy; to the military academy at West Point, and to each incorporated university, college, historical, or antiquarian society, and athenæum, one copy; and to each person who has been President of the United States, one copy; and that the residue remain in the custody of the clerk of the House of Representatives, till otherwise ordered by the House.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the books hereby directed to To be made be distributed, be properly prepared for transmission, under the direction by clerk of

House of Repof the clerk of the House of Representatives; and that they be forwarded

resentatives. free of postage, by mail, to the persons hereby authorized to receive them; or delivered to the order of said persons in the city of Washington.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, of the copies of the diplo Further dig. matic correspondence of the revolution, which shall remain after the tribution of didistribution aforesaid, one copy shall be distributed to each new member

plomatic corre.

spondence. of each Congress succeeding the present, until all the copies shall have been distributed, with the exception of twenty-five, which shall be retained for the library of Congress.

APPROVED, May 20, 1830.

STATUTE

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May 28, 1830. CHAP. CXLVI.-An Act to confirm certain claims to lands in the district of

Jackson courthouse, in the state of Mississippi. Certain claims Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United confirmed.

States of America, in Congress assembled, That all the claims to lands
ActsMay reported by the register and receiver of the land office for the district of
24, 1828, ch.
93.

Jackson courthouse, in the state of Mississippi, under the provisions of
the act of Congress, approved on the twenty-fourth day of May, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, entitled “An act supplemen-
tary to the several acts providing for the adjustment of land claims in the
state of Mississippi,” as founded on any order of survey, requette, per-
mission to settle, or other written evidence of claim derived from the
Spanish authorities, which ought, in the opinion of the said register and
receiver, to be confirmed, and which, by the said reports, appear to be
derived from the Spanish government prior to the twentieth of Decem-
ber, one thousand eight hundred and three, and the land claimed to have

been cultivated and inhabited on or before that day, shall be confirmed Proviso.

in the same manner as if the title had been completed : Provided, That,
in all such claims, where the plat and certificate of survey, made prior to
the fifteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, under
the authority of the Spanish government, in pursuance of such claim, has
not been filed with the said register and receiver, such claim shall not be
confirmed to any one person for more than twelve hundred and eighty
acres; and that for all the other claims comprised in the reports as afore-
said, and which ought, in the opinion of the register and receiver, to be
confirmed, the claimant to such land shall be entitled to a grant therefor,

as a donation not to exceed twelve hundred and eighty acres to any one Proviso.

person: And provided also, That the claim of the representatives of
Louis Boisdore, numbered four, in report numbered three, shall not be
confirmed to more than twelve hundred and eighty acres; and all the
confirmations of the said incomplete titles and grants of donations, hereby
provided to be made, shall amount only to a relinquishment for ever, on
the part of the United States, of any claim whatever to the tract of land
so confirmed or granted without prejudice to the interests of third

persons.
Lando inha Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every person, or his or her
bited before

legal representatives, whose claim is embraced by the said register and April 15, 1813.

receiver in their reports numbers five, six, and seven, of actual settlers, or
their legal representatives, not having any written evidence of claim, shall,
where it appears by the said reports that the land claimed or settled on
had been actually inhabited and cultivated by such person or persons, in
whose right the same is claimed, on or before the fifteenth day of April,

one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, be entitled to a grant for the Proviso.

land so claimed or settled on, as a donation: Provided, That not more
than one tract shall be granted to any one person, and the same shall
not exceed six hundred and forty acres, to include his or her improve-
ments, and to be bounded by sectional or divisional lines; and that no
lands shall be thus granted which are claimed or recognised by the pre-

ceding section.
Pre-emption Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person, or his or her
granted to cer-
fain persons.

legal representatives, comprised in the aforesaid reports of actual settlers,
not having any written evidence of claim, who, on the third day of March,
one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, did, as appears by those
reports, actually inhabit and cultivate a tract of land in the said district,
not claimed under any written evidence of title legally derived from the
French, British, or Spanish, governments, or granted as a donation, shall
be entitled to become the purchaser of the quarter section, or two eighths
of any section, on which the improvements may be, and including the
same, at the same price for which other public lands are sold at private

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sale: Provided, That the same shall be entered with the register of the Proviso. land office, within the term of two years, or before, if the same shall be offered at public sale: And provided also, That, where any such person

Proviso. is settled on, and has improved any school lands in said district, such person shall be governed by the provisions of the fourth section of the act approved on the twenty-second day of April, one thousand eight hun Act of April dred and twenty-six, entitled “ An act giving the right of pre-emption, in 22, 1826, ch. 28. the purchase of lands, to certain settlers in the states of Alabama, Mississippi, and territory of Florida.”

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the register and receiver of Powers, &c. of the said district shall possess the same powers, and perform the same register

and duties, in relation to the claims confirmed by this act, as are given to, and required of them by the act of Congress of the eighth of May, one Act of May 8, thousand eight hundred and twenty-two, entitled “An act supplemen- 1822, ch. 128. tary to the several acts for adjusting the claims and titles to lands, and establishing land offices, in the district east of the island of New Orleans.

APPROVED, May 28, 1830.

receiver.

STATUTE I.

ants,

Chap. CXLVII.-An Act for the more effectual collection of the impost duties. May 28, 1830.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of 1799, States of America, in Congress assembled, That the President of the ch. 22:

Additional United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, is

appraiser lo be hereby authorized to appoint an additional appraiser of merchandise for appointed. the port of New York, who shall take a similar oath, and have like power and compensation, and perform the same duties, with the appraisers now authorized by law to be appointed at that place.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury Eight assistmay appoint, not exceeding four assistant appraisers in New York, two ant appraisers. in Philadelphia, and two in Boston, who shall be practically acquainted with the quality and value of some one or more of the chief articles of importation, subject to appraisement, to be employed in appraising goods in such manner as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and who shall take and subscribe an oath diligently and faithfully to Oath and duexamine and inspect such goods, wares, or merchandise, as the principal ties of assistappraisers may direct, and truly to report to them, to the best of their knowledge and belief, the true value thereof, according to law; where Of principals. upon the principal appraisers shall revise and correct the same as they may judge proper, and report to the collector their decision thereon: but, Collector to if the collector shall deem any appraisement of goods too low, he shall order re-aphave power to order a re-appraisement, either by the principal appraisers, praisement. or by three merchants designated by him for that purpose, who shall be citizens of the United States, and cause the duties to be charged accordingly.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the thirtieth Rules as day of September next, whenever goods of which wool or cotton is a average value. component part, of similar kind, but different quality, are found in the same package, if not imported from beyond the Cape of Good Hope, it shall be the duty of the appraisers to adopt the value of the best article contained in such package, as the average value of the whole; and if the Appeal. owner, importer, consignee, or agent, for any goods appraised, shall consider any appraisement, made by the appraisers, or other persons designated by the collector, too high, he may apply to the collector in writing, stating the reasons for his opinion, and having made oath that the said appraisement is higher than the actual cost and proper charges on which duty is to be charged, and also, that he verily believes it is higher than the curVol. IV.-52

2 M

to

rent value of the said goods, including said charges, at the place of exportation, the collector shall designate one merchant, skilled in the value of such goods, and the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, may designate another, both of whom shall be citizens of the United States, who, if they cannot agree in an appraisement, may designate an umpire who shall also be a citizen of the United States, and when they, or a majority of them, shall have agreed, they shall report the result to the collector, and if their appraisements shall not agree with that of the United States' appraisers, the collector shall decide between

them. Number of Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the collectors of the customs packages to be shall cause at least one package out of every invoice, and one package at examined.

least out of every twenty packages of each invoice, and a greater number, should he deem it necessary, of goods imported into the respective dis

tricts, which package or packages he shall have first designated on the Consequences invoice to be opened and examined, and if the same be found not to of discrepancy.

correspond with the invoice, or to be falsely charged in such invoice, the collector shall order, forth with, all the goods contained in the same entry to be inspected; and if such goods be subject to ad valorem duty, the same shall be appraised, and if any package shall be found to contain any article not described in the invoice, or if such package or invoice be made up with intent, by a false valuation, or extension or otherwise, to evade or defraud the revenue; the same shall be forfeited, and the

fifteenth section of the “ Act supplementary to an act to amend an 1799, ch. 22. act, entitled 'An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and

tonnage, passed second March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety1823, ch. 21. nine, and for other purposes,'” passed first March, one thousand eight

hundred and twenty-three; and also so much of any act of Congress as

imposes an additional duty or penalty of fifty per centum on duties upon Goods, when any goods which may be appraised at twenty five per centum, or ten per to be delivered. centum above their invoice price, is hereby repealed; and no goods liable

to be inspected or appraised as aforesaid, shall be delivered from the custody of the officers of the customs, until the same shall have been inspected or appraised, or until the packages sent to be inspected or

appraised, shall be found correctly and fairly invoiced and put up, and so Proviso. reported to the collector : Provided, That the collector may, at the

request of the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, take bonds, with approved security, in double the estimated value of such goods, conditioned that they shall be delivered to the order of the collector, at any time within ten days after the package or packages sent to the public stores shall have been appraised and reported to the collector. And if, in the mean time, any of the said packages shall be opened, without the consent of the collector or surveyor given in writing, and then in the presence of one of the inspectors of the customs, or if the said package or packages shall not be delivered to the order of the collector, according to the condition of the said bond, the bond shall, in either case, be forfeited.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the exportation. collector to cause all goods entered for re-exportation, with the right of

drawback, to be inspected, and the articles thereof compared with their respective invoices, before a permit shall be given for lading the same; and where the goods so entered shall be found not to agree with the entry, they shalĩ be forfeited : and every importer, owner, consignee, agent, or exporter, who shall enter goods for importation, or for exportation, or transportation from one port or place to another, with the right of drawback, shall deposit with the collector the original invoice of such goods, if not before deposited with the collector, and in that case an authenticated invoice thereof to be filed and preserved by him in the archives of the custom-house, which shall be signed by such importer,

Goods for re

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