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with the Castle, and the Castle with allowing Catholics to be bank dithem, will infallibly set them ill with rectors. He said he had only to their own body. All the weight, repeat his former objections to such which the clergy have hitherto had claims, " The more you were ready to keep the people quiet will be to grant them, the more power and wholly lost, if this once should pretensions you gave to the Cathohappen."

lics to come forward with fresh The project of subjecting the Irish claims, and perhaps to insist upon Catholic Church to the English them." His lordship then launched Protestant State, was for that time out into a general invective against defeated; but it was brought for- the Catholics, and particularly the ward again and again, during the priests. struggle for emancipation, and for The earthly career of George Ponmany years, greatly agitated the sonby was now drawing to a close. Catholic public.

Assiduous in his parliamenty duIn the course of this session, Lord ties, he was struck down by his deathGrenville made his motion to make sickness (paralysis) in the House to Catholic merchants admissible as Commons. Lingering on, he had Governor and Directors of the Bank the satisfaction, before his reason of Ireland. Lord Westmoreland left him, of being reconciled to his opposed the motion, on the general former friend, John Philpot Curran. ground that no further concessions His only child, Martha, the wife of whatever should, under the present Francis A. Prittie, watched by his circumstances, be granted to the death-bed, and saw him breathe his Catholics. But to this not very last, on the 18th of July, 1817. His intelligent argument, his lordship remains were interred in the graveadded a sensible observation. He yard attached to Kensington Church, said, “He was surprised to see such where a simple stone marks their motions so often brought forward resting-place. by those who, when they were them The judgments delivered by this selves in power, employed every

Chancellor have not come down exertion to depreciate and prevent to our time. Messrs. Schoales and such discussions." This was true. Lefroy having ceased to take notes Ireland and her grievances, the Ca- of cases in Chancery. At the detholics and their wrongs, had be- parture of Lord Redesdale, their come, in the Imperial Parliament, places at the reporters' desk rea stock-in-trade for Whigs out of mained unfilled for several years.

and have so remained ever Lord Howick, in his place in the since. When these politicians are House of Commons, on the 3rd of in

power, they still “ deprecate such July, 1808, thus spoke of the merits discussions."' Lord Redesdale, late of George Ponsonby, “Never preChancellor of Ireland, was alarmed sided in Ireland a more upright and at the danger to the Protestant efficient judge, or one who had reninterest which would arise, from dered such universal satisfaction.”

place;

CRUEL AS THE GRAVE. 1

It has been said that during the firms, we hardly know whether to latter part of the second French wonder more as to how any sane inempire, it was a distinction not to dividual could have written them, or wear the riband of the Legion of as to how any rational being could Honour, which had been prodigally be expected to read them. showered right and left.

When We are bound, however, in justice, persons with the smallest modicum to observe, that Cruel as the Grave of literary powers, and very often cannot be included in that class of without any, frequently without being novels. able to write a sentence of even Baroness Von Bothmer is nonovice decent English, appear before the in literature, and has produced be public as novelists, the time is evi- fore some creditable and interesting dently approaching when not to have stories. Cruel as the Grave contains written a novel will be considered a a sufficient plot, and is not devoid mark of intellectual distinction. For, of well-delineated character, or of to say the truth, no kind of compo- strong situations, albeit these are disition is easier to produce than in- luted by long speeches and dialogues. ferior fiction. A number of the con- There are two heroines, Ella Dobree ventional puppets, familiar to the and Lesbia Lesley. They are, nayoung ladies who patronise this kind turally, both beautiful, though in of literature, are made to spin page everything else they are as dissimilar after page of dreary platitudes and as two maidens can well be. The witless dialogue; a few murders, or former is Juno-like in person, stately forgeries, or railway accidents, or and commanding, resembling more breaches of the seventh command

a niature woman than a girl in her ment, or other equally exciting teens, as she is; imperious and vaevents are introduced and described riable in mood, suspecting all those more or less artistically, the villains who express admiration for her of are punished and the virtuous re- base and mercenary motives, and warded with no sparing hand; the though at times displaying nobleness heroes and heroines form their of mind, and elevation of thought, is partnerships for life, and the book by no means an altogether agreeable comes to an end amidst pictures of young lady. The latter is graceful future connubial bliss. Women and lovely as a Hebe, of a soft, generally shine in this description of yielding nature, full of tears like a novel-making ; they possess more Niobe, overflowing with hero-worleisure than men; they have greater ship for her male friends, ready to social ambition, and all those who fall into the arms of the first man have seen them scrawl away sheet who threw his handkerchief to her, after sheet of letter-paper, crossed and to become his very

humble serand re-crossed with the rapidity of a vant and submissive slave. More steam-engine, will not be surprised over, the strong-minded Ella is a rich to perceive with how little substance, heiress, whilst the weak-minded Lesor with what speed they could write bia is a poor orphan. three, or, for that matter, ten vo When Major Lesley dies in India, lumes. When we peruse sometimes he leaves his only child to the care some works published by respectable of his old friend, Mr. Hamilton, of

1 Cruel as the Grave. By the Baroness Von Bothmer. 3 vols, Henry S. King and Co., 65, Cornhill.

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1872)
Cruel as the Grave.

45
Berrylands, a country gentleman of acquainted, and a sincere friendship
independent means. George Hamil- springs up between them. Lesbia,
ton is a man of the world without it must be said, is not absolutely
being worldly. He had married penniless, her father having be-
when very young, a large-hearted, queathed her an income of a hundred
large-minded woman, much older or two, and the principal object and
than himself, and who had, contrary care of Mr. Hamilton is to find a
to what generally happens in such proper establishment in life for his
cases, rendered his life very happy. ward, who, though nineteen years
She had sympathised in his studies, old, and, in fact, older than Ella
joined in his pursuits, explored with Dobree, is in reality, as simple and
him the art treasures of Rome, Flor- innocent as a child.
ence, Munich, and Dresden, and Two gentlemen are introduced to
rendered his bright English home the reader as the possible heroes
the abode of cultivated enjoy- Captain Dobree and his friend, Mr.
ment.

Dalrymple. Hugh Dobree is the On her death - bed she recom- type of a handsome young Englishmended, with rare generosity, to her He is fair, blue-eyed, frank husband, to take unto himself a and prepossessing, and though he young wife, who would give him sons pays much attention to Lesbia Lesand daughters, and tend him as he ley, in reality his heart belongs to his grew older. Mr. Hamilton, however, cousin Ella, who seeks every oppor

mourned his wife truly, and cannot tunity of snubbing him, and letting to bring himself to give her a successor.

him know that she regards him as a He receives in his house, as an act mercenary fortune-hunter. Mr. Dalof kindness, Mrs. Scarsdale, his wife's rymple is a very different sort of incousin, a coarse, red-faced woman, of dividual. He is a tall, remarkablemysterious antecedents,who managed looking man, too young to be called by dint of flattery and skill, in su- old, and too old to be called young. perintending domestic arrangements, Nevertheless, a handsome and fasto establish herself permanently at cinating man, with a quiet, well-bred Berrylands as his housekeeper, air. He is neither horsey, nor doggy, hoping afterwards to become the nor slangy. Though nearer fifty than legal mistress of that fair estate. forty, his skin is fresh, and his hair The other inmate of the establish- thick and black, albeit he does not ment, until the arrival of Lesbia, is use any restorers. The descendant Frank Hamilton, the only son of Mr. of a good family in reduced circumHamilton's only brother, and the stances, he had taken service in an heir presumptive. Frank, though but Austrian cavalry regiment, where he seventeen years of age, looks twenty- had acquired great popularity. For five. He is plain, with dark beetling he could swim like an otter, ride like brows and large grey eyes, and in an Arab, shoot like a Tyrolese, walk stead of being at Harrow or Eton, like an Austrian. In fact, he could playing cricket or foot-ball

, or learn- do everything better than anybody ing Latin, and Greek, and history, as else. Having left the Imperial serbecomes a lad of his years, especially vice, he had travelled much in Gerone intended for the diplomatic ser- many, and resided long among the vice

, he unaccountably is allowed to smaller courts. Now he had acquired roam about at large, making love to the confidence of the Grand Duke Lesbia, and scowling bitterly at her of Goschenheim, and he is in Engbecause she treats him as a boy.

land to buy remounts for the cavalry Lesbia and Ella, who lives with of that potentate. her mother, a still young widow, in

When staying on a visit with Mrs. the adjoining property,

soon become Dobree, he wins the favour of all ex

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cept of Ella, and when he endeavours

name appear to be connected togeto address her in warm strains, he is ther by some secret bond. The pair

, at once and for ever silenced. The who are in each other's power, agree love suits of the different candidates together that, in the event of Daldo not prosper; for whilst Ella dis- rymple receiving any dowry from misses the pretensions of Dalrymple, Mr. Hamilton besides his ward's she effectually keeps cousin Hugh at fortune, he should pay her a good arms' length, and, indeed, by her percentage, whilst the pseudo Mrs. unworthy suspicions of his motives, Scarsdale undertakes to hand over causes his departure in anger ; Les- to her confederate an equal commisbia, on the other hand, full of life sion on her becoming Mrs. Hamiland spirit as she is, is compelled to ton, a consummation devoutly wished speak her mind pretty freely to for, if not confidently anticipated. Frank Hamilton, who is persecuting The two parties, who appear totally her with his absurd attentions and unacquainted with the principles of jealousy, and scowling at her like a common law, draw up an agreement maniac.

in two copies, which are duly signed Mrs. Dobree and Ella proceed to and sealed, as if they were legal inGroschenheim on their autumn tour, struments in a court of justice; a and Lesbia is permitted, to her in- wildly inconceivable delusion on the tense delight, to accompany them; part of Dalrymple, who must have for Mr. Hamilton discovers the pri- known that the agreement was not vate visit of a certain suspicious more valid than the undertaking of character to Mrs. Scarsdale, and a thief to divide the property he does not care for Lesbia to remain has stolen. any longer under her protection. Mr. Hamilton makes his private The two English beauties divide the inquiries concerning Dalrymple, attentions of all male Groschenheim. near the estate of his forefathers, Whilst the haughty and handsome and he finds the story told him to Ella exerts an irresistible spell on be perfectly

But Mr. Prince Philip, the son of the reigning Hamilton bites his lip when he monarch, and a chivalrous and pre- learns that the future husband of his possessing young man, the joyous, ward is actually one year older than inerry, yet loving and clinging Lesbia himself, whilst he, George Hamilton, selects, among her many admirers, had considered 'himself too aged, the mature Stephen Dalrymple as too superannuated, to attempt to the hero of her romance. Strangely woo a fair young wife. He thinks does the heart of Mr. Hamilton con- it monstrous that a young girl should tract when his ward asks his consent marry a man twenty-eight years her to her marriage with the ex-Austrian senior ; whilst he himself had been Hussar. Nevertheless, he makes no treated as a patriarch, and requested useless opposition. On accepting not to sit in draughts. NevertheMr. Dalrymple as the future husband less, Mr. Hamilton behaves nobly, of Lesbia, he only stipulates for the and on the eve of the marriage he settlement of her small fortune on privately hands to the rapacious herself,-a stipulation, by the way, bridegroom a note for £ 500. with which the expectant bride Lesbia's wedded life at first is a groom complied with very ill grace, heaven of bliss in which her husband and even before the wedding-day he is the presiding divinity. Frank, endeavoured to influence her guard- her former admirer, when he finds ian to abandon it. Meanwhile we she is married, casts aside his frantic find Mr. Dalrymple receiving a mys- passion like an old coat. Lesbia terious visit from Mrs. Scarsdale, was anothers, therefore she was and he and the person bearing that nothing to him, is a kind of logic

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unhappily not always possessed by For your sake I will be pure and

real men in this world. At all true. But I will never call any hement events, she lived in a round of gaiety; woman wife.

I will never caress and Frank, who it is to be presumed any woman ; I will bear the thought frequented the gambling tables of of you about me as in a shrine ; no Groshenheim, with a view to learn presumptuous thought shall desecrate the profession of diplomacy, confines your image.” And the poor, chivalhimself to act as a sort of wise men rous young man concluded a speech tor to his foolish old love, Lesbia. which is spoilt by its length-we

Meanwhile, Ella's twenty - first have only quoted a portion of itbirthday arrives, and she is about by falling at Ella's knees. to become mistress of her consider The German Prince, with £150 able wealth--but she is not happy. a year, is not allowed by his caste Her proud heart has been won by to wed a wealthy and high-mindedthe gentle and chivalrous attentions if not always pleasing-English girl, of Prince Philip, who, unable to and two beings are made unhappy. offer marriage to a woman not of Ella had a singular surprise in royal or princely blood, through the store for her cousin, Captain Hugh inexorable laws of an absurd eti- Dobree. She summons him to her quette, vows to her an everlasting apartment, where she receives him constancy. His character is, no with quiet stateliness. Hugh is predoubt

, the most pleasing in the pared for something unpleasant, but

book, and that of Ella also is well- not for the methodical statement continue drawn, though she is a young lady she delivered, which concluded by

who cannot awaken much sympathy offering him, in studiously insulting in the reader. The Prince's letters, language, the half of her large forwhich Ella burns on the morning tune “unsaddled, unencumbered when she becomes independent, with the damning clause which, but are couched in a manly, unaffected for our intimate knowledge of each language, sometimes rising almost other, might have come to ruin all.” to eloquence in its simple pathos. Hugh Dobree's indignation bursts When they had, last met he had forth, as would that of any

honourspoken to her as follows:-"He had able gentleman, and he expresses it resolved, cost him what it might, to in one of those long speeches of pluck out his right eye, to cut off his which the author is so fond, and right hand, rather than offend her which ends in a tirade of vulgar with a love he dared not offer, or abuse. The obnoxious parchment injure her by a devotion which he conveying the property intended for could not conceal.

A Morganatic him is thrust into the fireplace, and marriage would be unworthy of a the enraged cousin stalks out of the pure, proud English girl.

Nor room in a towering rage. could I offer disgrace or humiliation The pictures of Court society in

you, my pure, proud, peerless Groschenheim are lively enough, and Ella? 'Yes, I must call you Ella. probably are near the mark of what You are 'Ella' to me.

I call you life in small German states is likely so in my dreams, in my prayers, in to be. The characters of the Jewish my heart

. But I will go. I will bankers, however, Hirsh and Konigsis always love you. It is a law of my warter, are of the purely traditional,

being; it is stronger than I.' You conventional type formerly known to realise my ideal woman, Ella, and I novel readers, when ignorance and worship you as a woman should be illiberality were the order of the day. worshipped.... I will love all They are as true representatives of womankind, and be gentle and cor- their race as the howling Irishman teous to all women for your sake, of the stage, who brandishes his

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