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tells how all this time, during this school. His knowledge and profirst visit, he was thinking how happy ficiency, it seems to be admitted, he was, and what a privilege he en were sufficient to entitle him to go joyed in being allowed to join with to the universities as an exhibitioner. so many grown people, “I remem But Sir J. Talfourd states there was ber I foolishly applied everything an understanding that such exhibithat was said to myself, so as it tioners should embrace the Church. could mean nobody but myself. .
“ Lamb," he says,
was unfitted by All that assembly of people seemed nature for such a profession," and to me as if they were come together was not allowed to enjoy his promoonly to shew me the way of a tion. The impediment of a stamChurch.” This is but the common merer could hardly have been held thought of all children on such oc- sufficient for inflicting what was an casions. “Oh," he says in conclu- injustice on an industrious boy, who, sion, “it was a happy day for me; we are told, saw all his own contemfor before I used to feel like a little poraries preferred before him. It outcast in the wilderness, like one seems more probable that his inthat did not belong to the world of dustry and abilities were not sufChristian people."? However, these fieient to entitle him to the rank of religious instincts were soon to be Grecian. He was, however, "deputy overpowered in the rather wild ex Grecian-in the lower division of the plorings after truth, which again were second class." to give place to a shape of meagre At last the day arrived when theism but little removed from phi he was to quit the old cloisters; and losophic paganism. But now the and on November 23rd, 1789, he time was come for him to quit was discharged.
“Wheu a child,” he wrote to Coleridge, " I remember blushing, being caught on my knees to my Maker, or doing otherwise some praiseworthy action." Letter, Aug. 137 1814.
* Talfourd says he was not a Deputy Grecian, but " in Greek form,” according to the school phrase. But Lamb himself writes to Dyer, “I can never forget I was a Deputy Grecian.'
Feb. 22, 1831. He wrote a sort of Deputy Grecian's hand.
LIVES OF THE LORD CHANCELLORS OF IRELAND.
FROM A.D. 1189 TO 1870. (109) A.D. 1807. LURD MANNERS heir to the throne. He showed how (THOMAS MANNERS SUTTON). — the Duchy had, in early times, been Lord George Manners, third son of vested in the Princes of Wales, and John, third Duke of Rutland, as- the mode in which they enjoyed it. sumed the additional name of Sut. He then moved for a select comton, on succeeding to the estate of mittee to inquire into the application his maternal grandfather, Lord Lex- of the revenues of Cornwall during ington. He was father of nine the minority of his Royal Highness, children, the most remarkable of together with certain sums which whom were Charles, Archbishop of had been voted by Parliament for Canterbury, and Thomas, the subject payment of the Prince's debts. When of the present memoir. Thomas the question was first moved, Mr. was born on the 26th February, Sutton stated that during the mino1756; he entered the University of rity of the Prince, the arrears of the Cambridge, where he became fifth Dúchy amounted to £900,000, and wrangler in 1777, and was called to that £221,000 having, at different the English Bar in Michaelmas term, times, been voted by Parliament for 1780. For twenty years after his the use of his Royal Highness, there call he was left in the shade by men remained a balance of £679,000 in of far more brilliant abilities, who, his favour. To bring him in thus though passing him early in the race, as a creditor of the King, or of the were nevertheless distanced by him public, for such a sum, was a capital in the long-run, in consequence of device hit upon by Mr. Sutton to the aid he derived from the powerful extricate him from his embarrasshouse of Rutland, to which he was ments. But the Chancellor of the so closely allied. In 1800, he ob- Exchequer, Mr. Addington, resisted tained a silk gown, and was imme- this claim, which, on a division of the diately appointed 'Solicitor-General House, was lost by an overwhelming to the Prince of Wales,
majority.” During the session of Parliament The conduct of Mr. Manners Sutof 1802, a committee was appointed ton in this transaction won for him by the House of Commons to ex the favour not alone of Pict and Fox, amine into the arrears of the Civil but of Mr. Addington, then Prime List
, in relation to which a message Minister, who, in the month of May, had been received from the King ; 1802, promoted him to the office of and at the same time the Solicitor- Solicitor-General to the King. He General to the Prince of Wales called executed with great tempera:nce and the attention of the House to the ability the duty, which soon after dearrears alleged to be due to His volved upon him, of replying to the Royal Highness from the revenues evidence brought forward by Colonel of the Duchy of Cornwall
, which he Despard, in defending himself against stated were, by undoubted and in a charge of high-treason. He also alienable right, the property of the assisted at the trial of M. Peltier for
Sir Bernard Burke's Peerage.
a libel on the First Consul, during The Lord-Lieutenant, on application the short peace with France, the made to him by Lady Cloncurry, at speedy termination of which saved first was of opinion that the ordinary the defendant from being called up rule should be followed in this case. for judgment." On the 4th of On reconsidering the question, howFebruary, 1805, Sutton was ap- ever, his Excellency arrived at a difpointed one of the Barons of the Ex- ferent conclusion, and the Chanchequer in England; and on the fall cellor declared that Lady Cloncurry of the short-lived coalition ministry, could not have the relief she prayed in 1807, he was created Lord for on behalf of her children on the Chancellor of Ireland, and raised to grounds that her second husband was the peerage with the title of Baron a supporter of Catholic EmancipaManners, of Foston, in Lincolnshire. tion, an enemy of Protestant ascendDuring his long tenure of office (ex- ancy, and a violent opponent of the tending over twenty years) the Chan- Government. Mrs. Douglas, mother cellor had one guiding-star in his of Lady Cloncurry, then waited on appointments to the magistracy- Lord Manners, and unsuccessfully hatred to the Church of Rome, which urged the claims of her grandchildwas then fast recovering from her ren. His lordship informed her long depression. He saw the tend- that "Lord Cloncurry was hostile to ency of every successive Act of Par- the Government, and that when a liament was to loosen the chains in woman marries to injure her childwhich the Romish faith had been ren's prospects in life she must subbound. Catholic magistrates, there- mit to the consequences.” fore, who had been appointed by This conversation Mrs. Douglas his predecessor, George Ponsonby, took the very questionable course of were superseded because they were embodying in an affidavit, which Catholics ; while Orangemen, on the she swore before Lord Cloncurry, other hand, were promoted to high who, indignant at the liberty thus places because they were Orange- taken with his name, immediately
The following anecdote will addressed Lord Manners the followfurnish an example of his preju- ing letter :dice :-"In the year 1812, a contro
" Dublin, Fune 25, 1817. versy of an angry nature took place ' My Lord, between Lord Cloncurry and the ship, in a recent interview with Mrs. Chancellor, in relation to the younger Douglas, had the offensive and indischildren of the Hon, Joseph Leeson, creet candour to declare that, howeldest son of the Earl of Miltown.
ever favourably you were disposed Mr. Leeson had died in 1800, before towards Lord Miltown, yet, that he his father succeeded to the earldom, being under my protection, the reand his widow married, in 1811, quest could not be granted, nor Valentine, Lord Cloncurry. As the would you do anything in the busideceased gentleman had not lived ness, because I was an emancipator, to inherit the honours of his family, an enemy to the Protestant ascendhis younger children were not en
ancy, and a violent opposer of the titled to the rank or privileges of the Government.' And, in relation to younger children of a peer. The Lady Cloncurry, you added, “that Crown in such cases usually extends when a woman marries to injure her to an Earl's grandchildren the privi- children she must submit to the leges they would possess had their consequences.' Now, my lord, I father succeeded to the peerage. forbear to dwell upon the indelicacy
i State Trials, vol. xxvii.. p. 469-530.
of mixing up political prejudices discriminate hospitality, which we with the duties of your high station, have not seen since in Kildare. and I also forbear to enter into any “ His good sense and moderation justification of niy principles; but checked the indignation which such permit meto ask your lordship, Where an insult excited in every man of is the justice or equity of making property in the country. The cirthem the ground for counteracting cumstance, however, was alluded to the humble wishes of a young noble- at a county meeting, and I could not man, who, as a ward of your court, help condemning such a proceeding is peculiarly under your guardianship of a stranger (the Chancellor), withand protection? and why should out property in the country, towards you use my name in a manner cal- such a man as Mr. Browne. To culated to excite his prejudices, and this I attribute your marked hostility the prejudices of his family, against to me in every little matter when me, by attributing to me the disap- you have the power to show it; if pointment of his hopes?
confined to myself, I should treat it "I am never ashamed to avow with utter indifference, but when my political principles, and do not brought to bear on others who hapthink them less respectable for dif- pen to be connected with me, I feel fering from those of your lordship. myself called on to remonstrate I am deeply interested in the pro- against such injustice." sperity and happiness of my native The Chancellor, in reply,” stated country, and detest that narrow- that he conceived Lord Cloncurry's minded bigotry which destroys both. letter extremely offensive, and a gross If you think you ought to punish me misrepresentation of facts, as far as for this
, you should confine that Lord Milltown was concerned ; and punishment to myself, and not visit he denied that he ever heard of Lord it on an unoffending person.
Cloncurry's expressing any opinion "Your hostility to me seems to on Mr. Wogan Browne's dismissal. have commenced from the following Having so far explained, he thus circumstances :-Soon after your ap- concludes :-"I assure your lordship pointment to the seals in Ireland, that your style of writing to me you removed Mr. Wogan Browne, makes me perfectly indifferent to any my neighbour and friend, from the opinion you may form or express magistracy of two counties, leaving upon my conduct on that or on any him that of a third, so that you either other occasion, -Your humble serinsulted him gratuitously, or you want,
6 MANNERS," knowingly left an improper person Lord Cloncurry then forwarded a in the commission. That
copy of Mrs. Douglas's affidavit to undeserving of such treatment, every the Chancellor, who denied that he one who knew him will allow ; he had ever used the words attributed was the best magistrate, country to him, and complained that “she gentleman, grand-juror, and landlord, should have made the supposed subwhose loss we had to deplore for stance of a conversation, which was many years.
pressed upon him in his study, the " An accomplished scholar, kind- subject of an affidavit. He then hearted and liberal
, he spent a large added that "he was abominably fortune by a profuse and almost in- treated by Lord Cloncurry and Mrs.
Wogan Browne was the last of the Browne's of Castle Browne, an old family in the county of Kildare. In 1815, the illustrious order of the Jesuits purchased this noble mansion from its ancient proprietors, and changed its name to that of Clongowes Wood College,ma college now remarkable for sending its pupils to the foremost ranks in the learned professions of engineering, of law, and of medicine.
Recollections of Lord Cloncurry, p. 258.
Douglas. In 1817, Lord Talbot yet would she never speak to Mr. succeeded to the Viceroyalty, and Fox again, who, on his part, comone of his first acts was to grant to plained strongly of the duplicity to the Leeson family the privileges so which he had been subjected. At much desired and so long withheld. length the Prince, in 1794, borne
Lord Manners continued to the down by the load of debts, consented end to be, as he had been in the to the only terms on which his father commencement of his career, the would aid in relieving him from their supporter of the Prince of Wales. burden--marriage ; and thus forgetFrom his appointment to the Irish ful of other vows he became, on the Bench to the year 1820 his name is 8th of April, 1795, the husband of not to be found even once amongst his first cousin, Caroline, daughter the speakers of the House of Lords of the Duke of Brunswick. His In that year, however, he was at his Royal Highness had never before post during the memorable trialofthe that time been in her society. He fallen and unfortunate Queen Caro- knew nothing of her temper, her line. And here let us look back on acquirements, or her tastes; he marthe early life of him who had been ried her merely for the enormous the cause of that fall.
fortune she possessed. Disgust and George IV. had loved another alienation followed. The birth of woman, whom he had married be
a daughter, the Princess Charlotte, fore he had completed his five- was powerless to reconcile them. and-twentieth year; but that mar- When too late, she found that she riage was celebrated by a minister of was united to a heartless voluptuary, the Roman Church. It was per- who, treating her with contumely, formed by a priest in holy orders, at last renounced all right over her and yet it was contrary to the laws as a husband, and gave her a license of the land, for the unhappy lady to follow his example in forgetting (Mrs. Fitzherbert) was a Catholic. that the conjugal relations had ever Thus, while the humblest of his subsisted between them. Driven by father's subjects could give his hand his cruelty at last into doubtful soand his heart to the woman he loved, ciety, the Princess Caroline became the heir to the throne of England wholly indifferent to public opinion, was debarred from acknowledging as and was guilty of countless levities his wife her to whom the laws of which compromised her fair fame.” God, though not of man, had bound
Persecuted in England, the unforhim for ever. Great was the excite- tunate princess took the ill-advised ment when it was rumoured abroad and fatal step of passing over to the that the Prince of Wales had married Continent; but her husband's love a Roman Catholic, and that he had accompanied her not in her travels
. thereby incapacitated himself from She proceeded to the north of Italy; succeeding to the Crown.
Mr. and there, there was introduced into Fox came to the House of Com- her household a menial servant whose mons, and denied the fact in name was Bergami. For the short the most explicit manner, and space of three weeks did he hold further he stated, on direct authority, the place that was assigned to him that no such marriage had ever taken amongst his fellow-servants: what place. He had been deceived. Mrs. followed is well known to every Fitzherbert (for so we must call her) reader of English history. He acat first demanded a public retraction, companied her Royal Highness to and although she yielded this point, Milan, to Rome, to Naples, to Pales
1 Lord Campbell's Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Great Britain, vol. yit., p. 290. ? Vide Allison's History of Europe, under date 1820.