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tion may be detected; and when they are as we are individually concerned, we of a poisonous nature, point out the shall endeavour to fulfil the promises means of distinguishing them from others, thus made; and as our views in such a which, although similar in their general publication can scarcely be of an interappearance, are altogether innoxious.- ested nature, we shall hope for a candid Connected to a certain point with the reception of an attempt to be useful. above, our paper may be maile subservient to the ends of medical jurisprudence,
Name, Motto, and Vignette. by adverting to subjects in alliance with nette, we have had regard to its being
In choosing the Rattle-snake for our Vigit; and whilst we hope to afford informa- mal exclusively found, we believe, in North tion to the younger members of our pro- America. Merely as such, however, we should fession, we may at the same time aid those not have selected the most poisonous of our of the Bar, in investigations less imme. reptiles, to represent the character of a work, diately allied with their pursuits.
devoted, as we trust it will be found, to the It will be seen from this rapid glance well known, has always been regarded as em
welfare of the community. The Serpent, it is that we have marked out a plan, which, if blematic of medicine. Its annually changing properly pursued, cannot fail of proving its skin, is significant of rejuvenescence, and beneficial.-Much matter of minor con so far will apply to the restoration of health sideration may be incidentally introduc- from a diseased state. The tutelar Deity of ed, tending to the main object we have Medicine, Æsculapius, is usually depicted lean.
ing on a staff encircled by a serpent;--and in view. Short essays of a popular cha. hence it becomes an appropriate appendage of racter from the youthful votary of sci
a paper called after our Mythological Divinience, will prepare bim for more impor- ty, of whom we shall say a few words. tant proofs of attainment at a future day; Æsculapius, or Asclepias, the most celebratand we accordingly invite to such at- ed of the pupils of Chiron, was the son of Apol. tempts. At the same time, we wish it second book, has given many popular traditions
lo and of the nymph Coronis. Pausanias in his to be understood that no paper will ever as to the place and circumstances of his birth; be received, which has in our opinion, the which are detailed by Sprengel, in his “ Histoslightest tendency to awaken a display ire de la Medicine," vol. 1, p. 119. His staff of angry feelings, or personal abuse. is an attribute of this god, because the sick re. Questions connected with medicine, or
quire support; and the serpent is the symbol
of rejuvenescence and of wisdom: its sister sciences, will be at all times
Like most of the youthful heroes of his time, welcome, and will doubtless receive that he was instructed by Chiron in all the arts, and attention to which they may be entitled. especially that of healing, in which he attained Trusting that our pages may, however, such proficiency as to obtain pre-eminence over occasionally be perused by other than all his companions in the expedition to Col. medical men, we shall, as far as possible, to the cure of wounds, ulcers, and other ex.
chis. His skill was however chiefly confined avoid introducing such topics as might ternal complaints; for luxury, irregularity and offend the modesty of our readers, al. dissipation had not, as yet, given origin to that though they might otherwise be a legiti- host of diseases, which subsequently sprang up mate subject of medical communication. amongst mankind. He is reported to have re.
As it is desirable to preserve from de stored the dead to life; so that at length Pluto +ruction any documents, still existing was so injurious to the population of his em.
besought Jupiter to put an end to one who among the papers of the descendants of pire. This the king of the gods accomplishour first settlers, which have a bear- ed by a thunder-bolt. ing on the changes our climate, manners,
The daughters (or sisters as some say) of habits, &c. &c. may have experienced, Æsculapius were Panacea and Hygiæa; 'his and all more or less connected with the the principal heroes at the siege of Troy.
sons, Machaon and Podalirius, were among health and diseases of our citizens, we Here, although among the bravest of the brave, shall be happy to be made the inedium their services were chiefly confined to the sick of their communication, not doubting that and wounded; for their medical skill was scarcethey will prove acceptable to our readers, ly inferior to that of their illustrious parent. and add to their amusement, if not to
The first temple to the honour of Æsculapius
appears to have been erected by his grandson their absolute improvement.
Alexanor, the son of Machaon, at Titanium, in We can only further say, that so far Peloponesus. Many were dedicated to him in
various other places. That of Epidaurus was morning, the mother, for some slight indisposi. the principal at first; but subsequently his tem- tion, prepared, as she believed, a portion of ple at Cos, became the most celebrated. The magnesia, by mixing it with molasses and wadescendants and the priests of Æsculapius es- ter, for the children. Shortly after they had tablished festivals to his honor at Epidaurus; swallowed it, they began to complain of heat these were called Ta Arxantha, and were cele- and pain in the stomach, which was followed brated every five years; -from hence his de. by vomiting. The accession of their sympscendants derived the name of Asclepiades. toms alarmed Mrs. P. and led her to suspect
The Æsculapius of Greece, was likewise the medicine. generally worshipped at Rome, with similar Upon examining the paper which had conmysterious and religious ceremonies; a most tained the article, it was demonstrated to her fatal epidemic having arisen, the sybilline books horror-struck senses, that she had given them were consulted, which directed the people to a quantity of powdered arsenic, which had send to Epidaurus to consult Æsculapius. l'he been obtained some time before, for the purambassador having explained the subject of his pose of destroying vermin! mission; instead of the answer he expected, The quantity exhibited must have been a tea was surprised to see a serpent leave the tem- spoon-full or more! Medical assistance was im. ple, proceed to the river, enter the vessel, and mediately obtained their stomachs evacuated quietly take possession of his apartment. Some by means of the stomach-pump, and thoroughly of the Asclepiades accompanied him, to in- rinsed of their contents--a great proportion of struct the Romans in the worship of this new the poison was brought away by these means, Deity. Scarcely had the ship reached the en. and by the vomiting subsequently induced, but trance of the Tyber, than he sprang upon an all efforts to save them were finally unavailing. island, and coiling himself up, denoted there. The eldest survived about eight hours--the by, that the God was to be worshiped in that youngest lived forty-eight hours. place. Here, a temple was erected for him, and his ceremonies were conducted as at Epi- As it is one of the objects of this paper to daurus.
record those accidents to which all are liable, This will suffice to explain the name we but which, in many instances, arise from the have chosen for our paper, and the device most unpardonable carelessness; so it may which accompanies it. As for the motto, none serve an useful purpose, occasionally to recan be ignorant, that it is the commencement mark those means by which they may proba. of those writings, which under the name of bly be diminished, by lessening the chances of Aphorisms have reached us, as the production mistakes, either in the hands of apothecaries, of Hippocrates. The words are those of or of private individuals. Truth; and all must accede to the high impor- We shall first take the liberty of animad. tance they give to the healing art. Long as is verting on the foolish custom that too general. the period since those words were written, our ly prevails, of preserving the remnants of me. art has not attained perfection; and centuries dicines prescribed for the sick, under the idea may still roll on without so great a consumma. that they may be hereafter employed. Now it tion. Each day proclaims the brevity of life, is obvious, that many of these being intended in spite of every effort to ward off the shafts of for temporary purposes, can scarcely be predeath; and we are thereby taught a lesson served beyond a few days; and that so far as which cannot be mistaken; that if, with every these are concerned, the object must be altoexertion on our part, we cannot reach the gether fruitless;--as it regards others that are goal, still less can we obtain it by listless apa- less liable to undergo a change, so little care thy, or frivolous pursuits. If life is short, we is taken of their labels, (if they originally have still diminish it, by idle pleasures, both of mind them,) that in a short time their nature is forand body; and death arrests us, whilst we fool- gotten; and considerable risk must be incur. ishly and falsely exclaim, we want more time red, if they are employed under such a state to accomplish that destiny for which we were of uncertainty. There are but very few arti sent into the world.
cles that need be kept in a family, living in As authorities are not wanting, we shall not large city, not a square of which is deficient in apologise for occasionally spelling Æsculapius a regular shop; from which, at a moment's with the E alone.
warning, any thing may be procured;-hence
the medicine-chests of domestic use, are, for A Case of Poisoning by Arsenic. the most part, at least an useless appendage;
Woodbury, N. J. May 26th, 1824. and carelessly exposed, as they are generally, On Wednesday last, Hannah Ann, aged four it is only a wonder, that more accidents do not years, and Emeline, aged two years, daughters, daily occur!-How often is the bottle of lauand only children of Mr. Joseph D. Peddrick, danum, or antimonial wine, left exposed, and of this town, by a mysterious Providence, be. within the reach of children, whose curiosity came the victims of a most distressing and fa- is perpetually prompting them to taste every tal casualty.
thing they see; and that too, when the family The circumstances which led to this melan- medicine-chest is at hand, in which to deposit choly catastrophe, are these. Early in the them, should it chance to have a lock in order;
-or if all due precaution is taken in putting shop, to put articles into a drawer, or bottle, them away, the key is usually left in the lock, which have labels of a different kind.--Although and a supposed security only exists.
the master and his elder apprentices are fully It is earnestly to be wished, that immediate- acquainted with the different articles thus misly on the termination of every sickness, the pluced, it is not always that the juniors can half-filled vials be emptied and washed;--the distinguish them; and thus, a quid pro quo, pill-boxes and their contents thrown into the may inadvertently be sold!--admitting even fire, and every article destroyed which is not a that it may be innocent, the practice adverted legitimate subject of preservation. The week to should be discouraged, as leading to neg. ly, monthly, or annual discharge of a closet, ligence, which should not in the slightest parwill thus be avoided; and all fear of accident ticular gain access into stores of such imis thereby prevented.
portance to the public. If, by any means, If, however, this foolish custom is still kept the measures thus proposed could be brought up, it remains to enquire, why articles of the into full effect, there can be no doubt the pubmost deadly nature should ever find their way lic would be a gainer; and these hints are reinto domestic life, unless under the direction spectfully presented to the consideration of of the physician? Why arsenic, for instance, the College of Pharmacy, in hopes that, should be packed away, (perhaps unlabelled should they be approved of, the members will and loosely wrapped in paper,) among other adopt the means of carrying them into effect. substances of a similar appearance-Few, even of the most experienced, could distin
On Spontaneous Combustion. guish arsenic in powder, from flour, magnesia, Within a few days past, the public have been and many other harmless articles; and the above informed of the destruction in part, by fire, of unhappy accident clearly proves, how total a the valuable woollen cloth manufactory, near prostration of our happiness may result from a Germantown, belonging to Mr. W. L. Fisher. mistake, caused, no doubt, from the circum- On similar occasions, it has been the custom, stance above adverted to, the want of a proper too generally, to cry out Incendiaries! The label to the fatal powder. We are not advocates worthy proprietor of this manufactory has for
any undue restriction in the sale of drugs, however come forward with an explanation, even of the most poisonous nature; all proper which we have no doubt would equally apply precautions should undoubtedly be taken; butto to most other cases of a like description. In prevent their sale, as some have proposed, and attributing it to the spontaneous combustion as is strictly enforced in various parts of Eu of wool impregnated with oil, he has afforded rope, merely to prevent the chance of suicide, a caution to all woollen manufacturers, of the is as absurd as it is useless.-- Where is the per most important character. However unable son, bent on self-destruction, who has not the we may be to explain, why two substances, means in his power, if even arsenic, laudanum, not only of the kind mentioned, but of a very or corrosive sublimate, are prohibited to him; different nature also, should undergo combusthe avenues to death are far too numerous, tion under certain circumstances; the fact, if when really sought for; and unless each one not familiar to the public, has long been known could be equally closed, a partial prohibition to philosophers; and we shall give occasional is but a farcical display of a mistaken philan- instances of this nature, by way of forcibly imthropy.
pressing the fact, whilst the mind is alive to There is, however, a measure of the most the recent occurrence. simple nature, that will effectually tend to ob Many of our older readers will undoubtedly viate many of those fatal mistakes, which arise recollect a fire which took place in 1793, in from the existing state of things, even with the house of Mr. Kennedy, a respectable can. the best intentions. This is, to have it estab- dle-maker, in Second, between Market and lished as a rule, both in domestic life and in Chesnut-streets. At a subsequent period, a the shop of the apothecary, to put every article similar event occurred; and both, we believe, of a poisonous nature, into a vessel of a form were traced to the combination of articles of a completely different from those in common use; nature not very dissimilar from those in the thus, a square bottle instead of a round one, manufactory of Mr. Fisher; a large quantity would be recognized immediately, from its of the candles, from which the fat had been form, as containing a poisonous ingredient. melted, thrown together in a heap. It would If such a plan was uniformly adhered to, it is seem necessary, that occasional accidents certain that no mistake could possibly be made. should occur in order to keep up the impresThe veriest Tyro in the shop, would learn at sion of danger, which is otherwise too soon once what was to be dreaded; and at home, forgotten. A neglect of proper precautions perhaps, a greater solicitude would be main- too frequently results from a fortunate, but tained, to keep a bottle of this form separate undeserved exemption, from dangers which from every other.
those precautions are calculated to avert. It Another bint will close these remarks:--It is, however, well to remember an old saying, is far too common, even in the best conducted that the pitcher may go safe to the well nine
ty-nine times, but be broken at last. Fre- The extravagant price demanded for these quently as this is repeated, each one applies last, is one obstacle to the erection of grates, it to his neighbour rather than to himself; and &c., for burning the coal, since they can selforgets, whilst he exclaims against the careless- dom be employed a second time; and the freness of others, that dangers of a peculiar cha- quent removal of them tends to augment con. racter may be connected with his own con- siderably the expense of our fires. If a fair cerns, if he does not guard against them by experiment should justify this idea, these ashes that prudence which he perceives wanting in would be readily removed by our brick-mathose about him.
kers, without any expense to the community; In the cases we shall bring forward as we and would no longer serve as obstructions to proceed, of spontaneous combustion, it will our streets. be seen that many different substances are lia It is, perhaps, a question, whether they ble to this event; and we shall be glad to pub- ought not to be constantly removed by the lish any other facts of a similar nature that may scavengers, like other rubbish thrown out be communicated to us, in order to diffuse, as from our houses; certainly, those who contract widely as possible, events of a character inter- with them for cleansing the city, have a right esting to all.
to insist on this in any future agreement, if it Extract of a letter from Virginia, dated is not already the case; for it is extremely inSept. 18, 1753. On the 10th instant, in the convenient, as well as expensive, for individuship Pearl
, we made the land, nigh Cape als, taxed as they are, for this especial end, to Charles, when a very uncommon accident hap- remove it themselves; and equally so, in pened, which had near destroyed the ship and most families to suffer its accumulation in every soul on board. In coming from the their cellars during the winter. It appears to lower hold I observed something like smoke, us, that these ashes do strictly come within and felt a heat amongst the coals which lay in the limits of domestic offals, which may lethe fore-pike, so ordered to dig down a little, gally be thrown into our streets, and ought and throw some pump cans of water upon to be removed by the public authority; and it them; but the farther dou n we went, we is under this impression, that we propose the found them hotter and hotter, on which we question for the consideration of those in got baskets and threw them overboard; and, whose department the solution may rest; and
in digging farther down, we found the fore. we do this at present, that full time may be | mast burnt fully half through, and several parts given for settling it before the ensuing winter.
of the ceiling burnt to a coal. All the servants In relation to fire bricks, we would suggest, we had on board, both men and women, as that their use may be in a great measure suwell as the ship's crew, were employed in this perseded by the common salmon brick, exwork from four o'clock in the afternoon, till cepting where the most intense heat of the four next morning, at hard labour; and had we fire is concentrated: an unnecessary expense only had our common complement of hands, in is absolutely incurred, by the extravagant all probability we had not got the better of it. waste made of them, by placing them in situaI take the cause of this to have been the sul- tions where they are at best useless;--and this phur contained in the coals, which may serve we assert from some experience of the fact. as a caution to those who send coals on a long Considering the immense loss of fuel susvoyage, not to take such as have a great quan- tained by the quantity of cinders thrown out tity of sulphur in them.-Univer. Mag. 13. p. with the ashes, it may admit of a doubt, at the 236. To be continued.
present price of coals, whether wood is not
nearly as cheap:--We do ourselves believe it Lehigh Coal.
is so; and until the former can be delivered to Much as we are gratified with the vast ad. us at from twenty to twenty-five cents per vantages which we promise ourselves by the bushel, its use will be considerably circumintroduction of the Lehigh Coal into common scribed, compared to what it might be. If use, we already perceive an evil arising from any one would be at the trouble to remove the it, which it becomes necessary to counteract. ashes, they would probably find an abundant -Unlike the fuel heretofore employed, its profit from the sale of the cinders separated ashes afford no alkali that can render them use. from them, which would supply a large ful in the formation of soap; nor, as yet, have amount of excellent fuel for small grates, in they probably been sufficiently tested as a poor families, during winter.
Our streets have therefore become their deposit; and in amount sufficient, in the
Nuisances. winter time, to be regarded as a nuisance. We shall be obliged to any friend to give us Under this impression, it becomes us to con- information what strictly is embraced by this sider whether these ashes can not be usefully term,—and to accompany it with such obseremployed, when mixed with a portion of clay; vations, both medical and legal, as may be in forming bricks, which can equally resist subservient to the general views of this pathe fire, as the fire bricks properly so called. per.
either on a public salary, or to pay a rent, and 1. Supposing Phrenology to be true, cui bono.? charge a reasonable price for his pupils. This question has more than once been asked it has also been answered-perhaps not satisfactorily. There are many who now think Messrs. Editors. it an idle amusement, a useless pursuit, and It is of importance to our city to derive ad. therefore do not trouble themselves to inquire vantage from the experience of others, in into its merits; a concise, clear, and convincing every particular in which health is concerned. expose of its utility might perhaps lead these I have therefore read with pleasure some re. persons to join their exertions to those already marks in the N. Y. Daily Advertiser relating to made in its behalf.
the cleaning of the stri ets in Boston. Now, 2. If it be true that our bodies undergo a although I adopt the sentiments therein for the thorough change in a given time, (say seven most part, I cannot acquiesce fully in what is years) and that it is through the medium of stated against the permitting hog's to run at absorption and deposition, that this renewal large; because, although fully persuaded of is effected, how happens it that scars, moles, the necessity of two-legged scavengers, with nay, even artificial marks, such as tattoing in scrapers, brooms, &c., yet, as it is impossible all its branches, should remain unchanged till that they can always be in every part of the death? if the whole is changed, why is the city, much offal matter must necessarily. be colouring matter still seen in the old place? If accumulating before a repetition of their visit. that is carried away, how is a similar appear. Unless, indeed, a sufficient number could be ance produced?
daily employed, the offals must either accu3. What indications, short of putrefaction, mulate in our houses, or be thrown out into can be regarded as positive proofs of death, the public streets and alleys; a measure infi. as to preclude all hazard of burial in a state of nitely better than the first; for exposed thus mere asphyxia?
to view, they are more likely to be removed by 4. What is the nature of that cutaneous af- those paid for the purpose, than if left confection vulgarly called the bold hives?
cealed in cellars to which they have not ac5. Why does a lobster become red' by boiling?
During our warm months, when vegetable 6. If sound is communicated by an impulse putrefaction almost immediately takes place given to the air, how is it that we can hear the amidst the vast amount of pea-shells, melonrumbling noise of the intestines, entirely sur. rinds, and other articles of a like description, rounded as they are by non-elastic integuments? is it not better that we should have an inter
mediate description of scavengers, such as Swimming School.
hogs, which, if not the best, at least do imA friend suggests to the city councils, to mense good, by speedily removing a large part take into consideration the propriety of rent-. of those perishable materials, which would be. ing out, or in some way appropriating, the come offensive in a few hours. reservoir on Schuylkill, as a Swimming School, To allow an indiscriminate range of the under the direction of some experienced per- swinish multitude, is not my wish; on no ac
At present it is a receptacle of filth;- count would I permit the males to run abroad, and its sides falling in, will soon prevent it be- for reasons that need not be pointed out; but ing in any way useful.--A Swimming School a sow with a number of young ones, will, was established the last summer at the floating without any offence to our feelings, quietly baths, on the Delaware.-The difficulty of pursue their way, and devour so much of this getting to it, and the high price affixed, were dangerous material, as to leave little to be serious obstacles to its success.
acted on by the heat of the weather; and conAs to its benefit, every parent will sensibly sequently diminish greatly the labour of the feel them, in the assurance of his children be. scavenger himself. ing thus enabled safely to acquire so essen. It is a mistake, I think, to assert that hog's tial an art, Our docks and wharves are sources do mischief, with the restriction above menof perpetual alarm;--and the prevention of a tioned. Within a period of more than twenty single 'death, from drowning, would amply years, I remember but two or three instances; compensate the trouble of the first establish- and these probably owing to the worrying of ment of such a school, and tend to render it dogs, by which they are driven to a rapid permanent. We believe such institutions are fight; for, of themselves, it is sufficiently obunder the immediate direction of some of the ' vious, they are peaceable enough. I have European Governments.-Bonaparte made it heard it objected that they injure the streets essential to his soldiers; and in whatever light by rooting up the stones; it is impossible they the subject is considered, no better use could can do this, when the stones are properly fixed; at present be made of the before-mentioned and if they occasionally detect what escapes reservoir, than to have it surrounded with a the eyes of our street commissioners, we fence, and placed under the direction of some should rather thank them for thus pointing competent person, as director of the school, out the necessity of immediate repair.