Gamelan Gong Kebyar: The Art of Twentieth-Century Balinese Music

Sampul Depan
University of Chicago Press, 2000 - 492 halaman
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The Balinese gamelan, with its shimmering tones, breathless pace, and compelling musical language, has long captivated musicians, composers, artists, and travelers. Here, Michael Tenzer offers a comprehensive and durable study of this sophisticated musical tradition, focusing on the preeminent twentieth-century genre, gamelan gong kebyar.

Combining the tools of the anthropologist, composer, music theorist, and performer, Tenzer moves fluidly between ethnography and technical discussions of musical composition and structure. In an approach as intricate as one might expect in studies of Western classical music, Tenzer's rigorous application of music theory and analysis to a non-Western orchestral genre is wholly original. Illustrated throughout, the book also includes nearly 100 pages of musical transcription (in Western notation) that correlate with 55 separate tracks compiled on two accompanying compact discs.

The most ambitious work on gamelan since Colin McPhee's classic Music in Bali, this book will interest musicians of all kinds and anyone interested in the art and culture of Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Bali.
 

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Introduction Encountering Kebyar
3
Learning Kebyar
6
Composition Theory and Ethnomusicology
9
Overview
15
Kebyar Orchestral Resources
21
Kebyar Timbre and the Outside of the Sound
25
Scale Saih and Tuning Laras
27
Cosmology Aesthetics and a Spatial Model for Scale Tones
33
Analytical Commentary on 128 and 256beat MelodiesAbstract Topics
199
Payasan
206
Noninterlocking Parts
209
Interlocking Parts
212
Kotekan Categories and Analytical Preliminaries
213
Analysis of Symmetrical Kotekan Patterns
215
Asymmetrical Melody and Elaboration
231
Kinds of Tuabased Asymmetry in Kebyar
234

A ThreeDimensional Model of Kebyar Pitch Space
38
Instrumentation
40
Instrument Classification and Textural Strata
51
Vertical Relationships between and within Strata
54
Orchestration in Practice
60
The Social Construction of Kebyar Ensemble Virtuosity
71
The Geocultural Roots of Balinese Music
73
Balinese Collectivity and the Sekaha
76
The Birth of Kebyar
86
Kebyar up to Independence
90
Kebyar after Independence
93
The Sekaha in the New Order
96
One Groups Narrative
108
Multidimensionality and Collectivity in Kebyar
113
Contexts for Kebyar Theory
115
McPhees Contributions
116
1940 to the Present
121
The Recent History of Music Theory in Java and Bali
124
Javanese Counterparts for Balinese Music Concepts
127
Issues for Kebyar Music Theory
132
Analytical Approaches to Kebyar and the Music of the European Classic Period
133
A Preliminary Analysis
138
History Repertoire Topic and Structure
145
Historical Periods and Gamelan Genres
147
Scanning the Repertoire
153
Composition Types and Theatrical Forms
155
Topic Classes
163
From Topic Class to Structural Class
168
Structural Classes
171
Inside Melodies
174
Melody and Figuration
183
Analytical Conventions and Preliminaries
184
Analytical Commentary on 4 8 and 16beat MelodiesCharacter Topic Sources
189
Analytical Commentary on 32 and 64beat Melodies
194
Asymmetry in Tua Compositions
236
Asymmetry and Vocal Traditions
246
Meter and Drumming
249
Chapter Overview
251
Drum Pattern and Balinese Meter
254
Drum Styles the Vocabulary of Drum Strokes and Their Syntax and Structure
261
Pattern Identity and Quality
269
Stable and Active Patterns and the Impact of Drumming on Form
274
Drumming and Dance Movement
281
Drum Improvisation and Kendang Tunggal
288
Conclusion
304
Form and Composition
305
Kebyar Composers
306
Chapter Overview
310
Elements Contexts and ElementProgressions
326
Balinese Categories of Musical Form
354
Inside Gending Looking Out
372
Form and Composition
384
Fantasy on Wilet Mayura
387
Background and Reception
389
The Text and Singing
391
Locating Innovation and Expression
395
Balinese and Western Temporalities in Context
415
Wilet Mayura in CrossCultural Perspective
419
Playing in All Registers
431
Epilogue Kebyar and Ideas of New Music
433
Sekar Gendot arr Wayan Lotring
442
Kendangan tabuh telu pelegongan with neliti of pengawak legong Lasem
444
Glossary of Frequently Used Terms
449
Contents of the CDS
456
Sources Cited
461
Index including IndexGlossary of Indonesian and Balinese Terms
471
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