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J. Workman, M.D., Toronto.

D. L. Walmsley, M.D., Elmira, Ont. C. W. Covernton, M.D., M.R.C.S. Eng., Toronto. J. Grange, M.D., Barkerville, B.C. A. M. Rosebrugh, M.D., Toronto.

J. Knowsley Thornton, M.D., London, Eng. W. Canniff, M.D., M.R.C.S. Eng., Toronto. A. M. Baines, M.D., London, Eng. T. W. Poole, M.D., Lindsay, Ont.

P. Stuart, M.D., Standish, Mich. J. Stewart, M.D., L.R.C.P. & S. Ed., Brucefield, W. Philp, M.D., Hamilton, Ont. Ont.

D. McLean, M.D., L.R.C.S. Ed., Ann Arbor, Mich. J. S. King, M.D., Toronto.

J. H. Barkwell, M.D., etc., Battersea, London, Eng. J. H. Burns, M.D., Toronto.

J. Ellis, M.D., Muskegon, Mich. T. S. Walton, M.D., Parry Sound, Ont.

J. W. Rosebrugh, Hamilton, Ont.
A. Worthington, M.D., Clinton, Ont.

N. Washington, M.D., Orangeville, Ont.
J. W. McDonald, M.D., L.R.C.S.E., Londonderry, W. Graham, M.D., Brussels, Ont.

E. Playter, M.D., Toronto.
E. Goodman, M.D., St. Catharines, Ont.

H. K. Kerr, M.D., Hammond, N.Y. T. R. Hossie, M.D., Gouverneur, N.Y.

J. A, Grant, M.D., F.R.C.P., Lond., Ottawa. J. Baugh, M.D., London, Ont.

Geo. Brereton, M.D., C.M., Bethany, Ont. W. F. Coleman, M.D., M.R.C.S. Eng., St. John, A. B. Atherton, M.D., L.R.C.P. & S. Ed., FrederN.B.

icton, N.B. W. S. Christoe, M.D., Flesherton, Ont.

G. S. Ryerson, M.D., L.R.C.P. & S. Ed., Toronto. D. L. Philip, M.D., Brantford, Ont.

H. P. Yeomans, M.A., M.D., Mount Forest, Ont. J. A. Temple, M.D., M.R.C.S. Eng., etc., Toronto. W. B. Geikie, M.D., F.R.C.P. Ed., Toronto. C. A. Wood, M.D., C.M., Montreal, Que.

J. Clarke, M.D., Oshawa, Ont.
J. E. Brouse, M.D., Brockville, Ont.

W. Oldright, M.D., Toronto.
A. C. Bowerman, M.D., Bloomfield, Ont. J. C. Murray, M.D., Newcastle, Eng.



government; and when government is not only redundant in quantity, but also hurtful in quality, I can conceive no shorter or surer road to anarchy and corporate ruin. It is my belief that no small

proportion of American asylums are too much MEDICAL AND SURGICAL SCIENCE.

governed, and that some of them have been sadly

misgoverned. I am not blind to the fact that in Vol. XIV. TORONTO, SEPT. ist, 1881. No. 1. any country which has achieved free popular insti

tutions, and in which all public affairs must be Original Communications. conducted in conformity to the dominant suffrage

of the electoral body, there must be great difficulty ON ASYLUM MANAGEMENT.*

in convincing the multitude that there are some

affairs in which they may be lacking in that cauBY JOSEPH WORKMAN, M.D., TORONTO. tious discrimination and stability of purpose which

are essential to final success; and I freely admit With your kind permission I would now avail that the conservation of the grand central blessing myself of this final opportunity of speaking a few of national liberty must have paramount considera. words on some matters of much interest to your tion. It rarely, however, happens that consciousselves, to the afflicted ones consigned to your care, ness of the possession of power does not prompt and to society at large I must, however, frankly to its exercise, and too often power is exercised forewarn you that my observations may, to some of you, savour more of the leaven of censorious merely for the sake of demonstrating its possession. of you, savour more of the leaven of censorious In all such instances there will be much governcomment than of gratifying approbation; yet, re- ment, and very certainly not a little misgovernmembering the indulgence awarded to me by the

Some of you may have heard of the precothe association in past years, with whatever free- cious little girl of eight years, who one morning dom I may have expressed myself on every subject said to her mother, “Mamma, may I be married ?" under discussion, and feeling perfectly confident The surprised dame answered, “What makes you that the highest recommendation to your polite ask that foolish question ?" To which the bantam attention is your reliance on the sincerity of the woman rejoined, “O, because I wish to let the speaker, I dismiss from my mind every apprehen- children see a wedding.” And just so it is with sion of severe criticism, and addressing you as re- many bantam men,“ dressed in a little brief auflecting and liberal men, who thoroughly compre- thority,” that do strut and cackle most vociferously. hend the truthfulness of the proverb, “ Faithful are if they do not make the “angels weep,” they certhe wounds of a friend, but deceitful are the kisses

tainly draw huge groans from many a poor devil of an enemy,” I shall endeavour to tell you, with under their authority. One of the greatest evils becoming frankness, what I think of some of the connected with the administration of your asylums harmful exuberances, and a few of the defects, of is that of the uncertainty of the tenure of office of your general asylum administration; and I wish it to be kept in mind that I desire not to be under the lists of a series of years without being struck to be kept in mind that I desire not to be under: superintendents

. It is impossible to glance over stood as restricting my disapproval of existing with the appearance of the many new names, and errors or faults to institutions south of the great the disappearance of old ones, presented. It is, boundary line, but as falling on those of my own

however, very gratifying to me to find the names land, wherever they may chance to present.

of so many old friends still lingering in the Eastern I start with the general proposition that much

and Middle States. I rejoice to see that New government is, in all departments of life, a funda. England and her old neighbours appear to cherish mental evil, and too much government is, in all

so much of the conservatism of the Mother land. human affairs and relations, a blunder that invari

I feel well assured that the asylums of Maine, New ably and inevitably defeats the true purpose of all

Hampshire, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsyl. Abstract from a paper read before the Association of Medical vania, and New York, by their so long retaining Superintendents of American Asylums for the Insane, in Toronto, on 14th June, 1081.

their well-tried men, have consulted the best in

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