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dwell,” Col. i. 19. They thankfully adore together from every region of the earth, the sovereign love of God, “who bath however remote the places of their nablessed us with all spiritual blessings in tivity, they at once find, that, though of hearenly places in Christ Jesus," Eph. i. 3. different nations in this world, they have And reviewing the progress of the mil- been born of the same spirit, and belong lions of the redeemed, increasing in num to one and the same blessed family, chilbers from age to age, they unite with the dren of the same heavenly Father. And apostle, acknowledging to the Saviour's hence it is that vital Christianity, sanctipraise, “Out of his fulness have all we | fying, by its perfect moral principles, received, and grace for grace,” John i. 16. the operations of universal commerce,
All true believers ought to banish sor is doing more in the promotion of peace row from their hearts, and to rejoice in and friendship between different nations, their exalted relation to the blessed God, who had for ages appeared as natural eneas his beloved children; and considering, mies, than the most profound projects of their present dignity, their Divine se worldly statesmen: for even these are curity, and their inspiring prospects, necessarily regulated and controlled, in a their renewed souls, with all their powers, great degree, at least in Europe and should flow forth in admiration, love, and America, by the upright, honourable, confidence towards the gracious Re and benevolent maxims of the gospel of deemer.
Jesus Christ. Christian Fellowship regards all the Christian Fellowship includes even saints on earth. All real Christians, as the blessed inhabitants of heaven : “Ye the adopted children of God, whatever are come," says the apostle, in giving be their ecclesiastical connections, are his instructions to the churches, “to equally interested in the blessings of the general assembly and church of the salvation : they are fellow-heirs of eter first born, which are written in heaven, nal life; and “if children, then heirs ; and to God the Judge of all, and to the beirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ,” spirits of just men made perfect,” Heb. xii. Rom. viii. 17. Their affectionate regards 2, 3. It is agreed by all commentators, are not confined to the limited circle of that the inspired writer teaches us here, their personal friends. Cherishing " that that to this blessed society, believers on mind which was in Christ Jesus," they earth are even now nearly related; and feel a cordial interest in their common that they have an equal interest with welfare, as partakers of the same grace. them in all the high privileges and Sectarian prejudices sink or die, while | immortal glories, which are to be eterthey a. e prepared, with their whole hearts, nally inherited in the kingdom and preto uiter the language of the inspired sence of God. apostle, in all its largeness of sentiment, “We have here," says Dr. Owen, "a “Grace be with all them that love our blessed, yea, a glorious description of the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity," Eph. Catholic church, as the nature and comvi, 24. Here we behold the dignifying | munion of it is revealed under the gospel. principle, which originates all the asso- We have a a clear prospect into this part ciations tending to a grand Evangelical of the invisible world, regarding the state ALLIANCE. And this sacred principle is of the souls of just men departed. They no less delightful than it is generous and | are in the presence of God. They are so noble. It is felt to be truly heavenly ; in his presence, as to be in conjunction the same that unites "the general assem- with the holy angels in the temple worship bly and church of the first born, which of heaven. They bear a part in the are written in heaven," Heb. xii. 23. communion of the church catholic. Not
Real Christians constitute “a chosen as the object of the worship of men, nor generation, a royal priesthood, an holy of their invocation, nor as mediators nation, a peculiar people;" and meeting of intercession for them : such supposi
tions and practices are injurious to them, lowship. They assemble, and sing, and as well as blasphemous towards Christ. hear, with us, “the glorious gospel of the But they live in the same love of God, blessed God." They yield assent to what which animates the whole Catholic church they hear; they approve the doctrines of below. They join with it in the ascription salvation which are preached: but they of the same praises to God and the Lamb, are not decided in their convictions. They and have a concern in the church militant, have not yielded their hearts to God. as belonging to that mystical body of Such is the fact with regard to many of Christ wherein themselves are sharers. All our dear children. They have been inbelievers so come as to be admitted into, structed in the "principles of the docand to be made members of this liea- trine of Christ;" they have professed to venly society. The only means of an approve of Christianity; and they have actual admission into this society, is considered the claims of the Bible, acJesus Christ, in his person and media- knowledging it to be a Divine revelation : tion. For although angels are not re- but they are not numbered with the deemed and justified by him, as we are, members of our churches: they hare not yet their station in this society is from been received to the enjoyment of ChrisHim, Eph. i. 10.
tian fellowship. The love of the world Christian Fellowship commences on holds them in bondage of spirit: they earth, to be rendered perfect and eternal are not weaned from its delusive pleain heaven. Hence Dr. Owen closes his sures; they are not "crucified with practical remarks on this passage--regard-Christ," in dedication
Christ," in dedication to God. Should ing the blissful fellowship of heaven, they die in this state, and so be called remarking, " The only means, on our into the presence of the "righteong part, whereby we come to this state and Judge," persuaded, like King Agrippa, society, is faith in Christ alone. Hereby on hearing Paul preach the way of salwe come to him; and coming to him, he vation, to be only "almost Christians," makes us free citizens of the heavenly -how dreadful their future, their eternal Jerusalem. He who is first installed by state! As a father, the writer feels infaith on the person and mediation of the tensely regarding his own eight children, Lord Jesus Christ in this heavenly society, two of whom, these having attained their will be guided by the light and privileges majority, have been admitted to the felof it, into such ways of Divine worship lowship of the church; and for the hapin churches here below, as shall cause piness of witnessing this, he desires to him to improve and grow in his interest render unfeigned thanks to God by Jesus in that above. And he who is not ad- Christ. He prays for the conversion of mitted into this society, let him be in the the others, and not without hope; and bosom, or at the head of all the churches he appeals to them to “ seek first the in the world, it will be of no advantage kingdom of God and his righteousness." to him."
O that the Holy Spirit may graciously Happily this privilege is enjoyed by bless these thoughts to every reader; multitudes in our favoured country. The that a multitude may arise from their gospel of Christ has, to many, been made perusal, to give themselves unto God, the power of God unto salvation to those through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ! believing. But still, many in our congre- Lewisham.
T. T. gations are not united in Christian fel
WAITING ON GOD. Wait patiently on God. It is becoming send to me." Oh Christian! thy hedof a dutiful child, when he hath not pre- venly Father hath gracious reasons which sently what he writes for to his father, to hold' his hands for the present, or esle say, “My father is wiser than I; his own thou hadst heard from him ere nor. wisdom will tell him what and when to -Gurnall,
Review of Books.
The PROTECTOR. A Vindication. By J. scenes of the Civil War, and the CommonH. MERLE D'AUBIGNE, D.D. 8vo. wealth, and the Protectorate. He is a
Presbyterian, and his judgment, therefore, Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, Tweedale-court. will not be biassed by undue sympathy with
London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. Cromwell's Independency. He is an un. “Struck with the light thrown on the doubted Christian; a brother beloved by character and history of Cromwell by the evangelical men of all denominations; versed, various documents which have issued from moreover, in estimating the character of men the press during the last few years, I felt who have left the imprint of their lives upon a desire to publish in a Contioental Review the times in which they lived: he will not, the result of my examination. But so great therefore, be attracted simply by the extrawas the interest I found in my subject, ordinary, the great, the heroic in Cromwell's that I have written a Work rather than an nature and actions. Article, and am now compelled to renounce Is it not much, then, that such a man, my first intentions, and to lay this Historical "submitting, after deep consideration, tó Essay before the public in the form of a the evidence of irresistible facts,” says, distinct work." These are the opening without qualification, “I present Cromwell sentences of the advertisement to the volume as a Christian to Christians-to Protestant before us.
We quote them because they Christians; and claim boldly on his behalf will make our readers aware of what they the benefit of that passage of Scripture, are to expect from the work. When we Every one that loveth God that begat first saw the announcement of the intended loveth him also that is begotten of Him?' publication, with mention made of “Original The memory of Cromwell has been loaded Documents," we looked forward to its issue with two reproaches, above all others,-hywith considerable interest. It was a satis. pocrisy, namely, and ambition. In regard to faction to us that an historian of Merle the first, our author observes, that “History D'Aubigné's eminence had applied him. was never guilty of a greater error." It is self to the study of Cromwell; and we were high time that Christians should awake out in hopes he would put the world in posses- of their sleep, and cease to give in to the sion of some new information regarding his calumnies of men who make a mock at sin, great subject,---of some additional facts that and speak evil of those who cannot run to would assist us in pronouncing on the Pro- the same excess of riot with themselves. tector's extraordinary character. Such ex. “ If Oliver," it is well remarked, p. 68, pectation, however, has not been realized. “had been a gambler and a drunkard ; if The work is not a History; but, as stated he had practised the perfidious art of seducin the above extract, an Historical Essay. ing innocence; if he had taken part in Intended as a Review, embodying the au- jollities and excesses, it would have been thor's judgments formed, we presume, in all very well; he would have been a good the first place, upon Cromwell's Letters Cavalier. These are the men whom the and Speeches, so nobly edited by Thomas world loves, and for whom historians and Carlyle, we have here the article expanded, romance writers keep all their favour. But 80 as to present us in some sort with the he loved the assemblings of the saints, acgrounds of those judgments. But though cording to St. Paul's command. In his the present work is not an original produc- hours of repose, he delighted to follow the tion by the Historian of the Reformation, precepts of this apostle, 'Be not drunk with such as we hoped for, we do not, on that wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with account, reckon it of little merit. It is a the Spirit, speaking to yourselves in psalms, vindication of Cromwell, upon facts patent and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing now to all the world. There are native and making melody in your heart to the writers who could have done the same thing Lord.' From that hour he was held a conequally con amore, and as well; but no temptible man, and for two hundred years English testimony would have been so free all the servile imitating race of historians from suspicion,
---s0 likely to tell for Crom- have continued to repeat the absurdity, well among all the nations of Europe, not to say impiety. Contemptible, says and all classes of thinking men. Merle Clarendon. It may well be 80 ; but D'Aubigné is a foreigner: free, therefore, Cromwell is not the only man that has been from those disturbing prejudices, political undervalued for avoiding bad company, and and social, so likely to be called into action for not having trod in the way of sinners. in English minds, when they travel, though David, St. Paul, and all Christian men bave but on the page of history, through the been contemned like him, and for the same
reasons. But it is written in the revelations, quarter of the world.' It is true that he did of God, 'Woe unto them that call evil good, | not launch bis destroying legions into Spain and good evil.'"
and Russia, and even into Egypt. But it is With regard to Cromwell's ambition, our a great mistake to suppose that his name author's opinion is, that whatever disposi was hardly known beyond the British Isles. tion there might be in his mind to seize the So great was his renown that it extended loftiest object this country could present to even to the distant plains of Asia, where the him—tbe kingship, there was a strong descendants of Abraham, in agitation, incounteracting force in his Christian humility. | quired one of another, whether this was not “ If the flesh lusted against the spirit, the the Servant of the Lord whom they were spirit fought against the flesh.” The only looking for, and the Branch promised to satisfactory explanation of Cromwell's career David. With his own name Oliver spread is in the fact, that, as Milton expresses it, afar the name of England, which he was "he pursued God's work." To call the ! the first to engrave on the distant landProtectorate a usurpation, in any bad mean- ! marks of the nations. It was be who opened ing of the term, is a style of speech, which to his people that path of glory and of can only betoken the anility of those who power, which their ships now traverse in use it. There is no evidence that Cromwell every sea. The life of Britain, which had lost planned and plotted a single step of his all vigour under the Stuarts, was aroused, exaltation. He would not shrink, indeed, electrified, as it were, by the same principle from the positions to which Providence which animated its chief, and once more successively called him, and to which he was seen the accomplishment of the ancient felt that he was competent; but “a crown promise, “The Lord thy God will set thee had never been his aim. The object of his on high above all nations of the earth.'”. ambition was the liberty, peace, and glory. The third of Cromwell's designs,-but of England. And he attained what he had the first in his own estimation, was the so earnestly thirsted after.”
promotion of Protestantism. He thus adIt is a pregnant question which Merle dressed the Lords in Parliament, in 1657, D'Aubigné in one place proposes, “ Where about the “two greatest concernments that is the statesman that has ever had in view God hath in this world. The one is that nobler and more beneficent objects?" Crom of religion ; the other is the civil liberty and well had three great designs—the establish interest of the nation—the next best thing ment of religious liberty, the strengthening God hath given men in this world. Upon the greatness of England, and the advancing these two interests, if God shall account me the interests of Protestantism. And these are worthy, I shall live and die." And this his all-sufficient vindication ; these form a religious liberty, which he asserted in Eng. monument on which he will yet be set on high land, he vindicated as no statesman, no for the admiration of future ages. “Liberty monarch, before or after him, did, for other of conscience,” were his words, " is a nations also. The title, “ Defender of the natural right; and he that would take it Faith,” had a meaning, as applied to Cromought to give it. Indeed, that hath been well. It has been with some emotion of one of the vanities of our contest. Every pride that we have read the passage (p. 290): sect saith, Oh give me liberty ;' but give it “He zealously pursued the great cause of to him, and to his power, and he will not the Reformation in Europe and in the world, yield it to any body else. Where is our in- | and thus assigned to England that station, genuousness? Liberty of conscience is a as queen of the Protestant world, which thing which ought to be very reciprocal." has been, and ever will be, her glory and This liberty Cromwell granted to an extent her strength, so long as she shall remain unprecedented in the annals of history. true and faithful to this great calling." But Where he failed to grant it, he was obliged ever as we read it, the question quoted painfully to restrain the tendency of his own above about Cromwell and other statesmen, convictions, and to yield to the unprepar occurs painfully to our recollection. With edness of his times. But surely statesmen profound truth is it said, p. 309, “That have not been advancing during the last two Cromwell was something more than the centuries from the point to which he had champion of an outward and official Pro. attained. On the contrary, in the mass, testantism." His religion was a reality : they “have gone away backward."
the truth was to him more than bis life, and And who ever did more to advance the great- as he loved the truth so he loved those who ness of England ? “ His glory was not con held it. They were part of the same body fined to Great Britain only : it filled Europe, with himself; what touched them touched reached Asia, and was re-echoed from the him; and so the Pope, and the French and shores of America. A French writer, com the Spanish Governments felt that his reparing Oliver with Napoleon, says, that the monstrances against their persecuting fury former was exclusively an English hero, were not so many words of course, nor so whilst the latter carried his name into every many official protocols; but the protesta
tions of a serious and earnest man, with should detail the author's plan. Suffice it whom, moreover, it was their best policy to to observe, that it is highly scholarly and keep on good terms. The Waldenses and critical, its main object being to investigate the Huguenots looked to him ; nor did they all those passages in the Old Testament look in vain. Had the scenes, which have Scriptures, upon which differences of opi. lately been transacted in Tabiti, flouted the nion have arisen among biblical students, moral sentiment of the world by their as to the merits of the authorized version. atrocity in his time, those poor Protestant With a becoming deference for that version, islanders would have found in him a helper. the author has honestly looked at all the But it is not the political ascendancy of this lights which modern research has thrown church or that; it is not liberal philosophy, | upon the state of the Hebrew Text; and por adroit statesmanship, which will main has rendered good service to the cause of tain Britain, the “queen of the Protestant | Bible interpretation, by clearing up, or world :" it is the power of vital godliness rather clearing away, many difficulties which the energy of a religion learnt from the lips | have pressed heavily on the minds of inof Christ and his apostles, unpolluted by telligent persons possessed of but scanty the admixtures of the Fathers, unpoisoned libraries. by the sorceries of Rome, animating the We are truly delighted to find that Mr. souls, actuating the conduct, of our rulers Barrett is proceeding vigorously with his and our people.
undertaking, which is an expensive one ; We can easily understand how, with | and we shall regard it as a good omen for the Cromwell for his subject, our author's interests of biblical science, if he is encouarticle expanded into a goodly octavo vo. raged to go forward to its completion. We lume. Most gladly should we continue our are, indeed, sanguine that such will be the extracts and observations ; but we have case ; for it would be a grievous reflection reached our limit. We expect, and sadly upon the taste of our country if such a work disappointed shall we be, if our expectation were not to become one of the best copy. prove wrong, that “The Vindication" will rights of the age. We wish Mr. Barrett be very widely circulated and read. It is a all the success which he can desire. Let work for the times. It does justice to a him proceed upon the principle that the distinguished name in bistory; it is calcu. more perfectly his task is performed, the lated to do much good in the present days. more sure will it be of ultimate success. We Cromwell served well his country and gene- are gratified to be able to say, that the Third ration. If by the present work, and other Part is fully equal in merit to the first. publications, his spirit shall be brought back among the English people, he will serve ours still better.
The Lands of the Bible visited and deTouching are his words, which Merle
scribed in an extensive journey, underD'Aubigné has taken as the motto to his taken with special reference to the pro. volume: “I know that God has been above motion of Biblical research, and the all ill reports, and will, in his time, vindi. advancement of the cause of Philanthropy. cate me." True faith never makes its pos By John Wilson, D.D., F.R.S., Ho. sessor ashamed. At last we may hope norary President of the Bombay branch Milton's noble Sonnet will have its full of the Royal Asiatic Society, Member of verification :
the Editorial Committee of the Asiatic “ Cromwell, thou chief of men, who through a
Section of the Royal Society of Northern cloud,
Antiquaries at Copenhagen, Missionary Not of wars only, but detractions rude,
of the Free Church of Scotland, &c. Guided by faith and matchless fortitude, To peace and truth thy glorious way hast
With Maps and Illustrations. 2 vols. plough'd."
8vo. White and Co., Edinburgh; and Longman and Co.,
London. A Synopsis of CRITICISMS upon those The well known ability of Dr. Wilson, the
Passages of the OLD TESTAMENT, in enthusiastic interest which he takes in subwhich Modern Commentators have dif- jects connected with Biblical Research, and fered from the Authorized Versions; to the extensive journies undertaken by him, gether with an Explanation of various | in " The Lands of the Bible," conspire to Difficulties in the Hebrew and Enylish invest the work before us with more than Texts. By the Rev. RICHARD A. F.
ordinary interest. We have here the results BARRETT, M.A., Fellow of King's Col.
of an amount of original, acute, and patient lege, Cambridge. Vol. II. Part I. Royal
investigation, which it would be difficult to
find in any single work on Palestine and Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, the surrounding countries. Our author has It is unnecessary, after our notice of the availed himself discreetly of the labours of First Part of this important work, that we former travellers of note; but he has done