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end. "For, according to the first law, it which the existence is not necessary, but will necessarily express something of the conditional-true, because something else Divine Nature; and according to the second is true; or, dependent for its truth on law, it receives existence on the condition something else."* Our Author here beauof manifesting that resemblance, and of tifully argues that as the great purpose of contributing towards the Great End; and creation was contingent on the Sovereign according to the third, it is placed in a will of God, all the parts must be so also, system of Medial Relations, in order that “nor could such contingency remain unsuch manifestation may be made possible." known, without defeating the ultimate end
V. The fifth law recorded is, “That of the manifestation.” everything will be entitled to an amount of VIII. An eighth principle is, “ That good, or of well-being, or will be found in everything will be found, by necessity of the enjoyment of it, proportionate to the nature, and as a relative perfection, essen. discharge of its obligations, or, to the de. tial to the manifestation of Divine allgree of its conformity to the laws of its sufficiency, to involve truth surpassing the being.” The law is thus illustrated : “As, perfect comprehension of the finite mindaccording to the first law, everything will i.e.,—there will be ultimate facts." This necessarily express something of the Divine appears in the highest degree reasonable ; Nature ; and according to the second, will "for as everything must be related, in some come into existence in order to express it; respect, to time, space, and causation, as and according to the third, will receive and well as to every other thing included in the sustain a relation in which to fulfil this law plan,-in consequence of these relations, if of its being; and according to the fourth, in no other respects, it will stand connected will be held under obligation to this effect; with the infinite incomprehensible." it will follow, according to the fifth, that it IX. The ninth principle contended for is, cannot fulfil this law of its being without “ That the Manifestation be progressive ; enjoying well-being. For, to manifest what. or, that the production of new effects, or ever its Nature is calculated to exbibit of the introduclion of new laws, be itself a God, is to stand related on one side to the Law of Manifestation." Our author here greatest of beings, and on the other to the ventures the striking remark, “that, that greatest of ends, so that to fulfil the law of which is commonly regarded as miraculous this being, or to find its own highest end, interposition may be itself a law of Mani. is to answer the great end; nor could it be festation-not the exception, but the rulesupposed to be in any way deprived of its or if the exception to us who view things right, while thas fulfilling the law of its only on the scale of a few days, to Him who being, without the great end itself being, in views them on an unlimited scale it may be so far, defeated. And here is the coinci. the rule." dence of the creature's happiness with the X. It is farther held, by Dr. H., " That Creator's glory. ... According to the the Manifestation, besides being progressive, first law, it may be said, that everything will be continuous; or will be progressive looks back to its origin.- According to the by being continuous – leaving no intervals second, forwards to its ultimate end.-AC- of time, or of degree, but such as the modi. cording to the third, around, to its medial fying influence of other laws may require or relations.-According to the fourth, on account for." The argument is this: “ If the duty consequent on these relations.- all-sufficiency requires infinity, and eterAnd according to the fifth, within, on its nity, in which to be developed, intervals in own well-being, or particular end, as the the manifestation of time and of degree are result of answering the Ultimate End." inadmissible; unless on the supposition that
VI. A further principle laid down is, such intervals or pauses in the manifestation " That everything will be found to involve would themselves contribute to the manithe eristence of necessary truth.”. “ By festation of all-sufficiency.” necsssary truth is meant that of which the XI. Then it is shown, “That the con. proposition not only is, but must be true, tinuity of the Manifestation requires that and of which, therefore, the negation is all the laws and the results of the past not only false but impossible ; so that it should, in some sense, be carried forwards ; exists necessarily, and therefore universally, and that all that is characteristic in the independently of the existence of the indi- lower steps of the process should be carried vidual intellect which contemplates it. The up into the higher--as far as it may subserve origin of this knowledge, whether by induc. the great end; or unless it should be super. tion, or otherwise, is a question for separate seded by something analogous and superior consideration."
in the higher, and the future." Without VII. It is shown, likewise, “ That every. this it is well contended, that "the manithing will be found to involve the existence festation would be neither progressive, nor of contingent truth." “ By contingent continuous, but would be every moment betruth," observes Dr. H., “is meant that of ginning de novo."
XII. The twelfth law is beautiful as it is, and every divinely-originated effect will, self-evident, viz., “That everything will be when traced back to its origin, be found to found to manifest all that it is calculated express something in the Divine Nature.” to exhibit of the Divine Nature, by develop. XVIII. It is maintained, “ That every ing, or working out its own nature." How part of the Manifestation must be analogous well is it said by Dr. H., that “A creature to every other part, or according to a devoid of regulated activity, could be no plan." “ The truth of this proposition,'' manifestation of an ever- living and ever- observes Dr. H., “may be inferred from active God."
the pervading operation of general laws :XIII. It is also shown, “ That the same from the primary relation, according to property or characteristic which existed in which he who is to conduct the great prothe preceding and inferior stage of the Ma cess sustains his office expressly as the nifestation, be superior in the succeeding Logos or Manifestation of God; so that and higher stages, or else be applied to ad everything else can answer the end of mani. ditional or higher purposes, (if it be not festation only as it is analogous, according altogether superseded by something superior;) to, or, in some respect, resembling the or, that it be in the power of the succeeding, Logos': from the Great Purpose; for, if and the higher, so to render, or to apply the whole creation is to be, in some sense, it." This principle arises from the alliance an analogue of the Divine nature, (and in and dependence of everything agreeably to no other way can it manifest God), then the great law of manifestation. Everything every separate portion of it must be simi. looks to an end beyond itself, and hence its larly related to every other part, otherwise nature, or its relations and results, may be the whole will not resemble Him." expected to advance, the further it proceeds XIX. The next principle stated is, “ That from its original and starting point, towards the law of ever-enlarging manifestation be the distant end, for the sake of which it itself regulated by a law determining the exists.
time for each successive stage and addition XIV. “ That as every law will have an in the great process." origin or date, it will come into operation XX. The last General Law adduced is, on each individual subject of it, according “ That the beings to whom this Manifestato its priority of date in the great system of tion is to be made, and by whom it is to be manifestation." The orderly succession of understood, appreciated, and voluntarily law, is a law itself.
promoted, must be constituted in harmony XV. The next principle announced is, with these laws; or, these laws of the ob. " That everything will occupy a relation injective universe will be found to have been the great system of means, and possess a established in prospective harmony with the right in relation to everything else, accord. | designed constitution and the destiny of the ing to its power of subserving the end ;- subjective, which is to expound and profit by or, everthing will bring in it and with it, them." in its own capability of subserving the end, We have thought it best thus to let the a reason why all other things should be in. Author's great Laws speak for themselves ; fluenced by it—a reason for the degree in and we are sure they will do so. It may which they should be influenced- and for the be objected, “Why so many Laws?" Let degree in which it, in its turn, should be
the objector try to dispense with one of influenced by everything else." According them, and he will, if we mistake not, beto the all-connecting purpose of God, “co come reconciled to them. In the Author's existence implies co-relation, co-relation in third Part, he makes noble use of them volves mutual obligation or subserviency, all, by an inductive process which evinces determinable as to kind and degree, in every an extent of scientific research and knowinstance, by the subserviency of the subjects ledge inferior in no respect to that indicated of it to the Great End."
by the greatest philosophers of the age. XVI. The next principle stated is, “ That We cannot but congratulate the ranks of every law subordinate in rank, though it | Nonconformity that they can lay claim to may have been prior in date, be subject to such men as Dr. Harris and Dr. J. P. each higher law of the Manifestation, as it Smith. (To be continued.) comes into operation." This law follows from the preceding, and is only as if it were asserted that the means shall not in The OBLIGATIONS of the World to the any case take the place of the end.
Bible. A Series of Lectures to Young XVII. Then follows the fine principle, Men. By GARDINER SPRING, D.D., of “ That the whole process of manifestation New York. 12mo, pp. 320. ls. 6d. be conducted uniformly as far as the end
Collins, Paternoster row. requires, or according to the operation of Lais." "Every event will be, in some Dr, Spring is a writer and preacher of sense, an effect, (wbich is in itself a law :) I great interest, and most of his publica. tions have been well received by the Chris. | is a guarantee for the scientific accuracy of tian public. He displays great precision the volume, no less than for its decidedly of thought and language ; and generally scriptural character. “In the following carries home his conceptions with great volume," observes the author, “it shall be force to the judgment and heart of his our endeavour to direct the general reader readers. The volume which we now in in the study of some of those objects which troduce to our readers is one of a highly the heavens unfold ; and we shall chiefly original class. The train of thought pur. select those parts of astronomical science sued in it is far removed from anything that which are most level to the comprehension can be pronounced to be trite or common. of those who have had little opportunity of place. And yet the subjects discussed are engaging in scientific pursuits. It is prosuch as all enlightened and inquiring per. posed to confine ourselves chiefly to a sons must feel a deep interest in, and they description of the solar system, and the are bandled in a manner greatly calculated phenomena it exhibits, together with a few to enhance the infinite value of God's holy | instructions as to the best mode of contem. word. The outline of the lectures will give plating the apparent motions and the divera very just idea both of their design and im. sified aspects of the firmament." The trea. portance :-1. The use of oral and written tise, with its diagrams and illustrations, is language to be attributed to a supreme revela very interesting, and truly instructive. We tion. 2. The literary merit of the Scriptures. should reccommend that henceforth all 3. The obligations of legislative science to schools use Dr. Dick's work. It may be the Bible. 4. The Bible friendly to civil fully depended upon for sound and accurate liberty. 5. The Scriptures the foundation information. of religious liberty and the rights of con- | science. 6. The morality of the Bible. 7. The influence of the Bible upon social 1. The PROTESTANT MISSIONARY MAP of institutions. 8. The influence of the Bible
the World. For the names of the Socie. upon slavery. 9. The influence of the Bible ties which have established the Missionary on the extent and certainty of moral science. Stations marked on this Map, see " The 10. The pre-eminence of the Bible in pro
Missionary Guide Book." ducing holiness and true religion. 11. The
Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley. pre-eminence of the Bible for the influences of the Holy Spirit. 12. The obligations of 2. The MissioNARY GUIDE Book; or, a the world to the Bible for the sabbath. 13. Key to the Protestant Missionary Map The influence of the Bible on human happi
of the World; showing the Geography, ness. 14. Conclusion.
Natural History, Climate, Population, In addition to these lectures, the volume and Government of the several Countries contains four essays, well known, but of to which Missionary Effort has been great value.-1. Internal evidences of reve directed; with the moral, social, and lation. 2. The church in the wilderness. religious condition of their Inhabitants. 3. The useful Christian. 4. Moral grada. Also the rise and progress of Missionary tions.
Operations in each Country. Illustrated A more refreshing sample of Christian by Forty-five Wood-cuts, representing the literature has not issued from the press in costume of each people. 8vo, pp. 492. modern times. We have, however, one
Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley. grand exception to this high and deserved commendation ; Dr. Spring's lecture on
The sight of this missionary map and slavery, with all its information, is not in
missionary guide-book, has really gladdened sight of the Christian mark. It too much
our hearts. The publication of two such resembles the reasonings of American minis
works is a proof of progress in the right di. ters on this subject, and can effect nothing
rection. Missionary labours are beginning for the emancipation of the millions of bond.
to take the place which belongs to them; men in America.
and the day is not far distant, we trust, when they will be regarded with far higher interest than any of the schemes of national
ambition and worldly aggrandisement. We The SOLAR SYSTEM. By Thomas Dick, have long looked upon such a work as the
LL.D., author of "The Christian Philo one before us in the light of a desideratum, sopher," "The Sidereal Heavens,” &c., in the prosecution of the grand undertaking &c. 18mo, pp. 384.
of a world's conversion. We know not by Religious Tract Society.
whom “The Missionary Guide Book” has
been executed; but, from the manner in We are happy to find this valuable work which he has performed his task, he need not among the cheap publications of the Reli. have shrunk from the avowal of his name; gious Tract Society. The name of Dr. Dick for we can assure our readers that he has
well discharged a difficult and laborious | MEMOIRS of the late CHRISTMAS Evans, service, for which he deserves the hearty of Wales. By David Rhys STEPHEN. thanks of all our Missionary Boards in 12mo. pp. 302. Great Britain, on the Continent, and
Aylott and Jones. in the North American States. The plan of the “Guide-Book" is remarkably | Our readers will have, with ourselves, a good; and affords facilities for discover great treat in the perusal of these memoirs ing at a glance what every Protestant of one of the most remarkable men, in some mission is accomplishing, in every quarter
views of his character, the Principality has of the globe. While, on the other hand, the ever produced. By the force of his own notices of the geography, climate, natural
native genius, aided by the providence of history, political institutions, social habits, God, Christmas Evans emerged from the manners and forms of religion, of every very depth of early neglect and ignorance, people among whom our missionary brethren and acquired for himself a reputation, as are labouring, impart a peculiar charm to lofty as it was pure and unsullied. Some of the entire volume, and will, we trust, com the specimens of his pulpit eloquence have mend it to the notice and perusal of many long been familiar in Christian circles in who have hitherto overlooked, or but par
this country ; and they are better known tially estimated the labours and successes of through many parts of Wales, where he was our missionary institutions. The beautiful wont to rivet the attention of large assem. wood cuts of the various races with their blies, by his striking and pathetic reprecostumes, among whom the representatives
sentations of the leading facts and doctrines of our Protestant missions are scattering the of Scripture. Both the narrative of Mr. good seed of the word, are a great ornament
Evans's life and labours contained in this to “The Missionary Guide Book.” The volume, and the selections in the appendix Author is so impartial, that he asks for the from his manuscript sermons, are invested critical remarks of our several Missionary with a peculiar charm. The author of the Committees, in order that future editions of Memoir has succeeded in thoroughly en. his work may be rendered more perfect. listing our sympathies, in all that pertains “ The Protestant Missionary Map," to to the subject of his biographical sketch. which the volume noticed is the key, is a He has performed his task well, having finely executed work of art; and represents, neither written too much, nor too little. by suitable colourings, the portions of the
He has made his country interesting, too, globe which are Protestant, Roman Catho. by the light which he has thrown upon the lic. belonging to the Greek church. Mako. instrumentality by which its earlier evange. metan, decayed Christian churches, and lization was effected. We recommend this heathen. Missionary stations are printed cheap and spirit-stirring volume to the corin a particular type ; places not missionary
dial notice of the Christian church. are distinguished in the same way, by an. other type.
CHEMISTRY of the Four SEASONS —
SPRING, SUMMER, AUTUMN, and WIN.
Ter; an Essay, principally concerning Philosophy of the Plan of SALVATION,
Natural Phenomena, admitting of Inter. A Book for the Times. By AN AMERI.
pretation by Chemical Science, and illus. CAN CITIZEN. 18mo, pp. 192.
trating Passages of Scripture. By Thos. Religious Tract Society.
GRIFFITHS, Professor of Chemistry in
the Medical College of St. Bartholomew's As we have already expressed our strong Hospital; author of “Recreations in and decided opinion as to the exalted merits Chemistry," and " Chemistry of the Four of this transatlantic essay on the truth of Elements." 12mo. pp. 514. the gospel, we need not again to volunteer
John Churchill, Princes-street, Soho. any argument in its support. We think it is more likely to lodge an impression in the Works on particular sciences, which either human conscience, in favour of the divine illustrate Bible principles, or tend to sup. authority of Christianity, than any similar port the data of revealed truth, are quite work of the modern press. And as it seeks within our province. Indeed, it is our full an avenue to the human heart somewhat purpose to pay more attention to such prodifferent from the ordinary mode of ap- ductions in the future, than we have done proaching it, we cannot belp thinking that in the past, though we have by no means this will materially contribute to its success. | overlooked them. We cannot but commend the decision of the This volume of Mr. Griffiths is a beautiTract Society, in placing this deeply inter- ful illustration of the perfect harmony which esting work in the list of its monthly exists between the discoveries of chemistry volumes, at the trifling cost of sixpence and the facts and references of holy writ. The work, moreover, considered in a scien- | The CONGREGATIONAL CALENDAR for tific point of view, appears entitled to rank 1847, being the Third after Bissextile, with the best chemical treatises of the pre or Leap Year. Compiled pursuant to sent age. We little think in what a won a vote of the Annual Assembly of the drous laboratory of nature we live, as the Congregational Union of England and revolving seasons are running their cease Wales. pp. 76. 6d. less round. One could hardly have ima. gined that a book with this title should
Jackson and Walford. have been rendered so interesting to persons It is discreditable to Congregational Disonly possessing a smattering of scientific senters, that they have not better supported koowledge. Rarely have we perused a this Calendar, which has been well conducted more instructive treatise. The multitude from the first, and uniformly devoted to the of striking facts amassed by Mr. Griffiths, interests of the denomination. As it is now as he lays open the various processes of reduced one-half in price, with but slender chemical action which take place in the vi. subtraction of the matter formerly supplied, cissitudes and changes of the seasons, tend, we cannot think so meanly of our body as in a remarkable manner, to set forth the to imagine that they will let the Union be vast contrivance, and infinite benevolence a loser by the publication of it. of the Eternal Miod.
We greatly regret one error into which To the intelligent youth of our several the editor bas fallen, because it is calculated families, Mr. Griffiths' “ Chemistry of the to give pain to a most esteemed brother, as Four Seasons" will be a most appropriate well as to inflict some little injury. It is stated present. For while it will not fail to inte that the Rev. E. A. Dunn, of Buckingham rest and amuse, it will secure the still higher Chapel, only preaches in the afternoon. results of imparting correct scientific in. Now, this is quite inaccurate. Mr. Dunn formation, and of elevating their concep preaches all day, as formerly. tions of the grandeur and goodness of Him, in whom we all “live, and move, and bave our being,' and whose stately steps are here traced in all the changes of the
MEMOIRS of the Life of the Rev. John revolving year.
Williams, Missionary to Polynesia. By
Imperial 8vo. pp. 176. 3s.
John Snow. on the CHRISTIAN MINISTRY. An Ad
It must be bighly gratifying to the friends dress to the Students of Stepney College, delivered at the commencement of the
of missions, and to the personal admirers of
the late dear Mr. Williams, to find that Session, Sept. 2nd, 1846. By WILLIAM
three thousand copies of his Memoirs have JONES. 850. pp. 36. ls.
found their way into the hands of the Chris. Jackson and Walford.
tian public. This is a strong testimony to
the ability with which our esteemed friend, This is an address of extraordinary power,
Mr. Prout, has executed the delicate and worthy of general circulation among our
difficult task committed to him. But the younger brethren in the ministry. Mr. Jones,
public are not yet satisfied ; multitudes who who is well known in his own circle as a
could not afford to purchase the more exman of highly-cultivated mind, and of un
pensive edition, yet long to read the Life of usual strength of intellect, will, we hope,
Williams; and they will now be gratified to become more extensively known to the re. ligious public, through the medium of this
find, that they have the entire work at the
comparatively small cost of three shillings. college address. It is full of thought of the
We cannot think, that benceforward there best stamp; and contains so many just views of the present times, and of the temp.
will be a single Sunday-school library in the
United Kingdom without a copy of the Life tations and advantages which belong to them,
of Williams. If this suggestion is acted that we are happy to contribute our mite of influence to give publicity to his noble senti- upon, which it may be but for the apathy of
| librarians and superintendents, the circuments. An essay such as Mr. Jones's is cal.
lation of the cheap edition will far exeeed culated to rouse all the energies of the
that of the more expensive one. rising ministry, and to put the students in Our various colleges upon a right course of mental culture. We would express, with much humility, our fervent wish, that our dear
WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. young brethren may be so enabled to pro
1. The Mosaic Creation, viewed in the Light of secute their preparatory studies as to become
Modern Geology. By GEORGE WIGHT. Recomable and successful ministers of the New
mendatory Note, by W. Lindsay Alexander, D.D., Testament.
F.A.S. Small 8vo. pp. 276. James Maclehose.