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schools, you will compel them to pay taxes devoted themselves to the service of Christ for the support of church schools; that is, among the heathen, all of whom bave mainyou compel the poorer section to support tained an unimpeachable Christian reputathe schools and religious teaching of the tion. richer section; whilst those poorer com- 2. That, during his ministry, the annual munities are struggling to support their contributions in aid of the London Misown schools, which you are about to under- sionary Society have increased from 2001. mine and destroy !"!
to 3001., this latter sum being the average In conclusion, we must, with all the ear- of the last ten years; while the ratio of nestness of which we are capable, entreat contribution has also increased during the the prompt and determined action of all the period of that official connexion which has friends of liberty in the matter of public been the subject of animadversion. And, education. If they will slumber at their 3. That his advocacy of home objects has posts--the fetters are forging-and they also been attended with results equally grawill, ere long, be bound hand and foot, for tifying, the amount annually collected for perhaps half a century to come.
British missions have been greatly aug. mented; while the efforts of the church and congregation in aid of education, local
Christian instruction, and various other CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, BARBICAN.
benevolent objects, have been widely ex
tended. Testimonial of Confidence and Affeetion
III. That, under the deep conviction defrom the Congregational Church in Bar.
rived from a thoughtful and temperate bican, to the Rev. Arthur Tidman.
review of these facts, the members of this At a numerous meeting of the members church hereby declare their unabated confiof the church, specially convened, Monday, dence in their beloved pastor ; their conFebruary 8, 1847, the Rev. H. Townley in
tinued warm attachment to his person; the chair, the following resolutions were their most affectionate sympathy under the unanimously adopted :
unprovoked and ungenerouz attack which I. That this church having seen an appeal he has recently suffered; and their fervent by the Rev. Dr. Reed to the constituency
desire that his future course, through the of the London Missionary Society, in which blessing of God, may be as honourable and certain statements are made, reflecting upon
efficient as the past. their pastor, by representing him as incapa
IV. That a suitable testimonial be preble of fulfilling the duties arising from a sented to the Rev. Arthur Tidman, to mark charge," and pursuing a course “ disastrous the grateful feelings entertained towards to his church," while holding his official him, for his untiring and successful efforts, connexion with that Society, feel constrained, during a period of nineteen years, to proby a sense of justice and duty, to declare, mote the best interests of the church and that in calmly reviewing the history of the congregation, and the various institutions period since that official connexion has connected therewith ; and that the members existed, they can confidently assert, that of the congregation be invited to unite with neither the pastoral labours of the Rev. A. the church in this expression of Christian Tidman, nor his ministerial efficiency, have regard. suffered any diminution ; in proof of which V. That the cordial and respectful thanks they have the satisfaction of stating, that of this meeting are hereby presented to the notwithstanding the removal of very many Rev. Henry Townley, for his kindness in of their members by death or other causes, accepting the invitation of the church and the number now in church fellowship is its pastor to preside on this occasion ; for about fourfold that of the period at which
the efficient manner in which he has occohe commenced his pastoral labours; and pied the chair; and for the full and genethey are happy in being able to add, that rous expression of his sympathy and brothe love and harmony of their fellowship therly love to the Rev. Arthur Tidman, has been uninterrupted.
their pastor. II. That the members of this church, while disclaiming the spirit of self-commendation, feel it incumbent, as a proof of
LATIMER CHAPEL, BRIDGE-STREET, the interest wbich their pastor has inspired among his people towards the London Missionary Society, and of the zeal and At the close of the usual meeting of the success with which he has advocated its church on Thursday evening, Feb. 4, 1847, cause, and that of other religious Institu- the deacons, in the name of the church and tions, to state the following facts :
congregation, presented to their esteemed 1. That, during the period of his pas- and beloved pastor, the Rev. R. Saunders, torate, eleven members of this church have an elegant and richly engraved silver coffee
pot, in testimony of their high estimation Branches in any part of the country, or of his disinterested pastoral services, and with any congregation or Sunday school, likewise as expressive of their sense of his may be formed, and while conducted by a prudent and judicious as well as truly Chris local committee, will form part of the whole tian conduet in the delicate task of receiving, Society, and participate in its advantages. during the past year, a large secession from | Small Societies have generally been given a neighbouring church.
up, but, by the scheme now introduced, a The interesting business of the evening Society, however small, may become perwas introduced by one of the deacons elected fectly secure. from the secession expressing the happiness The frequent cases of suffering and dishe felt in connection with the cburch and | tress wbich come before our notice, and pastor in reading an address prepared for which, from the nature of the case, pass to a the occasion, which was most cordially re | great extent unrelieved, urge powerfully the sponded to by the brethren previously in duty of providing early against the infirmi. office, to which the pastor replied in terms ties of years, and we heartily recommend to indicative of the gratification he felt in wit. our readers generally, and especially to our nessing the cordiality and union manifest ia Sunday-school friends, to obtain a prospecthis token of their affection and respect. tus of the Society, and form a branch of
On the removal of the church from Mile their own. An advertisement will be found end-road to their present elegant and com in this number, with full particulars. modions place of worship a tea service was presented to Mr. S. ; the gift on the present occasion rendering that service complete.
PROVINCIAL. A hymn composed for the occasion having been sang concluded the gratifying proceed.
CRENDON-LANE MEETING-HOUSE, HIGH ings of the evening.
over the church of Christ assembling in this CHRISTIAN MUTUAL PROVIDENT SOCIETY, place of worship, having resigned his charge (Enrolled under Act of Parliament.)
at Crendon-lane, has subsequently been
chosen pastor of the church at George-street Our readers will recollect that a plan for
Chapel, Ryde. The church and congre
Chanel. Ryde, mutual assurance was read at the Norwich
gation of Crendon-lane, considering the meeting of the Congregational Union of advanced age and increasing infirmities of England and Wales, by the Rev. J. Sher
their venerable pastor, the Rev. W. Judson, mnan. This has been more fully matured, who has, during a period of thirty-four and the result has been the establishment
years, honourably sustained tbat important of the “Christian Mutual Provident So
office, and feeling that the period had arrived ciety," to afford to ministers, members of
when he should be relieved of the onerous churches, and others, the advantages of duties devolving on him, and having a due Friendly Societies, with those of Assurance
regard for his long and faithful services, Companies. The following are the benefits
and for his temporal comfort and support in proposed :- Relief in sickness—annuities in
his declining life, unanimously requested old age--sums payable, at death, to widows
him to resign the pastorate conditionally, and orphans-and endowments to children that he should be allowed the uninterrupted and adults..
possession of the endowed minister's house, The Society's tables have been computed and an annuity of 1001, for life; wbicha from a careful comparison of four thousand being cordially acceded to by Mr. Judson, societies, existing in all parts of the country. the church and congregation unanimously Fall security is, therefore, afforded, that, in invited the Rev. William Roberts, B.A., of whatever locality or age, members may join Highbury College, after six weeks' probathe Society with perfect confidence in its tional and most acceptable services, to stability.
become the pastor of the church; which The principle of the Society is strictly
Mr. Roberts has cheerfully accepted, and mutual. There is no capital, and therefore no
will enter upon his important labours on payment to be made to shareholders, either
the second sabbath in the present month. for their shares, or for interest upon them. The entire profits of the Society will, therefore, accumulate for tbe benefit of the mem
SCOTLAND. bers, among whom they will be rateably divided every five years.
ORDINATION OF A MISSIONARY TO CHINA. Another mutual advantage is, that the Society is open to females, a class hitherto On Monday, the 14th of December last, much neglected in institutions of the kind. the Relief Presbytery of Edinburgh, met at
six o'clock in the evening, in the Relief, The chapel, which will bold 1300 people, Chapel, Leith, for the purpose of ordainiog was nearly filled, and continued so for Mr. William Muirhead, destined as a mis- three hours, with a deeply attentive audi. sionary to Shang-Hue, Chioa, under the
The Rev. Mr. Thorburn, of South auspices of the London Missionary Society. Leith Free Church, offered up the opening The presbytery associated with them in this prayer. The Rey. Mr. Sommersille. Seereinteresting work, several brethren of other tary of the Secession Mission Board, de denominations, who conducted the services livered an admirable address on " The prein the following order :-Rev. Mr. Cullen, sent aspect of the missionary field.”. The Leith, opened the meeting with praise and Rev. Mr. Swan, (late of Siberia,) followed prayer; Rev. Dr. Brown, of Edinburgh, with most excellent and suitable observations preached from the words, “Honour all “ The trials and rewards of the missionmen ;" Rev. Francis Muir, the pastor of ary." Thereafter the Res. Mr. Muin ad. the young missionary, put the questions, and dressed the young missionary, and presented offered up the ordination prayer. To the to him, in the name of a number of friends last question of the formula, "Are not zeal in Leith, thirty-two volumes of valuable for the honour of God, love to Jesus Christ, books, including the “ Penny Cyclopsedia," and desire of saving souls your great motives “ Horne's Introduction," "Davidson's and chief inducements to enter on the func- Biblical Criticism," “Bloomfield's Greek tions of the holy ministry?” Mr. Muirbead Testament," "M'Aulay's Medical Dictiongave a lengthened and affecting reply. After ary," &c., &c., " as a token of their regard which, Professor M.Michael (Relief) gave for him, as an old Sabbath-school teacher, the charge ; Rev. Mr. Lewis (Free Church, a consistent Christian, and a faithful preacher Leith,) addressed the people ; and the Rev. of the gospel.” Mr. Muirhead made a very Mr. Swan closed the service. The meeting feeling reply, and took an affectionate farewas large, and the kindly and catholic well of Christian friends in his native place, spirit ip which the services were conducted, whose sympathies and fervent prayers we combined with the fact that Mr. Muirhead are sure will follow him to the far distant land is a native of Leith, gave more than ordi. of his missionary toil. The Rev. Mr. Smart nary interest to the proceedings.-(From the concluded with prayer. Several appropriate United Secession and Relief Magazine.) hymns were sung at intervals. The whole Farewell Services.
services were felt to be more than usually
interesting and impressive, and will not On the evening of the 25th ult., farewell soon be forgotten by those who felt it a services were held in the Relief Chapel, privilege to be present. Leith, on behalf of the Rev. W. Muirhead. Leith, Feb, 5th, 1847.
THE CLAIMS OF CHINA.
give him the hand of fellowship, in the name BY DR. JAMES LEGGE.
of all the missionaries in China, and to welNo. IV.
come him into our feeble ranks. Feeble,
alasthey are. We are there but as a forThe following sermon was delivered in lorn hope of the army of Christ. If we Birmingham on the 10th instant, as the in- thought that the churches of this country troductory discourse, at the ordination of the would continue deaf to the calls of Prosid. Rev. Mr. Southwell, who will shortly sail ence, summoning them to the evangelization for the port of Shang-Hae, in China. The of that land, we should be ready to abandon writer has omitted some portions which our enterprise in despair. But I for ope were specifically applicable to that occasion, hope for better things. The conviction is and has enlarged others, for the purpose of forced upon me that a time to favour China presenting a fuller statement of the claims has come, and I scout the suggestion tbat which the Chinese Mission has upon the the London Missionary Society will yield to friends of the London Missionary Society. any other its foremost place in this glorious
" Then saith He unto his disciples, The undertaking. Its constituents must feel harvest truly is plenteous, but the labourers that it is a great honour placed upon them are few." Matt. ix. 37.
to win for the Redeemer this noblest of the On the present occasion, I stand in a crowns of earth, and must be prepared to peculiar relation to our dear Brother, to make the efforts and sacrifices which will be whose ordination we are met. I am here to necessary in order to success.
The field of the gospel is the world. Occa- missionary moved as among galleries of the stón has often been taken from the passage dead. It would be painful, too, if there Dow read to arge the friends of Christ to its were merely a sudden and transient desire diligent cultivation. At present we may not to see and to hear some new thing; though take so wide a range. To all other missions there would then be found certain cleaving, say, God speed. Bot I hold a brief for as at Athens, to the messenger of Christ, Cbioa; my time and energies are all en- and believing. But when, along with the gaged for that.” It will be my aim to rin. free access, there is a ready disposition to dicate the application of the declarations of bear-when not only are the political barriers our text to that country, and then consider overthrown, but the doors of men's hearts how the exigencies of the Chinese Mission are likewise opened-this is the crowning may be met.
condition, that warrants us in saying of a Our Lord said to bis disciples, “ The field of Christian labour, “ The harvest traly harvest truly is plenteous."
is plenteous.” Now the reseem to be three conditions, These three things all exist in the case of which must be found in a people or commu- China. It is hardly necessary to say a word nity, in order that we may pronounce con- in reference to the first. The magnitude of cerning them, in the Christian sense of the its population is undoubted. There is a dif. term, that they are fields --- vast fields- ference of opinion, indeed, when we come white unto the harvest.
to actual specification, but all agree in **First. There must be number--multitude. I regarding China as being peopled at least We know that there is joy among the angels with as much density as any other kingdom in heaven over one sinner that repenteth. on the globe. It contains eighteen proWe know that the salvation of a soul is a vinces, of which there is not one whose area greater event than the creation of a world. is not much larger than that of Scotland ; Bat if one soul possesses such value, by only three which are smaller than England what calculation shall we estimate thousands and Wales; and therea aining fifteen are most and millions? We may conceive a spirit of them considerably larger, and, in some inmade perfect watching with great anxiety the stances, approaching to twice or even thrice introduction of the gospel to a small retired the size. Beyond these provinces lies an exvillage in darkness-must not that anxiety / tensive subject territory, touching the empire rise to the highest pitch of intensity, if the of Russia on the north, the isles of Japan on introduction were to a nation of hundreds the east, and British India on the west. of millions, all being destroyed for lack of The greatest portion of this dominion is knowledge ?
thinly peopled, but its inhabitants have not Secondly. There must be free access on been included in any of the estimates of the part of the labourers to that community China Proper. For my own part, it is not a or people. If there be not this, better if the judgment which I bave formed rashly, that land were barren, and without inhabitant. the number of the Chinese is not overstated We can regard it only as a vast prison- ; at 360,000,000. It is but a faint conception house. Its walls and bulwarks of exclusion which we can form of such a multitude of we must consider as primarily maintained human beings. If we realized, or half-real. by the rulers of the darkness of this world. ized the value of the soul that belongs to But if there be opportunity to preachers of every individual of them, our reason would the gospel to announce their great testimony well nigh be scared from its throne; and we in it, we can have no doubt of the result. should smite upon our breasts, not daring There will be found much people to be to look up to heaven, in the face the brought to God. There will be discovered Redeemer, whose gospel is intrusted to us in uch wheat to be gathered into the garner | in order to its dispensation. Surely, if the of Christ. . It is their duty, if I may use other conditions shall be found concurring, another passage of Scripture, not quite in this will be the harvest wbich is plenteous. keeping with the figure in our text, in the Well, secondly, there is free access for the morning to sow their seed, and in the gospel into China. Here I wish to extenuate evening to withhold not their hand; for nothing, and to magnify nothing. This you they know not whether shall prosper, all know, that four years ago no missionary either this or that, or whether they both of Christ had a right to plant so much as shall be alike good.”
the sole of his foot upon Chinese territory. Thirdly. There must be a disposition on This also you know, that in 1844, on the the part of the people to give heed to those motion of the ambassador from France, the thíogthat are announced to them. If there emperor was induced to grant the same were aecess simply, it would be obligatory, rights and privileges which belonged to meras I have shown, oni Christians to address chants, to teachers of Christianity, in the theinselves to the proclamation of the gospel. five ports that had been opened to foreign Still, it would be heartless work, if every commerce; and not only so, but to repeal mind were sealed in indifference, and the all penal statutes existing against the prefession of Christianity by the born subjects | Testament before the churches of Christ, of his crown. This magna charta of Chris. and say, “ You complain that we cainot go tian liberties was, we believe, more tbau the beyond a certain distance. Here are our original movers for it, the Roman Catholics, native evangelists : they can go. Here are wished to obtain. They desired a mono. our colporteurs: they can go. Here is poly of the right of prophesying for them- this sun of truth: you can send its beams selves ; but the emperor of China did not far and wide. Here are these leaves of the wish, and moreover he was placed by the tree of life : you can disseminate them in providence of God in a position where it all directions. Brethren, awake to a sense was impossible for him, to grant such a of duty, and come up to the help of the stinted, unworthy, boon. Wbat now is really Lord against the mighty.". the amount of the access of missionaries to These things are really so. The access is China?
not on parchment only. It is a fact. At First, there is Cinton, a-bere, according Shang-Hae the authorities granted permisto the letter of the bond, they may teach and sion to our missionaries to build a house preach. It contains nearly two millions of for the living God, in the very centre of that inhabitants, and is the metropolis of the important city, and it was opened for public province, which contains more than nine worship on the 24th of August last, -a teen millions.
handsome building, in the form of a Chinese Next, there are Amoy and Fuh-Chow-foo hall, with side-rooms opening into it for in the Fokkeen province. la themselves they the accommodation of females, and seating must have a population pot far short of a between four and five hundred individuals. million. One is the capital, the other the And in this month last year, the following emporium of the county, (if I may 30 gratifying occurrence took place at Amoy. venture to designate great things by small A dinner was given to all the missionaries, names,) containing a population verging on English and American, by the public fifteen millions.
authorities, the five Mandarins of the place. To the northward is Ning-po, a principal | The entertainment took place in the house port of Che Keang, whose inhabitants have of the admiral, whose button is of the first been charaeterized as the most ingenious class in the empire. "Wbat,” observes and polisbed of the Chinese, and who num. my brother Stronach, in writing to me of the ber upwards of twenty-six millions, though event, "what is all this without spiritual they live in a more straitened territory than success? To be sure, this is nothing in any of their brethren.
which we can rest, but it is a demonstraBeyond that is Shang-Hae, the station to / tion of the point in hand that there is free which our brother is appointed, and a city aceess to the missionary among the Chinese. of which it has been said, that, as the gate It is no characteristic of Protestant mis. to the heart of Central Asia, it has no com- sionaries, to be found in king's houses, os peer. The province in wbich it stands is a in noblemen's palaces. Our steps bend subdivision of what was once really a mag. more frequently to the cottages of the poor, nificent kingdom, Keang. Nan, containing and the shops and dwellings of the middle seventy-two millions of people.
classes. But I might challenge the records I would ask, what larger access could we of Popish doings in China,--and it has been wish to China than we have here? Would the policy of the servants of Rome to begin it be better for us to be diffused over all its their work at the top of the pyramid, -1 surface than to be concentrated at these might challenge their records to produce a points ? This has been the error and the fact of such unsolicited testimony to their injury of all Missions in the east. The hands worth, and so much calculated to commend bave been extended piteously over idolatry, them to the mass of the people as this action instead of being drawn back, and held in of the Chinese Authorities at Amoy. readiness to give it a fatal blow. There bas Lest I should be thought anxiously trying been extension where there ought to have to make out a case--while it is my simple been intensity. Bat, thank God, we are object to present the case that is ready to my kept, and kept by Providence, from such a bands, I must advert in a sentence or two mistaken course of procedure in China. to Canton. There is not the same freedom
You will have observed, however, that the of action there as in the other places. But toleration of Christianity extends to all the the bindrance there is from Jewd fellons of millions of the Chinese. The whole land is the baser sort, who dislike not the missionbefore our converts. They may go through ary, but the foreigner. In fact, the misthe length and breadth of it, testifying to sionary is much better off in Canton thon their countrymen the gospel of the grace of the merchant. The bad feeling in the minds God. Tracts, moreover, are in readiness ; of the people is political, and I bare no the holy Scriptures are in readiness; and doubt will shortly dirappear, partly checked the books are no proscribed books. We and partly dispelled. stand with our tracts and with the Nex pass on to the third point in the ques