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Inspector to inspect
SEC. 4. That it shall be the duty of each inspector of food to attend the market or markets within his
SEC. 5. That it shall be the duty of the inspector of live-stock to carefully inspect all cattle, hogs, -to inspect live-
SEC. 6. That it shall be the duty of the inspector of fish and other marine products to examine and inspect all fish, oysters, clams, lobsters, and other marine products, landing by boat, arriving by rail, or otherwise brought by any person or persons into the cities of Washington and Georgetown; and if, upon such inspection, said inspector shall find any of the said marine products to be in an unsound, diseased, or unwholesome condition, it shall be his duty to prohibit their sale; and the said inspector of fish is hereby authorized, empowered, and directed to condemn, seize, and remove any unsound, diseased, or unwholesome fish, oysters, clams, lobsters, crabs, or other marine products which may be offered for sale as food within the cities of Washington and Georgetown.
to inspect fish.
Powers of fish in
SEC. 7. That in the performance of the duties herein prescribed the Inspector of Fish shall be, and is hereby, authorized and empowered to board all boats, vessels, steamboats, and cars, and to stop all spector. vehicles believed by him to contain fish or other marine products, for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this ordinance, and said Inspector shall report his official proceedings daily to the Health-officer. SEC. 8. That upon any cattle, meat, birds, fowls, fish or other marine products, vegetables, or other articles of food being found by any inspector or other officer of the Board of Health in a condition which meat, &c., is found unis, in his judgment, unwholesome, and unfit for use as human food, or in a condition or of a quality wholesome. forbidden by the ordinances of this Board, but with respect to the quality and condition of which articles of food said Inspector or other officer may be in doubt, he shall forbid the sale thereof, and order that the same be set aside, and shall at once notify the Health-officer of such action; and if, upon inspection, the Health-officer shall concur in the judgment of the Inspector or other officer aforesaid, said Health-officer shall prohibit the sale and order the removal of said articles, according to the regu lations of the Board of Health; and if the Health-officer shall not concur in the judgment of the Inspector or other officer aforesaid, the sale of said articles shall be allowed. But if, upon inspection, the Health-officer is in doubt as to whether said articles should be condemned or not, then the committee on food-inspections of the Board of Health shall decide whether or not said articles shall be condemned and the sale thereof forbidden: Provided, That no article of food, in a decayed or offensive condition, shall be allowed to remain where found, but the same shall be caused to be removed forthwith by the inspector or officer aforesaid, according to the rules and regulations of the Board of Health. SEC. 9. That any person who shall molest, hinder, or in any manner prevent said Health-officer or Penalty for hinderany inspector appointed by this Board from performing any duty imposed upon him or them by the ing, &c.. health officer provisions of this ordinance, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty nor more than one and inspector. hundred dollars for each and every such offense.
To amend section 10 of the code, so as to read:
SECTION 10. And be it further ordained and enacted, That drain-pipes, soil-pipes, or passages into sewers, which are of inadequate and insufficient size, or which are not provided with proper sewer declared nuisances, traps, within the District of Columbia, are hereby declared nuisances, injurious to health; and any &c. person or persons, whether owner or tenant (board, department, or corporation officer,) using or possessing any drain-pipe, soil-pipe, passage or connection between any sewer and any ground, building, or place of business, who shall fail to make such drain-pipe, soil-pipe, passage or connection of adequate or sufficient size to allow the free and entire passage of all that enters or should enter the same, and provide them with proper sewer-traps; and who shall fail, after notice duly served upon him, to supply such pipes of adequate and sufficient size, and provided with proper sewer-traps, shall be deemed guilty of keeping and maintaining a nuisance, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than ten dollars. July 30, 1875.
To amend ordinance passed May 13, 1873, to read as follows:
SECTION 1. That all water-closets and privies connected with any house, building, or premises within Water-closets; when the District of Columbia, in and upon which people live, or where they do congregate or assemble, or declared nuisances, any kind of business is done, kept in an uncleanly and foul condition, and from which offensive smells &c. and noxious gases arise, and all water-closets located within and being a part of any such house or building not provided with proper sewer-traps, so as to prevent the return and escape of noxious gases and offensive odors from any public or private sewer connected therewith, are hereby declared to be nuisances, injurious to health; and any person creating, keeping, and maintaining such nuisance, after due notice served upon him by this board to abate the same within twenty-four hours or within such reasonable time as may be determined by this board, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every day such nuisance is allowed to remain unabated. July 30, 1875.
To prevent committing or creating nuisances in or about public urinal or urinals located within the cities of Washington and Georgetown.
That focal matter deposited in or about any public urinal or urinals located within the cities of Washington or Georgetown, defecating in or about said urinal or urinals, or obstructing the same in any manner or by any means whatever, are hereby declared to be nuisances, injurious to health, and any person convicted of committing or creating either of said nuisances shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars for every such offense.
December 28, 1876.
Obstructions, &c., to'
Small-pox: the dis
Care of sick-room.
Notice to Board of Health.
Small-pox ambulances, inspectors, and drivers.
[Par 1.] The essential nature of small-pox is to diffuse itself, and, under certain favorable conditions, it is not only communicable from person to person, but capable of being transported to great distances. To prevent the propagation of the specific poison, the following sanitary regulations have been adopted by the Board of Health and approved by the Governor of the District of Columbia:
[Par. 2.] Parents and guardians shall cause their children and wards to be vaccinated before they attain the age of two years, and revaccinated whenever the Board of Health shall, after five years from the last vaccination, require it.
The Board of Health hereby orders and requires the vaccination of all the inhabitants in the District of Columbia, and, whenever in their opinion the public health demands it, the revaccination of all persons who do not furnish satisfactory evidence that they have been successfully vaccinated or revaccinated within five years.
The Board of Health will furnish the means of vaccination to such persons as are unable to pay for the same. For this purpose the physicians to the poor, or their assistants, will be directed to vaccinate the poor gratuitously; and, whenever the exigency requires it, physicians will be employed to go from house to house for the purpose of vaccinating all people who need vaccination.
Principals of incorporated manufacturing companies, superintendents of almshouses, reform and industrial schools, lunatic-hospitals, and of all other charities where the poor and sick are received; masters of houses of correction, jailers, keepers of prisons, and directors or officers of all institutions supported or aided by the District of Columbia, shall, at the expense of their respective corporations or institutions, cause all inmates thereof to be vaccinated immediately upon their admission thereto, unless they produce sufficient evidence of previous successful vaccination having taken place within five years. [Par. 3.] Small-pox being eminently contagious and infectious, isolation forms an imperative necessity for the prevention of its propagation. Whenever, therefore, a case of small-pox occurs in a dwelling containing more than two inhabitants, it shall be the duty of the head of the family to select the most remote apartment for the occupancy of the person afflicted with small-pox-the highest room in the dwelling to be preferred.
And whenever, in a tenement-house and lodging-house, boarding-house, or hotel, the person afflicted by the small-pox cannot be isolated to the satisfaction of the Health-officer, said person shall be removed to the small-pox hospital by agents employed for the purpose by the Board of Health.
[Par. 4.] Wherever a case of small-pox breaks out in any dwelling or place, the warning-flag (made of yellow flannel) shall be attached to, and exposed from, the premises occupied by said case, as a warning to the passer-by of the presence of small-pox in that locality And if the yellow flag be not immediately attainable, a placard, on which is written, in large and legible letters, "Small-pox here," shall be fastened upon an exposed part of the infected house or dwelling.
[Par. 5.] It shall be the duty of those in whose dwellings small pox occurs to fumigate the house, and the room of the patient, with sulphur three times a day; to cleanse and disinfect every part of the dwelling by the free use of chlorinated soda, carbolic acid, bromo chloralum, or such other disinfectant as the Board of Health may direct.
A cloth of the size of a square yard, steeped in a solution of chlorinated soda, carbolic acid, or bromo chloralum, shall be hung in the patient's room and kept constantly saturated with the said disinfectants. [Par. 6. The room of the patient shall be kept thoroughly ventilated, and no other person than a nurse who has had the small-pox, or a member of the family, shall be allowed to enter the same. Persons being in attendance upon the sick shall not come in contact with other inmates or persons, unless they have been previously properly fumigated and disinfected, and have changed the clothing worn by them while in the sick-room.
It shall be the duty of said attendants to see that no clothing is conveyed from the sick-room that has not been previously disinfected and fumigated. And, moreover, all clothing in said room, or worn by the patient while affected by small-pox, shall be kept distinct and separate, and shall be given ont to be washed only to persons who have had the small-pox, the fact to be stated in every instance that they aro from a small-pox patient, and must, therefore, be kept and washed separately.
[Par. 7.] It is the duty of every good citizen immediately to notify the Board of Health of every case of small-pox coming to his knowledge. But it is especially enjoined by law upon the proprietors of tenement-houses, lodging-houses, boarding-houses, and hotels, to notify the Board of Health of the pres ence of small-pox in their respective abodes, under penalty of fine and imprisonment, and this law against all persons concerned will be strictly enforced.
[Par. 8.] It shall be the duty of the citizen to immediately notify the Board of Health of the death of any person from small-pox, of which he may have knowledge, and no one except such as may have had the small-pox, and the officers of the Board of Health assigned to that duty shall take charge of, dress, or bury the body of the person who has thus died.
The interment of persons dying from small-pox shall take place within six hours after death, or as soon as the circumstances of the case will allow; and no person who has died of small-pox shall be buried in private or public cemeteries or burying-grounds without a permit from the Board of Health, a member of the sanie, or the Health-officer.
Whenever funeral obsequies may be desired, the body shall be placed in a hermetically-sealed metal coffin, and no person will he allowed to be present at said obsequies or follow the corpse to the grave except the nearest kin-relations; and under no circumstances shall a corpse infected with small-pox be taken to a church or meeting-house, but it shall be conveyed directly from the house to the grave. When people are so poor as to be unable to incur the expense of coffin and burial, any undertaker appointed to furnish coflins to the poor shail provide the coffin, and in every case shall take the same to the house in which the corpse lies, but shall not place said corpse in the coffin, or take any part in laying out the dead, unless he has had the small-pox, and properly fumigated and disinfected his clothing. The laying out of the body and the burial shall be done by the officers appointed for that purpose by the Board of Health.
[Par. 9. The small-pox ambulances shall be kept at the small-pox hospital.
The ambulance shall be accompanied by an inspector whenever needed for the removal of small-pox patients or otherwise.
The inspector accompanying the ambulance and the driver are forbidden from entering street-cars or any public conveyance.
They shall also keep a suit of clothing to wear during the service of removing small-pox patients: said suit of clothing to be kept fumigated and disinfected at all times, and under no circumstances shall they wear the said clothing when off duty.
The inspector attending to small-pox patients and the driver of the ambulance shall, until otherwise ordered, wear a linen suit while on duty.
The inspector detailed to attend to the removal of small-pox patients shall fumigate and disinfect the dwellings where small-pox cases occur. He shall see that the clothing is properly disinfected, packed up, carried safely to the almshouse, and destroyed. He shall keep an account of the clothes or furniture of poor persons which have been destroyed, the probable value of the same, and the names of the parties to whom they belong, and give a receipt for the same.
Under no circumstances shall the ambulance be allowed to tarry in the streets, except for such length of time as will be required to remove the patient or the body.
The ambulance shall not be taken to any place for repair; but, if repair is needed, a person having had the small-pox shall be engaged to mend it at its regular depository.
In driving the ambulance to any point, care shall be taken to avoid crowded streets, school-houses, or frequented places. The driver shall, as far as practicable, keep out of crowded thoroughfares, and shall avoid meeting or passing any procession, funeral, or large concourse of people.
The inspector shall display the yellow flag from every dwelling containing small-pox; and if said flag be taken away withont authority, the Health-officer must be immediately notified of the fact.
The inspector of each district shall be notified of the presence and locality of small-pox cases in his district; and it shall be his duty to see that the quarantine regulations relating to houses having the small-pox within are properly enforced, and that no person exposed to the contagion be allowed to go out of the dwelling or come in contact with any other person.
The inspector shall, in an urbane manner, inform the people of the quarantine regulations imposed by the Board of Health regarding small-pox, but shall cause no unnecessary hardship.
The inspector detailed to attend to the small-pox shall first ascertain whether the case can be isolated in the dwelling, so as not to expose the other inmates to the disease.
Whenever a patient in a tenement, lodging house, boarding-house or hotel is so situated that he cannot be isolated from other inmates, he or she shall be removed and taken to the hospital; and if any person interferes with the execution of this order, or the patient refuses to obey, the law shall be enforced against such person or persons.
If it come to the knowledge of any inspector that cases of small-pox are kept in tenement-houses, lodging-houses, boarding-houses, or hotels without the proper notice having been given to the Board of Health as required by law, the inspector shall make immediate report to the Health officer, stating the name of the person or persons causing or abetting in the violation of this law.
In all cases where there is doubt whether a person is really afficted with small-pox, a physician's opin ion should be secured before removing the patient.
The inspector shall see that the rules regarding the interment of persons who die of small-pox be
The foregoing rules and regulations are made and promulgated by the Board of Health of the District
It shall be the duty of every physician resident of the District of Columbia, or otherwise, attending upon any person affected by small-pox within said District, to report to the Board of Health said case of ing small-pox patients. small-pox within twelve hours after his first visit and discovery of the discase of said person; the name and residence of said person; and whether the room or residence in which said person may be situated and attended has been and is fumigated and disinfected according to the "rules and regulations" aforesaid.
All school trustees, school teachers, or others having authority, are forbidden to receive into or allow Regulations to preto attend any school, public or private, within the District of Columbia, any pupil not vaccinated, as vent the spread of required by the "rules and regulations" heretofore made and promulgated by this board. small-pox. February 14, 1873.
To secure a full and correct record of vital statistics, including the registration of marriages, births,
and deaths, the interment, disinterment, and removal of the dead in the District of Columbia.
Registrar of vital
[First.] It is hereby ordered by the Board of Health of the District of Columbia, that there shall be
Second, that it shall be the duty of every clergyman, magistrate, or other person who shall perform any marriage ceremony within the District of Columbia, to report each marriage ceremony solemnized by him to the registrar aforesaid, within forty-eight hours thereafter, giving the full name, age, color, occupation, birthplace, (State or Country,) and legal residence of each person married, and the date of such marriage.
Third. That any physician, accoucheur, midwife, or other person in charge who shall attend, assist, or advise at the birth of any child within the District of Columbia, shall report to the registrar afore said, within six days thereafter, stating distinctly the date of birth, sex, and color of the child or children born, its or their physical condition, whether still-born or not, the full name, nativity, and residence of the parents, and maiden name of the mother of such child or children.
- marriages to be reported to.
births of children to be reported to.
See below after regu lation eleven.
-deaths to be report
Fourth. That whenever any person shall die within the District of Columbia it shall be the duty of
Fifth. That no interment or disinterment of the dead body of any human being, or disposition
Dead bodies not to be carried through District without permit.
Health-officer to investigate cause of death in certain cases.
Physicians, mid. wives, sextons, &c., to register their names.
When takes effect.
Registered physicians to be graduates of medical schools. Meaning of term "physical condition."
Enforcement of regulations.
Sixth. That no dead body, or part of the dead body of any human being shall be in any manner carried or conveyed from, in, to, or through the District of Columbia, by any person, or by means of any boat, vessel, car, stage, or other vehicle, or by public or private conveyance, without a permit therefor first granted by the Board of Health of said District; and when the remains of any deceased person are to be conveyed, transferred, or removed beyond the limits of the District of Columbia, it shall be the duty of the person, or agent or officer of the corporation having charge of the conveyance, transfer, or removal, to detach, sign, and return the coupon attached to said permit to the Registrar of Vital Statistics of the Board of Health aforesaid, before 5 o'clock p. m. of the Saturday following the conveyance, transfer, or removal of said remains; Provided, That the same effect may be given by said board to a burial or transit permit issued by the proper authority of any other place or jurisdiction, when the death of the person named in the permit shall have occurred within such place or jurisdiction. Seventh. That whenever a permit for burial is applied for, in case of death without the attendance of a physician, or if it be impossible to obtain a physician's certificate, it shall be the duty of the Healthofficer to investigate the cause and circumstances of such death, to make and sign the certificate required by section 4 of these regulations, and if not satisfied as to the cause and circumstances of such death, he shall so report to the Board of Health, who shall refer the case to the coroner of the District for investigation and report, and said coroner is hereby required to make such investigation and report. Eighth. That it shall be the duty of every physician, accoucheur, midwife, undertaker, sexton or superintendent of any cemetery, or other person having charge of the same, practicing medicine or doing business within the District of Columbia, to register his or her name in a book or books to be provided for such purpose, at the office of the Board of Health of said District, giving full name, resi dence, and place of business, and in case of removal from one place to another in said District, to make change in said register accordingly.
Ninth. That any person who shall violate, or aid and abet in violating, any of the provisions of the foregoing regulations, shall, upon conviction thereof by competent judicial authority, be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five nor more than two hundred dollars for each and every such offense. Tenth. That all rules, regulations, and ordinances heretofore passed by this Board inconsistent with the provisions of these regulations be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
Eleventh. That these regulations shall take effect and be in force on and after the first day of
[First.] It is hereby ordered that physicians required to register their names under the 8th regula tion of the Board, to secure a full and correct record of vital statistics, do so upon a license received from some chartered medical society or upon a diploma received from some medical school or institution. Second. That the expression "physical condition," as employed in the statute heretofore enacted by the legislative assembly of the District, and incorporated in the 3d regulation, be defined as follows: "The general physical condition, whether healthy or unhealthy." But in no case will the Board require in the enforcement of this rule that sick-bed or confidential communications made to physicians be revealed in the report required by this 3d regulation.
Third. That on and after the 15th day of next month, by which time all physicians of the city may have registered according to the requirements of the Board, the regulation with regard to penalties be rigidly enforced; and that up to that date the regulation with regard thereto, as far as any violations thereof have occurred, and as far as this Board is concerned, as prosecutors, the same be not enforced. [August 28, 1874.]
May 8, 1880. 21 Stat. L., 306.
Public documents to be fur
nished at cost, &c. R. S., § 3809.
JOINT RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE PUBLIC PRINTER TO PRINT ADDITIONAL COPIES
Public documents furnished at cost, &c.
Resolved, &c., That the Public Printer be and he is hereby directed to furnish to all applicants copies of bills and reports and other public documents hereafter printed by order of Congress and distributed from the Document Rooms of the Senate and House on said applicants paying the cost of such printing with ten per centum added, and giving the notice required by section thirty-eight hundred and nine of Title fortyfive of the Revised Statutes. May 8, 1880.]
June 7, 1880.
JOINT RESOLUTION TO PROVIDE FOR THE PUBLICATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF A SUP-
21 Stat. L., 308.
Supplement to Revised Statutes to be prepared
-to be kept for sale.
Resolved, &c., That the Supplement to the Revised Statutes, embracing Revised Statutes the statutes general and permanent in their nature passed after the Reto be prepared and vised Statutes with references connecting provisions on the same subpublished. ject, explanatory notes, citations of judicial decisions, and a general index, prepared by William A. Richardson, be stereotyped at the Government Printing Office; and the index and plates thereof and all right and title therein and thereto shall be in and fully belong to the government for its exclusive use and benefit.
Supplement to Revised Statutes: distribution of. 1878, May 22, Res. No. 22, p. 387. 1878, Dec. 21,
1881, Feb. 8, ch.
That six thousand three hundred and fifty-seven copies be printed, bound, and distributed as provided for the distribution of the Revised Statutes by the "Joint resolution providing for the distribution and sale of the new edition of the Revised Statutes of the United States", passed May twenty-second, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and joint resolution passed December twenty-first, eighteen hundred and seventy. Res. No. 1, 481. eight, and such additional copies, on the order of the Secretary of State, as may be necessary from time to time, to be kept for sale in the same manner and on like terms as the Revised Statutes are required to be sale. kept for sale, and to supply deficiencies and offices newly created; that for preparing and editing said supplement, including indexing and all clerical work necessary to fully complete said work, including the legis lation of the Forty-sixth Congress, there shall be paid to said editor the sum of five thousand dollars;
-to be kept for
to be prima facie
And each Senator and Member of the present Congress who would not receive copies under said joint resolutions shall receive the same members of Fortysixth Congress. number of copies as other Senators or Members receive under the same. The publication herein authorized shall be taken to be prima facie evidence of the laws therein contained in all the courts of the United evidence. States and of the several States and Territories therein; but shall not preclude reference to, nor control, in case of any discrepancy, the effect of any orignal act as passed by Congress: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to change or alter any existing law. [June 7, 1880.]
JOINT RESOLUTION FOR THE RELIEF OF CERTAIN PERSONS IN RESPECT OF DUTIES
Cut hoops, barrel hoops, &c., contracted for prior to March 12, 1880, for transportation to pay duty at 35 per cent.
- duties paid in excess to be refunded.
Whereas, by a circular of the Secretary of the Treasury issued in eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, after a decision of a case between the United States and an importer in the circuit court of the United States for the southern district of New York, all the articles named in the following resolution were directed to be imported on payment of a duty of thirty-five per cent ad valorem: and
Whereas, the Secretary of the Treasury by letter of March twelfth, eightcen hundred and eighty, to the House of Representatives has communicated his purpose to revoke said circular, and subject said articles to the specifio duty imposed by existing law on all band, hoop and scroll iron; and
Whereas, it is represented, that confiding in the said circular of the year eighteen hundred and seventy eight parties have contracted for such articles to be imported under the duty of thirty-five per centum ad valorem, and it is right and proper to relieve them from the effect of the change of orders by the Secretary of the Treasury upon his construction of the existing law, but without intending to alter existing law, or to interpret by legislative act the effect thereof, leaving that to the judicial tribunals, except as to the special cases herein provided for: Therefore,
June 14, 1880.
21 Stat. L., 309.
Cut hoops, barrel hoops, &c., contracted for prior to March 12, 1880, for
Resolved, &c., That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby authorized and directed to cause to be levied upon all articles under the designation of "cut hoops", "hoops cut to length", "hoops cut and punched", and "barrel hoops", the duty of thirty-five per centum ad importation, to valorem, which shall be shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary of pay duty of 35 per the Treasury to have been ordered under bona fide and absolute con- cent. tracts made and entered into prior to March twelfth, eighteen hundred and eighty, and which shall be imported from any foreign country into the United States, prior to the first day of January, eighteen hundred and eighty-one.