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Pay of enumerators in certain
subdivisions fixed. 1880, April 20, ch. 57, § 6.
SEC. 10. The compensation of enumerators shall be ascertained and fixed as follows: In subdivisions where the Superintendent of Census shall deem such an allowance sufficient, an allowance not exceeding two cents for each living inhabitant, two cents for each death reported, ten cents for each farm, and fifteen cents for each establishment of productive industry enumerated and returned, may be given in full compensation for all services; and no claim for mileage or traveling expenses shall be allowed in such subdivisions:
Provided, That the subdivisions to which the above rate of compensato be designated tion shall apply must be designated by the Superintendent of Census at by Superintendent least one month in advance of the enumeration; and no account of the in advance. time occupied in the enumeration shall be required for the purpose of ascertaining and determining the compensation of enumerators in such subdivisions.
-in other subdi
For all other subdivisions, rates of compensation shall be fixed in advisions, to be fixed vance of the enumeration by the Superintendent of Census, with the by Superintendent approval of the Secretary of the Interior, according to the difficulty of enumeration, having reference to the nature of the region to be canvassed, and the density or sparseness of settlement, or other considerations pertinent thereto; but the compensation allowed to any enumerator in any district east of the one hundredth meridian shall not exceed an average of four dollars per day of ten hours actual field-work each; and the compensation allowed to any enumerator in any district west of the one hundredth meridian shall not exceed six dollars per working day of equal length.
-forms for ac
And the Superintendent of Census may prescribe a uniform method counts of time oc- and suitable forms for keeping account of the time occupied in fieldcupied, &c. work, for the purpose of ascertaining the amounts due to enumerators, severally, under the provisions of this act.
SEC. 11. The subdivision assigned to any enumerator shall not exceed to exceed 4,000 in- four thousand inhabitants, according to the census of eighteen hundred and seventy:
- additional enu
Provided, That in the Territories and in the States admitted into the merators for, in Union since eighteen hundred and seventy, the supervisors of census may appoint additional enumerators in cases where, in his judgment, the census cannot be properly taken in thirty days by reason of the increase of population or the physical features of the said district. -boundaries of, to The boundaries of all subdivisions shall be clearly described by civil divisions, rivers, roads, public surveys, or other easily distinguished lines.
making false returns, &c.
SEC. 12. That any supervisor or enumerator, who, having taken and neglect of duties, subscribed the oath required by this act, shall, without justifiable cause, false swearing, neglect or refuse to perform the duties enjoined on him by this act, or shall, without the authority of the Superintendent, communicate to any person not authorized to receive the same, any statistics of property or business included in his return, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars;
Or, if he shall willfully and knowingly swear or affirm falsely, he shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and, on conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned not exceeding three years or by fine not exceeding eight hundred dollars; or, if he shall willfully and knowingly make false certificates or fictitious returns, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction of either of the last named offenses, he shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding two years.
- for receiving fee, SEC. 13. That if any person shall receive or secure to himself any reward, &c., for fee, reward, or compensation as a consideration for the employment of employment of enumerator or any person as enumerator or clerk, or shall in any way receive or secure to himself any part of the compensation provided in this act for the services of any enumerator or clerk, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than
five hundred dollars nor more than three thousand dollars, in the dis
cretion of the court.
SEC. 14. That each and every person more than twenty years of age, Information by belonging to any family residing in any enumeration district, and in members of famicase of the absence of the heads and other members of any such family, for refusal, &c. lies, and penalty then any agent of such family, shall be, and each of them hereby is, required, if thereto requested by the superintendent, supervisor, or enumerator to reuder a true account to the best of his or her knowledge, of every person belonging to such family, in the various particulars required by law, and whoever shall willfully fail or refuse shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.
And every president, treasurer, secretary, general agent, or managing by officers of director of every corporation from which answers to any of the sched- corporations. ules provided for by this act are herein required, who shall, if thereto requested by the superintendent, supervisor or enumerator, willfully neglect or refuse to give true and complete answers to any inquiries authorized by this act, such officer or agent shall forfeit and pay a sum not less than five hundred dollars, nor more than ten thousand dollars, to be recovered in an action of debt in any court of competent jurisdiction, in the name and to the use of the United States, and in addition thereto shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.
SEC. 15. That all fines and penalties imposed by this act may be enforced by indictment or appropriate action at law in any court of recovered. competent jurisdiction where such offenses shall have been committed or forfeitures incurred.
SEC. 16. That the Superintendent, his chief clerk, supervisors, and enumerators are hereby authorized to transmit through the post-office any paper or document relating to the census, by writing thereon "Official business-Census", and subscribing the same, with the addition to his name of his official title.
But this privilege shall extend to nothing but documents and papers relating to the census, which shall pass free.
Papers and documents which may
be mailed free of postage.
1880, April 20, ch. 195, § 1.
And any superintendent, supervisor, enumerator, or clerk who shall -penalty for illeuse or exercise this privilege for any purpose other than the legitimate gal use of privilege. discharge of the duties of his office shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall forfeit for each offense a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.
SEC. 17. The schedules of inquiries at the tenth census shall be the same as those contained in section number twenty-two hundred and six of the Revised Statutes of the United States, of eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, with the following exceptions, to wit:
Schedule number one shall contain inquiries as to the relation of each person enumerated to the head of the family, whether wife, son, daugh. ter servant, boarder, or other;
As to the civil conditions of each person enumerated, whether married, widowed, or single;
As to the place of birth of the parents of each person enumerated; As to all foreign born, whether alien or naturalized persons; And as to the physical and mental health of each person enumerated whether active or disabled, maimed, crippled, bed-ridden, deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic, and whether employed or unemployed, and if unemployed during what portion of the year.
From the same schedule the inquiries as to the value of real and personal estate owned shall be stricken out.
Schedules of Re
vised Statutes al
R. S., § 2206.
number one; relative to persons. 1880, April 20, ch. 57, § 2.
To schedule number two, the Superintendent of the Census may, with
the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, add inquiries relating to relative to agrithe acreage of the several crops reported; and, with a like approval, may drop from the schedule such of the minor crops as it may be deemed expedient to omit from the enumeration.
Schedule of R. S.
relative to products of industry.
Schedule number three shall contain inquiries respecting the kind and amount of power employed in establishments of productive industry, and the kind and number of machines in use, together with the maximum capacity of such establishment, where the Superintendent of Census shall deem such inquiry appropriate;
And the said superintendent may, when he shall regard it expedient, prepare special blank forms for separate industries.
Schedule number four shall contain inquiries relating to the public relative to towns, indebtedness of cities, counties, incorporated villages, and towns, and school districts;
cities, and coun
ownership of debt, &c. 1880, April 20, ch. 57, § 2.
-number five; relative to deaths.
Railroad corporations; facts concerning, to be obtained.
1880, April 20, ch. 57, § 3.
And of the ownership of the public debt of the United States, by whom owned and the respective amounts; and such additional inquiries respecting the same, as well as respecting the public paupers and criminals, as the Superintendent of Census shall deem necessary to seucre full information respecting the numbers and condition of these classes. Schedule number five shall contain inquiries as to the birthplace of the father and mother of each person reported as having died during the year, and as to the usual occupation of each such person.
The Superintendent of Census shall require and obtain from every railroad corporation, or the lessee or receiver thereof, the following facts, to exhibit the condition of such corporation, and the condition, characteristics, and operations of the railroad or railroads owned or controlled by such corporation, or the lessee or receiver thereof, on the first of June of the year eighteen hundred and eighty, to wit:
The name of the corporation or company, with the corporate names of all leased lines; the number of miles projected or authorized by law or charter, with the several terminal points of the same; the number of miles completed, exhibiting separately the length of lines within each State; the number of miles operated during the last complete fiscal year preceding June first, eighteen hundred and eighty; the capital stock allowed by law or charter, and the amount paid up; the amount of funded and of unfunded debt, with period of funded debt, and rate of interest thereon, and the amount of all sinking funds provided for the redemption of such debts; the number of acres of land derived from public grants remaining unsold; the total cost of construction, of equipment, and of all permanent investments, including the cost of purchase of other lines of road and of telegraph lines; the amount and character of rolling stock; the number and class of employees; the receipts of such corporation or company for the last complete fiscal year preceding June first, eighteen hundred and eighty, exhibiting separately the earnings from through freight, from local freight, from passengers, from expresses, and from mails; the expenses of such corporation or company for said fiscal year, exhibiting separately the amount paid for salaries and wages, for fuel, for national, State, and municipal taxes, for interest on bonds and other debts, for dividends, for repairs, for damage to freight and personal injuries; also, the operations of said fiscal year, including mileage of freight, of passenger, and of construction and repair trains separately, the number of passengers carried, and the amount and class of freight transported each way; also, the number, character, and, so far as ascertained, the cause of all casualties by which life was lost, which occurred upon or within the trains, the tracks, or the buildings of said corporation or company during said fiscal year, and the extent of injury to life and limb resulting therefrom; also the terms of all agree. ments and contracts by which sleeping cars, palace and parlor cars, so called, express cars, and cars of transportation companies, not identi cal with the corporation or company making the return herein required, are run upon such road or roads, and the extent of such service, and the amount of all receipts therefrom during the said fiscal year.
Express compa- The Superintendent of the Census shall require and obtain from the nies; facts concerning, to be ob- owners, proprietors, or managers of every incorporated express company the following facts to wit: Name of corporation or company; capital paid up; total capital stock, and to what extent the same has been watered,
and how often corners have been made on such watered stock; length of lines in miles; whether the business is conducted by rail, vessel, or otherwise; total amount paid to railroads or vessels for use of line or lines; number of officers, number of persons engaged in general administration; number of agents and messengers; total receipts, total expenditures, exhibiting separately amount paid for salaries, for repairs, and for general expenses.
He shall also in like manner require and obtain, from the owners, pro- Telegraph comprietors, or managers of every telegraph company, the following facts panies; facts conto wit: Name of corporation or company; terminal points connected; cerning. capital and capital paid up; length of lines in miles; miles of wire; number of officers; number of persons engaged in general administration; number of persons engaged as telegraph-operators; the number of messages transmitted by officers of the United States; the number of messages transmitted for the press; the number of messages transmitted for private parties; total number of messages transmitted; total receipts from messages; total expenditures of the company, exhibiting separately the amount expended for salaries, for repairs, and for general expenses. He shall also, in like manner, require and obtain, from the officers or managers of all life insurance companies, the following facts, to wit: companies. Name of company; amount of capital and paid up capital; the number of persons employed in the general administration; the number employed as agents; the total gross assets of the company, exhibiting separately realized assets, deferred and unpaid premiums, and premium notes and loans; total liabilities of the company, exhibiting separately losses adjusted and unadjusted, losses resisted, scrip and other dividends, dividends to policy-holders not applied, reinsurance fund; all other claims, including capital; receipts from cash premiums; receipts from all other sources; total cash expenditures, exhibiting separately amount paid for losses and claims, dividends to stock-holders, dividends to policyholders, commissions, officers' salaries, medical examiners' fees, national, State and local taxation, and all other cash expenditures; amount and character of deposits in each State to secure policy-holders; premiumnote expenditures; the number and amount of policies issued during the year; also exhibiting policies terminating during the year, the number and amount terminated by death, by expiration, by surrender, by lapse, by change; total number and amount of policies in force, and the amount of the premiums; the amount of losses in cash and notes and the percentage of the loss to the total amount of policies in force; percentage of assets to risks in force.
He shall in like manner, require and obtain, from every fire and marine insurance company, the following facts, to wit: Name of company; amount of capital stock; the amount paid up; the number of persons employed in general administration; the number employed as agents; the gross assets of company; the total liabilities, exhibiting separately the amount of losses adjusted, losses unadjusted, losses resisted, reinsurance fund; all other liabilities, including capital; also, the total receipts, exhibiting separately fire premiums, marine and inland premiums, and receipts from all other sources, including interest, dividends, and rents; also the total expenditures, exhibiting separately the number and amount of fire losses, of marine and inland losses, dividends, commissions, officers' salaries, State, national, and municipal taxes, and all other expenses.
Fire and marine insurance compa
He may require such other information, as to the subjects of this sec- Other information, as, in his judgment, may be necessary to secure such returns as tion may be re will exhibit the transactions of said several companies. quired.
SEC. 18. Each enumerator in his subdivision shall be charged with the Enumerator to collection of the facts and statistics required by each and all the several collect facts. schedules, with the following exceptions, to wit:
In cities where an official registration of deaths is maintained, the except as to morSuperintendent of Census may, in his discretion, withdraw the mortal- tality in certain ity schedule from the several enumerators within such cities, and may cial registration. cities having offi
obtain the statistics required by this act through official records, paying therefor such sum as may be found necessary, not exceeding the amount which is by this act authorized to be paid to enumerators for a similar service, namely, two cents for each death thus returned.
Experts may be Whenever he shall deem it expedient, the Superintendent of Census employed to collect may withdraw the schedules for manufacturing and social statistics from facts as to manu- the enumerators of the several subdivisions, and may charge the collecfacturing and social statistics in tion of these statistics upon experts and special agents, to be employed certain cases. without respect to locality. Experts; their employment, oath, duties, pay, &c.
Schedules of in
And said Superintendent may employ experts and special agents to investigate in their economic relations the manufacturing, railroad, fishing, mining, and other industries of the country, and the statistics of telegraph, express, transportation, and insurance companies, as he may designate and require.
And the Superintendent of Census shall, with the approval of the terrogatories to be Secretary of the Interior, prepare schedules containing such interrogaprepared. tories as shall, in his judgment, be best adapted to elicit this information, with such specifications, divisions, and particulars under each head as he shall deem necessary to that end.
thority of experts and agents.
- when to be completed.
Such experts and special agents shall take the same oath as the enumerators of the several subdivisions, and shall have equal authority with such enumerators in respect to the subjects committed to them, and they shall receive compensation at rates to be fixed by the Superintendent of Census with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior: Provided, That the same shall in no case exceed six dollars per day and actual traveling expenses
SEC. 19 The enumeration required by this act shall commence on the commence first first Monday of June, and be taken as of that date, and each enumeraMonday in June, tor shall prosecute the canvass of his subdivision from that date for1880, and prosecuted each ward on each week-day without intermission, except for sickness or week-day. other urgent cause; and any unnecessary cessation of his work shall 1880, April 20, be sufficient ground for his removal and the appointment of another ch. 57, § 4. person in his place; and any person so appointed shall take the oath required of enumerators, and shall receive compensation at the same rates. And it shall be the duty of each enumerator to complete the enumeration of his district, and to prepare the returns herein before required to 1860, April 20, be made, and to forward the same to the supervisor of his district on or before the first day of July, eighteen hundred and eighty, and in any city having over ten thousand inhabitants under the census of eighteen hundred and seventy, the enumeration of population shall be taken within two weeks from the first Monday of June; and any delay beyond the dates above respectively, on the part of any enumerator, shall be sufficient cause for withholding the compensation to which he would be entitled by compliance with the provisions of this act, until proof satisfactory to the Superintendent of Census shall be furnished that such delay was by reason of causes beyond the control of such enumerator.
ch. 57, §§ 4, 6.
1880, April 20, ch. 57, § 7.
SEC 20. The sum of three millions of dollars is hereby fixed and limlimited to three ited as the maximum cost of the census herein provided for, exclusive of printing and engraving, and it shall not be lawful for the Secretary of the Interior or the Superintendent of Census to incur any expense or obligation whatever, in respect to said census, in excess of that sum. And the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars for printing and other preliminary expenses is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated which sum shall form part of the three millions fixed as the cost of the census.
Information may SEC. 21. The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized whenever be obtained from he may think proper, to call upon any other department or officer of the other departments. government for information pertinent to the enumeration herein required. States taking SEC. 22. That if any State or Territory, through its duly appointed census between officers or agents, shall, during the two months beginning on the first