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by the Auditor of the District of Columbia, upon vouchers certified by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia as now required by law. And section two of an act approved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy seven, entitled "An act for the support of the government of the District of Columbia for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy eight, and for other purposes" be and the same is hereby, repealed. [March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 183.

March 3, 1879.

20 Stat. L., 410.

Arms and ammu

nished the de

AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS TO SUPPLY DEFICIENCIES IN THE APPROPRIATIONS
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE THIRTIETH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SEV-
ENTY-NINE, AND FOR PRIOR YEARS, AND FOR THOSE HERETOFORE TREATED AS
PERMANENT, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

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[Par. 1.] That upon the request of the head of any department, the nition may be fur- Secretary of War be, and he hereby is, authorized and directed to issue partments to pro- arms and ammunition whenever they may be required for the protection tect public prop- of the public money and property, and they may be delivered to any erty. officer of the department designated by the head of such department, to be accounted for to the Secretary of War, and to be returned when the necessity for their use has expired.

Clerks of district

not to be appoint

Arms and ammunition heretofore furnished to any department by the War Department, for which the War Department has not been reimbursed, may be receipted for under the provisions of this act.

[Par. 2.] No clerk of the district or circuit courts of the United States and circuit courts or their deputies shall be appointed a receiver or a master in any case ed receivers or except where the judge of said court shall determine that special reasons masters, except. exist therefor to be assigned in the order of appointment.

R. S., § 748.

Provision requir- [Par. 3.] That so much of the act "making appropriations for sundry ing District of Co- civil expenses of the government for the fiscal year ending June lumbia to pay for support of boys at thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, and for other purposes", Reform School not approved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, which repealed. makes an appropriation for the expenses of the Reform School of the 1876, May 3, ch. District of Columbia, shall not be considered as modifying or repealing 90, § 13. 1878, ch. 359 (20 the thirteenth section of the act entitled "An act revising and amendStat. L., 208). ing the various acts establishing and relating to the Reform School of the District of Columbia", approved May third, eighteen hundred and seventy-six.

Payments from contingent fund of Senate; how and vouched for. R. S., § 56, 76,

3680.

[Par. 4.] That when any duty is imposed upon a committee of the Senate involving expenses which are ordered to be paid out of the contingent fund of the Senate, upon vouchers to be approved by the chairman of the committee charged with such duty, the receipt of the chairman of such committee for any sum paid to him or his order out of said contingent fund by the Secretary of the Senate shall be taken and passed by the accounting officers of the Treasury as a full and sufficient voucher; but it shall be the duty of such chairman, as soon as practicable, to furnish vouchers in detail for the disbursement of such moneys to the Secretary of the Senate, who shall file them with the accounting officers

aforesaid; and this provision shall apply to all cases in which orders of the Senate have already been made.

[Par. 5.] That for the proper adjustment of the accounts of the Union Pacific, Central Pacific, Kansas Pacific, Western Pacific, and Sioux City and Pacific Railroad Companies, respectively, for services which have been or may be hereafter performed for the government for transportation of the Army and transportation of the mails, the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to make such entries upon the books of the department as will carry to the credit of said companies the amounts so earned or to be earned by them during each fiscal year and withheld under the provisions of section fifty-two hundred and sixty of the Revised Statutes and of the act of Congress approved May seventh, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight:

·Provided, That this shall not authorize the expenditure of any money from the Treasury nor change the method now provided by law for the auditing of such claims against the government;

Provided further, That this paragraph shall not be so construed as to be a disposition of any moneys due or to become due to or from said companies respectively, or to, in any way, affect their rights or duties or the rights of the United States, under existing laws, it being only intended hereby to enable the proper accounting officers to state on the books of the Treasury the accounts between the government and said companies respectively. * [March 3, 1879.]

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Education of the

Preamble.

Whereas, the trustees, superintendents, and teachers of the various State and public institutions for the instruction of the blind, representing the in- blind. terests of over thirty thousand blind persons in the United States, have united in a petition to Congress to take into consideration the needs of the blind of the United States; and

Whereas the Association of the American Instructors of the Blind, at their session in Philadelphia, in August, eighteen hundred and seventy-six, representing twenty-six State and public institutions for the instruction of the blind, have set forth in a series of resolutions that the especial needs of the blind are embossed books and tangible apparatus, and have recommended that if any aid should be given by Congress it would most efficiently come through increasing the means of the American Printing House for the Blind, located at Louisville, Kentucky; and

Whereas it appears that the Kentucky legislature, in eighteen hundred and fifty-eight, by an act of special legislation, declared James Guthrie, W. F. Bullock, Theodore S. Bell, Bryce M. Patten, John Milton, H. T. Curd, and A. O. Brannin, and their successors, a body corporate under the name and style of the Trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind, with the avowed purpose of printing books and making apparatus for the instruction of the blind of the United States, for general distribution, and for the sake of philanthropy, and with no desire for pecuniary gain; and Whereas the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Delaware have made appropriations for the aid of said Ameri can Printing House for the Blind, of which, on account of the outbreak of

Education of the the civil war, only a small part of the money appropriated by the first three

blind.

Preamble.

Permanent fund created to aid edu

named States was ever available; and

Whereas by the money from the States of Kentucky, New Jersey, and Delaware, a printing-house for the blind was established, and is now supplied with presses, type, stereotype foundry, steam-engine, a well-equipped bindery, and all the appliances necessary for the manufacture of embossed books, and has for the last ten years been manufacturing embossed books superior in every way to any manufactured elsewhere, which have been distributed gratuitously to the blind in the States of Kentucky, New Jersey, and Delaware, by which the blind in those States have been very much benefited; and

Whereas it is desirable that the blind of the whole country should be equally benefited, and the intentions of the trustees to establish an educational institution of the most practical beneficence and wisest philanthropy upon a national basis, should be accomplished, inasmuch as the education of the blind is a subject of national importance: Therefore,

Be it enacted, &c.

[SECTION 1], That the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, cation of the blind out of money in the United States Treasury not otherwise appropriated, through American be, and hereby is, set apart as a perpetual fund for the purpose of aiding Printing House for the education of the blind in the United States of America, through the the Blind. American Printing House for the Blind.

-held in trust and

tary of Treasury.

SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States is invested by Secre- hereby directed to hold said sum in trust for the purpose aforesaid; and it shall be his duty, upon the passage of this act, to invest said sum in United States interest-bearing bonds, bearing interest at four per centum, of the issue of July, eighteen hundred and seventy, and upon their maturity to reinvest their proceeds in other United States interest-bearing bonds, and so on forever.

- semi-annual in

condition.

SEC. 3. That the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States is terest to be paid to hereby authorized to pay over, semi-annually, to the trustees of the the trustees on American Printing House for the Blind, located in Louisville, Kentucky, and chartered in eighteen hundred and fifty-eight by the legis lature of Kentucky, upon the requisition of their president, countersigned by their treasurer, the semi-annual interest upon the said bonds, upon the following conditions:

-methods of expenditure.

-not to be expended for buildings.

Books, &c., to

be sold at cost.

First. The income upon the bonds thus held in trust for the education of the blind shall be expended by the trustees of the American Printing House each year in manufacturing and furnishing embossed books for the blind and tangible apparatus for their instruction;

And the total amount of such books and apparatus so manufactured and furnished by this income shall each year be distributed among all the public institutions for the education of the blind in the States and Territories of the United States and the District of Columbia, upon the requisition of the superintendent of each, duly certified by its board of trustees.

The basis of such distribution shall be the total number of pupils in all the public institutions tor the education of the blind, to be authenticated in such manner and as often as the trustees of the said American Printing House shall require;

And each institution shall receive, in books and apparatus, that portion of the total income of said bonds held by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States in trust for the education of the blind, as is shown by the ratio between the number of pupils in that institution for the education of the blind and the total number of pupils in all the public institutions for the education of the blind, which ratio shall be computed upon the first Monday in January of each year.

Second. No part of the income from said bonds shall be expended in the erection or leasing of buildings.

Third. No profit shall be put on any books or tangible apparatus for the instruction of the blind manufactured or furnished by the trustees

!

of said American Printing House for the Blind, located in Louisville, Kentucky; and the price put upon each article so manufactured or furnished shall only be its actual cost.

used.

Fourth. The Secretary of the Treasury of the United States shall have Income of fund the authority to withhold the income arising from said bonds thus set may be withheld apart for the education of the blind of the United States whenever he when not properly. shall receive satisfactory proof that the trustees of said American Printing House for the Blind, located in Louisville, Kentucky, are not using the income from these bonds for the benefit of the blind in the public institutions for the education of the Blind in the United States.

Treasurer to give

Fifth. Before any money be paid to the treasurer of the American Printing House for the Blind by the Secretary of the Treasury of the bond. United States, the treasurer of the American Printing House for the Blind shall execute a bond, with two approved sureties, to the amount of twenty thousand dollars, conditioned that the interest so received shall be expended according to this law and all amendments thereto, which shall be held by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, and shall be renewed every two years.

Sixth. The superintendents of the various public institutions for the education of the blind in the United States shall each, ex officio, be a member of the board of trustees of the American Printing House for the Blind, located in the city of Louisville, Kentucky.

Certain persons

to be ex officio trust

ees.

furnish vouchers,

SEC. 4. That the trustees of said American Printing House for the Trustees to make Blind shall annually make to the Secretary of the Treasury of the annual reports, United States a report of the items of their expenditure of the income &c. of said bonds during the year preceding their report, and shall annually furnish him with a voucher from each public institution for the education of the blind, showing that the amount of books and tangible apparatus due has been received.

SEC. 5. That this act shall take effect from and after its passage. [March 3, 1879.]

When act takes effect.

CHAPTER 187.

AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE PAYMENT OF THE ARREARS OF PENSIONS
GRANTED BY ACT OF CONGRESS APPROVED JANUARY TWENTY-FIFTH, EIGHTEEN
HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-NINE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

SECTION

1. Pension agents' fees for services to January 25, 1879.

Rate of arrears of invalid pensions to be graded from time to time, &c.

Pensions on account of disabilities, &c., occurring after cessation of hostilities and before mustering out.

Be it enacted, &c. [SECTION 1.]

SECTION

2. Commencement of pensions in consequence
of death, injuries, &c., since March 4, 1861.
3. Repeal of R. S., § 4709.

March 3, 1879.

20 Stat. L., 469.

The pension agents shall receive for their services and expenses in Pension agents' paying the arrears upon pensions allowed previous to January twenty- Jan. 25, 1879. fees previous to fifth eighteen hundred and seventy-nine including postage on the vouch- R. S., § 4781. ers and checks sent to the pensioner, thirty cents for each payment; and the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated for the payment of the same.

1874, June 20, ch.

335.

1878, June 14, ch. 188.

Rate of arrears to be graded, &c. of invalid pensions

That the rate at which the arrears of invalid pensions shall be allowed and computed in the cases which have been or shall hereafter be allowed shall be graded according to the degree of the pensioners disability from time to time and the provisions of the pension laws in force over the 4791. period for which the arrears shall be computed.

That section one of the act of January twenty-fifth, eighteen-hundred and seventy-nine, granting arrears of pensions shall be construed to extend to and include pensions on account of soldiers who were enlisted or

R. S., § 46921870, Jan. 25, ch. 23.

Pensions on ac

count of disabili

ties, &c., occurring after cessation

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drafted for the service in the war of the rebellion, but died or incurred disability from a cause originating after the cessation of hostilities; and before being mustered out:

Provided, That in no case shall arrears of pensions be allowed and paid from a time prior to the date of actual disability.

Commencement SEC. 2. All pensions which have been, or which may hereafter be, of pensions in con- granted in consequence of death occurring from a cause which origisequence of death, injuries, &c., since nated in the service since the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred March 4, 1861. and sixty one, or in consequence of wounds or injuries received or disR. S., § 4709. ease contracted since that date shall commence from the death or discharge of the person on whose account the claim has been or is hereafter granted if the disability occurred prior to discharge, and if such disability occurred after the discharge then from the date of actual disability or from the termination of the right of party having prior title to such pension:

Repeal of former

provision.

R. S., § 4709.

Provided, The application for such pension has been or is hereafter filed with the Commissioner of Pensions prior to the first day of July eighteen hundred and eighty, otherwise the pension shall commence from the date of filing the application; but the limitation herein prescribed shall not apply to claims by or in behalf of insane persons and children under sixteen years of age.

SEC. 3. Section forty-seven hundred and nine of the Revised Statutes is hereby repealed. [March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 189.

March 3, 1879.

20 Stat. L., 470.

AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY TO TRANSFER TO THE SECRE
TARY OF THE INTERIOR, FOR ENTRY AND SALE, ALL LANDS IN THE STATE OF
FLORIDA NOT NEEDED FOR NAVAL PURPOSES.

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Secretary of Navy to examine reserved public lands in Florida

to certify to Sec

1. Secretary of Navy to examine reserved pub.
lic lands in Florida.

2. to certify to Secretary of Interior such as
no longer required for naval purposes, and
same to be subject to entry and sale.

Be it enacted, &c.

-provision for occupants who have made improvements.

[SECTION 1], That the Secretary of the Navy be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause an examination to be made of the condition of all lands in the State of Florida which have been set apart or reserved for naval purposes, excepting the reservation upon which the navy-yard at Pensacola is located, and to ascertain whether or not such reserved lands are or will be of any value to the Government of the United States for naval purposes.

SEC. 2. That all of said lands which, in the judgment of the Secretary retary of Interior of the Navy, are no longer required for naval purposes shall, as soon as such as no longer required for naval practicable, be certified by him to the Secretary of the Interior, and be purposes, and same subject to entry and sale in the same manner and under the same conto be subject to ditions as other public lands of the United States:

entry and sale.

R. S., §§ 22572379.

ments.

-provision for oc- Provided, That all persons who have, in good faith, made improvecupants who have ments on said reserved lands so certified at the time of the passage of made improve this act, and who occupy the same, shall be entitled to purchase the part or parts so occupied and improved by them, not to exceed one hundred and sixty acres to any one person at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre within such reasonable time as may be fixed by the Secretary of the Interior.

*

[March 3, 1879.j

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