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Reform School of
such examination; and, once in every three months, the institution shall be thoroughly examined in all its departments by three or more of the trustees, and a report of such examination shall be made to the board. SEC. 8. That whenever any boy under the age of sixteen years shall be brought before any court of the District of Columbia, or any Judge District Columbia, of such court, and shall be convicted of any crime or misdemeanor pun- boys to. ishable by fine or imprisonment, other than imprisonment for life, such court or Judge, in lieu of sentencing him to imprisonment in the county jail or fining him, may commit him to the Reform-School, to remain until he shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years, unless sooner discharged by the board of trustees.
And the Judges of the criminal and police courts of the District of Columbia shall have power to commit to the Reform-School, first any boy under sixteen years of age who may be liable to punishment by imprisonment under any existing law of the District of Columbia, or any law that may be enacted and in force in said District; second, any boy under sixteen years of age, with the consent of his parent or guardian, against whom any charge of committing any crime or misdemeanor shall have been made, the punishment of which, on conviction, would be confinement in jail or prison; third, any boy under sixteen years of age who is destitute of a suitable home and adequate means of obtaining an honest living, or who is in danger of being brought up, or is brought up, to lead an idle or vicious life; fourth, any boy under sixteen years of age who is incorrigible, or habitually disregards the commands of his father or mother, or guardian, who leads a vagrant life, or resorts to immoral places or practices, or neglects or refuses to perform labor suitable to his years and condition, or to attend school.
And the president of the board of trustees may also commit to the Reform school such boys as are mentioned in the foregoing third and trustees may comfourth classes upon application or complaint in writing of a parent, or mit certain boys. guardian, or relative having charge of such boy, and upon such testimony in regard to the facts stated as shall be satisfactory to him; and for taking testimony in such cases, he is hereby empowered to administer oaths.
Period of deten
SEC. 9. That every boy sent to the Reform School shall remain until he is twenty-one years of age, unless sooner discharged or bound as an tion. apprentice; but no boy shall be retained after the superintendent shall have reported him fully reformed.
When school is
SEC. 10. That whenever there shall be as large a number of boys in the school as can be properly accommodated, it shall be the duty of the full, commitments president of the board of trustees to give notice to the criminal and suspended. police courts of the fact, whereupon no boys shall be sent to the schools
by the said courts until notice shall be given them by the president of the board that more can be received.
SEC. 11. That if any person shall entice, or attempt to entice, away from said school any boy legally committed to the same, or shall harbor, or harboring boys conceal, or aid in harboring or concealing any boy who shall have es- committed; how punished. caped from said school, such person shall, upon conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall pay a fine of not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars, which shall be paid to the treas urer of the board of trustees;
Police may arrest
And any policeman shall have power, and it is hereby made his duty, to arrest any boy, when in his power so to do, who shall have escaped escaped boys. from said school, and return him thereto.
SEC. 12. That the trustees shall have full power to place any boy Boys to be emcommitted as herein described, during his minority, at such employment ployed. and cause him to be instructed in such branches of useful knowledge, as may be suitable to his years and capacity, as they may see fit; And they may, with the consent of any such boy, bind him out as - may be apprenan apprentice during his minority, or for a shorter period, to learn such ticed. trade and employment as in their judgment will tend to his future benefit; and the president of the board shall, for such purpose, have power
District to pay for support of boys in Reform-School. 1879, March 3, ch. 183, par. 3.
Contracts for in
to execute and deliver, on behalf of the said board, indentures of apprenticeship for any such boy; and such indentures shall have the same force and effect as other indentures of apprenticeship under the laws of the District of Columbia, and be filed and kept among the records in the office of the Reform-School, and it shall not be necessary to record or file them elsewhere.
SEC. 13. That for the support of the boys sent to the Reform-School, as herein before mentioned the District of Columbia shall pay to the board of trustees two dollars for each boy per week; and it shall be the duty of the superintendent to make out and render to the proper officers monthly accounts at the close of each month for the support of the boys in said school, which shall be paid on demand; and, if not paid within ten days from the time the account is presented, shall draw interest at the rate of one per centum per month until paid.
SEC. 14. That all contracts and purchases made for or on account of stitution; how the institution shall be made in the name of the board and by whomsoever the board may direct.
tive officer and to
The president of the board shall be its executive officer, and it shall board to be execu- be his duty to make an annual report to the Attorney General, to be accompanied by the annual report of the superintendent and treasurer. SEC. 15. That the board of trustees may make such by-laws, rules, and regulations for their own and the government of the institution, its officers, employees, and inmates, as they may deem necessary and proper. SEC. 16. That two consulting trustees shall be appointed, namely, one Senator of the United States, by the presiding officer of the Senate, for the term of four years, and one member of the House of Representatives, by the Speaker thereof, for the term of two years.
Consulting trustees; how appointed.
May 5, 1876. 19 Stat. L., 52.
Public lands in
SEC. 17. That all acts and parts of acts incompatible with this act are hereby repealed. [May 3, 1876.]
AN ACT TO EXCLUDE THE STATES OF MISSOURI AND KANSAS FROM THE PROVISIONS
Public lands in Missouri and Kansas subject to disposal as agricultural lands without reference to
Be it enacted, &c., That within the States of Missouri and Kansas deMissouri and Kan- posits of coal, iron, lead, or other mineral be, and they are hereby, exsas subject to dis- cluded from the operation of the act entitled "An act to promote the posal as agricul- development of mining resources of the United States" approved May tural lands without reference to de- tenth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two and all lands in said States posits of minerals. shall be subject to disposal as agricultural lands. [May 5, 1876.]
R. S., §§ 23192337.
NOTE (1) The act of 1872, ch. 152 (17 Stat. L., 91), is incorporated into Revised Statutes in the sections noted in the margin.
May 13, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 53.
Tax on ferment
R. S., 3337,
AN ACT TO DEFINE THE TAX ON FERMENTED OR MALT LIQUORS.
Tax on fermented or malt liquors not to be assessed on quantity of materials used, &c.
Be it enacted, &c., That nothing contained in section three thousand ed or malt liquors three hundred and thirty-seven of the Revised Statutes of the United not to be assessed States shall be so construed as to authorize an assessment upon the on quantity of maquantity of materials used in producing or purchased for the purpose of terials used, &c. producing, fermented or malt liquors, nor shall the quantity of materials so used or purchased be evidence, for the purpose of taxation, of the quantity of liquor produced; but the tax on all beer, lager-beer, ale, porter, or other similar fermented liquor, brewed or manufactured, and sold or removed for consumption or sale, shall be paid as provided in section three thousand three hundred and thirty-nine of said statutes, and not otherwise:
95 U.S., 337.
Provided, That this act shall not apply to cases of fraud.
And provided further, That nothing in this act shall have the effect to change the present rules of law respecting evidence in any prosecution or suit [May 13, 1876.]
AN ACT TO AMEND THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT ENTITLED 'AN ACT TO ENCOURAGE
2. Planting seeds, nuts, or cuttings deemed com-
3. Trees, &c., may be planted in separate bodies.
[SECTION 1], That section three of the act entitled (1) "An act to amend the act entitled 'An act to encourage the growth of timber on public land on acthe western prairies,"" is hereby amended by adding thereto the following further proviso:
count of planting, &c., timber, whose
trees are destroyed by grasshoppers, allowed extension of rights.
R. S., § 2317, 2464-2468.
1874, March 13,
Provided, further, That whenever a party holding a claim under the provisions of this act, or whenever making final proof under the same, shall prove by two good and credible witnesses that the trees planted and growing on said claim were destroyed by grasshoppers during any one or more years while holding said claim, said year or years in which said trees were so destroyed shall not work any forfeiture of any of the ch. 55. rights or privileges conferred by this act; and the time allowed by this act in which to plant the trees and make final proof shall be extended the 152. same number of years as the trees planted on the said claim were destroyed in the manner specified in this section.
1878, June 3, ch.
1878, June 14, ch.
190, § 2.
1879, July 1, ch. 63, § 2. SEC. 2. That the planting of seeds, nuts, or cuttings shall be consid-Planting seeds, ered a compliance with the provisions of the timber-culture act: nuts, or cuttings Provided, That such seeds, nuts, or cuttings of the kind and for the deemed complipurpose contemplated in the original act shall be properly and well ance with law, but to be replanted in planted, the ground properly prepared and cultivated; and in case such certain cases, &c. seeds, nuts, or cuttings should not germinate and grow, or should be R. S., §§ 2317, destroyed by the depredatiors of grasshoppers, or from other inevitable 2464-2468. accident, that the ground shall be replanted or the vacancies filled within one year from the first planting:
1874, June 3, ch.
1878, June 14, ch.
Provided, further, That parties claiming the benefit of the provisions 190. of this act shall prove, by two good and credible witnesses, that the ground was properly prepared and planted in such seeds, nuts, or cuttings, and were so destroyed by inevitable accident in such year.
Trees, &c., may
SEC. 3. That it shall not be necessary to plant trees, seeds, nuts, or cuttings in one body, provided the several bodies, not exceeding four be planted in sepain number, planted by measurement, aggregate the amount required and rate bodies. R. S., § 2317, in the time required by the original and amended act. [May 20, 1876.] 2464-2468.
NOTE.-(1) The act of 1874, March 13, ch. 55, here referred to, seems to be superseded by the act of 1878,
1874, June 3, ch. 55.
AN ACT RELATING TO INTERMENTS IN THE CONGRESSIONAL CEMETERY. Monuments to be erected to deceased Senators and Representatives interred in Congressional Cemetery.
May 23, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 54. Monuments to be erected to deceased
Senators and Rep
Be it enacted, &c., That hereafter whenever any deceased Senator or Member of the House of Representatives shall be actually interred in the Congressional Cemetery, so-called, it shall be the duty of the Ser- resentatives ingeant-at-Arms of the Senate, in the case of a Senator, and of the Ser- terred in Congressional Cemetery. geant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives, in the case of a member
1848, July 25, ch. of the House, to have a monument erected, of granite, with suitable in109, § 2 (9 Stat. L., scriptions, and the cost of the same shall be a charge upon and paid out 250). 1858, May 18, ch. either from the contingent funds of the Senate or of the House of Rep 38, § 1(11 Stat. L., resentatives, to whichever the deceased may have belonged, and any 289). existing omissions of monuments or inscriptions, as aforesaid, are hereby directed and authorized to be supplied in like manner, and all laws upon the subject of monuments in the Congressional Cemetery are hereby repealed. May 23, 1876.]
May 23, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 55. Pre-emptors whose crops have
AN ACT TO EXTEND THE TIME TO PRE-EMPTORS ON THE PUBLIC LANDS
Pre-emptors whose crops have been destroyed by grasshoppers within past two years allowed further time to make proof and payment.
Be it enacted, &c., That whenever any pre emptor on public lands or been destroyed by Indian reservations shall make satisfactory proof, at the local land office, grasshoppers with- under rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the in past two years allowed further Interior, that the crops upon the lands occupied by him have been detime to make proof stroyed by grasshoppers within two years prior to the passage of this and payment. act, the time within which such pre-emptor is required to make final 1877, March 3, proof and payment is hereby extended two years. [May 23, 1876.]
May 23, 1876. 19 Stat. L., 55.
AN ACT EXTENDING THE TIME WITHIN WHICH HOMESTEAD ENTRIES UPON CERTAIN
Unoccupied lands of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians; patents to issue for part, and remainder subject to homestead entry.
Unoccupied, &c., Be it enacted, &c., That section one (1) of an act entitled "An act to lands of Ottawa amend an act entitled 'An act for the restoration to market of certain and Chippewa In- lands in Michigan,' approved June tenth, eighteen hundred and seventyissue for part, and two,"(1) approved March third, eighteen hundred and seventy-five, be, remainder subject and hereby is, amended so as to read as follows:
dians; patents to
to homestead en- That the act approved June tenth, eighteen hundred and seventyR. S., §§ 2313- two, entitled "An act for the restoration to market of certain lands in Michigan," be, and is hereby, amended so as to authorize the Secretary 1875, March 3, of the Interior to cause patents to be issued to three hundred and twenty ch. 188, § 1. members of the Ottawas and Chippewas of Michigan for the selections found to have been made by them, but which were not, prior to the passage of said act, regularly reported and recognized by the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian Affairs; and the remainder of said lands not disposed of, and not valuable mainly for pine timber, shall be subject to entry under the homestead laws. [May 23, 1876.]
NOTE. (1) The act of 1872, ch. 224 (17 Stat. L., 381), here referred to, is incorporated into Revised
June 10, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 58.
AN ACT TRANSFERRING THE CUSTODY OF CERTAIN INDIAN TRUST-FUNDS
1. Treasurer of United States to be custodian
-to collect and pay over to Secretary of In-
Treasurer of United States to make future purchases and sales.
- without affecting supervisory power of Secretary of Interior.
Be it enacted, &c., That all stocks, bonds, or other securities or eviUnited States to be dences of indebtedness now held by the Secretary of the Interior in custodian of Indian trust for the benefit of certain Indian tribes shall, within thirty days
from the passage of this act, be transferred to the Treasurer of the United States, who shall become the custodian thereof;
R. S., § 3659. 1874, June 20, ch. 388, par. 2; 1880. April 1, ch. 41. 1880, May 11, ch. 85, § 6. Treaurer to col
And it shall be the duty of said Treasurer to collect all interest falling due on said bonds, stocks, &c., and deposit the same in the Treasury of lect interest and the United States, and to issue certificates of deposit therefor, in favor pay over to Secreof the Secretary of the Interior, as trustees for various Indian tribes.
tary of Interior.
R. S., §§ 2095
And the Treasurer of the United States shall also become the custodian-to make future of all bonds and stocks which may be purchased for the benefit of any purchases and Indian tribe or tribes after the transfer of funds herein authorized, and shall make all purchases and sales of bouds and stocks authorized by 2097, 3659. treaty-stipulations or by acts of Congress when requested so to do by the Secretary of the Interior:
Provided, That nothing in this act shall in any manner impair or affect without affectthe supervisory and appellate powers and duties in regard to Indian ing supervisory affairs which may now be vested in the Secretary of the Interior as powers of Secretary of Interior. trustee for various Indian tribes, except as to the custody of said bonds and the collection of interest thereon as herein before mentioned. [June 10, 1876.]
AN ACT TO AMEND IN SECTION FIFTY-TWO HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-ONE OF THE
June 19, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 59.
Evidence in cases
of complaint, &c., for extradition of fugitives from jus
Evidence in cases of complaint, &c., for extradition of fugitives from justice from foreign countries. Be it enacted, &c., That section fifty-two hundred and seventy-one of the Revised Statues be amended so as to read as follows: (1) "In every case of complaint and of a hearing upon the return of the warrant of arrest, any depositions, warrants, or other papers offered in tice from foreign evidence, shall be admitted and received for the purpose of such hearing countries. Substiif they shall be properly and legally authenticated so as to entitle them tute for. to be received as evidence of the criminality of the person so apprehended, by the tribunals of the foreign country from which the accused party shall have escaped, and copies of any such depositions, warrants or other papers, shall, if authenticated according to the law of such foreign country, be in like manner received as evidence;
And the certificate of the principal diplomatic or consular officer of the United States resident in such foreign country shall be proof that any such deposition, warant or other paper, or copy thereof, is authenticated in the manner required by this section." [June 19, 1876.]
NOTE. (1) This act has been incorporated into the second edition of the Revised Statutes in § 5271.
R. S., § 5271.
AN ACT TO AMEND "AN ACT FOR THE RELIEF OF CERTAIN SETTLERS ON THE PUBLIC
Time extended to pre-emptors, &c., for making proof where crops have been destroyed by grasshoppers.
Act extended to settlers under act to encourage
Be it enacted, &c., That all the rights and privileges granted by "An act for the relief of certain settlers on the public lands, approved December twenty-eight, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-four, are hereby extended for one year after the expiration of the time named in said act.
June 19, 1876.
19 Stat. L., 59.
Time extended to pre-emptors, &c., where crops have for making proof been destroyed by grasshoppers. 1874, Dec. 28, ch. 10.