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and remain at the sole and entire disposition of the United States, and that the lands belonging to citizens of the United States residing without the said State shall never be taxed higher than the lands belonging to residents thereof, and that no taxes shall be imposed by the State on lands or property therein belonging to, or which may hereafter be purchased by the United States.
SEC. 5. That in case the constitution and State government shall be Colorado: conformed for the people of said Territory of Colorado, in compliance with stitution to be the provisions of this act, said convention forming the same shall pro- ular vote. submitted to popvide, by ordinance, for submitting said constitution to the people of said State for their ratification or rejection, at an election, to be held at such time, in the month of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-six, and at such places and under such regulations as may be prescribed by said convention, at which election the lawful voters of said new State shall vote directly for or against the proposed constitution;
Voting and re
And the returns of said election shall be made to the acting governor of the Territory, who, with the chief justice and United States attorney turns. of said Territory, or any two of them, shall canvass the same; and if a majority of legal votes shall be cast for said constitution in said proposed State, the said acting governor shall certify the same to the President of the United States, together with a copy of said constitution and ordinances; whereupon it shall be the duty of the President of the United States to issue his proclamation declaring the State admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, without any further action whatever on the part of Congress.
SEC. 6. That until the next general census said State shall be entitled to one Representative in the House of Representatives of the United in Congress. States, which Representative, together with the governor and State and other officers provided for in said constitution, shall be elected on a day subsequent to the adoption of the constitution, and to be fixed by said constitutional convention; and until said State officers are elected and qualified under the provisions of the constitution, the territorial officers shall continue to discharge the duties of their respective offices.
SEC. 7. That sections numbered sixteen and thirty-six in every township, and where such sections have been sold or otherwise disposed of by any act of Congress, other lands, equivalent thereto, in legal subdivisions of not more than one quarter-section, and as contiguous as may be, are hereby granted to said State for the support of common schools. SEC. 8. That, provided the State of Colorado shall be admitted into the Union in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this act, fifty entire sections of the unappropriated public lands within said State, to be selected and located by direction of the legislature thereof, and with the approval of the President, on or before the first day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, shall be, and are hereby, granted, in legal subdivisions of not less than one quarter-section, to said State for the purpose of erecting public buildings at the capital of said State for legislative and judicial purposes, in such manner as the legislature shall prescribe.
SEC. 9. That fifty other entire sections of land as aforesaid, to be selected and located and with the approval as aforesaid, in legal subdivisions as aforesaid, shall be, and they are hereby, granted to said State for the purpose of erecting a suitable building for a penitentiary or State prison in the manner aforesaid.
SEC. 10. That seventy-two other sections of land shall be set apart and reserved for the use and support of a State university, to be selected and approved in manner as aforesaid, and to be appropriated and applied as the legislature of said State may prescribe for the purpose named and for no other purpose.
SEC. 11. That all salt-springs within said State, not exceeding twelve in number, with six sections of land adjoining, and as contiguous as may be to each, shall be granted to said State for its use, the said land
Land for public buildings.
R. S., § 2449.
to be selected by the governor of said State within two years after the admission of the State, and when so selected to be used and disposed of on such terms, conditions, and regulations as the legislature shall direct: Provided. That no salt-spring or lands the right whereof is now vested in any individual or individuals, or which hereafter shall be confirmed or adjudged to any individual or individuals, shall by this act be granted' to said State.
SEC. 12. That five per centum of the proceeds of the sales of agriper cent. of sales cultural public lands lying within said State which shall be sold by the of public lands for United States subsequent to the admission of said State into the Union, internal improvements. after deducting all the expenses incident to the same, shall be paid to the said State for the purpose of making such internal improvements within said State as the legislature thereof may direct: Provided, That this section shall not apply to any lands disposed of under the homestead laws of the United States, or to any lands now or hereafter reserved for public or other uses.
Unexpended balSEC. 13. That any balance of the appropriations for the legislative ances of appropri- expenses of said Territory of Colorado remaining unexpended shall be 1876, March 3, applied to and used for detraying the expenses of said convention, and ch. 17, § 2. for the payment of the members thereof, under the same rules and regulations and rates as are now provided by law for the payment of the territorial legislature.
SEC. 14. That the two sections of land in each township herein granted for the support of common schools shall be disposed of only at public sale and at a price not less than two dollars and fifty cents per acre, the proceeds to constitute a permanent school-fund, the interest of which to be expended in the support of common schools.
SEC. 15. That all mineral-lands shall be excepted from the operation and grants of this act. [March 3, 1875.]
March 3, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 476.
AN ACT TO ESTABLISH THE BOUNDARY-LINE BETWEEN THE STATE OF ARKANSAS AND
Boundary between Arkansas and Indian country established.
-to be retraced and marked.
1. Boundary between Arkansas and Indian
Be it enacted, &c.
2. Boundary to be retraced and marked.
[SECTION 1], That the boundary-line between the State of Arkansas and the Indian country, as originally surveyed and marked, and upon which the lines of the surveys of the public lands in the State of Arkansas were closed, be, and the same is hereby, declared to be the permanent boundary-line between the said State of Arkansas and the Indian country.
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior shall, as soon as practicable, cause the boundary-line, as fixed in the foregoing section, to be retraced and marked in a distinct and permanent manner; and if the original line, when retraced, shall be found to differ in any respect from what the boundary-line would be if run in accordance with the provisions of the treaties establishing the eastern boundary-line of the Choctaw and Cherokee Nations, then the surveyors shall note such variations and compute the area of the land which in that case would be taken from the State of Arkansas or the Indian country, as the case may be; and the Secretary of the Interior shall also cause any monuments set up in any former survey indicating any line at variance with the survey provided for in this act to be obliterated. [March 3, 1875.]
AN ACT SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE ACTS IN RELATION TO IMMIGRATION.
1. Consular officers in certifying to voluntary emigration from China and Japan to ascer tain whether immigrants have contracted to serve for immoral purposes.
2. Transportation of subjects of China or Japan, &c., without free consent; how punished. Contracts for term of service void.
3. Importation of women for purposes of pros titution: penalty.
4. Contracting to supply labor of cooly in viola tion of law; how punished.
Be it enacted, &c.
5. Immigration of convicts and of women for
Vessels to be inspected when obnoxious im-
- may appeal from inspectors, &c.
if inspection sustained, persons to be re-
-to be sent back in certain cases.
March 3, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 477.
and Japan, to as
[SECTION 1], That in determining whether the immigration of any Consular officers, subject of China, Japan, or any Oriental country, to the United States, in certifying to is free and voluntary, as provided by section two thousand one hundred voluntary emigraand sixty-two of the Revised Code, title "Immigration," it shall be the tion from China duty of the consul-general or consul of the United States residing at certain whether the port from which it is proposed to convey such subjects, in any vessels emigrants have enrolled or licensed in the United States, or any port within the same, contracted to serve for immoral purbefore delivering to the masters of any such vessels the permit or certificate provided for in such section, to ascertain whether such immigrant has entered into a contract or agreement for a term of service within the United States, for lewd and immoral purposes; and if there be such contract or agreement, the said consul-general or consul shall not deliver the required permit or certificate.
R. S., § 2162.
SEC. 2. That if any citizen of the United States, or other person Transportation amenable to the laws of the United States, shall take, or cause to be of subjects of Chitaken or transported, to or from the United States any subject of China, without free conna or &c., Japan, or any Oriental country, without their free and voluntary con- sent; how punsent, for the purpose of holding them to a term of service, such citizen ished. or other person shall be liable to be indicted therefor, and, on conviction R. S., § 2161. of such offense, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding one year;
And all contracts and agreements for a term of service of such persons in the United States, whether made in advance or in pursuance of such term of service illegal importation, and whether such importation shall have been in American or other vessels, are hereby declared void.
SEC. 3. That the importation into the United States of women for Importation of the purposes of prostitution is hereby forbidden; and all contracts and women for puragreements in relation thereto, made in advance or in pursuance of poses of prostitusuch illegal importation and purposes, are hereby declared void; and tion; penalty. whoever shall knowingly and willfully import, or cause any importation of, women into the United States for the purposes of prostitution, or shall knowingly or willfully hold, or attempt to hold, any woman to such purposes, in pursuance of such illegal importation and contract or agreement, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, on conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned not exceeding five years and pay a fine not exceed ing five thousand dollars.
SEC. 4. That if any person shall knowingly and willfully contract, or attempt to contract, in advance or in pursuance of such illegal importa- supply labor of tion, to supply to another the labor of any cooly or other person brought of law; how puncooly in violation into the United States in violation of section two thousand one hundred ished. and fifty-eight of the Revised Statutes, or of any other section of the R. S., § 2158laws prohibiting the cooly-trade or of this act, such person shall be 2164. deemed guilty of a felony, and, upon conviction thereof, in any United States court, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars and imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.
SEC. 5. That it shall be unlawful for aliens of the following classes to Immigration of immigrate into the United States, namely, persons who are undergoing convicts, and of a sentence for conviction in their own country of felonious crimes other women for prostitution, forbidden. than political or growing out of or the result of such political offenses,
Vessels to be in
spected when obnoxious immigrants believed to
on &c. R. S., § 4272.
Aliens of forbid
den classes not to land, except, &c.
may appeal from inspectors, &c.
or whose sentence has been remitted on condition of their emigration, and women "imported for the purposes of prostitution."
Every vessel arriving in the United States may be inspected under the direction of the collector of the port at which it arrives, if he shall have reason to believe that any such obnoxious persons are on board; and the officer making such inspection shall certify the result thereof to the master or other person in charge of such vessel, designating in such certificate the person or persons, if any there be, ascertained by him to be of either of the classes whose importation is hereby forbidden.
When such inspection is required by the collector as aforesaid, it shall be unlawful, without his permission, for any alien to leave any such vessel arriving in the United States from a foreign country until the inspection shall have been had and the result certified as herein provided;
And at no time thereafter shall any alien certified to by the inspecting officer as being of either of the classes whose immigration is forbidden by this section, be allowed to land in the United States, except in obedience to a judicial process issued pursuant to law.
If any person shall feel aggrieved by the certificate of such inspecting officer stating him or her to be within either of the classes whose immigration is forbidden by this section, and shall apply for release or other remedy to any proper court or judge, then it shall be the duty of the collector at said port of entry to detain said vessel until a hearing and determination of the matter are had, to the end that if the said inspector (1) shall be found to be in accordance with this section and sustained, the obnoxious person or persons shall be returned on board of said vessel, and shall not thereafter be permitted to land, unless the master, owner, or consignee of the vessel shall give bond and security, to be approved by the court or judge hearing the cause, in the sum of five hundred -to be sent back dollars for each such person permitted to land, conditioned for the return by collector in cer- of such person, within six months from the date thereof, to the country
-if inspection sustained, persons to be returned to vessel, unless, &c.
tions of act.
whence his or her emigration shall have taken place, or unless the vessel bringing such obnoxious person or persons shall be forfeited, in which event the proceeds of such forfeiture shall be paid over to the collector of the port of arrival, and applied by him, as far as necessary, to the return of such person or persons to his or her own country within the said period of six months.
And for all violations of this act, the vessel, by the acts, omissions, vessel for viola- or connivance of the owners, master, or other custodian, or the consignees of which the same are committed, shall be liable to forfeiture, and may be proceeded against as in cases of frauds against the revenue laws, for which forfeiture is prescribed by existing law. [March 3, 1875.]
NOTE.-(1) This word is so written on the roll.
March 3, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 478.
AN ACT TO REDUCE AND FIX THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY.
1. Adjutant-General's Department of Army; of
Be it enacted, &c.
[SECTION 1], That the Adjutant General's Department of the Army al's Department of shall hereafter consist of one Adjutant General, with the rank, pay, and Army; of what offi- emoluments of a brigadier general; two assistant adjutants general, cers to consist, and with the rank, pay, and emoluments of colonels; four assistant adjutheir rank and pay. R. S., $ 1094, tants general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of lieutenant col1128, 1194. onels; and ten assistant adjutants general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of majors.
R. S., § 1194.
SEC. 2. That so much of section six (1) of the act entitled "An act making appropriations for the support of the Army for the year ending NOTE.-(1) Section 6 of the act of 1869, ch. 124 (15 Stat. L., 318), forms § 1194 of the Revised Statutes.
June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy, and for other purposes," approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, as applies to the Adjutant General's Department, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. [March 3, 1875.]
AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE COINAGE OF A TWENTY CENT PIECE OF SILVER AT THE
March 3, 1875.
1. Twenty-cent silver pieces to be coined. 2. to be legal tender for $5.
3.deviations from standard weight.
Be it enacted, &c.
18 Stat. L., 478.
4. Twenty-cent pieces, existing laws applicable
[SECTION 1], (Rep.) [That there shall be, from time to time, coined at the mints of the United States, conformably in all respects to the coinage act of eighteen hundred and seventy-three (1) a coin of silver of the denomination of twenty-cents and of the weight of five grams.]
63. 1876, April 17, SEC. 2. (Rep.) [That the twenty cent piece shall be a legal tender at its nominal value for any amount not exceeding five dollars in any one payment.]
Twenty-cent silver piece to be coined.
R. S., § 3513.
der for $5.
R. S., § 3514,
SEC. 3. (Rep.) [That in adjusting the weight of the twenty-cent piece, the deviation from the standard weight shall not exceed one and one standard weight. half grains; and in weighing a large number of pieces together, when 3516, 3536. delivered by the coiner to the superintendent and by the superintendent to the depositor the deviation from the standard weight shall not exceed two hundredths of an ounce in one thousand pieces.]
R. S., §§ 34953570, 3586.
SEC. 4. (Rep.) [That all laws now in force in relation to the coins of -existing laws the United States, and the coinage of the same, shall, as far as applica- applicable to. ble, have full force and effect in relation to the coin herein authorized whether the said laws are penal or otherwise and whether they are for preventing counterfeiting or abasement, for protecting the currency, for regulating the process of coining and the preparation therefor, or for the security of the coin, or for any other purpose.] [March 3, 1875.]
NOTE.-(1) The coinage act here referred to, 1873, ch. 121 (17 Stat. L., 424), is incorporated into Revised
AN ACT TO PUNISH CERTAIN LARCENIES, AND THE RECEIVERS OF STOLEN GOODS.
1. Embezzling, stealing, &c., public property deemed felony; how punished.
2. Receivers, concealers, &c., of stolen property, how punished.
Be it enacted, &c.
Receivers, &c., of stolen property may be tried
March 3, 1875.
18 Stat. L., 479.
1342, R. S., 1624,
[SECTION 1], That any person who shall embezzle, steal, or purloin Embezzling, any money, property, record, voucher, or valuable thing whatever, of stealing, &c., pubthe moneys, goods, chattels, records, or property of the United States, deemed felony; lic property shall be deemed guilty of felony, and on conviction thereof before the how punished. district or circuit court of the United States in the district wherein said R. S., offense may have been committed, or into which he shall carry or have art. 60. in possession of said property so embezzled, stolen, or purloined, shall art. 14. be punished therefor by imprisonment at hard labor in the penitentiary R. S., § 5439, not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dol- 5453, 5475, 5477, lars, or both, at the discretion of the court before which he shall be con- 5483, 5488-5496, victed.