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Sec. 5. The affairs of said borough shall be managed by said warden and burgesses, the time and place of whose first meeting shall be fixed by said freemen at their first meeting; and said warden and burgesses may adjourn their meeting from time to time; and a special meeting may be called by the warden or any three burgesses by notice placed on the signpost within the limits of said borough, and by mailing a copy of such notice to each of said warden and burgesses at least two days before the time of meeting; and a special meeting of the freemen and electors of said borough may at any time be called by the warden or any three burgesses by notice published in a newspaper circulating in said borough or by notice posted on the signpost at least five days before the time of meeting; and at all meetings of the free men and electors, except meetings for the election of officers of the borough, the warden if present shall preside and in his absence the senior burgess present.

Sec. 6. Any meeting of said warden and burgesses at which all are present shall be a legal meeting, in whatsoever manner said meeting shall have been warned or called, and at any meeting of the warden and burgesses a majority shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The warden and burgesses shall locate and establish a signpost for said borough, but until so located and established the signpost in the second voting district of the town of Groton shall be the lawful signpost.

SEC. 7. The warden of the borough shall be the chief executive officer thereof. He shall preside at all meetings of the voters of said borough, except meetings for the election of officers of the borough, and at all meetings of the board of warden and burgesses; and, at all meetings where he shall so preside, he shall vote to dissolve a tie when necessary, but shall not otherwise vote except in the election of officers as aforesaid. He shall have full power and authority to preserve the peace in the said borough, and may suppress all riots and tumults with force, if necessary, and may at all times require the aid of any sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable, watchman, or policeman, or all of them, together with such other aid as he may deem necessary to the proper discharge of his duties. He shall countersign all orders for money passed by the warden and burgesses, and drawn by the clerk upon the treasurer of the borough, and no such order shall be paid by such treasurer until countersigned. If any person shall hinder, obstruct, resist, or abuse the warden or acting warden in the execution of his office

or,

when commanded to assist therein, shall refuse or unreasonably neglect to do so, such offender shall be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not exceeding six months, or both, at the discretion of the court having cognizance of the offense.

SEC. 8. Whenever the warden shall be removed from or vacate his office, or be absent, or from any cause be unable to perform the duties of his office, the senior burgess, and, in case of inability of the latter from any cause, the next senior burgess, and so on, shall act in

the place of the warden during such inability, or until another person shall be elected warden, and while so acting as warden shall have all the powers and duties conferred upon the warden by this resolution, and all acts of the said burgess, whenever so acting as warden, shall have the same effect as like acts done by the warden; and such temporary performance of the duties of the warden shall in no wise disqualify such burgess from performing any of his duties as burgess, and, in all meetings of the warden and burgesses, such burgess, while acting as warden, may vote as a burgess and in addition thereto have a casting vote in case of a tie. The seniority of a burgess shall be determined by a vote of the burgesses.

SEC. 9. Whenever any vacancy shall occur in any elective office the same shall be supplied by the freemen and electors at a special meeting to be called for that purpose, unless such vacancy shall occur within two months of the next annual meeting.

SEC. 10. The clerk of the borough shall keep its records and make due entry therein of all votes and proceedings of the borough and all votes and proceedings of the warden and burgesses. He shall cause due publication of all by-laws and ordinances of the borough and shall certify on record the fact of such publication. He shall also make record of his own acts in serving notices of orders or votes passed by the warden and burgesses.

Sec. 11. The treasurer of said borough shall have and exercise the same relative powers and duties in said borough as town treasurers have in their respective towns. He shall pay no money out of the borough treasury except on order of the warden and burgesses, and shall be accountable to the borough,

Sec. 12. The bailiff of said borough shall be appointed by the warden and burgesses, and shall have the same authority within the limits of the borough as constables have within their respective towns, and shall be liable to the same extent.

Sec. 13. The collector of said borough shall be appointed by the warden and burgesses, and shall faithfully collect all rate bills made. out by the warden and burgesses under their hands for all taxes laid by said borough, and any justice of the peace of New London county, on their application or that of the collector, shall issue a warrant for the collection thereof. And the collector shall have the same powers as town collectors, and shall be accountable to the warden and burgesses in the same manner as town collectors are accountable to selectmen, and shall pay over taxes as fast as collected to the treasurer.

SEC. 14. The warden and burgesses, or a majority of them, shall have full power to make, alter, repeal, and enforce such by-laws or ordinances as they shall see fit, relative to markets, commerce, and trading by peddlers or otherwise; relative to public walks and grounds, and to the removal of obstructions and annoyances therein; relative to preventing any building or buildings already erected, or which may hereafter be erected, from being used for any purpose which, in the opinion of the warden and burgesses, shall immediately expose such

borough to injury by fire, or which shall endanger the health of the inhabitants; relative to preserving said borough from loss by and to affording protection against fire; relative to trees planted for shade, convenience, or public or private use; relative to warning meetings of said borough and the time and place when and where they shall be holden; relative to the meetings of the warden and burgesses; relative to the mode of taxation and manner of collecting taxes to be laid by said borough; relative to a watch and borough bailiffs; relative to the bonds to be given by the treasurer and bailiffs ; relative to the burial of the dead; relative to the establishment and use of public lamps, lights, and hydrants; relative to restraining any animals from going at large, and to the keeping of geese, poultry, and swine within said borough limits; relative to the keeping of explosives; relative to the speed of animals and vehicles on the highways; relative to places of amusement; relative to the erection of signs and posts; relative to the preservation of order; relative to naming streets; relative to making new streets and highways; relative to hacks and trucks and licensing same; relative to bathing and swimming; relative to the appointment and duties of all officers not provided for under the act of incorporation of the borough; relative to street crossings; relative to prescribing penalties for the breach of any of said by-laws and ordinances, payable to the treasurer of said borough; provided, that no by-laws or ordinances shall be repugnant to the laws of this state, and that all by-laws and ordinances made by the warden and burgesses shall be approved by the borough in legal meeting assembled, and, after being so approved, shall be published at least two weeks successively in some newspaper circulating in said borough, and published in New London county, before the same shall be of any validity. The said warden and burgesses shall have power to appoint a borough attorney, to hold office during the pleasure of the warden and burgesses, who may sue for, in any proper form of action, collect, and receive in behalf of said borough all penalties incurred by the breach of any by-law or ordinance of said borough, or he may enforce the payment of such penalty by complaint or process before the justices of the peace residing in said borough or in said town, as in criminal cases; or, if the justices of the peace of said town are deprived of jurisdiction - by reason of the establishment of a town court, then by complaint or process, as in criminal cases, before said town court by the proper officers thereof. And when the penalties prescribed by the by-laws or ordinances shall be enforced, as in criminal cases, then the fees provided by statute in criminal cases shall be taxed in favor of the several officers engaged in the prosecution; but in the event that the justices of the peace are deprived of jurisdiction by the establishment of a town court, then the fees shall be taxed as provided by the act establishing said town court.

SEC. 15. The warden and burgesses shall have control of all sidewalks, crosswalks, streets, and footpaths in the streets of the borough. They are empowered to lay out sidewalks, and establish

their grade and curb lines and building lines; to designate what streets shall have sidewalks either on one or both sides, and to designate the kind of sidewalks to be constructed on any such street; to pass ordinances requiring the building of sidewalks, and the proper care of the same, and regarding the removal of ice, snow, rubbish, ash heaps, piles of lumber, and other obstructions and encumbrances. Whenever the warden and burgesses shall lay out and construct a sidewalk on any street or streets, the adjoining property or the owners thereof shall be assessed for the same, and, in case any adjoining property or the owners thereof shall refuse to pay such assessment, the same shall be a lien upon such property, and shall remain a lien or real encumbrance thereon in favor of said borough, and the payment thereof may be enforced by said borough in a civil action in the name of the treasurer of said borough, or by foreclosure or by any other proper remedy; provided, that such lien shall not be good for a longer period than ninety days after such assessment or lien shall be made, unless a certificate in writing, made and signed by the warden or treasurer of said borough, describing the premises, the amount claimed as a lien, the date of the ordinance requiring the sidewalk to be built, and the date of comple tion of the sidewalk by said borough after the date of assessment thereof, shall be lodged with the town clerk of Groton. Whenever the warden and burgesses shall require by ordinance that the sidewalks shall be cleared of ice or snow, and the owners of adjoining property shall fail, neglect, or refuse to clear the same, within the time and in the manner required by such ordinance, then the warden and burgesses, or other proper officer, shall cause such snow and ice to be removed, and the cost of such removal and such fine as the warden and burgesses may by ordinance impose shall be and remain a lien upon the adjoining property and may be collected in the same manner as is provided herein for neglect to build sidewalks.

SEC. 16. The freemen and electors of said borough may, at any legal meeting, lay taxes upon the polls and ratable estate within the limits of said borough, the assessment list of said borough to be made out from the assessment list of the town last perfected before such levy of taxes; the assessment therefor to be made by any assessor of the town of Groton upon request of the warden of said borough in the same manner that the school district taxes are laid by statute, except that the warden and burgesses shall constitute the board of relief for said borough, which board shall perform the duties and have the powers of boards of relief in towns.

Sec. 17. The qualifications of voters at the meetings of said borough shall be the same as the qualifications required by law for voters at town meetings in this state.

Sec. 18. The inhabitants of said Groton living within the limits of said borough shall, to all intents and purposes, be and remain a part of said town of Groton, entitled to all its privileges and subject to all its burdens in the same manner and to the same extent as though this resolution had not been passed. This resolution shall not be

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1903.)

OF CONNECTICUT.

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binding on the inhabitants of said borough until the same shall be approved by a meeting legally warned for that purpose as provided in this charter, and shall be binding if approved at a meeting held within one year from its passage.

Sec. 19. All officers of said borough shall receive such reasonable compensation for services performed for said borough as said warden and burgesses shall direct, but neither the warden nor any burgess nor the members of the board of water commissioners shall receive any pay or salary for services as such, and no officer shall vote upon any question of compensation for services where he is directly or indirectly the claimant for such compensation.

Sec. 20. No contract which shall involve an expenditure of money to the amount of two hundred dollars or more, in any one year, shall be made by the warden and burgesses unless the same shall be approved by vote of the borough. The warden and burgesses shall not within any one year make contracts or incur obligations which shall

, in the aggregate, amount to more than the sum of five hundred dollars, repairs on highways excepted, unless the same shall be authorized by vote of the borough ; nor are the warden and burgesses authorized to borrow money or make loans without like authority.

Sec. 21. It shall be the duty of the selectmen of the town of Groton and an equal number of burgesses, annually, to determine the amount of money which shall be necessary and proper for the making and repairing of the highways of said town within the limits of the borough during the current fiscal year of said borough. In case the amount is not satisfactory to the warden and burgesses, the same shall be determined by the county commissioner of New London county residing nearest the borough. The sum thus determined upon shall be paid by the said town into the treasury of said borough, and said town shall not be liable to make or repair any highway within the limits of

said borough.

Sec. 22. Any meeting called for the purpose of considering the question of the adoption of this charter shall be holden in the town hall of the second voting district of Groton, and shall be warned by advertisement published three times in some newspaper having a circulation in said town, and by notice placed upon the town signpost in the limits of said contemplated borough, signed by a committee consisting of Charles Marquardt, C. Tyler Landphere, Edward Griffin, Clinton Hanover, E. A. Card, electors residing within said limits, or a majority of them, and by depositing a copy thereof with the registrars of voters of the second voting district of said town at least five days before said time of meeting; and said registrars shall prepare for use at said meeting a list of the legally qualified electors of said town residing within the limits of the contemplated borough at the time of completion of the last revised registry of the town.

Said meeting shall be opened at nine o'clock in the forenoon and closed at one o'clock in the afternoon. Said registrars shall prepare a ballot box for use of said meeting, which shall be opened during the hours named. Said

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