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AXFORD, SAMUEL M., M. D., was born at Oxford, Warren County, N. J., in the year 1832, and died at Flint, Mich., December 10, 1873, aged about 41 years. The exact nature of the disease which caused his death is unknown to the writer, except that it is said to have produced a gradual wasting and prostration of the vital powers. Up to within a few months of his death Dr. Axford had been a diligent student, and an active and earnest worker in the practical duties of his profession, and had acquired an enviable reputation as a wise and judicious practitioner of medicine, a skillful surgical operator, and influential citizen. He was noted as a successful gynæcologist, and his success in treating diseases peculiar to women brought him a lucrative practice, and extended his fame far beyond his own and neighboring towns. He had performed successfully a number of times ovariotomy, and made numerous other capital operations. Dr. Axford can almost be said to have been a native of Michigan, as he came to this State with his parents when he was an infant, and resided here from that time till his death. He commenced the study of his profession in Detroit, and graduated in medicine at the Medical Department of the University of Michigan, from whence he went to Philadelphia to pursue the study of anatomy and surgery. He then returned to Detroit, where he practiced his profession for a term of years, after which he moved to Flint, where he continued to reside until he died. Dr. Axford was a man of liberal culture and broad views on subjects outside of his profession, taking a lively interest in the important events of the times, siding with and promoting such measures as would, in his opinion, promote the interests of all. He was once elected Mayor of Flint, and in other official ways represented the interests of the public where he lived.

GEORGE E. RANNEY, M.D., of Michigan,

He was

Bacon, John, M. D., died suddenly at his residence, on Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., on November 28, 1881. He was a graduate of Harvard, and of the Harvard Medical School, completing his course in 1837, and receiving his degree of M. D. in 1840. He was an A. M. both of Harvard and Trinity. appointed Professor of Chemistry at Harvard in 1857, and continued as such until his resignation, on account of ill-health, in 1871. He was a gentleman of most amiable character, intelligent, careful, and industrious in the pursuit of his profession. He was an excellent chemist, a good teacher. He took especial delight in microscopy. Among his classmates were Drs. Henry J. Bigelow, Richard H. Dana, and John Weiss. He was a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was one of the early members of the American Medical Association.

L. F. WARNER, M.D., of Massachusetts.

BARNETT, JAMES RICHARDS, M.D., was born in Fredericksburg, Va., in 1832; died at his home, in Vicksburg, Miss., May 10, 1879.

He graduated in medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1853. He practiced medicine in Yazoo City, Miss., until 1855, when he removed to Canton, Miss., where he remained until the breaking out of the civil war, in 1861. He was first stationed, after joining the Confederate Army, at Fort McRae, Pensacola, as Assistant Surgeon of the Tenth Mississippi Regiment of Infantry. In 1862 and 1863 he served as Surgeon at Port Hudson, La.; in 1864 as Chief Surgeon of the First Division of Forrest's Cavalry, and in 1865 as Chief Surgeon of the District of Mississippi, East Louisiana, and West Tennessee. At the close of the war he settled in Vicksburg, Miss., where he resided, engaged in the practice of his profession, until his death.

Dr. H. Shannon, of Vicksburg, writes me that “Dr. Barnett was as gentle as a woman-never offended any man, had an enemy—was an accomplished and scholarly gentleman, well up and thoroughly posted in his profession, genial and courteous with his professional brethren, and was generally called as the consulting physician.” I have also heard the lamented Dr. P. F. Whitehead speak in the very highest terms of Dr. Barnett's social and professional worth.

BENJAMIN F. KITTRELL, M.D., of Mississippi

and never

BARNUM, BOLIVAR, M. D., was born at Mentz, Cayuga County, N. Y., April 22, 1826; died suddenly November 5, 1881. He migrated with his father's family, in 1836, to Van Buren County, Mich., to engage in clearing and cultivating a farm, and making a home in that then sparsely settled region. Young Barnum seemed always animated with a good heart and honest impulses, and being possessed of energy, natural talent, and a determination to make the best of life, he went through the young American’s regular curriculum, working on the farm summers, attending district school winters, then teaching, then attending high school," and in 1849 commenced an academic course at the Albion Seminary, where he remained till 1851, when he commenced the study of medicine in the office of Dr. Josiah Andrews, at Paw Paw, one of the leading physicians in Southwestern Michigan. He subsequently attended two courses of lectures at the Medical Department of the University of Michigan, where he graduated as M. D. in March, 1854. In April of the same year, Dr. Barnum opened an office in Schoolcraft, and commenced the practice of his profession near the scenes of his early childhood, where he lived to see the young and rising generation grow up about him, and the “wilderness to blossom like the rose."

Dr. Barnum early gained for himself the reputation of being a careful, conscientious, wise, and skillful physician, and his counsel was often sought by his brother practitioners, who universally held him in high esteem.

In the early part of the war for the Union Dr. Barnum was commissioned Surgeon of the 25th Regiment of Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and served as such until the close of the war, when he returned to Schoolcraft and resumed the practice of his profession. In 1873 he removed to Jackson, where the position of Surgeon to the Michigan Central Railroad had been offered him, and which he accepted. At Jackson he took a prominent place in the profession, but while there he lost an accomplished, devoted, and loving daughter, which affliction weighed heavily upon the Doctor's heart, and turned his thoughts back to the scenes, friends, and happy years he had spent in Schoolcraft; and that seeming more like home to him, he returned there in 1875. But here the misfortune of much bodily pain, from long-continued rheumatism, rendered his life almost unendurable, and deprived him of much pleasure he had hoped to enjoy at his old home, among old and attached

associations. For years he combated, as best he could, the rheumatism, which had become a lion in his path, and to life's enjoyments of every kind, so that to him to be or not to be” became the question, and he decided that, rather than to endure the pangs of his relentless disease, he would apply the only effectual remedy. So as all hope of relief short of death had fled, lying upon his operating table, he shot himself with a revolver, the ball passing through his heart, causing, as is supposed, almost instant death.

Dr. Barnum became a member of the American Medical Association in 1856, attending in 1871, 1874, and 1875, and was a member of the Michigan State Medical Society, the St. Joseph Valley Medical Association, and honorary member of the California State Medical Society. Concerning his skill as a surgeon, Dr. J. W. Briggs, of Schoolcraft, writes me as follows: “He was noted as a surgeon in this part of the country, having performed most of the principal operations, including ovariotomy, as early as 1859.” The death of Dr. Barnum cast a dark shadow over the community in which he lived, and where he had been so long and so favorably known, and saddened the hearts of the many physicians of Michigan who were so fortunate as to enjoy his friendship.

GEORGE E. RANNEY, M. D, of Michigan.

BECK, Joseph REINMUND, M. D., was born on the 19th of March, 1843, in Lancaster, Ohio, and died at his residence in Fort Wayne, Indiana, December 30, 1880. He commenced the study of medicine in the office of Dr. Wagenhals, of Lancaster, in 1862, and, after attending the usual course of lectures, he graduated in the University of Pennsylvania in 1866. He practiced his profession at first in Toledo, Ohio, afterwards in Lancaster, and, in 1871, located in Fort Wayne, Ind., where he remained until the time of his death. He was an active member of the Indiana State Medical Society, was very industrious, and contributed many articles to medical journals. He made gynæcology a specialty, and was Professor of Gynæcology and Genito-urinary Diseases in the Fort Wayne Medical College at the time of his death. He was a member of the Allen County Medical Society, Indiana State Medical Society, and the American Medical Association. In 1869 he married Anna Cecilia Hunter.

GEORGE SUTTON, M. D., of Indiana.

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