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SELLING UNSOUND PROVISIONS. Sec. 19. If any person knowingly sell any diseased, corrupted, or unwholesone provisions, whether food or drink, without making the same known to the buyer, he shall be confined in jail not more than six months, and fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.

ADULTERATING PROVISIONS OR DRINK.

SEC. 20. If any person fraudulently adulterate, for the purpose of sale, anything intended for food or drink, or if he knowingly sell or barter anything intended for food or drink, which is not what it is represented to be, or what it is sold for, he shall be confined in jail not more than one year, and fined not exceeding five hundred dollars; and the adulterated or other articles shall be forfeited and destroyed.

ACTS REPEALED.

SEC. 21. All acts and parts of acts coming within the purview of this act, and inconsistent therewith, are hereby repealed.

(Approved March 27, 1882.)

XXIV.- WISCONSIN.
By J. T. REEVE, M.D., of Appleton, Wisconsin, Secretary of the State Board of

Health.

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(1.) This Board was organized in 1876. It is composed of seven members, one of whom is appointed annually by the Governor, and holds office for the term of seven years. I enclose a copy of the law under which it was organized, which, as will be seen, closely resembles that of Michigan.

(2.) There are no County Boards of Health in this State, or auxiliary sanitary associations, aside from municipal and other local boards of health. The laws of this State provide that the duly elected officers of every village, township or city, shall, in the absence of other provisions, be Boards of IIealth, and as such clothes them with ample powers to do anything which they may deem necessary for the public health, empowering them to make all necessary rules and regulations, and providing heavy penalties for non-compliance therewith. These provisions are excellent in toory, but as the law simply empowers such Boards to act, and does not make the appointment of a competent health officer obligatory, it is in many

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places inoperative. Such Boards, are, however, coming more and more into working relationship with this Board, to whom they are required to report, and out of the more than one thousand such Boards legally existing in the State, somewhat over nine hundred made formal report to this Board (on blanks furnished) for the year 1881.

(3.) Local Health Boards may isolate or quarantine any case of contagious disease to any extent deemed necessary. In addition to that I append copy of recent law, concerning the transportation of the dead from contagious diseases, and providing penalties for wilfully subjecting the public to the danger of contracting contagious diseases by exposure of those suffering with them.

There are no special laws in force concerning the prevention of venereal diseases.

(4.) Our statutes provide for returns of births and deaths by physicians, and of marriages by any person authorized to perform the marriage ceremony, but makes no provision for any use of statistics for other than legal purposes. They are recorded in the office of the Secretary of State, but are not compiled or made use of in any way other than as above noted. The law provides penalties for non-compliance with its requirement to make these returns, but they are, nevertheless, not made with such completeness as would be necessary to enable any correet conclusion to be derived from their study.

AN ACT TO ESTABLISH A STATE BOARD OF HEALTH, TO PROVIDE FOR

THE APPOINTMENT OF A SUPERINTENDENT OF VITAL STATISTICS,
AND ASSIGN TO CERTAIN DUTIES TO LOCAL BOARDS OF HEALTH.

The people of the State of Wisconsin, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows : SECTION 1. The Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint seven persons, who shall constitute the State Board of Health and Vital Statistics. The persons so appointed shall hold their offices for seven years; provided, that the terms of office of the seven first appointed, shall be so arranged that the term of one shall expire on the thirty-first day of January of each year, and the vacancies so created, as well as all vacancies occurring otherwise, shall be filled by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate; but any one may be re-appointed.

Sec. 2. The State Board of Ilealth shall have the general supervision of the interests of the health and life of the citizens of the State. They shall especially study the vital statistics of this State, and endeavor to make intelligent and profitable use of the collected records of death and sickness among the people. They shall make sanitary investigations and inquiries respecting the causes of disease, and especially of epidemics; the causes of mortality, and the effects of localities, employments, conditions, ingesta, habits and circumstances on the health of the people, and they shall gather such information in respect to those matters as they may deem proper, for diffusion among the people. They shall, when required, or when they shall deem it best, alvise officers of the government, or other boards within the State, in regard to the location, drainage, water-supply, disposal of excreta, heating and ventilation of any public institution or building. They shall from time to time recommend standard works on the subject of hygiene for the use of the schools of the State. They shall, in the month of January, make report to the Legislature of their doings, investigations and discoveries during the year ending December thirty-first, with such suggestions as to legislative action as they may deem necessary.

Sec. 3. The first meeting of the Board shall be within ten days after its appointment, and thereafter in June and January in each year, and at such other times as the Board or president of the Board shall deem expedient. The meeting in January of each year shall be in Madison. A majority shall be a quorum. They shall choose one of their number to be president, and may adopt rules and by-laws subject to the provisions of this act. They shall have authority to send their secretary or a committee of the Board to any part of the State when deemed necessary to investigate the cause of a special or unusual disease or mortality, or to inspect any publie building.

SEC. 4. The Board shall elect a secretary, either from their own number or otherwise, but when elected he shall be a member of the Board and its executive officer. He shall hold his office so long as he shall faithfully discharge the duties thereof, but may be removed for a just cause, at a regular meeting of the Board, two-thirds of the members voting therefor. He sliall perform the duties prescribed by this act, and such others as the Board may require. He shall keep a record of the transactions of the Board, shall have the custody of all books, papers, documents, and other property belonging to the Board); he shall, so far as practicable, communicate with other State Boards of Health and with the local Boards of Health within this State; shall keep and file all reports received from such boards, and all correspondence appertaining to the business of this Board. He shall aid, so far as possible, in obtaining contributions to the library and museum of the Board. He shall prepare blank forms of returns, and such instructions as may be necessary and

forward them to clerks of the several Boards of Health throughout the State. He shall collect information concerning vital statistics, knowledge respecting diseases, and all useful information on the subject of hygiene, and through an annual report, and otherwise, as the Board may direct, shall disseminate such information among the people.

Sec. 5. The secretary shall receive an annual salary, which shall be fixed by the State Board of IIealth; he shall also receive his necessary traveling expenses incurred in the performance of his official duties. The president of the Board shall quarterly certify the amount due him, and on presentation of said certiticate the Secretary of State shall draw his warrant on the State Treasurer for the amount. The other members of the Board shall receive no compensation for their services, but their traveling and other necessary expenses while employed on the business of the Board shall be paid.

Sec. 6. The sum of three thousand dollars per annum, or so much thereof as may be deemed necessary by the State Board of Health, is hereby appropriated to pay the salary of the secretarv, meet the contingent expenses of the office of the secretary, and the expenses of the Board, and all costs for printing, which shall not exceed the sum hereby appropriatei. Said expenses shall be certified and paid in the same manner as the salary of the secretary

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the health physician, and also of the clerk of the local Board of Ilealth in cach township, city and village in this State, at least once in a year, to report to the State Board of Health their proceedings, and such other facts required, on blanks, and in accordance with instructions received from the State Board. They shall also make especial reports whenever required to do so by the State Board of Health.

SEC. 8. In order to afford this Board better advantages for obtaining knowledge important to be incorporated with that collected through special investigations, and other sources, it shall be the duty of all officers of the State, the physicians of all mining and incorporated companies, and the president or any agent of any company chartered, organized, or transacting business under the laws of this State, so far as practicable to furnish the State Board of Ilealth any information bearing upon public health, which may be requested by said Board, for the purpose of enabling it better to perform its duties of collecting and distributing useful knowledge on this subject.

Sec. 9. The secretary of the State Board of Health shall be the superintendent of vital statistics. Under the general direction of the Secretary of State, he shall collect these statistics, and prepare and publish the report required by law relating to births, inarriages and deaths.

Sec. 10. The Board shall have charge of all matters pertaining to quarantine, and shall have authority to make such rules and regulations as they may from time to time deem necessary for the preservation or improvement of public health, and it shall be the duty of all police officers, sheriffs, constables, and all other officers and employees of the State, to enforce such rules and regulations, so far as they shall be intended to effect [affect] their respective duties.

Sec. 11. The Secretary of State shall provide a room suitable for the meetings of the Board, at Madison, and office room for its secretary

SEC. 12. "This act shall take effect upon its passage.
Approved March 13, 1876.

CONTAGIOUS DISEASES.

The State Board of Health desires to call attention to the following important law, and requests all public health officers, physicians, and agents of transportation.companies to extend a knowledge of its provisions, and to aid in its enforcement:

AN ACT TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF CONTAGIOUS, INFECTIOUS, AND

PESTILENTIAL DISEASES.

The people of the State of Wisconsin, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section 1. Any person who shall bring, knowingly aid in bringing, or cause to be brought, by railroadl, steamboat, sailing vessel, stage-coach, or other public or private conveyance, into any town, village or city of the State of Wisconsin, the dead body of a deceased person, unless such dead body is accompanied by the written or printed certificate of a physician or coroner, clearly stating the cause of death, and unless, when the cause of death is small-pox, diphtheria, scarlet fever, or other dangerous, contagious, infectious or pestilential disease, such dead body is also accompanied by the written or printed permit of a lawfully constituted public health authority, and by the sworn declaration of an undertaker in writing, that the body of the person deceased as aforesaid is hermetically enclosed in an airtight metallic coffin, or is encased with an abundance of powerful disinfectants, according to the written or printed directions of said public health authority, so as to render the same entirely innocuous, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars, nor more than three hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not less than twenty days, nor more than one hundred days.

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