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Disbursements 159 00 pol. CT.
No. VIII. 450 17
PENNSYLVANIA CLAIMANTS. Andrew M'Farland, inspector first bri. . Josiah Lewis
978 72 gade, fifteenth division, salary 272 67 Disbursements 10 00
No. IX. - 282 67
STATE MAPS., Nathaniel Patterson, late do. disburse
Benjamin Tanner, for maps furnished per
522 401 resolution of twenty-eighth March, 1825. 542 27 ments RobertOrr,Jr.inspector second brigade, fifteenth division, salary 263 53
PENITENTIARY AT PHILADELPHIA.
- 522 83 Thomas Sparks and William Davidson, per Samuel Power, inspector first brigade,
act of twenty-third April, 1829,
5,000 00 sixteenth division, salary
Josiah Randall, treasurer of the board of in-
spectors, per thirteenth section of the act
1,000 00 Edward A. Reynolds, inspector secondo i brigade, sixteenth division, salary 347 50
6,000 00 Disbursements 710 89 – 1,067 39
No. XI. George B. Porter, late adjutant general,re.
PENITENTIARY AT PITTSBURG. pairs of the arsenal at Philadelphia,
37 99 Board of inspectors, per act of 30th March, 1829 2,000 00 Do. exchange and transportation of arms, 45 75
do, per act of 23d April, 18293,000 00 Robert Love, transportation of arms,
6 75 Officers' salary, per ninth section of act of Simon B. Kinton, do.
28 001 twenty-third April, 1829, viz: Daniel Sharp, do.
32 50 John Patten, warden
91 25 William Holtzworth, do do
44 50 Dr. William H. Denny, physician 75 00 John Bell, do do. 50 00 Aaron Williams, clerk
50 00_ 466 25 John W. Salter, colours,
150 00 William Berrett, do. 102 25
No XII. $17,738 22
David Laufman, deputy sheriff of Franklin co. $64 72 No. IV.
Adams 105 41 PENSIONS AND GRATUITIES.
Samuel Huntzinger, sheriff of Schuylkill 52 61 Amount of pensions & gratuities by special
Joseph Culbertson do. Franklin 85 97 acts of the legislature, and under the pow.
Morrison Underwood, late sheriff Westmoreland 11 29 er vested in the board for the relief of offi
John Hipple, sheriff
42 90 cers and soldiers of the revolutionary war, 27,800 52
David M Fadden do
Crawford 48 37 No. y.
411 27 EDUCATION.
No. XIII. · Washington college,
$1,000 00 Jefferson college
CONVEYING FUGITIVES. Western university 2,400 00 Mahlon Hibbs,
$63 15 Dickinson college, 3,000 00 James Vanstavern and William Dubree
61 90 Deaf and Dumb institution 6,302 48 William Jaggers
38 00 Allegheny college 1,000 00 | George Eichelberger
54 03 Smethsport academy 2,000 00 Jobn Broomhall
60 50 16,702 48
HOUSE OF REFUGE.
John S. Henry, treasurer of the House of
Refuge, per act of second March, 1827, 2,500 00 the five per cent. stock loan of 1821 46,500 00 The bank of Pennsylvania and others, on the
No. XV. five per cent, stock loan of 1824, 30,000 00
MISCELLANEOUS. The bank of Pennsylvania and others, on the
William Shannon, notifying presidential electors 38 00 five per cent. stock loan of 1825,
John G. Osler, notifying presidential electors 79 50 The Harrisburg bank and others, on loan per
Thomas Wallace, notifying presidential electors 66 25 act of first April, 1826,
7,725 00 Sundry printers, for publishing the act rela.
1,037 65 91,725 00
George S. Eisenhart, information relative to
unpatented lands in Lehigh county 1,138 50
1,617 50 INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT FUND.
James Mathers do Mifflin
1,043 00 Auction duties
81 00 Premiums on loans,
1,026 00 Matthias S. Richards
19,640.00 Dividends on bridge and turnpike stock
3,217 50 Collateral inheritances,
158 50 Escheats
Robert Beatty do Allegheny 1,359 50
16 00 168,787 18
Samuel L. Carpenter do Westmoreland 2,299 50
69 00 for the purpose, of 300,400 dollars. To this sum the lc-
42 00 gislature has added, since that period, by annual appro-
96 00 | priations, 6,000,000, making the whole sum appropri-
47 50 dition, there has been placed to the credit of the treasu.
8 51 since the first of October last, to meet the pressing de.
2 66 mands upon some of the divisions, amounting to 106,000
17 04 dollars.
20 00 The whole distance of the Pennsylvania canal, au-
10 00 thorised to be constructed by the several acts of assem-
143 00 bly, and placed under contract prior to the first of June,
1829, is 419) miles. Nine miles have been placed un-
der contract since that period, making the whole dis-
100 00 tance now under contract, 4283 miles, viz. Miles.
Prom Pittsburg to Johnstown,
17 86 From Middletown to Muncy hills, upon the west
branch of the Susquehanna, and including ten
50 miles placed under contract between Middle-
town and Columbia,
22 40 | From Northumberland up the North branch of
the Susquehanna to Nanticoke falls,
89 75 From Bristol to Easton,
8 74 From Bemus' mill, on French creek, to Muddy
8 00 From Pittsburg to the head of the dam at Blairsville, 75
From the mouth of the Juniata to Lewistown,
26 88 From Middletown to Clark's ferry,
15 00 From the mouth of the Juniata to Northumberland, 41
19 20 On the French creek feedler,
A great portion of the remaining 2334 miles is nearly
68 The sum required to pay the debts due upon
the respective divisions of the canal, accor.
66 64 ding to the reports of the acting commis.
sioners and superintendents, is $1,398,790 67
27 31 | And the whole amount of work of every
10 00 several divisions, as estimated by the
principal engineers, is
500 00 | The amount already expended, is 6,406,000 00
Of which sum, there has been paid 47,132 734 dolls.
rail-way; leaving 9,723,400 33 dollars expended and to
be expended, in the construction and completion of
3 94 428 miles of the Pennsylvania canal, including the ex-
penses of the board of canal commissioners, and the dai-
intendents, engineers, and other agents.
67 00 The cost of this immense public work, will be found,
from the beneficial effects it is calculated to have upon
the value of land, the trade, the industry, and the en-
515 75 terprize of the citizens of the commonwealth; yet, when
viewell in connexion with those great and enduring ben-
efits, policy & the best interests of the state, pronounce
it a necessary and judicious expenditure. Regarded on-
200 00 ly as an investment of funds, it présents satisfactory in-
ducements to the most eager lover of gain.
ern waters shall have been completed, Pennsylvania
will present to the trade of the western country, an ay.
enue to the Atlantic coast, equal, if not superior, to any
own manufactures and agricultural products, which
The Erie canal, extending from Albany to Buffaloe, ! Muddy run, 19 miles, including 3,800 363 miles, yielded toll in the year 1828, to an amount 62 paid for damages,
209,603 72 upwards of 2,000 dollars per mile. Now, if the New Pennsylvania rail way, the road formation York canal, before its advantages can be said to be fully of forty miles having been placed undeveloped, yielded in one season upwards of 2,000 dol. der contract, including $69 29 paid for lars per mile, what will be the amount of toll upon the damages,
50,000 00 Pennsylvania canal, where, in addition to all the tonThe late board paid under the act of 24th nage which can seek a market in the state of New York, March,1828,for surveys and explorations, 19,757 23 we bave iron to an immense amount, and coal, which the present board received on account, 2,000 00 alone, surpasses all calculation
The commissioners of the internal imBut the advantages of this great public work, are not provement fund have paid engineering to be measured by the interest it will yield upon the expenses, &c. to the amount of 5,990 money expended; it adds an intrinsic and permanent dollars, which sum was refunded out of value to the commonwealth, independently of the pro- !" the canal fund,
5,990 00 fits arising from tolls. Facts existing in our own state, abundantly prove, that the additional value of the terri
$6,300,000 00 tory bordering upon canals, more than equals the whole To which sum must be added, the late loans made amount expended in their construction. It is believed, by the Governor, expended as follows: and the belief rests upon practical results, that the own! Upon the Pennsylvania rail road,
45,000 ers of the soil in Schuylkill county, before the canal to
25,000 Philadelphia was made, would have advanced their pri.
North Branch division,
10,000 yate interest by making the improvement at their own
20,000 expense; the additional value to their lands arising from
French creek feeder,
6,000 the canal, would have exceeded in amount the whole cost. If we apply such facts to the Pennsylvania canal
$106,000 when extended through the inexhaustible anthracite the amount due for work done upon the several dicoal fields of the North Branch; the iron and bituminous visions under contract, and the estimated cost of work coal region of the Juniata and West Branch, to the yet to be done, are according to the reports of the actPennsylvania salt works, and affording facilities for the ing commissoners and engineers, as follow: transportation to Philadelphia, of the immense coal ton- Western Division: nage of the Lehigh and other branches of the Delaware, Debts due,
114,737 26 and opening avenues for the commerce of the rich val. | Amount of certificates issued,
140,340 99 lies of the Ohio, the Mississippi, and the extensive re Estimated cost of work to be done, 351,280 91 gions bordering upon the lakes of the north and north west, independently of the manufactures and agricultu- Juniata Dirision: ral products which every where surround this improve Debts due
148,664 66 ment, the certain result, while it must flatter the pride, Amount of certificates issued. 241,36861 will multiply the wealth, strengthen the physical force Estimated cost of work to be done 693,582 55 and increase the moral influence of the state.
With these views in relation to the subject, the board Eastern, Susquehanna and West Branch Divisions: can have no hesitation in recommending the vigorous Del
144,122 51 prosecution of the great system of improvement, as Amount of certificates issued
150,363 88 heretofore marked out by the Legislature; a system Estimated cost of work to be done 296,301 13 perhaps as perfect as could be projected, to develope and bring into activity the resources of the state, and to Delaware Division: unite every section of this great commonwealth in one Debts due
40,676 93 common bond of interest and of feeling.
Amount of certificates issued
141,353 11 The sums appropriated for canal & rail road purposes, Estimated cost of work to be done 335,576 25 have been expended upon the several divisions, as fol. lows:
North Branch Division: From Pittsburg to Johnstown, 104 miles,
62,450 29 including 5,242 dollars 39 cents paid
Amount of certificates issued
167,000 00 for damages,
$2,036,264 61 Estimated cost of work to be done, 225,855 00 From the mouth of the Juniata to Smith's mills above Huntingdon, 90 miles, inclu
French Creek Feeder: ding 6,729 dolls. 25 cts. paid for dama
26,260 00 ges, 1,130,477 81 Estimated cost of work to be done
45,000 00 From Middletown to Muncy bills, upon the West Branch of the Susquehanna
Pennsylvania Rail-way: river, and including ten miles placed
16,468 38 under contract, between Middletown &
Amount of certificates issued
4,964 05 Columbia, 100 miles, including 22,500
Estimated cost of work to be done upon dolls. 25 cts. paid for damages, 1,944,302 18 the forty miles road formation under This includes that portion of the Pennsyl
113,146 551 yania canal which is now comprised in the eastern division, and the Susque
From this review and estimate, it appears that there hanna and west branch division; Mr.
is now due upon the several divisions of the PennsylvaMowry having had under his care at
nia canal under contract, the sum of $1,399,790 67, for one period, the eastern & Susquehanna
$845,410 64 of which certificates have been issued. That divisions, the expendit'rs were blended.
the amount of work to be done upon the several divisFrom Bristol to Easton, 60 miles, includ
ions of the canal and rail road, now under contract and 6,526 82 dolls. paid for damages, 476,338 92 in progress of completion, as estimated by the principal From Northumberld up the north branch
engineers, is $2,060,742 391. The nature of these de. of the river Susquehanna, to Nanticoke
mands upon the commonwealth,requires that they should falls, 55 miles, including 2,464 07 dolls.
be promptly liquidated. A moments reflection will show paid for damages,
425,265 53 ) that unrewarded labour, to so large an amount as is now From Bemus' mill on French creek, to
I due, brings upon the enterprizing contractor inevitable ruin, and deprives, particularly at this season of the year, there is at various points, and particularly at and near a valuable portion of the community of their only means the feeder dams, a very large amount of surplus water, of subsistence.
which might be advantageously applied to hydraulic Owing to the delays and interruptions incident to a purposes: as no adequate provision bas been made for work of this magnitude, the finished portions of the ca. the sale of such surplus water, and as it is believed that nal were not prepared for navigation until late in the sea- a very considerable revenue may be annually derived son; by letting in the water the work was tested, and the from this source, the expediency and propriety of makweak points were ascertained; the work generally has ing provision for the sale of hydraulic privileges, is most fully answered the expectations of the board. Repairs respectfully suggested. in many instances have been made, and every precaution The present canal commissioners met, in pursuance has been taken by the respective acting commissioners of the act by which they were appointed, on the first and superintendents, to guard against accidents, and se. day of June, 1829. David Scott was appointed presicure the permanency and usefulness of the canal. Small dent, and Francis R. Shunk, secretary. sums have been received as toll upon the western and For the measures adopted by the board upon its or eastern divisions. The navigation has hitherto been ganization, in the appointment of acting commissioners more a matter of experiment than a regular business,but and superintendents, upon the several divisions of the it has confirmed the opinion entertained of the ultimate canal and rail-road, the appointment of principal engivalue and utility of this great public work. It is believ. neers, and the arrangement of their different corps, and ed the amount of tolls which will be received within the the fixing the compensation of the various officers, aensuing year, on the divisions of the canal now naviga-gents and persons employed in the service of the state, ble, may be fairly estimated as follows:
reference is made to the journal of the board which ac
companies this report, as required by law. On the Western division,
u The balance of appropriation for canal and rail-road Juniata division,
purposes, made by the legislature, at the last session, Eastern division,
and not expended by the late board, was found to be Susquehanna division, including the bridge at Duncan's Island,
$1,407,704 30, which sum was received by the present
board and its agents, during the past season, in the fol$65,000
James S. Stevenson, upon the Western It is obvious, that an immense increase must ensue division
$214,505 99 from the completion of other lines connecting the imnşthe im. James Clarke, Juniata division,
305,336 40 provements, and from new channels of trade being es- | John Forrey, Jr. Eastern division,
163,282 32 tablished.
Jobn Ryon, Jr. Susquehanna and West The powers which the canal commissioners now poss. Branch division
232,175 14 ess, are limited to a general superintendency, manage. Thomas G. Kennedy, Delaware division, 206,338 92 ment and direction, in the location and construction of John Mitchell, North Branch division, 189,265 53 canals and rail roads; the appointment of officers and william Dickson. French Creek feeder. 45,000 00 agents for that purpose, and the adjustment of claims
of claims John Barber, Pennsylvania rail way, 50,000 00 for damages, &c. and when any part of the Pennsylva-Thema
2,000 00 nia canal shall be finished and in a state of navigation, they may appoint collectors of tolls and fix their loca
1,407,704 30 tion, and order and direct the rates of toll. It will be apparent, that with such limited powers, it is impossible As a material portion of this sum was applied to the for the board to adopt any code of rules and regulations, payment of debts then due, the balance was found to be applicable to the complicated and various transactions entirely insufficient to enable the board to meet the esconnected with the navigation of the canal and the pectations of the legislature, in prosecuting the public collection of tolls. A rule or regulation which cannot works during the season, as required by the provisions be enforced is worse than useless. The board bave of the act of the 22d of April last. no power to enforce any regulation by penal sanctions. On the fifth of July, the president of the board re
Near 290 miles of the canal will be navigable at the ceived a communication from Messrs. Blythe and Macommencement of the next season, and the greatest hon, members of the board of internal improvement, inpart of that contracted for, will be navigable during forming him that the beard had no funds at their dispothe next summer, if means are provided to carry on the sal, for canal and rail road purposes, and that demands work. Hence the legislature will perceive the necessity to a considerable amount had been presented by the of adop:ing a system of regulations and penalties, con acting canal commissioners and superintendents, which cerning the navigation of the canal and the collection had not been met, for want of funds. In pursuance of of toll; the views of the board upon this subject are this information, the president convened the board of expressed in a system of rules accompanying this re- canal commissioners on the 23d of July. As ternporary port.
loans had been obtained to meet the demands upon the The provisions in relation to damages, require legis- treasury, prior to the meeting, and as the board then lative revision. As the law now stands, the feelings had reason to believe that no material embarrassment in and prejudices of the country through which the im- the prosecution of the public works would be experiprovements pass, too often constitute the only standardenced, whilst any portion of the sum appropriated for by which damages are measured, a standard uncertain that purpose remained unexpended, they urged the ser. and unequal, as it relates to individuals concerned, and eral acting commissioners & superintendents to employ frequently unjust as it regards the commonwealth. It such funds as 'vould secure the most exposed portions of is respectfully recommended to the legislature, to pro- the public works,and bring early into operation the divisvide for the appointment of appraisers by the executive, lions of canal which were nearly completed. who shall receive and decide upon all applications for At a meeting in October, it was found that the funds damages done to real property, in consequenee of the appropriated for canal and rail road purposes, hadfor construction of the Pennsylvania canal or rail-road, and some time, been insufficient to meet the sums due monthwho shall in their estimate, take into consideration the ly by the commonwealth, to contractors, and that the acadvantages and disadvantages of such improvements to ting commissioners and superintendents were under the the whole real estate of the individual claiming dama necessity of granting certificates to such contractars, as ges, wherever situated, with the right of appealing to evidence of the amount due to them respectively. At either party to the supreme or circuit court.
this trying period, the board anxiously solicitous to preUpon nearly all the divisions of canal, it is believed serve the public works, to save the meritorious contrac
tors from inevitable ruin, & to promote the best interests ern side of the river Schuylkill, to a point near Fairmount
relative to the appointment of canal commissioners, the As some of the divisions of the canal are so situated as board is required to appoint an engineer-in-chief of the to require immediate funds for the preservation of the commonwealth and superintendent of the surveys. works, and for guarding against the disastrous conse. This important duty engaged the early attention ofthe quences of the frost and floods of the approaching seas. | board, at their first ineeting. The difficulty of making on, and as there was reason to believe that sums ade- a judicious selection at this period of the progress of the quate to the emergency, might be obtained from monied public works, and the dangerous consequences of making institutions or individuals friendly to the internal im- an injudicious one, are obvious. In addition to the great provement of the state, on condition that the same should experience and professional skill for which this officer be expended upon divisions designated, the constituted should be distinguished, he must have the faculty of authorities were requested by the board to negotiate drawing to himself powers which have been hitherto exsuch loans, to a limited amount. The Governor accord. ercised by the principal engineers upon their respective ingly obtained the sum of 106,000 dollars, which was dis. divisions, without disturbing the harmony of the system; tributed as bas been stated in another part of this report. of making an innovation upon settled rules, without pro
The portage rail road across the Allegheny mountain, ducing confusion. was included by the board, in the superintendency of the For the purpose of obtaining the necessary information western division, and Moncure Robison, who had been in order to proceed to a choice, the board directed the appointed the engineer in December last, was continued president to communicate upon the subject, with such by the present board, for the purpose of completing his persons as he might deem proper, and report the result examinations and estimates upon this important public of his correspondence. Two reports have been made by work. His report is herewith submitted. It will be the president, in pursuance of this direction, but the inseen that Mr. Robison proposes passing the summit by formation received has not yet enabled the board to make a tunnel of one mile in length, and overcoming the ele- a selection. vation by five lifts, and five levels on each side. The By the second section of the act of the 22d April, 1829, portage, according to this location, is 38 miles and 51 it is made the duty, of the canal commissioners to locate poles in length, and its complete execution upon his plan the route of a suitable navigation, either by canal, or by is estimated at $936,004 87.
canal and slack water, between the city of Pittsburg, or The best means of effecting this connexion between the mouth of the Kiskeminetas,and the borough of Erie, the eastern and western waters, is a subject of great mag within the present year. With a view to this location, nitude ; for, independently of other considerations, upon the board, at their meeting in June, directed James Ferit depends the successful competition of the Pennsylva. guson and Moncure Robison, two of the principal engi: nia canal with other avenues, for the trade of the western neers in the employment of the board, to explore and states to the Atlantic. The board in employing Mr. Rob select the best summit, for a connexion of the waters of ison upon this work, secured the services of an engineer the Conneaut lake and those of lake Erie. Owing to the of the first order. They required from him every kind engagements of Mr. Robinson, upon the rail-road across of information necessary to a judicious selection of the the Allegheny mountain, he was afterwards excused from best means of effecting this connexion. His report jus-/ the performance of this duty; and the explorations were tifies the high opinion which was entertained of his tal made by Mr. Ferguson, who made report to the board
professional skill, and gives clear and compre- in October. At the same time, petitions were presented hensive views of the subject.
from a very respectable number of citizens, residing in At the meeting of the board in July, Maj. D. B. Dou the counties bordering on the waters of the Allegheny glas, who is known in this commonwealth as a highly re. river and French creek, stating that the questions arising spectable engineer, was appointed to make the surveys out of the conflicting claims of the Allegheny & French and estimates of the eastern termination of the Pennsyl-creek, and Beaver and Shenango routes, involved imporvania rail-road, required by a resolution of the legislature tant interests, as well as the constitutional rights of the of the 20th April last. His report and estimates upon petitioners, should a location be made by which the wathe various routes, accompany this report. From all the ters of French creek would be diverted from their natu. facts laid before the board, they are of the opinion, that ral course. They prayed for the postponement of the it is not the interest of the state now to construct more location until after the next meeting of the legislature, than one line of rail road from the inclined plane, near for the purpose of having an opportunity to ascertain imthe farin of the late Judge Peters, and they recommend portant facts, necessary to insure a decision in favour of the extension of the line from that point down the west the Allegheny and French creek route. The board, up.