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purfued, by faithful endeavours to cultivate the understandings of youth, and by a steady attention to difcipline, it is hoped, that you will have the fatisfaction to obferve the fame effects produced, and that the fcene will be realized, which OUR POETESS has fo beautifully defcribed:

When this, this little group their country calls
From academic fhades and learned halls,
To fix her laws, her fpirit to fuftain,
And light up glory through her wide domain;
Their various taftes in different arts difplay'd,
Like temper'd harmony of light and shade,
With friendly union in one mafs fhall blend,
And this adorn the state, and that defend.

I am,

With fincere Refpect and Gratitude,

DEAR SIR,

Your much obliged,

And most obedient Servant,

WILLIAM ENFIELD.

Warrington Academy,
October 1, 1774.

ESSAY on Elocution

CONTENTS.

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BOOK VII.-DESCRIPTIVE PIECES.

158

Ib. 227 6 The Wish

Ib. 273 35 Ode to Apollo
Ib. 274 36 Catharina

Page

Sbakf 275
Ib. 276

Ib. 279
Ib. 285

ESSAY

ON

ELOCUTION.

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Id affert ratio, docent literæ, confirmat confuctudo legendi et loquendi.

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Muc declamation has been employed to convince the world of a very plain truth, that to be able to fpeak well is an ornamental and ufeful accomplishment. Without the laboured panegyrics of ancient or modern orators, the importance of a good elocution is fufficiently obvious. Every one will acknowledge it to be of fome confequence, that what a man has hourly occafion to do, fhould be done well. Every private company, and almost every public affembly, affords opportunities of remarking the difference between a juft and graceful, and a faulty and unnatural elocution; and there are few perfons who do not daily experience the advantages of the former, and the inconveniences of the latter. The great difficulty is, not to prove that it is a defirable thing to be able to read and fpeak with propriety, but to point out a practicable and easy method, by which this accomplishment may be acquired.

FOLLOW NATURE, is certainly the fundamental law of Oratory, without regard to which, all other rules will only produce affected declamation, not just elocution. And fome accurate obfervers, judging, perhaps, from a few unlucky fpecimens of modern eloquence, have coneluded that this is the only law which ought to be pre

fcribed ;

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