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The receipts into the Treasury, during

the three first quarters of the present
year, are estimated to have announted to $19,437,230 98


17,770,744 59 Lands (G)

972,059 33 Bank dividends

490,000 00 Miscellaneous (H)

204,427 06

The receipts for the fourth quarter are es

timated at

5,165,000 00

Making the total estimated receipts of the year

- 24,602,230 98

30,574,666 79

And, with the balance on the 1st of January, 1829, forming

an aggregate of The expenditures for the three first quar

ters of the present year, have announted, by estimate, to (I)

18,919,114 05 Viz, Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous

2,482,415 50 Military service, including

fortifications, ordnance, Indian affairs, pensions, arming the militia, and internal improvement

5,155,256 44 Naval service, including the gradual improvement of

2,565,979 24 Public debt

8,715,462 87

the navy

The expenditures for the fourth quarter,

including $3,689,542 93 on account of the public debt, are estimated at

7,245,481 05

Making the total estimated expenditures of the year

26,164,595 10

Leaving in the Treasury, on the 1st January, 1830, an esti

mated balance of

4,410,071 69

Of this balance, which includes the funds heretofore reported by this department as not effective, there have been reserved, under the 4th section of the Sinking Fund act of 1817, $2,000,000, and the residue has been held to meet existing appropriations.

But, of those appropriations, amounting to $3,435,387 03, it is estimated, on data recently furnished by the proper departments1. That there will be required, to complete the service of the year 1929,

and of previous years, $2,457,173 16; which sum will be expended
in the

1830. 2. That the sum of $862,251 84 will not be required for the service of

those years, and may, therefore, be applied, without being re-appropriated, in aid of the service of the year 1830, as will be more fully stated when the estimates of the appropriations for that year are

presented. 3. That the sum of $115,962 03 will be carried to the surplus fund at

the close of the present year, either because the objects for which it was appropriated are completed, or because those moneys will not be required for, or will no longer be applicable to them.

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The total amount of the public debt of the United States, was, on the 1st of January, 1829

- $59,406,418 05 Viz. Funded debt

$58,362,135 78
Consisting of -
Six per cent. stocks 16,279,822 02
Five per cent. stocks, in-

cluding $7,000,000 sub-
scribed to the Bank of

the United States 12,792,000 20 Four and a half per cent. stocks.

15,994,064 11 Three per cent. stock 13,296,249 45

44,282 27

Unfunded debt

Consisting of
Registered debt, being claims registered

prior to the year 1798, for services
and supplies during the Revolutionary

28,965 91 Treasury notes, outstanding 9,261 27 Mississippi stock, outstanding 6,055 09

The payments made, and to be made, on account of the pub

lic debt, for the year 1829, amount to 12,405,005 80 Of this sum there will have been paid for interest

2,563,994 25

And on account of principal

9,841,011 55

Leaving the total debt on the 1st January, 1830

48,565,406 50 Viz. Funded debt, as per statement (K) - 48,522,869 93 Unfunded debt, as per statement (L)

42,536 57 Of the sum applied to the payment of the public debt in the year 1929, $10,049,630 50 have accrued under the second section of the Sinking Fund act of 1817, which completes the whole amount of that appropriation up to the 1st January, 1830; and $2,355,375 30 have been derived, under the fourth section of the act, from the surplus moneys in the Treasury.

The payments of the present year being applied exclusively to the redemption of the six per cent stocks, there will remain the following stocks, redeemable according to the respective contracts, viz:

In 1830–6 per cents.

$6,440,556 17

18,901 59
44 per cents.

1,539,336 16 On the 1st January, 1831, and sub

ject to the last payment of 1830 - 18,901 59

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Total redeemable in 1832
In 1833-(viz. on the 1st January, 1834) 41 per cents.
In 1834-(viz. on the 1st January, 1835) 5 per cents.

7,227,363 97 2,227,363 98 4,735,296 30

28,226,620 48 20,296,249 45

Making together
Redeemable at the pleasure of the Government

5 per cents. subscribed to Bank U.States 7,000,000 00
3 per cents.

13,296,249 45
Making a total of -


48,522,869 93

From the above statement it is apparent that the Sinking Fund, as hereafter estimated, at $11,500,000, for the year 1830, and subsequently at an average of $12,000,000, can only be applied to the reimbursement of those stocks which are not redeemable at pleasure, as follows: In 1830—to the payment of principal $8,017,695 51 interest 1,951,437 05

$9,969,132 56 In 1831—to the payment of principal 6,018,900 72 interest, say 1,687,060 08

7,705,960 80

In 1832—to the payment of principal 7,227,363 97

interest, say 1,186,115 04

8,413,479 01

In 1933—to the payment of principal 2,227,363 98

interest, say 1,085,883 66

3,313,247 64

In 1934—to the payment of principal

interest, say

4,735,296 30

985,652 29

5,720,948 59 The inconvenience to which the Treasury will be exposed by this cause, may be averted by redeeming the stock subscribed to the Bank of the United States, and authorizing the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund to purchase the three per cents. when, in their opinion, the terms on which such purchase can be made, will render it as favorable to the United States as the payment of other stocks then redeemable. This stock is now quoted in the market at about 871. An unlimited authority to redeem it would, no doubt, somewhat enhance the price; but this effect would, in a great degree, be counteracted by the option to redeem other stocks. If, however, the revenues can, in the opinion of Congress, be more advantageously reduced, or otherwise disposed of, when the other stocks shall be redeemed, the payment of the three per cents. may be postponed, subject to the operation of a small sinking fund, to be applied conditionally, viz: when the stock can be bought at a reasonable price, to be fixed by law. In such case, it will be necessary, to the full employment of the present Sinking Fund, to give the Commissioners power to purchase the five and four and a half per cents. at their market price.

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The amount of duties on iniports and tonnage, which accrued from the 1st of January to the 30th September, 1829, is estimated at $21,821,500 ; being $2,621,300 less than that which accrued in the corresponding period of the preceding year. This deficiency has arisen almost entirely in the first quarter of the present year; and was probably caused by the extensive importations which had been made in the early part of 1828, in anticipation of the increased duties. In the second and third quarters of the year, however, the importations have so' augmented, that the accruing duties secured in those quarters, are but $49,300 less than those secured in the second and third quarters of the preceding year. This improvement still continues; and there is reason to believe that the duties accruing in the fourth quarter will nearly equal those of the fourth quarter of last year. It is worthy of remark, that the accruing revenue of the three first quarters of the year 1829, though so much below that of 1828, is only $270,200 less than that of the same period of the year 1827.

The debentures issued, during the three first quarters of 1829, were $3,059,060 25, which exceeds the amount issued during the corresponding period of the year 1828, by $96,475 70.

The amount of debentures, outstanding on the 30th September last, and chargeable upon the revenue of 1830, was $1,111,136, exceeding, by $65,992, the amount chargeable on the same day, in 1928, on the revenue of 1829.

The value of domestic articles, exported from the United States, for the year ending on the 30th September last, is estimated at $55,800,000, being $5,130,331 more than the value of those exported, during the same period, in the preceding year.

The amount of custom house bonds in suit on the 30th September last, was $6,591,714 20, being $1,967,435 45 more than on the same day, in the preceding year. It may be observed, that the great increase of this item for several years past, has arisen from the heavy failures in the China trade; in which, series of bonds falling due from the same houses commence in one year, and terminate in another.

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$23,840,000 00

From a view of all those facts and considerations, the receipts for the year 1830 are estimated at

Viz. Customs

$22,000,00 00 Lands

1,200,000 00 Bank dividends

490,000 00 Incidental receipts, including arrears of in

ternal duties, direct tax, and canal tolls, 150,000 00

To which is to be added the balance estimated to be in the

Treasury on the 1st January, 1830

4,410,071 69

28,250,071 69 23,755,526 67

Making'an aggregate of
The expenditures for 1830 are estimated at

Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous

2,473,225 62 Military service, including fortifications,

ordnance, Indian affairs, pensions, arm

ing the militia, and internal improvement 5,525,189 95 Naval service, including the gradual improvement of the navy

4,257,111 10 Public debt

11,500,000 00

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Which will leave an estimated balance in the Treasury on

the 1st January, 1831, of

$4,494,545 02

If the foregoing estimate of the revenue and expenditure be correct, the sum at the disposal of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, for the year 1830, will be $11.500,000, and, when the increase of population is considered, may, probably, he safely computed at $12,000,000 for the four succeeding years. This sum will complete the payment of the whole pub. lic debt within the year 1834, without applying the bank shares.

Should it be determined to reduce the revenue, so as to correspond with the existing expenditure, it will require the exercise of a wise forecast, on the part of the Legislature, to avert serious injury. Merchants having goods on hand, liable to be affected in price by a change in the fiscal system of the Government, have a just right to expect from it a reasonable notice, corresponding with the magnitude of the change proposed. In accordance with these views, it is respectfully suggested, that, whatever diminution of duties shall be determined upon, it be made to take effect prospectively and gradually.

It will, in such case, be proper, at an early period, to select the articles upon which to commence the reduction. As auxiliary to this undertaking, the annexed tables, M and N, have been prepared. Table M exhibits the amount of duties accruing on such articles of importation as are generally of foreign production. Table N exhibits the tariff of duties imposed by foreign Governments on such articles as are produced in, or exported from, the United States, as far as has been ascertained at the Treasury Department.

The precise effect of a reduction of duties on the revenue can only be ascertained by experience; but, as the imports will be somewhat increased by the operation, it is not apprehended that a gradual reduction, commencing at an early day, would sensibly prolong the total extinguishment of the public debt.

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