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In another change, the latest figures from recent national censuses were incorporated into the present edition. Revisions were made in the Manufactures section and the Distribution and Services section to include the newly released statistics from the 1958 Censuses of Business, Manufactures, and Mineral Industries. Statistics from the 1959 Census of Agriculture and the 1960 Censuses of Population and Housing, however, were not yet available and will appear in the 1961 edition of the Abstract.

The presentation of scientific research and development data was expanded to include new tables showing: Federal Government obligations for conduct of research, by field of science; shipments of atomic energy equipment and products; and radiation detection and measuring instruments produced.

In the Law Enforcement, Federal Courts, and Prisons section, major revisions in the figures for crimes known to the police were made as a result of changes instituted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Other noteworthy additions were 3 new tables included in the Income, Expenditures, and Wealth section. These tables present revised information developed by the Federal Reserve Board which measures the flow of funds through the major sectors of the national economy and depicts the economy's saving and investment structure. New tables were also added in the Agriculture sections and in the Social Insurance and Welfare section.

Following is a list of some of the subjects covered by the 52 new tables:

Strategic materials inventory
Federal research obligations, by field

of science
Atomic energy equipment shipped
Radiation detection and measuring

instruments produced
Development Loan Fund
Average weight of men and women
Mothers employed full time
Persons with two or more jobs
Religious and private welfare

penditures
Hospital admissions and length of

stay Average family monthly social se

curity benefits Tornadoes, floods, and tropical storms Assessed value and sales prices of real

property

Principal financial flows under flow

of funds/saving concept National income in distribution and

selected service industries Governmental expenditure for capital

outlay Federal Government blue-collar

workers
Independent telephone companies
Military personnel, by major program

assignment
Principal crops of each State
Capital formation in manufacturing
Average length of interest bearing

public debt
Corporate profits in manufacturing,

by industry Foreign military assistance programs

and deliveries

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Among the tables shown in the last edition, 36 were omitted from this issue. Major omissions occurred in the Education section affecting estimates and projections of elementary and high school enrollment, enrollment in white and Negro schools, and college summer enrollment; in the Law Enforcement, Federal Courts, and Prisons section, affecting tables on offenses known and cleared by arrest, and income of lawyers; in the Labor Force, Employment and Earnings section, involving employment data from the 1950 Census of Population, and data on trade union membership; in the Income, Expenditures, and Wealth section affecting discontinued series on income of physicians, lawyers, and dentists, and data concerning expenditures of urban families by income class; in the State and Local Government Finances and Employment section affecting data on governmental expenditures and long-term debt outstanding; and in the Manufactures section, affecting size-of-establishment data, and tables on fuels and electric energy, and selected metal products. Some of the information in the omitted tables was absorbed in other tables still present.

Supplements to the Abstract.—The Statistical Abstract, as an annual one-volume publication, is of necessity limited in amount of detail shown. To meet the need for more detailed information for small areas (cities, counties, metropolitan areas, and

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porated others) and for more historical data, a series of supplements to the Abstract has been

issued.

The County and City Data Book, 1956, is designed to help satisfy the need for statistical information about counties and cities and other relatively small geographic areas. Conveni atly assembled are 133 statistical items for each county in the United States and 130 statistical items for each of the 484 cities having 25,000 inhabitants or more in 1950. Information comparable to that for counties is also presented for geographic regions and divisions, States, and standard metropolitan areas. A special feature is an appendix which presents selected data for Congressional Districts. Also ipeluded are descriptive text and source notes.

This edition is the fifth in the County and City Data Book series. Many of the statistics in this volume were obtained from the results of the 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, Business, and Manufactures. Other subjects covered include births, deaths, and

marriages; population characteristics; dwelling units; city government finances and by the employment; hospitals; bank deposits; and other items of social and economic imsector

portance. This volume is on sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government ructure

Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., for $4.50. surance

Preparation of a new edition of the County and City Data Book is presently underway. The 1959 edition will present information from the 1958 Censuses of Business,

Vanufactures, and Mineral Industries and the 1957 Census of Governments, as well er for

is current data from other government and private sources.

Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957, is a completely revised and expanded version of Historical Statistics of the United States, 1789–1945,

which was issued in 1949. Compiled by the Bureau of the Census with the cooperation capita

of the Social Science Research Council, this supplement presents in compact and e-colle convenient form more than 8,000 statistical time series (mostly on an annual basis)

which cover periods from 1610 to 1957. The new volume includes historical data on lies

every major aspect of the nation's social and economic development and consists of prograr

24 chapters and 51 sections. The statistics are accompanied by text notes which

specify the sources of the data, include references to other sources, discuss the historical uring development of the data and evaluate their reliability, and present definitions of bear

technical terms. Also included is a separate chapter on colonial statistics and a cturing

15-page subject index.

The volume is on sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing rogrants Office, Washington 25, D.C., for $6.00 per copy.

Responsibility.—The contents of this volume are taken from a large number of

Sources (see Source Agencies and Table Numbers, pp. 956-959). The Bureau of the Maja

Census cannot accept the responsibility for the accuracy or limitations of the data tions c

presented here, other than for those which it collects. However, the responsibility ols, and

for selection of the material and for proper presentation rests with the Bureau. Prisol

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SUGGESTIONS AND COMMENTS

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Many persons have written offering suggestions for improving the presentation of the material. These letters have been most helpful and users are urged to continue to make their needs known. All suggestions will be carefully considered in planning future editions. Suggestions and comments should be sent to the Director, Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D.C.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON DATA PRESENTED write to the agency indicated in the source note to the table which covers the desired subject.

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STATISTICAL ABSTRACT SUPPLEMENTS

County and City Data Book, 1956. A compact presentation

of 133 items of statistical data for each county in the United States, and 130 items of statistical data for each of 484 cities having 25,000 inhabitants or more in 1950. Information comparable to that for counties is also presented for geographic regions and divisions, States, and standard metropolitan areas. Items included based largely on results of 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, Business, and Manufactures. Includes 51 maps, explanatory and definitive text, and source notes. Issued 1957. Price

$4.50 (Buckram). Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to

1957. Prepared with the cooperation of the Social Science Research Council. A compilation of more than 8,000 statistical time series, largely annual, on American social and economic development covering periods from 1610 to 1957. Includes definitions of terms and descriptive text. Specific

notes provide a basic guide to original published sources for further reference and additional data. Detailed alphabetical subject index. 801 pages.

Issued 1960. Price $6.00 (Buckram). Purchase orders should be addressed to the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

source

VI

CONTENTS

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Fig. I. Map of the United States, showing Census divisions and regions ...

Sec. I. POPULATION.--

Population estimates-Geographic distribution-ProjectionsUrban

and rural-Sex-Age-Race-Nativity-Citizenship-Mobility

status—Marital status—Households and families—Institutional popu-

lation-Religious bodies.

Figs. II-V. Population: Age and ser; Urban and rural trends; House-

holds; Center of population.

Sec. 2. VITAL STATISTICS, HEALTH, AND NUTRITION..

Births—Reproduction rates—Fertility-Life table values—Deaths-

Accidents and injuries—Marriage and divorce — Physicians, dentists,

and graduate nurses—Health insurance benefits-Medical care ex-

penditures---Hospitals—Mental patients under institutional care-

Morbidity-Average weight of men and women-Nutrition-Federal

food programs.

Fig. VI. Vital statistics rates.

Sec. 3. IMMIGRATION, EMIGRATION, AND NATURALIZATION.---

Immigration quotas-Immigration-Emigration - Movement and

characteristics of aliens-Displaced persons and refugees-Resident

aliens reporting—Arrivals and departures-Passports issued— Natu-

ralization.

Figs. VII-VIII. Immigrants admitted; Displaced persons and refugees

admitted.

Sec. 4. EDUCATION.--

School enrollment - Years of school completed - Illiteracy-Elemen-

tary and secondary schools—Institutions of higher education-Earned

degrees conferred-Land grant institutions -Special schools - Public

library systems - Vocational schools - Federal aid.

Fig. IX. Current expenditure per pupil.

Sec. 5. LAW ENFORCEMENT, FEDERAL COURTS, AND PRISONS..

Major crimes—Crime rates—Arrests-Juvenile delinquency-Police

employment—Federal courts—Legal profession-Prisoners in Federal

and State prisons-Federal prisoners released-Federal and State

prison employees-Prisoners executed.

Figs. X-XI. Prisoners present in Federal and State prisons; Percentage

of repeaters among Federal prisoners.

Sec. 6. AREA, GEOGRAPHY, AND CLIMATE...

Land and water areas, Coastlines-Extreme points—Lakes-Rivers-

Altitudes—Tornadoes, floods, and tropical storms-Water use and

supply-Elevation of stations---Occurrence of freeze-Temperature-

Precipitation-Snow and sleet-Sunshine-Wind velocity-Degree

days—Relative humidity.

Fig. XII. Territorial expansion of the United States.

Sec. 7. PUBLIC LANDS; PARKS; AND RECREATION..

Public domain-Land ownership-Federal real property-Public and

Indian lands-National, State, and municipal parks— Visits to parks

and forests-Expenditures for recreation-Fishermen, hunters, and

licenses—Selected recreational activities-Domestic and foreign travel.

Figs. XIII-XIV. Ownership of land; Domestic travel.

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Sec. 8. LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT, AND EARNINGS.

Labor force characteristics—Employment status-Labor force pro-

jections—Industry-Employed mothers-Occupation-Farm employ-

ment and wage rates-Output per man-hour-Production workers,

average hours and earnings—Union wage rates—Labor turnover-In-

dustrial injuries—Union membership-Supplementary wage benefits-

Work stoppages.

Fig. XV. Trends in the labor force.

Sec. 9. MILITARY SERVICES AND VETERANS AFFAIRS.-

Expenditures for major national security functions— Military procure-

ment—Civil defense Military personnel and reserves—Coast Guard

personnel—Pay rates—War casualties-Ships—Aircraft-Selective

service Veterans, expenditures for veterans, other veterans benefits.

Fig. XVI. Federal expenditures for major national security functions

and veterans services and benefits.

Sec. 10. SOCIAL INSURANCE AND WELFARE SERVICES.-

Social welfare programs and expenditures-Federal grants Popula-

tion 65 years old and over- -Old-age, survivors, and disability insur-

ance—Private pension plans Corporate pensions funds—Unemploy-

ment insurance-Public employment offices-Railroad retirement and

other benefits—Civil Service retirement-Workmen's compensation-

Public assistance Maternal and child welfare services—Adoptions-

Vocational rehabilitation-Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts—Red Cross-

Community Chest-Religious and private welfare organizations, ex-

penditures-Foundations.

Fig. XVII. Social welfare expenditures.

Sec. 11. INCOME, EXPENDITURES, AND WEALTH..

The Nation's income, expenditure, and saving, Gross national prod-

uct or expenditure-National income-Personal income and saving-

Flow-of-funds accounts--Distribution of families and individuals by in-

come levels-Family income and expenditures-Money income of

persons-National wealth.

Figs. XVIII-XIX. Gross national product; Median income of men

and women.

Sec. 12. PRICES.

Wholesale, retail, and consumer price indexes—Wholesale prices-Pur-

chasing power of the dollar-Residential rents— Costs of medical serv-

ice-Retail prices-Electric bills and gas bills-Unit values of com-

modities exported and imported.

Figs. XX-XXI. Wholesale price and consumer price indexes.

Sec. 13. ELECTIONS..

Electoral and popular vote for President-Vote for U. S. Senators and

Representatives and Governors—Apportionment of U. S. Representa-

tives—Composition of Congress; legislative activity; bills vetoed-

State legislatures-Elective local officials—Citizens of voting age.

Fig. XXII. Popular vote cast for President.

Sec, 14. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCES AND EMPLOYMENT..

Receipts and expenditures—Appropriations Internal revenue collec-

tions- Individual and corporation income tax returns-Gift and

estate tax returns--Public and private debt-Government securi-

ties--Savings bonds—Employment and payrolls.

Figs. XXIII-XXV. The Government of the United States; Receipts

and expenditures of the Federal Government; Gross public debt.

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