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II.
III

IV

1970:

II.

III.

IV

100, 676

99, 110

98,081

97, 041

123, 402

119, 182

114, 439

109, 664

11, 480

10, 415

9,558

8, 690

15, 225

13, 766

11, 761 9,747

10, 701

10, 200

10, 028

9,856

9,410

11,900

10, 841 9,988

9, 124

8, 464

6, 694

9, 537

11, 298

15, 542

12,375

11, 437

11, 404

12, 168

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1970:

II.

III.
IV.

1975:

II.

III.

IV.

1980:

II.
III.

IV.

1955. 1958.

1965:

II.

III.

IV.

1975:

1980:
I
II.
III.
IV.

FEMALE

108, 354 105, 458

102, 502

99, 701

120, 478
116,064

111, 113

106, 126

134, 848
128, 423
120, 979
113, 534

83, 255
87,858

111, 120

108, 352

105, 607

102, 840

137, 709

131, 558

124, 430
117, 300

13, 602
12, 337
10, 541
8,732

15, 873
14,345

12, 249

10, 143

18, 362

16, 333

13, 823

11, 347

8.981 9, 573

13, 060 11,853

10, 134

8, 404

17, 599

15, 658

13, 262
10, 895

12, 390
11, 281
10,389

0,487

14,046
12, 786
10,998

9, 196

16, 310 14,788

12, 701
10, 603

8,386
8, 947

11, 869

10, 808

9, 954 9,089

13, 446

12, 243

10, 530

8, 805

15, 607

14, 152

12, 153

10, 146

11, 182 10, 660

10, 482

10, 302

12, 410
11, 304
10,414
9, 514

14,063

12, 806

11, 022

9, 225

6, 556 7,645

10, 733

10, 233

10, 061

9, 889

13, 475

12, 274

10, 564

8, 841

- A MO

9, 811

11, 183

10, 663
10,486
10, 307

12, 407
11,306

10, 419
9, 523

5,507
6, 149

9, 451

10, 772

10, 273

10, 101

9, 929

11, 937

10, 880

10, 029

9, 167

8,791

9,794

11, 159

10, 643

10, 467
10, 289

1 Figures represent survivors of births of the appropriate years and were used as the base
for the projections of 5-to-9 year olds for later years. Figures in the second column
(under 5 years) are comparable to 1950 Census counts of children under 5 years of age.
They were obtained by subtracting approximately 802,000 (estimated "net census under-
count" of children under 5 years) from the "adjusted" figures in order to make them

5,371
5,425

8, 552

10,855

10, 358

10, 186 10, 015

12, 614

15, 671

18, 623

12, 266
11,830

12, 608

18, 372

11, 351

11, 290

12, 659

11, 634 12, 029

11, 639

12, 741

11, 278

11, 480

10, 973

9,569
10, 245

12,028

11, 473

8,936

9,471

10, 025

7,444 7,827

10, 030

11, 391

8, 309

9, 200

10, 267

7,541
8, 188

11, 150

14, 259

14,038
12,778
10, 977

9, 168

16, 309 14,781

12, 685

10, 579

18, 798

16, 769

14, 259

11, 783

9, 347

9, 938

13, 426

12, 219

10, 500

8, 770

12, 127

10, 113

17,965

16, 024
13, 628
11, 261

73,247

80, 528 79,825

79, 540

79,253

88,775
86, 914

85,557
84, 187

60, 510

63, 046

77, 444

85, 113 84, 441

84, 164

83, 887

93, 580

91, 793

90,488

89, 171

65, 158

71, 175

78, 508
77,600
77, 178
76, 753

55, 966

57, 814

69, 658

83,711
82, 840
82, 431

82, 021

comparable to 1950 Census counts. A more detailed discussion of this point is given
in Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 193 and 212.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports,
Series P-25, Nos. 187 and 212.

No. 4. POPULATION AND AREA OF THE UNITED STATES AND OUTLYING AREAS: 1930 TO 1950

[Areas within each group are listed in rank order of population in 1950. For area figures of individual States, see table 206. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series A 4-6, A 9-15, and J 2]

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18, 509 22, 012

10, 055

36

POPULATION

1940

1150,622,754

131. 669, 275

2 72, 524 4 422, 770 869, 255

22, 290
24, 889
12,908

437

(3)

13 10 51,827 16 1, 523

44 7 69

1950

154, 233, 234

150, 697, 361

128, 643 499, 794 2, 210, 703

59,498

26, 665

18, 937
416

349
6272
746

36

(11)

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Other outlying areas:

Canal Zone 14.

Corn Islands 15.

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 17.

Population abroad 21

Members of the Armed Forces.

Civilian citizens employed by the United States Govern

ment....

Families of Armed Forces personnel or of civilian citizen employees...

Crews of merchant vessels..

39, 467

(14)

89, 453

89, 453

(33)

(18) 118,933

118,933

š

(23) (23)

52, 822 16 1.304

19 54, 843

22 481, 545
301, 595

26, 910

107, 350
45, 690

553
4

20 8, 475

1 Includes estimated population of the Philippine Islands (1940: 16,356,000; 1930: 13,513,000), not shown sepa rately. Ceded by Spain in 1898, the Philippine Islands constituted a territorial possession of the United States from 1898 to 1946. Granted independence as of July 4, 1946, they then became the Republic of the Philippines. 2 Census taken as of Oct. 1 of preceding year.

Excludes inhabitants (36) of Midway Islands which were enumerated with Hawaii in 1930.

Excludes inhabitants (560) of Baker, Canton and Enderbury, Howland, Jarvis, Johnston and Sand, and Midway Islands which were enumerated with Hawaii in 1940.

Not enumerated.

• Enderbury Island uninhabited at time of enumeration.

Sand Island uninhabited at time of enumeration.

Less than 0.5 square mile.

Little Swan Island uninhabited at time of enumeration.

10 Includes Caroline, Christmas, Danger (Pukapuka), Flint, Funafuti, Kingman Reef, Malden, Manahiki, Navassa, Nukufetau, Nukulailai, Nurakita, Penrhyn, Rakahanga, Starbuck, Vostok, Phoenix Group (except Canton and Enderbury), and Union (Tokelau) Group, not enumerated in decennial censuses; and Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands. Quita Sueño Bank, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank, claimed by both the United States and Colombia, not enumerated.

11 Not enumerated or uninhabited at time of enumeration.

13 Population of Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands. Other islands not enumerated or uninhabited at time of enumeration.

13 Area figure is for Navassa (arca. 2 square miles), and Baker, Howland, and Jarvis (combined area 3 square miles); excludes Kingman Reef, Quita Sueño Bank, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank (each less than 0.5 square mile). Area of other islands (listed in footnote 10) not available.

14 Under jurisdiction of United States in accordance with treaty of Nov. 18, 1903, with Republic of Panama. 15 Leased (1914) from the Republic of Nicaragua for 99 years.

16 Figures are those of the 1950 and 1940 Censuses of the Republic of Nicaragua, May 1950 and 1940. Little Corn Island uninhabited at time of both enumerations.

17 Under trusteeship with the United States as administering authority. See Trusteeship Agreement for the Former Japanese Mandated Islands (Documentary Supplement No. 1) of the Security Council of the United Nations which became effective on July 18, 1947.

18 Population 1930, 69,626, 1940, 131,258 (Censuses of Japan),

19 U. S. Department of the Navy. Report on the Administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands for the Period July 1, 1949 to June 30, 1950. Washington, D. C., U. S. Government Printing Office, 1950.

20 U. S. Department of the Navy. Handbook on the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Washington, D. C., U. S. Government Printing Office, 1948.

21 Excludes United States citizens abroad on private business, travel, etc. Many of these were enumerated in the United States at their usual place of residence as absent members of households.

22 Based on 20-percent sample of reports received and consequently subject to sampling variability. Chances are about 2 out of 3 that the figure that would have been obtained from a complete count would have differed by less than 1,200 from figure shown here.

23 Not available.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; U. S. Census of Population: 1950, Vol. I, and records.

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No. 5.

CENTER OF POPULATION: 1790 TO 1950

"Center of population" is that point which may be considered as center of population gravity of the U. S. or that paint upon which the U. 8. would balance, if it were a rigid plane without weight and the population distribated thereon with each individual being assumed to have equal weight and to exert an influence on a central point proportional to his distance from the point. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]

1790 1800

1810

1830

1830

1840.

1850

1860.

1870

1880

1800

1900

1910.

1920

1930

1940

1950

YEAR

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North latitude

O

" "

39 16 30
39 16 6
39 11 30

39

5 42

38 57 54

39

38 59

39 0

39 12

39

4

8

39 11 56

39

9 36 39 10 12

39 10 21
39 3 45
38 56 54

38 50 21

2 0

0

24

0

I West Virginia was set off from Virginia Dec. 31, 1862, and admitted as a State June 19, 1863.
Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; U. S. Census of Population: 1950, Vol. I.

FIG. V. CENTER OF POPULATION: 1790 TO 1950

[See table 5]

West longitude

。I "

76 11 12
76 56 30
77 37 12

78 33 0
79 16 54

80 18

81 19

82 48 48

83 35 42

84 39 40

85 32 53

85 48 54
86 32 20

86 43 15
87 8 6
87 22 35

88

0

0

9 33

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23 miles east of Baltimore, Md.

18 miles west of Baltimore, Md.

40 miles northwest by west of Washington, D. C. (in Virginia).

16 miles east of Moorefield, W. Va.1

19 miles west-southwest of Moorefield, W. Va.1

16 miles south of Clarksburg, W. Va.1

23 miles southeast of Parkersburg, W. Va.1
20 miles south by east of Chillicothe, Ohio.
48 miles east by north of Cincinnati, Ohio.

8 miles west by south of Cincinnati, Ohio (in Kentucky). 20 miles east of Columbus, Ind.

6 miles southeast of Columbus, Ind.

In the city of Bloomington. Ind.

8 miles south-southeast of Spencer, Owen County, Ind.

3 miles northeast of Linton, Greene County, Ind.

2 miles southeast by east of Carlisle, Haddon township, Sullivan County, Ind.

8 miles north-northwest of Olney, Richland County, Ill.

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Approximate location

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Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

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No. 6.

ESTIMATED POPULATION, BY STATES AND FOR PUERTO Rico: 1950 TO

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[In thousands. As of July 1. Includes Armed Forces stationed in area. Based on data from the 195

special Federal censuses, State censuses, vital statistics, immigration statistics, school statistics, and d Armed Forces. Minus sign (-) denotes decrease. For enumerated population, 1900 to 1950, see table 9]

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United States..

New England

Maine.
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island,
Connecticut.

Middle Atlantic

New York.
New Jersey.
Pennsylvania..

East North Central

Ohio.
Indiana.
Illinois.
Michigan.
Wisconsin.

West North Central.

Minnesota.
Iowa
Missouri.
North Dakota.
South Dakota.
Nebraska..
Kansas...

South Atlantic

Delaware
Maryland.
District of Columbia.
Virginia..
West Virginia.
North Carolina.
South Carolina.
Georgia.
Florida..

151, 862 156, 474 159, 041 161,921 165,072 168,051 171, 118 174,056 177,021
9,318 9, 275

9,529
9,700
9, 688
9,713

9, 835 10, 025
911 908

10, 155 905 914 919 929 939 944 949 531 534 547 552 553

565 573

582 377

592 372 374

370 366 370 369 372 372 4, 690 4, 622 4, 770 4,857 4, 814 4,784 4,828 779

4, 900 4, 951 798 815 818 827 845 857 865 875 2,031 2,041 2, 118 2, 189 2, 209 2, 220 2, 268 2, 363

2, 415 30, 289 | 30, 854 31, 250 31, 881 32, 279 32, 523 32, 792 33, 30233, 748 14, 907 15, 220 15, 470 15, 785 16, 041 16,079 16, 140 16, 313 4, 859 5, 065

16, 495 5, 148 5, 246 5, 358 5, 507 5, 604 5, 799 5, 930 10, 522 10, 569 10, 632 10, 851 10, 881 10, 937 11, 047 11, 190 11, 323 30,581 31, 322 32, 131 33,092

33, 699 7, 996

34, 347 34,987 35, 863 36,513 8, 122 8,553

8,927 8, 978 9, 070 9, 230 9, 533 3, 951 4, 137 4, 173

9, 700 4, 245 4, 337 4, 433 4, 508 8, 758

4, 565 4, 638 8. 908 9, 010 9, 163 9, 323 9, 484 9, 697 10,000

10. 205 6, 420 6, 675 6, 868

7, 126
7, 354 7, 571 7. 690

7, 960 3, 451

7, 830 3, 480 3, 527 3, 632

3, 707

3, 789 3, 861 3,935 4,010 14, 080 14, 245 14,383 14,579 14,878 15, 088 15, 209 15, 210 2, 995 3, 038 3,064 3, 127

15, 375 3, 188 3, 262 3, 317 3, 342 2, 623 2, 641

3, 399 2, 654 2, 654 2, 712

2, 752 2, 782 2, 781
3, 945
4,001

2, 809
4, 069 4, 123 4, 203 4, 222 4, 236 4, 217
616 618

4, 243 625 631 639 641 644 638 652 658

642 659 668 680 692 693 684 1, 325

687 1, 318 1, 331 1, 353 1, 391 1, 426 1, 437 1, 923

1, 434 1, 971

1, 456 1, 981 2, 022 2, 066 2,092 2, 100 2, 114 2, 140 21, 233 22,210 22,535 22, 847 23, 481 24,093 24,731 25, 266 25, 828

321 344 355 374 396 416 434 444
2, 375

454
2, 498 2, 549 2, 632 2, 782 2, 838 2, 860
816

2, 961
818

3,031 847 851 829 808 816 828 840 3, 262 3, 479

3, 519 3, 485 3, 570 3, 704 2, 008

3,829
1, 992

3,905 3, 992
1, 982 1, 970 1, 961 1, 957 1, 960
4,060
4, 146

1, 965 1, 965
4, 179 4, 199 4, 325 4, 402 4, 470
2, 121 2, 220

4, 469
2, 244

4, 530 1 2, 255 2, 297 2, 325 2, 368 2, 391 3, 448 3, 590

2. 417 1 3, 570

3,611 3, 644 3, 705 3, 767 3, 787
2, 821
3, 122

3, 838
3, 289 3, 469 3, 678

3,937 4, 226 4, 515 4, 761
11, 492 11,567 11,490 11,447 | 11,560 11, 661 11, 803
2, 960 2, 959

11, 876 | 12,004
2, 959 2, 969

2, 987 2, 990 3, 041
3, 303 3, 341 3, 310

3, 087 3, 125
3, 344 3, 397 3, 415
3, 060

3, 440
3, 082

3, 468
3, 078

3, 501
3, 040 3, 079 3,112
2, 170

3, 159 3, 164
2, 186 2, 143

3, 193 2,095 2,097 2, 145 2, 163 2, 157 2, 185 14,545 15, 223 15, 206 15, 241

15, 606

15,899 16, 270 16, 433 1, 905 1, 855 1, 808 1, 768

16, 700

1, 763 1, 747 1,774
2, 699
2,832

1, 751
2, 819

1, 744
2, 856 2,899 2, 984
2, 193

3,071 3, 107
2, 177

3, 166 1 2, 132 2, 145 2, 172 2, 222

2, 255 7, 749

2, 252 8, 359

2, 276 8, 417 8, 473 8, 773

9, 170 9, 324 9, 513 2 5,117 5,333 5,529 5, 675

5,883
6, 100

6,330
598

3 599

6, 624
612 618 628 653 671
593

675 687
583

1 591 592 608 624 644 292

652 664 295

1 292 296 311 315 317 315 1,336 1, 368

319 1, 440 1, 501 1, 559

1, 627 1, 661 685

1, 655 733

1, 682
755 759

776
786

827
756

855

879 841 892 928

958

1,016 1, 108
696
731

1, 175 1, 233
750 763 800 825 840 858 880
163 183 198 218 243 254 262 272 280
15, 208 | 16, 446 16,988 | 17,458 17,998 18,629 | 19,162 19,623 20, 075
2, 385
2, 454

3
2, 478 2, 529 2, 618 2, 676
1,532

2, 726
1, 597

2, 770 2. 823
1, 625 1, 655 1, 694 1, 732 1, 742
10, 663

1, 746
11, 682

1. 766 11 12, 157 12, 544 12, 917 13, 431 137

13,871 14, 284 14, 639 191

3 205 208 209 200 211 191 191 491 522 523 522 560 584 612 632 656 3 2, 207 2,227 2, 213 2, 229 2, 263

2, 267 2, 285 2, 321 2, 347

East South Central

Kentucky. Tennessee Alabama. Mississippi.

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West South Central.

Arkansas.
Louisiana.
Oklahoma.
Texas.

8, 945

6, 457

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1 Provisional data. : Increase, 1950 to 1959. Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 1 208, and 210.

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No. 7. ESTIMATES OF COMPONENTS OF CHANGE IN POPULATION: 1940 TO 1959 In thousands. As of January 1. Figures relate to the total population of the United States including Armed Forces abroad]

TEAR

1940

1941

1942

1943.

1944.

1945

1946.

1947.

1948.

1949

1950

STATE

N. E
Maine.
N. H.
Vt.

MAS

R. L Comm

M. A.

N.Y.

N.J.

Pa...

E. N. C..
Ohio.

Net increase 1

Ind.

1,210
1,367

1,704

1,791

1,581

1,452

U.S......22, 730

711
30

Π

2,145

2,638

2,530

2,551

Mich Wis..

W. N.C....

Minn

Iowa

Mo...

N. Dak

8. Dak

Nebr

Kans

2,007

2, 366

2, 188

2, 201

2,520 2, 163

Num-
ber

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[In thousands. Covers period April 1, 1950, to July 1, 1958. sebool statistics, vital statistics, and data on Armed Forces. Minus sign (-) denotes decrease]

356

3,139
1,483

1, 131
1,295
1,587

NET INCREASE

1, 606

1,362

1,313

5,464
1,587
631

1,288
1,458
501

1,148

360

160

263

18

31

109

964 19.9

692

6.6

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Percent 1

3, 411

3,817

3,637

3,649

3,627

8.2

12.1

6.1

6.6

2.9

4.7

8.2

208 10.9

&A...

Del

4,083
126

39.7 618 26.4 26 3.2 587 17.7 W. Va.-41 -2.0

Md. D. C. Va.

10.4 5,742
10.0 2,771

964
2,008

Includes changes due to admissions into, and discharges from, Armed Forces abroad, for which figures are not shown separately.

Adjusted for underregistration.

Adjusted for underregistration of infant deaths; includes estimates of deaths in Armed Forces abroad. "Provisional estimates.

15.1 33, 394 12,674

7.6

1,808

848
83

3.3

185

9.2

102

52

-1.5

35 436

4.5

9.2

69 174

17.7

Incorporates the addition of the civilian population of Alaska in January 1959 and Hawaii in September 1959 to the total including Armed Forces abroad."

77

887

146

410

18.0 6,823
20.0 1,811
16 0
14.8

22.9

14.6

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 195 and 215.

Births Deaths

1, 498

1,577

1,545

No. 8. ESTIMATES OF COMPONENTS OF CHANGE IN POPULATION, BY STATES AND FOR OTHER AREAS: CUMULATIVE, 1950 TO 1958

1,404

1,451

892 1,790 1,576

754

1,449

1,448

1,464

2,961

671

528

773

141

151

276

422

19.3 5,048

81

546

173

774

397

2,726
1, 352
439
935

2,649
708

346
793
514

289

73

1951

63 1952

96 1953.

160

1954.

208

1955

169

1956

171

275

329

354 350

1,191

239

221

370

43

49

109

161

1,649

30

198

71 253

141

Net total migration 2

2,010

-249

YEAR

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-381

1957.

1958.

1959 4

1,290

-621
-72

-147

-140

-80

71

59

-53

684 75 270 -76 66 -297

1940-49 avg-
1,897
1950-59 avg-- $2,869

STATE

S. A.-Con.
N. C.

S. C......
Ga..

Fla..

Net
in-

crease 1

E. S. C.....
Ky..

Tenn..
Ala...

Miss

2,718

2, 644

W. S. C..
Ark...

La..

Okla.
Tex..

2,681

2,841

2,862

2, 984

Mt.
Mont..
Idaho.

Wyo.

Colo.

N. Mex.

Ariz.

Utah

Nev.

2,923 2, 865 $3,654

Pac.
Wash.
Oreg-
Calif.
Alaska.
Hawaii..

Puerto Rico.
Am. Samoa..

Num-
ber

342 1,744

NATURAL INCREASE

399

142

176

102

-22

immiTotal Births 2 Deaths3 gration

2,329

2, 404

1,896
-159

423

19

1,613

2,438

2,593

NET INCREASE

1,382
84

63

25

330

174

2,572
2,650

425

170

112

2, 670
2,602

2, 634

Excludes Armed Forces abroad. Based on
For explanation of methodology, see source.

407 10.0
274 13.0

9.9

62.9

63 132

110

1,706
3,167
1,461
2, 506 4,059 1,553

Percent 1

3,826

3, 912

3,965

4,078

3.5

4.8

5. 4

3.3

-1.0

4, 104

4, 218

13.0

-8.3

15.8

0.9

20.9

4,307

4,250
4,298

27.2
14. 1

10.7

8.5

24.9

25. 6

56.7

24.6

69.7

5.0 2 10.0

956

561

849

712

1, 497
1,508

1, 527

1,485

1,532

Births Deaths

2,568

634

704

701

530

1, 568

1,637

1, 648

1,664

3,523

391

718

429

1,985

4,508 31.1
391 16.4
224 14.7

3,698 34.9 2,515

48.8
26.5

1,381

141

139

70

326

220

238

201

46

3,538

516

319

56 131

679
7

270

153

Net civilian

260

273

872

231

246

226

169

1,066

130

211

168

556

379

240

239

249

392

51

41

20

110

295

335

255

264

264

190

287

1,281

197

123

926

10

25

153

1

Net total migration 2

-279 -133

46 (3)

63

44

16

-247

1,305

-1, 298

-261

-282 -373

-383

-562

-420

-84

-242

185

393

-6

-35

-25

114

250 13

81

2,251

72 28 2, 108

17 26

-147 -3

1 Base is 1950 total population. Comprises both net immigration from abroad and net interdivisional or interstate migration according to the area shown. Includes movements of persons in the Armed Forces between 1950 and 1958.

Less than 500.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-25, No. 208.

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