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No. 465.

VOTE CAST FOR GOVERNOR, BY STATES, 1952 to 1958, AND CANDIDATES

ELECTED

[In thousands. D=Democratic, R=Republican. Majority party vote refers to the party vote representing

either a majority or a plurality for the victorious party)

[blocks in formation]

1 Elected at most recent election.
* Term of office increased from 2 to 4 years effective with 1958 election.
• Election held to fill vacancy.
• Elected 1959 for three year term.

Voting years, 1955 and 1959.
. Voting years, 1953 and 1957.
"Term of office increased from 2 to 4 years effective with 1954 election.
Source: Governmental Affairs Institute, Washington, D.C.; America Votes, and records.

540262° -60_24

No. 466. COMPOSITION OF STATE LEGISLATURES, BY POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATIONS:

1954, 1956, AND 1958 (Dates shown refer to year legislators were elected. Dem.=Democratic; Rep.= Republican. In general, Lower House refers to body consisting of State Representatives; Upper House, of State Senators. In some states, legislature membership bas been changed in recent years)

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1 Data exclude 1 Independent each for Arkansas and Michigan, 2 Independents for Vermont, and 3 Independents for Connecticut.

2 Data exclude 1 Independent each for Arkansas and Utah, 2 Independents for Vermont, and 3 Independents
for New Hampshire (and 3 towns which sent no member).

3 Data exclude 2 Independents each for Alaska and Montana.
4 Data exclude 1 Independent for Vermont.
5 Data exclude 1 Independent for Montana.
0 Upper House members serve 4-year terms, some elected every 2 years.
? Both houses elected 1959. Upper House members serve 4-year terms, some elected every 2 years,
& Elected in 1952.

Lower House members serve 2-year terms, elected in 1955, 1957, and 1959. Upper House members serve 4-year terms, some elected every 2 years (1953, 1955, 1957, and 1959).

10 131 Representatives (2-year terms) and 67 Senators (4-year terms, elected in 1954 and 1958) serving on non-
partisan basis.

11 Both Houses serve 4-year terms, elected in 1955 and 1959.
12 Single chamber (unicameral body) of 43 members serving on nonpartisan basis (2-year terms).

13 Lower House members serve 2-year terms, elected in 1955, 1957, and 1959. lpper llouse members serve
4-year terms, elected in 1955 and 1959.

Source: Governmental Affairs Institute, Washington, D. C., America V'ntes, and records.

No. 467. ELECTIVE LOCAL OFFICIALS, BY TYPE OF GOVERNMENT AND PAY STAtus, AND AS PERCENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT: 1957

[In thousands. As of April. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]

TYPE OF GOVERNMENT

Counties..
Municipalities.
Townships...
School districts.
Special districts..

Total..

EMPLOYMENT, IN-
CLUDING PAID ELEC-
TIVE OFFICIALS

Full time

3, 438.7

567.5

1, 263. 3 103.2 1, 391. 2 113.5

Part

time

810.7

100.3
276.0

140. 3
258.0
36. 1

Total

514, 2

64. 2

117.7

108. 0

188.8

35.5

Number

Paid full-time

ELECTIVE OFFICIALS

68.2

34. 1

10.6

6.5

13.9

3. 1

Percent of
full-time
employ-

ment

2.0

6.0

0.8

6.3

1.0

2.7

Number

Paid part-time

215.7

23. 1

75.6

77.1

28. 4

11.6

Percent of Unpaid part-time

employ

ment

26.6

23. 1

27.4

55.0

11.0

230.3

7.0

31.5

24.4

146.6 20.9

YEAR

1920. 1922.

1924

1926.

1928.

1930.

1932.

1934.

1936.

1938.

Estimated civilian

popu-
lation
of
voting
age 1

61, 495
63, 598

66, 195
68,550

70, 993

73, 521

75, 671
77,898
80, 055
82, 225

Num-
ber

26, 813

29, 091

36, 812

39, 751

45, 647

VOTE CAST FOR
PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTORS

Percent
of civil-

ians of
voting
age

43. 6

43.9

51.9

52.5

57.0

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; 1957 Census of Governments, Elective Offices of State and Local Governments.

No. 468.

VOTE CAST FOR
UNITED STATES

Num-
ber

REPRESENTA-
TIVES

25, 080

20, 409
26,884
20. 613

34, 154
24,777

37,657

CIVILIAN POPULATION OF VOTING AGE, AND VOTE CAST For PresidentIAL ELECTORS AND UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVES: 1920 TO 1958

[In thousands. Population as of November 1; includes aliens. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]

32, 530
42, 886
36, 236

Percent
of civil-
ians of
voting
age

40.8

32. 1
40.6

30. 1

48. 1

YEAR

1940.
1942.

1944.
1946..

1948.

1950

33.7

49.8

1952.

41.8 1954.
53.6 1956.
44. 1 1958.

Esti-
mated
civil-
ian

popu-
lation
of
voting
age i

100, 223
102, 743
104, 697

Num-
ber

49, 820

84, 319
82,851
290, 599 247, 976
92, 018

94, 877

48,834

97, 023

98, 133

61,552
62, 027

VOTE CAST FOR
PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTORS

Percent
of civil-
ians of
voting
age

32. 1

59. 1

2 53.0

51.5

62.7

60.4

VOTE CAST FOR
UNITED STATES

REPRESENTA-
TIVES

Num-
ber

46,951

28, 074

45, 103

34, 398

46, 142

40, 430

57, 571

42, 580

58,886
45, 655

Percent
of civil-
ians of
voting
age

55.7 33.9

49.8

37.4

48.6

41.7

58.7

42.5 57.3 43.6

1 Population 21 years old and over plus population 18 to 20 years in Georgia for 1944 to 1958, and in Kentucky for 1956 and 1958.

2 Total population including Armed Forces abroad. Civilian population was 81,024,000; vote cast by civilians, 45,285,000; and percent of voting age, 55.9.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 100, 185, and records.

No. 469. CITIZENS AND POPULATION OF VOTING AGE: 1900 To 1958

(In thousands. For total population 21 years old and over, for 1950, see table 30]

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1 Estimated as of November 1. Figures for Georgia and Kentucky relate to civilians 18 years old and over. 2 Excludes Alaska and Hawaii. * Includes 95,745 males in Indian Territory.

* 1910 and 1920 State figures include foreign-born Negroes (not naturalized) excluded from U.S. totals, but exclude native born of all other nonwhite races included in U.S. totals.

5 Figures for Georgia, where minimum voting age was 18, includes all persons (172,441), citizens and noncitizens, 18 to 20 years of age. 6 The most recently revised total for the United States is 104,697,000.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 12th Census Reports, Population, Vol. I, Pt. 1; 13th Census Reports, Abstract of the Census; 14th Census Reports, Population, Vol. III; 15th Census Reports, Popula. tion, Vol. II; 16th Census Reports, Population, Vol. II, Pt. 1; U.S. Census of Population; 1950, Vol. II, Pt. 1, and Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 143 and 185.

Section 14

Federal Government Finances and Employment

This section presents statistics relating to the financial structure and the civilian employment of the Federal Government. The fiscal data cover the essential apparatus of public financing, namely appropriations, taxes, receipts, expenditures, and debt. The personnel data relate to civil staffing and payrolls for the different public functions and agencies, certain employee characteristics, and civil service status.

Principal sources of the fiscal data are The Budget of the United States Government published annually by the Bureau of the Budget and the Treasury Department's annual Combined Statement of Receipts, Expenditures and Balances, an abstract of the Treasury books relating to all of the receipt and appropriation accounts which report disbursements under the appropriations made by the Congress. The Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury is a convenient summary of yearly data relating to somewhat broader fields.

The day-to-day cash operations of the Federal Government clearing through the accounts of the Treasurer of the United States are reported in the Daily Statement of the United Stales Treasury. In the issue for the last day of the month the Statement contains information as to the public debt receipts and expenditures for the month and the outstanding public debt as of that day.

Receipts and expenditures of the Government classified as to budgetary and nonbudgetary transactions and showing the budget surplus or deficit appear in the Monthly Statement of Receipts and Expenditures of the United States Government. The monthly Treasury Bulletin contains analytical material on fiscal operations and related Treasury activities. Another special aspect of Federal finances is presented in the Treasury Department's monthly Circulation Statement of United States Money.

Tax data are compiled by the Internal Revenue Service of the Treasury Department. The Annual Report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue gives a detailed account of tax collections by kind of tax and geographic area. The agency's three annual Statistics of Income reports present detailed data from individual income tax returns, corpora

ion income tax returns, and business tax returns; the latter presents income data for sole proprietorships and partnerships along with summary statistics for corporations. Biennial Statistics of Income publications present data from fiduciary income tax, estate tax, and gift tax returns.

Federal employment figures are compiled primarily by the Civil Service Commission. The figures are issued by that agency in its regular Annual Report and its Monthly Report of Federal Employment. The Commission also publishes an annual report on the pay of Federal employees entitled Pay Structure of the Federal Civil Service and reports on occupations of both white-collar and blue-collar Federal workers. Data on Federal employment are also issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in its Monthly Labor Review.

Treasury receipts and expenditures.- All receipts of the Government, with a few exceptions, are deposited to the credit of the Treasurer of the United States, irrespective of their ultimate disposition or availability for expenditure. The Treasury Department currently uses two bases for the reporting of receipts: (1) Latest available reports of deposits in government depositaries in the general account of the Treasurer of the United States; and (2) collections as reported by government collecting agencies.

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