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No. 448. LOWEST AND HIGHEST NET MONTHLY RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC BILLS FOR 250 KILOWATT-HOURS USE, BY STATES: 1959

[Based on rates as of January 1 for communities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, Excludes Alaska and Hawaii]

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Washington.
Oregon...
California..

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Communities

5

46

20

15 112

21

59

282

229 389

192

95

276

131

82

55

67

79

11

19

39

4 38 1

73

56

66

64 64 104

54

4

63

33

50

66

59

232

26 30

16 25

21

32

19

36

47

310

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1 Only 1 community in this population group. Publicly owned utility.

No community in this population group.

Source: Federal Power Commission; annual report, Typical Residential Electric Bills.

11.01

No. 449.

ELECTRICITY PRICES—NET Monthly Bills FOR SPECIFIED QUANTITIES,

FOR SELECTED CITIES: 1957 to 1959
[In dollars. Based on rates as of December 15 and includes all applicable taxes]

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Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Retail Prices and Inderes of Fuels and Electricity.

No. 450. Gas PRICES–NET MONTHLY BILLS FOR SPECIFIED QUANTITIES, FOR

SELECTED Cities: 1957 TO 1959 [In dollars. Based on rates as of December 15 and includes all applicable taxes. One therm=100,000 British

thermal units)

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1 Mixed gas alone prior to January 1959. Price change due to sample change was minor. Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Reail Prices and Indexes of Fuels and Electricity.

No. 451. ANNUAL AVERAGE UNIT VALUES OF IMPORTANT ARTICLES IMPORTED AND EXPORTED: 1930 TO 1958

[Includes trade of Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico with foreign countries. "Ton" signifies long ton of 2,240 pounds except where otherwise specified. Values of goods imported represent values in foreign markets whence exported to United States. Values of goods exported represent value at time and place of exportation. Averages obtained by dividing total value of imports (for consumption) and exports of specified article by total quantity. Where, as in some commodities, considerable price variations may exist between different grades, methods of packing, etc., and proportions of grades, etc., may vary from year to year, such averages may show actual price movements only roughly]

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Kerosene.

EXPORTS

cents per pound..

do.... .do..

dollars per bushel. ..cents per bunch.. .....cents per pound.. do....

dollars per proof gallon...
dollars per gallon..
.cents per pound..

do..

.do.
do....

Petroleum, crude 7.

Motor fuel, gasoline, and naphtha .

do.. .do..

1930 1940

26.7

13.0

40.7

cents per dozen.. .dollars per bushel..

.98

55. 46
8.4

13. 1

dollars per ton.. 107. 76 ..cents per pound.. 9.1 dollars per ton..429. 26 .do.. 138.50 do. 138.08 dollars per pound.. 3.57 dollars per cord.. 10. 76 dollars per ton.. 49. 63

..cents per pound..
-dollars per bushel.
...dollars per barrel..]
..cents per pound..

do....
do....

14.4

dollars per short ton... 9.61
....do____ 3.73
cents per gallon..
3.2
.do.... 9.4
do..
9.0
....do... 21.9
dollars per ton.. 15. 51

26.6

22.9

34.9

1.85

1.94

3.07

(1)

3.98

4.00

2.62

2.24

3.02

12.9

17.4

31.4

11.9

29.6

27.3
3.7 1.3 3.0
19.7 8.1 11.2

cents per pound.. 11.4 6.3
do..
11.5
7.4
do.... 25.7 22.2
27.2

23.3

.94

.67

3.8

1.00

5.31

23.0 25.1

8.8

13.1

23.1

40.2

.68

1.34

55.57

69.32

4.4

6.2

2.4 25.8

1945 1950

7.4

12.7

126.65 167.82
9.0 14.2
504.55 315, 20
84.25 151. 17
94.99 225, 18
2.79 10. 41
8.49 13.47

49.15

66.00

3.70

3.1

20. 1

10.9

7.95 3.69

4.6

cents per pound.. ...cents per gallon.. -cents per pound..

2.9 2.5 1.08

2.3 2.8 1.8 2.5 1.31 2.00

5.1

1.56

18.2

42.22

.do.. 13.2 10.0 10.8
..do.. 25.05 25.00 27.30
.do.. 33.31 45.89 48.43 82.42 90.6
dollars per ton.. 37.71 18.74 21.84 36.23 35.70

16.1

13. 1

31.9

46.4

1.42

2.9

6.8

.78 1.87

7.15

$6.1

50.7

21.9

9.87

5. 29

3.9

13.5

3.1
7.7
6. 1 4.6
21.8 30.3
16.87 17.38

42.7

21.7

62.7

1.90

108.36
25.0

44.8

47.1

5. 17

5.72

3.52

25.5

35.6

8.8

21.7

281.26
21.6
462. 74
251.00
485. 17
2.68

17.22
100.70

13.3
14.3

15.5

43.2

1.58

7.7

1.96

8.29
5.0

53. 1

35.6

16.06

8.11

1955 1957 1958

7.0

12.5

9.8

51.3 51.1

11.9

14.3

56. 6

49.7

1. 69 1.53 140. 97 146.28 36.7 26.3

52.2

49.3

61.9

5. 29

5. 66

3.53

30.9

45. 4

6.79

22. 1

248. 48

16.6

450. 02

161. 53
313. 76

4.30 19.21

125. 27

6.0

5.3

3.29

35.8

68.09

7.0

1.75

8. 1

16. 2

9.7

49.6

5.54

5.85

3.80

28.2

32.7

6.39

37.8

13.5 14.9
15.3

16.9

33. 1

38.5

40.5

44.8

1.56

1.41

246. 00

16.3

443. 20

142.99

411. 34

4. 18 20.52

129. 72

7.6

1.77

8. 52

8.36

7.5

9.8

66.3

72.2

37.7 30.2

15.36 15.01
8. 51 10.00

6.3

6.0

4.14

29.8

78.3

96.0

29.25

8.3

16.0

10.6

49.0

13.5

54.1

1.55

142. 27

38.9

43.9

46.4

5.49

5.89

3.84

23.3

32.5

7.9

20. 1

214.00

15.6

386. 63

136. 62 357.58 3. 58 20. 65

131. 56

6.3

5.8

3. 4

23.9

69.4

91.8

30.11

13.5

17.5

32.3

52.6

1.31

7.8

1.73

8.31

8.0

74.0

28.5

15. 69 10.00

8.1

16.6

Lubricating oils.

Iron and steel scrap.

cents per pound..

Copper, refined.
Motortrucks, buses, and chassis (new) dollars per unit..
Passenger cars (new)..

.do..

13. 4
663
692

11.5 10.7
831 2,448
645 1,200

30.4
28.25

32. 8 38.39

20.1 37.8 (9) 10 1, 940 1,48910 1, 798

35.1 52.78

3 Unrefined copper.

1 No legal importation. * Beginning 1940, tons of 2,000 pounds, air-dry weight. Beginning 1945, short tons. Refined sugar only. Excludes linters.

1 Beginning 1958, excludes unfinished oils for further refining.

Includes natural gasoline and beginning 1945, mineral spirits; beginning 1955, also includes jet fuels.
Not available.

10 Nonmilitary.

Source: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

11.2

35.4 36. 02

30.6 13. 1 102,25810 2,005 102,109 12, 119

Section 13

Elections

This section relates to popular participation in, and results of, Presidential, Congressional, and gubernatorial elections. Also presented are several tables concerning Congressional legislation.

Official statistics on Federal elections are collected by the Clerk of the House of Representatives and published biennially in Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election and Statistics of the Congressional Election. A detailed presentation of both Federal and State election statistics appears in America Votes, issued biennially by the Governmental Affairs Institute. Data on Federal elections also appear in the United States Congress, Congressional Directory, and in the official State documents (Registers, Manuals, Reports of the Secretary of State, etc.) of the separate States.

Almost all Federal, State, and local governmental units in the United States conduct elections at various intervals-annual, biennial, quadrennial, or longer-for different types of offices and other purposes. No regular and complete system exists for reporting either the number of elections held or the numbers of votes cast for candidates, except for Federal offices, and, in most States, for State offices.

The conduct of elections in the United States for Federal, State, and local offices and on State and local issues is regulated by State laws or, in some cities and a few counties, by local charters. An important exception is that the United States Constitution prescribes the basis of representation in Congress and the manner of electing the President of the United States and grants to Congress the right to regulate the times, places, and manner of electing Federal officers.

The election of the President of the United States is provided for in the Constitution, article II, section 1, through the establishment of an electoral college in each State, for each Presidential election. The method of casting the electoral vote was modified in 1804 by the adoption of the 12th Amendment to the Constitution. The number of electors, and therefore of electoral votes, is "equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in Congress.” The electors are elected by popular vote in all States. The 22d Amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1951, limits Presidential tenure to 2 elective terms of 4 years each, or to 1 elective term for any person who, upon succession to the Presidency, has held the office or acted as President for more than 2 years.

The number of members in the House of Representatives is fixed by the Congress at the time of each apportionment; since 1912, it has remained constant at 435. However, the legislation granting Statehood to Alaska and Hawaii allotted 1 Representative to each of the new States and temporarily increased the total of members to 437. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution provides that “Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers ...." The Constitution also requires that each State have at least 1 Representative. Members are clected for 2-year terms, all terms covering the same period.

The Senate is composed of 100 members, 2 from each State, who are elected to serve for a term of 6 years. One-third of the Senate is elected every 2 years. Senators were originally chosen by the State legislatures. The 17th Amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1913, prescribed that Senators be elected by popular vote.

Alaska and Hawaii.-For a general statement concerning the treatment of data for Alaska and Hawaii, see preface.

Historical statistics.-Tabular headnotes (as "See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1957, series Y 27–31") provide cross-references, where applicable, to Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957. See preface.

FIG. XXII. POPULAR VOTE CAST FOR PRESIDENT, BY MAJOR PARTIES: 1900 TO 1956

[See table 452]

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Source: Chart prepared by Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

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